Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 15 THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION The American Nation4/1/2017Chapter 15 THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONSection 1: The Age of InventionSection 2: The Rise of Big BusinessSection 3: Labor Strives to OrganizeCHAPTER 15--THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
2Objectives: Section 1: The Age of Invention How did the development of steel and oil refining affect U.S. industry?What innovations were made in transportation?How did innovations in communications technology change business practices and daily life in the United States?How did Thomas Edison’s research laboratory change American life?
3Oil refining Section 1: The Age of Invention resulted in the production of kerosene for fuel and lightallowed the manufacturing of other petroleum productshelped machinery operate
4Steel refining Section 1: The Age of Invention provided a strong, cheap source of building materialallowed expansion of the railroad industryallowed construction of more complex machines and taller buildings
5Transportation innovations Section 1: The Age of InventionTransportation innovationsRailroads promoted western settlement, urban growth, and economic prosperity.Automobiles became a substantial industry.Airplanes introduced new possibilities.
6Communications innovations Section 1: The Age of InventionCommunications innovationsThe telegraph allowed businesses to place long-distance orders quickly.The telephone helped both businesses and individuals to be in contact.The typewriter allowed the quick production of legible documents.
7Thomas Edison’s research laboratory Section 1: The Age of InventionThomas Edison’s research laboratorythe light bulbthe phonographearly motion-picture camera
8Objectives: Section 2: The Rise of Big Business What arguments did business leaders and social critics make about the role of government in business?How did business strategies change during the Second Industrial Revolution?How did entrepreneurs take advantage of changes in business organization?How did new methods of marketing products change American life?
9Concerning government’s role in business Section 2: The Rise of Big BusinessConcerning government’s role in businessBusiness leaders:Individuals should be self-reliant.Businesses prosper most without government interference.Government interference reduces self-reliance.Social critics:Factory life and poor working conditions harms workers.All citizens should own all means of production.Government assistance would prevent the best businesses from rising to the top.
10New business strategies Section 2: The Rise of Big BusinessNew business strategiesincorporationvertical integrationhorizontal integrationtechnological innovation
11Entrepreneurs take advantage Section 2: The Rise of Big BusinessEntrepreneurs take advantageCarnegie created corporations and used vertical integration to dominate the steel industry.Rockefeller created corporations and used horizontal integration to dominate the oil industry.Vanderbilt bought and consolidated many railroad lines.Westinghouse and Pullman introduced and controlled new railroad technologies.
12New marketing methods Section 2: The Rise of Big Business use of brand names and special packagingadvertisingdepartment storescatalogschain stores
13Objectives: Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize Why did some Americans want trusts to be banned, and how did the government respond?What types of working conditions did laborers face in the new age of rapid industrialization?How did the Knights of Labor attempt to address the needs of many workers?How did businesses react to strikes in the late 1800s, and how did this affect unions?
14The banning of trusts Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize desired because of belief that without competition, large monopolies would have do reason to maintain quality or keep prices lownot accomplished despite passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act
15Working conditions Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize low pay long hoursunsafe environmentspossibility of racial discrimination
16The Knights of Labor Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize included both skilled and unskilled workersincluded women and, later, African Americansorganized strikes, marches, and demonstrationseducated and organized workers
17Strikes in the late 1800s Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize Businesses responded with blacklists, yellow-dog contracts, lockouts, and violence.Business tactics hurt many unions and caused skilled workers to break away from unskilled ones.