Presentation on theme: "The Captains of Industry"— Presentation transcript:
1The Captains of Industry Cornelius VanderbiltAndrew CarnegieJohn RockefellerJ.P. MorganHenry Ford
2Cornelius Vanderbilt=Railroads Started with steamboat industryBought and combined 3 railroadsVanderbilt University
3The race is on "Admiral" Jim Fisk of the ERIE vs The race is on "Admiral" Jim Fisk of the ERIE vs. Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt New York Central Lines.
4Andrew Carnegie=steel Scottish ImmigrantPhilanthropistEfficient ways to produce high quality steel-controlled every aspect of steel production: owned the iron mines, the steel mills, the railroads and the shipping linesIn the 1870s, he founded the Carnegie Steel Company, a step which cemented his name as one of the “Captains of Industry”.
5BESSEMER PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING STEEL Carnegie the philanthropist. He believed the rich had a duty improve society.BESSEMER PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING STEELStronger steel = taller buildings
6John D. Rockefeller=oil He came from “humble beginnings” (poor)Standard Oil Company was the company he founded which became the Standard Oil Trust and ended competition in the oil industry. He controlled 95% of oil industryBecame a philanthropist and gave about $550 million to charities.
7John D. Rockefeller had to perform a delicate balancing act to maintain his reputation as a philanthropist while living the live of a wealthy businessman. Before his death in 1937, Rockefeller gave away nearly half of his fortune. Churches, medical foundations, universities, and centers for the arts received hefty sums of oil money.
8J.P. Morgan=steel Powerful NY banker Morgan dominated two industries in particular—he helped consolidate the railroad industry in the East and formed the United States Steel Corporation in 1901which bought our Carnegie SteelFormed US Steel CorporationPhilanthropist
9Henry Ford= automobile Founded Motor CompanyModel TIntroduced the assembly line to the automobile industryThe Ford Foundation is the charity started in his name and provides funding for a variety of causes.
11Discussion Questions…….. Why are these men considered “Captains of Industry”?What makes some of them “robber barons”?What do you think the Gilded Age means?Why do you think these men got SO rich?What is a philanthropist?What were examples of the biggest businesses in the early 1900’s?