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1 Design and drawing of RC Structures CV61 Dr. G.S.Suresh Civil Engineering Department The National Institute of Engineering Mysore Mob:

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2 DETAILING OF BEAM &SLAB

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3 Learning out Come Review of detailing of beams Continuous rectangular beams Cantilever rectangular beams Flanged beams Introduction to detailing of slab One way slab

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5 PROBLEM No. 3 Draw the Longitudinal section and two cross sections one near the support and other near the mid span of a RCC continuous beam with the following data: Clear span of beams = 3m each Width of beam = 200mm Overall depth of beam = 300mm Width in intermediate supports = 200 mm Main reinforcement = 4 Nos -12 mm diameter bars with 2 bars bent up Anchor/hanger bars= 2-10 mm diameter Stirrups = 6 mm 300 mm c/c. Materials : HYSD bars and M20 grade concrete

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6 PROBLEM No. 3

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7 PROBLEM No. 4 A rectangular beam of cross section 300 x 450 mm is supported on 4 columns which are equally spaced at 3m c/c. The columns are of 300 mm x 300 mm in section. The reinforcement consists of 4 bars of a6 mm diameter (+ve reinforcement) at mid span and 4 bars of 16 mm diameter at all supports (-ve reinforcement). Anchor bars consists of a 2-16 mm diameter. Stirrups are of 8 mm diameter 2 legged vertical at 200 c/c throughout. Grade of concrete is M20 and type of steel is Fe 415. Draw longitudinal section and important cross sections.

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8 PROBLEM No. 4

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10 PROBLEM No. 5 Draw to scale of 1:20 the Longitudinal section and two cross- section of a cantilever beam projecting 3.2 from a support using following data Clear span=3.2m Overall depth at free end= 150 mm Overall depth at fixed end= 450 mm Width of cantilever beam= 300 mm Main steel = 4-28 mm dia with two bars curtailed at 1.5m from support Anchor bars= 2 Nos. 16 mm dia Nominal stirrups = 6mm dia at 40 mm c/c Bearing at fixed end = 300 mm Use M20 concrete and Fe 415 steel

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11 PROBLEM No. 5

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12 PROBLEM No. 6 A cantilever beam with 3.2m length is resting over a masonry wall and supporting a slab over it. Draw to a suitable scale Longitudinal section, two cross-sections and sectional plan with the following data: Size of beam = 300 mm x 350 mm at free end and 300 mm x 450 mm at fixed end and in the wall up to a length of 4.8m Main steel: 4 nos. of 25 mm dia bars, two bars curtailed at 1.2m from free end Hanger bars: 2 nos. 16mm. Stirrups: 6mm dia 2 legged 200 mm c/c the support length mm c/c from fixed end up to length of 150mm c/c up to curtailed bars and 200 c/c. Use M20 concrete and Fe 415 steel

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13 PROBLEM No. 2

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15 PROBLEM No. 7 A beam has following data Clear span = 4m Support width = 300mm Size of web = 350 x 400 Size of flange = 1200 x 120mm Main reinforcement in two layers : 3-20 tor tor and to be curtailed at a distance 400 mm from inner face of support Hanger bars: tor Stirrups: 2L c/c Use M20 concrete and Fe 415 steel Draw longitudinal and cross section if the beam is 1.T-beam 2.Inverted T-beam 3.L-Beam

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16 PROBLEM No. 5

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 18 Introduction Used for covering spaces in the form of roof or floor Slab may be supported on walls or beams or columns. Slab supported directly by columns are called flat slab One Way Slab Two Way Slab

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 19 Introduction Slabs could be simply supported, continuous or cantilever In two way slab the corners may be held down by restraints or may be allowed to lift up Additional torsion reinforcement is required at corners when it is restrained against uplifting as shown in Fig

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 20 Introduction

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 21 Introduction Thickness of the slab is decided based on span to depth ratio specified in IS Min reinforcement is 0.12% for HYSD bars and 0.15 % for mild steel bars. The maximum diameter of bar used in slab should not exceed 1/8 of the total thickness of slab Maximum spacing of main bar is restricted to 3 times effective depth or 300 mm which ever is less For distribution bars the maximum spacing is specified as 5 times the effective depth or 450 mm which ever is less

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 22 Introduction Generally 15 mm to 20 mm cover is provided for the main reinforcements Alternate main bars can be cranked near support or could be bent at 1800 at the edge and then extended at the top inside the slab as shown in Fig Curtailment and cranking of bars and is shown in Fig

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 23 Introduction

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 24 Introduction Torsion Reinforcement shall be provided as shown in Fig.

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 25 Torsion Reinforcement

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 26 Torsion Reinforcement

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 27 Typical One Way slab

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Dr.G.S.Suresh 28 Typical Two Way slab

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29 PROBLEM Prepare a detailed structural drawing of one way continuous slab for a hall of clear dimensions 7m wide and m long, use following data Centre to centre distance of supporting beams = 3.0 m Span of the beams = 7.23m Beams are supported on walls of 0.23 m thickness C/s of beam = 230 x 450 mm Grade of concrete : M20 Type of steel : Fe415 Clear cover : 20 mm Slab thickness: 150 mm Beam depth is inclusive of slab depth, The hall is having walls on all 4 sides

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30 PROBLEM Main positive end span = 8mm c/c Main reinforcement in other interior panels = 8 mm 200 c/c Negative all supports = 8mm 200 c/c Distribution steel= 8mm 200 c/c

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31 PROBLEM

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33 No. 1

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34 No. 2

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35 No. 3

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36 No. 4

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37 No. 5

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38 Do it Yourself 1. Draw the longitudinal section and typical cross sections ( at centre and support), and show the reinforcement details in a simply supported rectangular beam of size 300 mm x 500 mm, clear span 5m supported on walls of 0.3m, use a suitable scale Reinforcements: Main: 4 No. 16mm dia with 2 No. cranked at 1m from centre of support. Stirrup holders 2 Nos. of 12 mm dia Stirrups: 2 legged 8 mm dia stirrups at 250 mm c/c in the central 2m span and 2 legged 8 mm dia stirrups at 150 mm c/c in the remaining portion. Assume concrete M 20 grade and steel Fe 415, and suitable cover. Prepare the bar bending schedule and calculate quantity of steel and concrete required.

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39 Do it Yourself 2. Prepare the bar bending schedule and estimate quantity of steel and concrete after drawing the longitudinal and cross section. Other details are Span of beam = 4.2 m Cross section at support end 300 x 600 mm and cross section at free end 300 x 150 mm Reinforcements: Main tension steel: 4-20 mm dia, 2 bars are curtailed at a distance of 2m from free end Hanger bars: 1-12 mm dia Two legged stirrups 8mm 140 mm c/c for full length.

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40 Dr. G.S.Suresh Civil Engineering Department The National Institute of Engineering Mysore Mob:

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