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DERA - Reducing Diesel Emissions Adam Page SC DHEC – Bureau of Air Quality July 28, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "DERA - Reducing Diesel Emissions Adam Page SC DHEC – Bureau of Air Quality July 28, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 DERA - Reducing Diesel Emissions Adam Page SC DHEC – Bureau of Air Quality July 28, 2010

2 Need for Emissions Reductions

3 Diesel in the Southeast

4 Air Quality in Region 4 Air quality concerns: - 70 Counties have monitors reading above the hr ozone of.075 ppm, population ~16 million people - 47 Counties not attaining PM2.5 standard, population ~8 million people Ozone standard in August -Annual PM2.5 standard in November 2010

5 Why Reduce Diesel Emissions? Public Health concerns: –Premature death –Diesel exhaust identified as an asthma trigger and a carcinogen –Other respiratory system effects –EPA estimates that every $1 spent on clean diesel projects produces up to $13 of public health benefits

6 Why Reduce Diesel Emissions? Contd Childrens lungs still developing – more susceptible than healthy adults to exposure. Children breath 50% more air per pound of body weight than adults.

7 Why Reduce Diesel Emissions? Contd High NOx emissions – critical to reduce to help meet tighter ozone standards. Large contributor to PM pollution - reductions will help to meet standards. Also Air Toxics These emissions can damage plants, animals, crops, and water resources.

8 Southeast Diesel Collaborative Public-private partnership to address the impacts of diesel engines and fuel use in the Southeast. Leverage resources to maximize benefits Limit duplication of effort Pool intellectual capital

9 Collaborative Partners Government –Federal, State and local air quality, transportation, energy and agriculture agencies Industry representatives Non-governmental organizations (e.g., ALA, environmental orgs, community groups, academia, etc.)

10 SEDC Sector Strategy Public Fleets Non-Road Freight

11 Non-Road Pilot projects Non-road retrofits can be some of the most cost effective Contract language Engage private sector in discussions, lots of interest here. Focus Area Goal: Secure funding to establish retrofit projects, work with DOTs to create contract provision language

12 For example, a 175 horsepower bulldozer emits as much particulate matter (PM) as 500 new cars. Retrofitted with a DPF – 50 new cars (~90% reduction)

13 Funding Opportunities…

14 National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC) EPA offers many strategies and programs to help make these engines cleaner, as well as funding to build diesel emission reduction programs that improve air quality and protect public health. To assist fleet owners, Congress authorized funding for clean diesel activities in the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) as part of the 2005 Energy Policy Act.

15 Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) 2 Main Components : National Clean Diesel Program - 3 Components: Funding Assistance Program, Emerging Technologies, and Innovative Finance Program ( State Clean Diesel Grant Program - Funds are distributed directly to the States to establish their own diesel emissions reduction programs. (DHEC)

16 Legacy Fleet = Target

17 Why Target the Legacy Fleet? As a result of EPA regulations, diesel engines manufactured today are cleaner than ever. Although more stringent emissions standards are taking effect for on road and off road engines the Legacy Fleet is still in circulation. These engines will continue to emit large amounts of pollutants for years to come having negative public health impacts as well as affecting many areas in our state and their ability to stay in attainment with National Ambient Air Quality Standards.

18 Eligible Entities Private Organizations Universities Businesses County, City, or other local government

19 Project Possibilities Eligible Fleets and Equipment: oBuses, medium-duty or heavy-duty trucks oMarine engines or locomotives oOff-road engines or vehicles used in construction, agriculture, mining, handling of cargo, or energy production (ex: generator sets)

20 Project Possibilities (contd) Eligible Projects include: oRetrofit technologies (http://www.epa.gov/otaq/retrofit/verif-list.htm)http://www.epa.gov/otaq/retrofit/verif-list.htm oEngine repowers, rebuilds, or replacements oIdle reduction technologies (APUs, Truck Stop Electrification…http://www.epa.gov/smartway/tra nsport/what-smartway/verified-technologies.htm)http://www.epa.gov/smartway/tra nsport/what-smartway/verified-technologies.htm oEmerging technologies (http://www.epa.gov/cleandiesel/prgemerglist.htms elect)http://www.epa.gov/cleandiesel/prgemerglist.htms elect oCleaner Fuels

21 State DERA Program DHEC has received over $2 million in funding from EPA, which has been leveraged to over $3 million to reduce emissions from on-road, non-road, marine and stationary diesel engines. Projects include retrofits, engine replacements or repowers, idle reduction, or use of cleaner fuels. Estimated reductions of 2000 tons of NOx and 78 tons of PM over the lifetime of the equipment from DHEC specific funding.

22 DERA (contd) Majority of funding awarded via competitive grant process; some targeted projects. Funding has been distributed to SC Public Railways, SC Trucking Assn., SC Dept. of Ed., SC Forestry, USC, SRS, Vulcan, CMC Steel, Bowers Nursery, Sutton Const., Carolina Contracting, Hanson Aggregates, Moran Towing, Blythewood High School, Charleston Co. School District, Greenville, Anderson, Lexington and Spartanburg Counties, the cities of Charleston and Columbia

23 Selection Criteria Awards based on: Matching/In-kind funds Expected benefits (emissions reductions) Cost-effectiveness (emissions vs. cost of implementation) Location of the planned project Sustainability and innovation

24 Currently… We just received our FY09 allocation and have ~$300,000 available for projects We will receive our FY10 allocation later this Fall. ~$300,000 available for projects Tracking and Monitoring FY08 grants and 09 ARRA DERA grants - for updateswww.scdhec.gov/dera

25 Statewide Clean Diesel Efforts

26 Over $11 million worth of projects are being implemented in SC using $6.2 million of federal funding from Clean School Bus USA and Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) funding and $4.8 million in participant matching funds. SC Dept. of Education & SC State Ports Authority received funding via EPA Region 4 grant process in –SC SPA has received 2 grants (08 and 09) totaling $2.75 million and has leveraged the projects to total over $5 million. –SC Dept. of Education received a grant for $500,000 and leveraged the project to total $800,000

27 Statewide Clean Diesel Efforts (contd) SC Dept of Education received Clean School Bus USA grants in 2005 and 2007 for $499,000 and $244,500 respectively and leveraged the projects to total approximately $750,000 and $500,000 respectively. –These projects included engine retrofits and idle reduction technologies on school buses.

28 Statewide Clean Diesel Efforts (contd) SC also received 4 grants from the Grade+ Program through funding from Mecklenburg County, NC, who received an ARRA DERA grant. –York County, Chester County, Lake Wylie Marina, and Ideal Logging, Inc. –These were repower and replacement projects totaling over $222,000 and were leveraged to total over $790,000.

29

30 South Carolina Clean School Bus USA One of the largest school bus retrofit programs in the country $2M: several projects totaling almost 2000 school bus retrofits Used Department of Education leadership to leverage biodiesel for other state agencies

31 Regulatory Strategy Diesel engines in all mobile source applications- Regulations adopted; now focused on implementation : Rulemakings underway for: Current Regulations –Very large public health and environmental benefits will result –By 2030, PM reduced by ~250,000 tons/year, NOx by ~4 million tons/year Heavy- duty trucks & buses Nonroad Machines Light – duty Vehicles Loco- motives Marine Vessels Ocean- going Ships

32 Reconciling Diesels with the Environment: EPAs National Clean Diesel Campaign Nonroad Diesel sales over 650,000 / yr 12B gallons / yr final rule 2004 fully phased in 2015 Tier 2 Light-Duty final rule 1999 fully phased in 2009 Diesels held to same stringent standards as gasoline vehicles Heavy-Duty Highway sales 800,000 / yr 40B gallons / yr final rule 2000 fully phased in 2010 Locomotive/Marine sales 40,000 (1,000 locomotives) / yr 6B gallons / yr final rule 2008 fully phased in 2017

33 Marine Regulations In March 2008, EPA finalized a 3 part program that will dramatically reduce emissions from marine diesel engines below 30 liters per cylinder displacement. -includes recreational and small fishing boats to towboats, tugboats and Great Lake freighters, and marine auxiliary engines ranging from small generator sets to large generator sets on ocean- going vessels.) -PM emissions reduced by as much as 90 percent and NOx emissions by as much as 80 percent when fully implemented. Part 1: 1 st ever national emission standards for existing marine diesel engines, applying to engines larger than 600kW when they are remanufactured – effective Part 2: Tier 3 emissions standards for newly-built engines - phase in began in Part 3: Tier 4 standards for newly-built commercial marine diesel engines above 600kW - phasing in beginning in 2014.

34 Nonroad Diesel Rule Health Benefits010,00020,000 lost work days hospitaladmissions ER visits by kids w/ asthma nonfatal heart attacks premature deaths # prevented annually (in 2030) 12,000 15,000 6,000 8,900 1 million $80B annual benefits vs. $2B cost (in 2030)

35 Mobile Source Diesel Emissions Inventory by Sector (2004) NO x (6.3 million tons) PM 2.5 (305,000 tons) freight 56% ports 4% school bus 1% transit 1% agriculture 8% construction 11% non-port marine 13% other nonroad 4% other highway 3% freight 32% transit 0% school bus 2% other highway 3% ports 5% other nonroad 9% non-port marine 9% agriculture 19% construction 21%

36 What is a Retrofit Technology? Retrofit technology can be: any change to an engine system above and beyond what is required by EPA regulations that improves the engines emission performance: Catalyst or filter Engine upgrade/repower Early engine replacement Use of cleaner fuels or additives Idling control equipment Combination of above The NCDC promotes innovative strategies that improves a particular fleets environmental performance NCDCs website maintains a list of manufacturers and verified technology

37 Technology Verification EPA has a rigorous testing program for evaluating technologies EPA works with technology vendors, engine manufacturers, MECA Memorandum of Agreement between EPA and CARB Retrofit technologies to reduce PM and NOx emissions currently verified by EPA & CARB: –DPFs, DOCs, Crankcase Filtration, Emulsified Fuel, Biodiesel, EGR and SCR systems. Information about EPAs Verification program:

38 Cost Estimates for PM Reduction Measures MeasureCost per Measure % Reduction in PM Emissions Diesel Oxidation Catalyst $500 - $2, % Particulate Matter Filter $5,000 - $10, % Crankcase Filtration (school buses) $500 - $1, % Idle Reduction (drayage trucks) $02% Direct Fired Heater (freight trucks) $1,0005% Clean Fuels: ULSD, CNG, Biodiesel (B20/B100), Emulsified Diesel Fuel varies

39 Unused test filterUnused test filter Typical test filter – current standardsTypical test filter – current standards Test filter – Tier 4 PM standardsTest filter – Tier 4 PM standards Technology Effectiveness

40 In Conclusion Need exists to reduce non-road diesel emissions Good position to leverage existing successes to expand efforts Region-wide network and technical resources already exist that can be utilized to achieve significant results in a timely manner Keep working together to build on past successes

41 Contacts: Adam Page Phone: (803) Lisa Clark Phone: (803) Brian Barnes Phone: (803)


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