3Map of where the first plow was used History of the plowThe first plows were used around 4,000 B.C.E. in MesopotamiaThen, they were only large sticks pointed with oxen horns that were pulled or pushed through the ground.Map of where the first plow was used
4developments The plow first developed in Egypt around 2,000 B.C.E. To increase tillage speed, the Egyptians added a wider furrow, or sod cutting portion to the plow.In the 11th century B.C.E., the Israelites added an iron share to the plow, decreasing cultivation time.
5The plow in Western Europe In England several more advances were made to the plow:Jethro Tull added a cutting portion to the plow to slice the hard sod along with interchangeable partsRobert Ransome added a cast iron plow share and a self-sharpening bladeLastly, while serving as Minister to France, Thomas Jefferson created a mathematical formula to create rows during the plowing process.
6Plow in Eastern America The iron plow was brought over with the settlers to the first settlement at Jamestown.By 1650 the Virginia Colony had over 150 plows.The iron plow worked excellent in the east due to the sandy soil characteristicsInterpretation of the tobacco industry in Jamestown
7Westward ExpansionAfter the Louisiana Purchase, America was free to travel past the Mississippi RiverAfter arrival the settlers noticed that the iron plow had several flaws in breaking and cultivating the soil.The soil in the Midwest had a characteristic that caused it to stick to the iron plow.Depiction of the constant scraping to remove the dirt from the iron plow
8Solving the ProblemIn reality, the first steel plow was not created by John Deere. It was created by John Lane.Lane discovered and created the first steel plow four years before Deere.Lane is not credited with the discovery because he did not publicize his invention and did not apply for a patent
9John Deere before the Plow John Deere, before inventing the steel plow, lived as a blacksmith in Rutland, Vermont.As his business began to decline, Deere sold his shop to his father in law and left the sale’s proceeds to his wife and four children.Soon after Deere moved to Grand Detour, Illinois and opened a new blacksmithing business.
10The InventionSoon after arrival, Deere heard of the issues of cultivation.To begin the solution, Deere visited a local sawmill and took a broken steel sawmill blade.He then heated and hammered the blade into the shape of a plow share.
11The Invention(Cont.)After the shaping process, Deere crafted the steel to the previously iron plow share and began to test it.The first plow was tested at the farm of Joseph Brieton just south of Grand Detour.After several trials, Deere’s plow withstood all tests and did not retain the sticky traits of the iron plow.Photograph depicting the appearance of the first steel plow
12PublicationWord of mouth advertising quickly spread the news of the steel plowDeere’s business quickly expanded over the next several years. Plows were sold at twelve dollars a piece to remain marketable and competitive.In 1840 – forty plowsIn 1841 – seventy-fiveIn 1842 – one hundredIn 1843 – four hundred
13Expansion of the Business For the remainder of the 19th century, Deere’s business continued to prosper.The century was characterized by relocations, executive changes, mergers, and expansion.One major milestone came in 1878, when Deere and Company experienced its first million dollar sales year.
14John Deere TodayFrom his first plow, John Deere created a company that is today, the largest manufacturer and supplier of farm implements.His sales revenues have grown from under one thousand per year to today where his worldwide company grosses billions of dollars per year.John Deere’s invention of the steel plow gave the expansionists the ability to permanently settle the Midwest
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