Notebook Stuff TP-Steel Rails and Mud Streets CM- 61-71 & 73-83 2 pages Geo- Map of Kansas: labeling all cattle and railroad trails Graphic Organizer- ???
More Notebook Stuff Illustrated Dictionary- Free Enterprise, monopoly, Capitalist, subsidiary, long drive, quarantine, public domain, open range, homesteading Section Reviews Pg. 72 1-11 Pg. 84 1-13
Cattle Industry Begins There was a huge demand for beef in the eastern United States. Cattle had been allowed to roam across Texas and their numbers were pushing 5 million. Civil war soldiers were returning home and looking for work and many began working the cattle drives.
Chisholm Trail Cattle were driven up from Texas to the railroads that were in Kansas. Ranchers used the Chisholm trail to get their herds to Kansas. The trail stretched from San Antonio to Abilene. From Abilene the cattle were put on cars and shipped east.
Cowboys Cowboys would drive the cattle to Kansas Members of the drive: Trail Boss 8 men to work the cattle 1 Cook 1 man to take care of the horses
Cowboys Cowboys would need around 60 horses with them on the drive Clothing Saddle- for a long day of riding Pointed Toe Boots- to fit in stirrups Hat Chaps- to protect his legs at they rode through brush.
What Ended the Cattle Drives? The cattle coming up from Texas carried disease that would kill the local cattle. Eventually no Texas cattle were allowed east of Mcpherson. This was known as the quarantine line.
What Ended the Cattle Drives? As more settlers moved into Kansas they began to fence off their property, ending free grazing. This also lead to the invention of barbwire, which was more effective in fencing off the cattle. Eventually the railroads extended their lines into Texas eliminating the need for the cattle drives.
Cowtowns Abilene and Dodge City were two Cowtowns Great for Business Most cowboys would spend their money in these towns. Not everyone supported the cattle being brought in because they would ruin crops and bring disease.
Cowtowns Cowtowns were often ruthless places that gave rise to famous lawmen like Wyatt Earp. Earp built his reputation as a stern lawman that was intent on cleaning up these cowtowns.
Homestead Act This program allowed people to get free plots of land. There were a couple of requirements to get this free land. Settlers had to live on the land for five years. Settlers had to put up buildings, fences, and break the sod. Settlers also had to pay a filing fee.
Homestead Act This free land was far from the best farming land in Kansas. Even though the land was free, most people could not afford the extra costs that went along with starting a farm. Machinery Seed Animals House Fencing
Railroads The railroad industry had a tremendous impact on the settling of the west. Railroads were fueled by the nations desire to have a transcontinental railroad, which would connect the east and west coasts. Immigrants from the east were used to lay tracks for the railroad.
Railroads in Kansas The first railroad reached Kansas before it even became a state. The Elwood and Marysville Railroad was the first company to lay tracks in Kansas.
Railroads and Towns As people moved west across Kansas they created towns near railways. This made it easier to get supplies and businesses to their town. It was also very profitable for the railroads.