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Published byHenry Tovey Modified over 2 years ago

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Relevant Scalecm - mm mm - m m - nm Tunable Architectural Feature 3-D spatial location of truss elements Orientation, aspect ratio, wall thickness Composition, microstructure E-Beam Processing Control Overall 3-D geometry, node properties Strut geometry and wall thickness Grain structure, composition Modeling approach Macro-scale finite element analysis Micro-scale finite element analysis Molecular Dynamics Lattice-based unit cell Hollow tube lattice member Lattice-strut microstructure Mechanical Properties of Test Sphere ( Across Different Length Scales) Plastic collapse (solid) Plastic buckling (hollow) Grain structure Crystal structure

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Properties of the Strut Critical Features Composition Microstructure Grain size Dislocation density/distribution Geometry/Topology Grain size effect on strength Dislocation effect on strength ORNL Sphere (e-beam processed)

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Pingle S M et al. Proc. R. Soc. A doi:10.1098/rspa.2010.0329 Compressive Response for Different Strut Geometries Loaded Axially Mechanical behavior of struts depends on: Material properties – strength, modulus… Geometry – solid or tube will change buckling behavior Tube – wall thickness will control buckling b d c a e

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Pingle S M et al. Proc. R. Soc. A doi:10.1098/rspa.2010.0329 Compressive Response for Different Strut Geometries Loaded at an Incline Mechanical behavior of struts load on an incline: Buckling will depend on load path Mechanical properties of nodes where struts connect are critical Tube – wall thickness will control buckling b c d a e

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Pingle S M et al. Proc. R. Soc. A doi:10.1098/rspa.2010.0329 Compressive Strength vs. Density of Lattice Materials Properties at the Lattice Scale Lattice materials allow for more efficient structural loading under compression Structural efficiency of hollow stainless steel trusses under compression Y =180MPa Pyramidal hollow lattice truss of single crystal SS >4X

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