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POPs emissions inventory POPs emissions workshop – Bern – 16th May 2012 National Inventory working group: Chiara Arcarese (national registry), Antonella.

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Presentation on theme: "POPs emissions inventory POPs emissions workshop – Bern – 16th May 2012 National Inventory working group: Chiara Arcarese (national registry), Antonella."— Presentation transcript:

1 POPs emissions inventory POPs emissions workshop – Bern – 16th May 2012 National Inventory working group: Chiara Arcarese (national registry), Antonella Bernetti (energy-road transport), Antonio Caputo (energy- fugitive), Rocío D. Cóndor (agriculture), Mario Contaldi (energy), Riccardo De Lauretis (energy, industrial processes), Eleonora Di Cristofaro (energy-navigation, solvent and other product use), Sandro Federici (national registry for forest carbon sinks), Andrea Gagna (industrial processes), Barbara Gonella (industrial processes, waste), Francesca Lena (energy), Riccardo Liburdi (national registry), Monica Pantaleoni (energy), Emanuele Peschi (solvent use), Daniela Romano (general coordination and editing, cross cutting issues), Ernesto Taurino (industrial processes, waste), Marina Vitullo (land use, land use change and forestry) INEMAR: Alessandro Marongiu

2 Point sources

3 Content Introduction to the Italian POPs inventory History Now (activity, pollutants,sources..) Next updates and critical issues Developments and research projects

4 Introduction to the Italian POPs inventory Emission factors manual PARCOM-ATMOS – Emission factors for air pollutants 1992 Technical paper to the OSPARCOM – HELCOM – UNECE emission inventory of heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants, 1995 Emission inventory of heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants for 1990 BREFs and Guidebook EMEP/EEA, IIRs PRTR, research institutes, industry/operator associations, local agencies POPs informal group

5 History Assessment of old sources: OSPARCOM, PARCOM.. Comparison with more recent: GB EMEP/EEA and BREF Research institutes and national industry/operator associations, local agencies Look for IIRs E-PRTRPlant/utility level

6 History 2001 starting estimates of POPs: PAH and dioxins 2007 inventory: PAH (26 SNAP sectors), PCDD/DF (16 SNAP sectors) 2008 inventory: PAH (26 SNAP sectors), PCDD/DF (16 SNAP sectors), HCB (12 SNAP sectors), PCB (10 SNAP sectors) 2010 inventory: PAH 27 (+1), PCDD/DF 17 (+1), HCB 12, PCB inventory: PAH 28 (+1), PCDD/DF 17, HCB 8 (-5+1), PCB 10

7 NOW

8 PAH

9 NFR code ActivityEmission factorsActivity dataGuidebook A4 Small combustion: biomass Tier2 EFs + combustion technologies=average EF in g/GJ Source: EMEP/EEA PJ in PJ in 2010 Source: BEN = 2C1 Coke oven, sinter plant and blast furnace (5 sites) 1.3 g/Mg coke produced; 0.2 g/Mg sinter (combustion+process~ ARPA Puglia); 3.45 g/Mg pig iron Source: EMEP/CORINAIR 2007 Decreasing compared to 1990 Source: statistics yearbooks - Istat and plants communications g/Mg coal, 0.32 g/Mg sinter, 2.5 g/Mg pig iron 6Ce Open burning of agricultural wastes 8.58 g/Mg as for wood Source: EMEP/Corinair Gg in Gg in 2010 Model on ISTAT, Cestaat e IPCC data 100 g/Mg of agricultural waste Ramdahl 1983 (Vs Jenkins,1996 as for 4F) 2C1EAF Probably, WRONG EMISSION FACTOR, NOT 16 g/Mg but mg/Mg for 16 EPA 15 Tg in Tg in 2010 statistics yearbooks - Istat and Federacciai BREF 2012: no consistent DB mg/Mg

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15 PCDD/DF

16 NFR code ActivityEmission factorsActivity dataGuidebook C1 EAF4.45 µg I-Teq/Mg di acciaio. Source: ENEA/MAMB Tg in Tg in 2010 statistics yearbooks - Istat and Federacciai 0.8 µg I-Teq/Mg steel 1A2 Sinter production µg I-Teq/Mg sinter Source: EPRTR – ARPA Puglia 13,5 Tg in Tg in 2010 Source: Federacciai, since 2004 PRTR/ETS 1.8 µg I-Teq/Mg sinter (2C1) Secondary aluminium mg I-Teq/Mg Al. Source:ENEA/MAMB Gg Al in Gg Al in 2010 Source: ENIRISORSE and Assomet 35 µg I-Teq/Mg Al 1A4 Small combustion: biomass µg I-Teq /Gj Source: TNO PJ in PJ in 2010 Source: BEN Tier1 0.7 µg I-Teq /Gj 6Ce Open burning of agricultural wastes 10 µg I-Teq/Mg waste Source: EMEP/Corinair 2.5 Gg in Gg in 2010 Model on ISTAT, Cestaat and IPCC data 10 µg I-Teq/Mg waste

17 PCDD/DF from sinter production Stack sampling and analysis ARPA – CNR Reports and direct info about technologies Frequent exchanges of information with ARPA Annual meeting with the plant in the framework of E-PRTR data for the annual update

18 HCB

19 NFR code ActivityEmission factorsActivity dataGuidebook C 1A4 Waste incineration without/with energy recovery 500 mg/Mg sludge 1 mg/Mg municipal waste Source: EMEP/Corinair; Cohen et al., 1995 Sludge:~20 Gg Municipal: 1 Tg in 1990 and 4 Tg in 2010 Source: ISPRA 2 mg/Mg waste vs new release: 4.7mg/Mg industrial and mg/Mg municipal 1A2 Sinter production 0.32 mg/Mg sinter Source: ARPA Puglia 13,5 Tg in Tg in 2010 Source: Federacciai, since 2004 PRTR/ETS mg/Mg sinter No reference 1A3Road transport HCB emissions from road transport have been deleted according to the EMEP/EEA Guidebook and to the information collected from the fuel producers 4GUse of pesticides On the basis of the amount of HCB contained in pesticides (lindane: 0.01%; DCPA: 0.1%; clorotalonil: 0.005%; Picloram: 0.005%) and applying the HCB emission factor provided from the Guidebook EMEP/EEA, HCB emissions result in 23 kg for 1990 and 1 kg in 2010 for Italy

20 PCB

21 NFR code ActivityEmission factors Activity dataGuidebook C1 BOF/EAF3.6mg/Mg steel Source: EMEP/CORINAIR ~25,5 Tg steel3.6 mg/Mg steel without abatement 1A1 Power plants0.14 mg/Gj coal 0.09 mg/Gj oil 0.06 mg/GJ biomass Source: EMEP/Corinair Coal Oil Biomass Source: BEN Coal: 0.17 mg/Gj Oil: NE 1A4 Waste incineration with energy recovery 5 mg/Mg waste Source: EMEP/CORINAIR Municipal: 1 Tg in 1990 and 4 Tg in 2010 Source: ISPRA 5.3 mg/Mg (6Cc)

22 Key categories summary PAH 1A4 biomass 2C16Ce PCDD/DF 2C11A2 sinter 1A2 Secondary aluminium 1A4 biomass 6Ce HCB 6C1A4 waste 1A2 PCB 2C11A11A4 waste

23 Critical issues and next challenges PAH: n° of: 4 vs 6 vs 11 vs 16 vs all B(a)p toxicity equivalent Time series, Aluminium production, wood preservation (BREF planned) and road paving with asphalt PAH & dioxins: wood and uncontrolled combustion HCB: use of pesticides, early 90s PCB: national EFs Other POPs

24 Developments and research projects Waiting for the results of the investigation about small combustion of biomass: PM and PAH Incineration: update of EFs on the basis of different studies carried on by local agencies and national research institutes (such as Moniter project )

25 Thanks for your attention Head of the emissions inventory unit Websites:


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