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The invention of the Steel plow

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1 The invention of the Steel plow
Deere’s second manufactured plow The invention of the Steel plow Chandler Vaughan

2 Parts of John Deere’s plow

3 Map of where the first plow was used
History of the plow The first plows were used around 4,000 B.C.E. in Mesopotamia Then, they were only large sticks pointed with oxen horns that were pulled or pushed through the ground. Map of where the first plow was used

4 developments The plow first developed in Egypt around 2,000 B.C.E.
To increase tillage speed, the Egyptians added a wider furrow, or sod cutting portion to the plow. In the 11th century B.C.E., the Israelites added an iron share to the plow, decreasing cultivation time.

5 The plow in Western Europe
In England several more advances were made to the plow: Jethro Tull added a cutting portion to the plow to slice the hard sod along with interchangeable parts Robert Ransome added a cast iron plow share and a self-sharpening blade Lastly, while serving as Minister to France, Thomas Jefferson created a mathematical formula to create rows during the plowing process.

6 Plow in Eastern America
The iron plow was brought over with the settlers to the first settlement at Jamestown. By 1650 the Virginia Colony had over 150 plows. The iron plow worked excellent in the east due to the sandy soil characteristics Interpretation of the tobacco industry in Jamestown

7 Westward Expansion After the Louisiana Purchase, America was free to travel past the Mississippi River After arrival the settlers noticed that the iron plow had several flaws in breaking and cultivating the soil. The soil in the Midwest had a characteristic that caused it to stick to the iron plow. Depiction of the constant scraping to remove the dirt from the iron plow

8 Solving the Problem In reality, the first steel plow was not created by John Deere. It was created by John Lane. Lane discovered and created the first steel plow four years before Deere. Lane is not credited with the discovery because he did not publicize his invention and did not apply for a patent

9 John Deere before the Plow
John Deere, before inventing the steel plow, lived as a blacksmith in Rutland, Vermont. As his business began to decline, Deere sold his shop to his father in law and left the sale’s proceeds to his wife and four children. Soon after Deere moved to Grand Detour, Illinois and opened a new blacksmithing business.

10 The Invention Soon after arrival, Deere heard of the issues of cultivation. To begin the solution, Deere visited a local sawmill and took a broken steel sawmill blade. He then heated and hammered the blade into the shape of a plow share.

11 The Invention(Cont.) After the shaping process, Deere crafted the steel to the previously iron plow share and began to test it. The first plow was tested at the farm of Joseph Brieton just south of Grand Detour. After several trials, Deere’s plow withstood all tests and did not retain the sticky traits of the iron plow. Photograph depicting the appearance of the first steel plow

12 Publication Word of mouth advertising quickly spread the news of the steel plow Deere’s business quickly expanded over the next several years. Plows were sold at twelve dollars a piece to remain marketable and competitive. In 1840 – forty plows In 1841 – seventy-five In 1842 – one hundred In 1843 – four hundred

13 Expansion of the Business
For the remainder of the 19th century, Deere’s business continued to prosper. The century was characterized by relocations, executive changes, mergers, and expansion. One major milestone came in 1878, when Deere and Company experienced its first million dollar sales year.

14 John Deere Today From his first plow, John Deere created a company that is today, the largest manufacturer and supplier of farm implements. His sales revenues have grown from under one thousand per year to today where his worldwide company grosses billions of dollars per year. John Deere’s invention of the steel plow gave the expansionists the ability to permanently settle the Midwest

15 Bibliography "56" Circular Sawmill Blade." 56" Circular Sawmill Blade. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov <http:// Detail>. "All Graphics » John Deere Logo." John Deere Logo Graphics and Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov <http://www.coolchaser.com/graphics/tag/john deere logo>. "No till Gardening, Whys and Wherefores." Earthineer:. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov <http:// "Plow: Parts of a Plow." -- Kids Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov <http:// kids.britannica.com/comptons/art /Parts-of-a-plow>. "The Fertile Crescent." Mesopotamia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov <http:// "The Impact of John Deere's Plow." The Impact of John Deere's Plow. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov <http://www.lib.niu.edu/2001/iht html>. "The Tobacco Census v. “Ffrauds and Mischiefs” | Points: The Blog of the Alcohol and Drugs History Society." Points The Blog of the Alcohol and Drugs History Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov <http://pointsadhsblog.wordpress.com/2013/08/06/the- tobacco-census-v-ffrauds-and-mischiefs/>.


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