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How to Write Good Essays. Prepared by: D K Singhal2.

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Presentation on theme: "How to Write Good Essays. Prepared by: D K Singhal2."— Presentation transcript:

1 How to Write Good Essays

2 Prepared by: D K Singhal2

3 Oh! Essays…. Essays are important to get good marks. But, after you leave college…….? Prepared by: D K Singhal3

4 You may be asked to write project reports, observation reports, audit reports etc. A good essay writing capability will help you writing all these with ease, in a fairly readable and presentable manner. No doubt, it also gives you an upper edge over your colleagues. Prepared by: D K Singhal4

5 Why to Discuss it Here? Why this separate class for the essays? In school- – More focus on marks – Monotony – More number of students – Lack of knowledge of working culture in modern job scenario – Overloaded teachers Prepared by: D K Singhal5

6 What is an essay? An Essay is a group of paragraphs about a specific subject. Like a paragraph, an essay generally makes and supports one main theme point. Prepared by: D K Singhal6

7 Essay An essay is a literary device for saying almost everything about almost anything Prepared by: D K Singhal7

8 Is That You? Prepared by: D K Singhal8

9 Why to Write an Essay? You want to convince someone regarding your point of view regarding an issue. You want to present multiple ideas/issues that wouldnt fit into a single paragraph situation. You want to sound intelligent and organized. Finally, you want to get good marks in your school, college or university! Prepared by: D K Singhal9

10 Types of Essays Argumentative EssayCause And Effect Essay Classification EssayComparison Essay Critical EssayDeductive Essay Descriptive EssayDefinition Essay Discussion EssayExploratory Essay Scholarship EssayInformal Essay Literature EssayNarrative Essay Personal EssayPersuasive Essay Research EssayResponse Essay Prepared by: D K Singhal10

11 That was the approach you are used to understand topics in school. Dont be afraid. I am not going to be so BORING. So, shell we begin visualizing essays in a different perspective? If yes, be prepared to answer a couple of questions. Prepared by: D K Singhal11

12 Q. 1: Do you like Golgappe? Prepared by: D K Singhal12

13 Do you like Golgappe? Funny! Isnt it? What is common between Golgappe and Essays? Anyway, move on to the next question…… Prepared by: D K Singhal13

14 Q. 2: Well! If some of you dont like Golgappe, replace this with Rasgulle, and answer this- Can you eat five Golgappe (Rasgulle) at a time? Yes / No. Prepared by: D K Singhal14

15 Ans.: I think you cannot eat five Golgappe (or Rasgulle) at one time. You eat these only one by one. First, second, third…… and so and so forth. Prepared by: D K Singhal15

16 Lesson: That is the first aspect of writing an essay. Never try to write the whole essay in one go; write it in step by step. Break your essay in several parts. Prepared by: D K Singhal16

17 Essay Breaking Examples- Introduction Body Text – About the topic – Its good points – Its disadvantages Conclusion Prepared by: D K Singhal17

18 Introduction Does Introduction need any introduction? Tell me if you are asked to write an essay on My School, what are going to be first two- three lines of it? Prepared by: D K Singhal18

19 My school name is…..abcdef….? This is a good school. I read in …..abcdef…. School. It is located at ….abc Road…… Or would you like to consider something different? Prepared by: D K Singhal19

20 My School Basic education plays an important role in developing good citizens for country. A good school is like a processing plant where capabilities of a student are developed and improved continuously. My school, Name of Your School is sincerely fulfilling its responsibilities towards its goal to a better nation. Prepared by: D K Singhal20

21 Introduction Never jump to main topic at once. Start at some other point, and slowly and slowly come to the main subject. Remember, from something else, you have to come to the point, and not follow the reverse path, like in next example. Prepared by: D K Singhal21

22 My school name is …..abcdef….. My school is very big. Airplane is also very big. Airplane flies in the air. We breathe in air. Air is very important for us to live. Studies are also very important. So we go to our school. I go by bus to my school. I like going to school and coming back from school. It is the time in between I dont like much. Out of 10, how many marks youd give to this type of essay. Prepared by: D K Singhal22

23 Another Example: What are the various sources and types of Air Pollution ? As a result of removal of natural vegetation, industrialization and increase in the number of automobiles, the air over big cities is heavily contaminated with dust, smoke and poisonous gases like carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen. The contamination of air with dust, smoke and harmful gases, which adversely affect human beings and other living organisms, is called air pollution. The substances whose presence in air produces air pollution are called air pollutants. Some of the major air pollutants are carbon monoxide, excess carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, lower organic molecules, dust and smoke. Polluted air produces a large number of harmful effects on the living and non-living things. So Boring…… Prepared by: D K Singhal23

24 Remember- A good introduction must be able to create readers interest in whatever you have written. It is the introduction on which the reader usually decides whether to it read further or not. Prepared by: D K Singhal24

25 What Not to write in Introduction Dont apologize- no starting like- In my opinion or I may not be an expert, but…. Dont begin with dictionary definitions. Dont announce what you intend to do. The purpose of this essay is to…. or I am going to argue that…. should be avoided. Prepared by: D K Singhal25

26 Body Text Body text is the main part of essay. Here you need to be very clear, specific, straightforward, and systematic. Prepared by: D K Singhal26

27 Body Text: Outline For more clear vision, let us divide body text also in several heads. This is called outlining or structuring. A few examples show this- Prepared by: D K Singhal27

28 Outline: My School My school Strength (no. of students) Canteen….. ……. …….!!!! No. of Teachers No. of Classrooms, laboratories etc. Recreational facilities Other achievements etc. etc. You may decide to write 1-2 or 3 lines on every point. Prepared by: D K Singhal28

29 Did you notice something? In outline or structure, you must have noticed that the canteen is coming between students and teachers. Does it look nice? No. But after writing outlines, you can change the sequence of the outline points. Prepared by: D K Singhal29

30 My school Strength (no. of students) Canteen….. ……. …….!!!! No. of Teachers No. of Classrooms, laboratories etc. Recreational facilities Other achievements etc. etc. You may decide to write 1-2-3 or more lines on every point. Prepared by: D K Singhal30

31 Before going further, take a break for a couple of minutes and think if you would like to give good marks to a student in essay where canteen comes in between students and teachers? Prepared by: D K Singhal31

32 Well, while many of you are smiling, why there are some faced who are looking sad? Remembering Golgappas! Prepared by: D K Singhal32

33 Body Text Flow (Readability) Flow is another important requirement in any essay. While you read, you must be able to relate each and every sentence with the earlier one. Read what you have written several times. If you find it seems a little difficult, fragment some long sentences or consider changing some words with their synonyms. Prepared by: D K Singhal33

34 In most of the lower classes, poor flow is the general observation. After you write an essay, try to read by heart several times to find out any flow problem. Examples…. Prepared by: D K Singhal34

35 Example: If I were the principal of my school As the session begins, I would see to it that all the difficult subjects are not taught one after the other. Science should be followed by English and not by Maths. Sometimes the principals of schools have a poor knowledge of what students like and they thrust a lot down their throats without caring that they are not always receptive. I would encourage a lot of sports and extra curricular activities like drama, music, painting, creative writing, clay modeling, photography, horse riding, swimming, dancing, etc. This would keep the students interested in coming to school and they would enjoy their long hours of stay in school. When there are so many interesting activities for the students, they remain happy and their mind is able to absorb the lessons from the most difficult subjects with greater case. Prepared by: D K Singhal35

36 Example: If I were the principal of my school As the session begins, I would see to it that all the difficult subjects are not taught one after the other. Science should be followed by English and not by Maths. Sometimes the principals of schools have a poor knowledge of what students like and they thrust a lot down their throats without caring that they are not always receptive. The above underlined matter gives a poor readability (Poor Flow!). Prepared by: D K Singhal36

37 Grammar Grammar is extremely important. Grammar should not be confined to a single sentence but to entire essay. How is it possible? Prepared by: D K Singhal37

38 Grammar (Examples) Today my parents were at hospital in Delhi. They will visit my Uncle Raju because he had an operation. My Uncle is feeling well now and he will be home soon. Last Sunday, I was on the beach in Goa. I sunbathed and went swimming because it was sunny and hot. The beach was crowded and I had a great time. Prepared by: D K Singhal38

39 Grammar (Examples) Today my parents were at hospital in Delhi. They will visit my Uncle Raju because he had an operation. My Uncle is feeling well now and he will be home soon. Last Sunday, I was on the beach in Goa. I sunbathed and went swimming because it was sunny and hot. The beach was crowded and I had a great time. Prepared by: D K Singhal39

40 So far you have used grammar mainly to sentences. A sentence may be grammatically correct, but if its tense is not the same as per the theme, it becomes incorrect. Always pay attention to tenses in sentences. Prepared by: D K Singhal40

41 Sample: Poor Use of Tenses I go to the store and I bought milk. I will eat fish for dinner and drank milk with my dinner. Prepared by: D K Singhal41

42 Sample: Poor Use of Tenses I go to the store and I bought milk. – Go is a present tense verb. Bought is a past tense verb. Bought should be buy milk since these two events both occur at the same time. I will eat fish for dinner and drank milk with my dinner. – Will eat is a future tense verb but drank is a past tense verb. Since the dinner is going to happen in the future, it is not possible that the milk was drunk already. Prepared by: D K Singhal42

43 Punctuation: Do I need to say more? Prepared by: D K Singhal43

44 Spellings Spellings should be always correct. If you are in doubt, make a practice to refer to dictionary regularly. This will help you a lot in later stage. Sometimes, wrong spellings may make a sentence absurd. Be careful. Prepared by: D K Singhal44

45 Poor Use of Spellings Prepared by: D K Singhal45

46 Poor Spellings! Prepared by: D K Singhal46

47 Conclusions Conclusion is for giving a final impression of your topic, essay and your views. In conclusion, you may- Give a recommendation what the reader should do after reading essay. Give a prediction about what will follow. End with a relevant quote. Prepared by: D K Singhal47

48 Finally… Prepared by: D K Singhal48

49 To write good essays, you must have…. Prepared by: D K Singhal49

50 General Tricks Do not write in 1 st person. (Avoid I) Move from weakest point to strongest. Do not start a body / concluding paragraph with a quotation. Always stick to tense. If you have time, put it aside for some time, and revise. Read your essay aloud, as you are making a speech. You will be able to find out some of the errors. Prepared by: D K Singhal50

51 How to Write Good! In the next slide, you will see simple DOs and DONTs about how to write good. Each sentence is true, individually correct, but as a whole, deny of what it itself is saying. May look like organizing a Chowmin-Pizza- Burger party to spread the message against fast foods. Prepared by: D K Singhal51

52 Prepared by: D K Singhal52

53 Practice Practice Well, before you can say it………. Whenever stuck, think…….. GOLGAPPAs Prepared by: D K Singhal53

54 About the Author: Born in 1968, D K Singhal is B.E., M.E. (Pulp & Paper, 1993) from Deptt. of Paper Technology, University of Roorkee (now IIT, Roorkee). He was certified as Certified Energy Auditor in 2004 with Bureau of Energy Efficiency. In addition to practical experience in papermaking, project planning, research and development, consultancy, automation etc.; energy conservation and cost reduction have been his main areas of concern. With nearly 6 dozen publications, he has emphasized on development of low cost technologies and management practices for quality and profitability improvement. With publications on energymanagertraining.com and paperonweb.com, he has been constantly contributing to IPPTA. He is also serving IPPTA as a member of Editorial Board and Executive Committee. With Chandpur Enterprises Ltd., development of quality MG poster paper on carbon steel fabricated yankee cylinder, design, engineering, erection and commissioning of surface winding on supercalender both for the first time in India, are some of his achievements. An initiative by D K Singhal, a cyber campaign initiated against unjustified targeting of paper industry by Idea mobile, in their Sirjee advertisement campaign, after which this advertisement was taken off air. He has also moderated a Yahoo group, PaperTechnology with nearly 360 members from India and abroad to discuss problems related to pulp & paper making. He can be contacted at deveshksinghal@gmail.com deveshksinghal@gmail.com Prepared by: D K Singhal54


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