Presentation on theme: "Low-emission flat-flame burners for industrial furnaces "From Science to Business" Workshop 11 – 12 October, 2006 Kiev Dr.Sc. (Eng.), Prof. Boris SOROKA."— Presentation transcript:
Low-emission flat-flame burners for industrial furnaces "From Science to Business" Workshop 11 – 12 October, 2006 Kiev Dr.Sc. (Eng.), Prof. Boris SOROKA Tel/FAX: (38-044) Gas Institute, National Academy of Sciences, Kiev, UKRAINE
Problem Description & Market Need Flat-Flame burners of GPP LE type (brief description) Features of FFB-equipped furnaces State of the art Duty of facility Surpassed of environmental standards and of the best world data Advantages of the furnace plants equipped with GPP LE burners Competition Benefits Transfer opportunities Talk outline
Proprietary information statement The technology material presented in this talk is available for licensing or joint product development. None of the slides contain any confidential or proprietary information which would prevent patenting the technology.
There are a lot of thermal units, first of all-industrial furnaces of various types and purpose-those need sources of uniform intensive heat supply. The Flat-Flame Burners (FFB) of new generation (of GPP LE type) fully meet this demand. Moreover, these FFB ensure combination of technological, operation, energetic and environmental advantages. The potential market of the Flat-Flame Burners including various standard sizes of GPP LE is numbered in the hundred (thousands) of the furnaces and in the thousands (tens of thousands) of GPP LE burners. Problem Description & Market Need
Flat-Flame Burner (FFB) of GPP LE type External view and Arrangement at Submerged Combustion Water Heater
The main specific feature of the Flat- Flame Burners (FFB) is unusual form of the flame – the fan (disk) – shaped one, adjacent to the furnace refractory setting. Flat-Flame burners of GPP LE type (brief description) Due to implementation of the Coanda effect in the firing conditions the flame is propagating in the plane, perpendicular to the burner axis in radial direction along the refractory setting. The flame has no axial velocity. Because of flame form, the furnaces being heated with the FFB ensure intensive uniform radiative heating of the materials and the product to be treated.
Features of FFB-equipped furnaces Flame burners: Non uniform high-corrosion preheating FFB: Uniform low-corrosion preheating slab corrosion layerflames flame corrosion layer
The basic version of Flat-Flame burners of GPP series - have been patented in many countries (Gr. Britain, France, Germany, Japan etc.), -have been commercialized, and widely used in various branches of the industry. State of the art More than 300 furnaces, developed and patented by the Gas Institute, NASU, and equipped with the Flat-Flame burners of the GPP series are now under operation in the industry at more than 70 enterprises: - integrated iron-and-steel works and non-ferrous metallurgical works, - engineering and metal-working plants, - chemical (including oil refinery) plants, - building materials (ceramics) factories and the glass works.
Stage of the GPP LE burners development Design of Flat-Flame burners of new generation - GPP LE type of some standard sizes - have been developed. - have been tested at the firing rigs (stands) and by industrial conditions (at the furnaces), - are available for demonstration and for field testing. State of the art
The Flat Flame burners (FFB) are intended to provide high intensive uniform heat input for the industrial furnaces of various purpose, beginning from those operating at low ( °C), middle ( °C) to high temperature ( °C). Arrangement of the furnaces with FFB of GPP LE type ensure technological, energetical and environmental advantages in combination. Range of operating temperatures Duty of facility
°CF heating plants with SCA (water and solutions heating); pickling bathes; electro plating bathes; Duty of facility low-temperature (LT) heat treatment low-temperature (LT) heat treatment / LT tempering furnaces; hydrocarbon pyrolisis furnaces; petroleum refining tube furnaces spelter pots; separate zones of sintering furnaces middle (MT) and high (HT) temperature heat-treatment: MT and HT tempering, hardening, normalizing / chamber and continuous furnaces including bell-type; Temperature ranges of the plants with GPP LE burners
°CF Thermal, chemical and thermal treatment of non- metallic materials / tunnel type kiln of firing the salts of Mn-Zn and other iron-garners Rolling, forging, forming processes by plastic steel working / reheating furnaces of continious and of batch type: pusher-type, walking-beam, roller hearth Firing of ceramics / tunnel type kilns, roller hearth furnaces Glass-melting / direct firing recuperative furnaces Temperature ranges of the plants with GPP LE burners Sintering furnaces Duty of facility
170 t/h heating furnace of pusher type with FFB at DUNAFERR RT (HUNGARY) rolling mill. About 100 FFB of GGP type have been installed at the furnace roof. reheating, thermal and chemical-thermal treatment of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, as well as of non-metallic materials. Branches of industry: ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, powder metallurgy, machine manufacturing The Low-emission flat-flame burners GPP LE have been developed for the following processes: Duty of facility
firing of ceramics, radio-ceramics, ferrites, metallic compounds, salts and oxides of metals; pyrolysis of the petroleum products; melting of glass and mineral glass wool; heating facilities for the premises (water heater). Duty of facility Industrial premises heating plant based upon Submerged Combustion unit equipped with 800 kW FFB of GPP LE type (Multi-purpose factory, Krivoy Rog, Ukraine)
Dependence of NO x formation ([NO x ] - concentration) on combustion air preheating temperature T a by various furnace temperature, T fur, °C. Natural gas consumption = 40 m 3 /hr. Air excess factor = low temp 200… , - middle temp 1000… , - high temp 1300… , Surpassed of environmental standards and of the best world data NO x emission Operation data for HG-F burners (Germany) Blauer Engel standard, upper limit TA Luft norms (Germany)
Dependence of CO concentration in dependence on air excess factor β by furnace space temperature Т fur = 1100…1300° C, combustion air preheat temperature T a = 20…100 °C. Natural gas consumption ~40 m 3 /hr. Blauer Engel standard, upper limit FLOX system Surpassed of environmental standards and of the best world data CO emission
Performance characteristic of natural gas combustion by means of flat-flame burner GPP-4 LE 1 - stable burning by divergent (180° angle) flame; 2 - stable burning by conical flame; 3 - burning quench condition. Surpassed of environmental standards and of the best world data. Range of combustion stability within cold furnace Maximum value for FFB BIO, ZIO (G.Kromschröder AG) for FFB HG-F (Germany) under high temperatures
Super-wide range of combustion stability by temperature variation, by range of flowrates (heat outputs) and by air excess factors. The burner is ready for operation within the whole control range beginning the ambient (room, indoor) temperature. Advantages of the furnace plants equipped with GPP LE burners
Low-emission combustion in comparison with the national and international (Germany, USA, EU) standards Advantages of the furnace plants equipped with GPP LE burners Super-uniform heat receiver temperature profile and the resulting heat fluxes: deviation no more than ±(2.0 – 0.5)% – by temperatures and no more ±4% - by heat flux values within the range of 300 – 1600ºC heat receivers temperature (only word application – no quantity information about non-uniformity in case of WS FFB (Germany) in FLOX-mode of operation).
Wide-range temperature general-purpose (universality of the application possibilities and the areas of utilization) in contrast to other known (competitive) types of FFB: -FLOX (flameless combustion) method and burner facilities (WS WARMEPROCESS technique GmbH (Germany, USA), is used beginning from 800ºC)). - Special warning about the difficulties, accompanying the firing processes under cold and moderate temperature conditions is indicated for the North American Mfg Co (USA) FFB (see notice in Bulletin 4832 Low NOx Flat-Flame Gas Burners): In tight, cold furnaces, 4832 Burners are not stable on stoichiometric air/gas ratio. Alternatives during start-ups until furnace reachers approximately 1400F… Advantages of the furnace plants equipped with GPP LE burners
Company (country) Type of FFB Hans Hennig VDI e.K., Ratingen (Germany)HG-F WS Warmeprozesstechnik GmbH, Renningen (Germany) in cooperation with Buderus, Edelstahlverke AG, (Germany) FLOX G. Kromsshroder AG, Osnabrück (Germany) and KROMSCHRODER INC, Hudson, OH (USA) BIO, ZIO North American Mfg CO, Cleveland, OH (USA) 4831-#(0; 1) 4832-#(2 -7) NA – STORDY Combustion Limited, Wolverhampton (England) and some European departments (5 countries) SFFG Eclipse Inc., Rockford, IL (USA)DSF/DSF-C Competition The western companies engaged in the FFBs R&D, manufacturing and industrial implementation
The main advantages of the furnaces equipped with the burners of GPP LE type : reduction of fuel consumption; improvement of preheated articles quality; improvement of the environmental characteristics; The plants equipped with GPP LE type burners provide: high-quality super-stable fuel combustion; combine of high efficiency of fuel utilization and low-emission stable combustion process.Benefits
power (thermal) efficiency: - HT and MT furnaces with heat recovery systems and LT furnaces %; - HT furnaces without heat recovery %; reduction of specific fuel consumption : - existing furnaces renovation %; - new furnaces erection %; specific fuel heat consumption by steel before rolling mill in dependence on furnace output: low – high (optimal)3 1 GJ/t; Improvement of energetical characteristics. Reduction of fuel consumption HT – high-temperature MT – middle temperature LT – low temperatureBenefits
Improvement of the environmental characteristics for high temperature process reduction of the toxic substances emission, no less than 2 times; specific NO x yield by air preheating temperature 300 °C, (depending the furnace output) g/t; NO x concentration at 3% O 2 by air preheating temperature 300 °C 75 ppm. Improvement of preheated articles quality high temperature uniformity at the surface to be preheated - deviation from average temperature (depending on process temperature)±5 10°C; reduction of the metal losses caused by oxidation and decarburization (depending on type of the steel blanks) %;Benefits
1. Delivery of the party (parties) of Flat-Flame Burners GPP LE type including the metallic and refractory assemblies. The metallic unit (housing) can be manufactured of cast iron or steel welded construction. The price of the burner makes 1500 – 2500 USD per 1 piece in dependence on standard size and complete equipment. Transfer opportunities We propose various ways of transferring the object of development to CUSTOMER
3. Joint R&D, engineering, industrial and commercial partnership. Transfer opportunities We propose various ways of transferring the object of development to CUSTOMER 2. Transfer of the manufacturing rights including non- exclusive license know-how and the design plans and specification for manufacturing the series of standard sizes of GPP LE type. The estimated cost of the complex: license know-how + documentation makes $275, Applications for joint EU, USA etc. patents and further share holding by know-how.