Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads. The requirements contained in this presentation applies to ICs, their Subcontractors and any subsequent Vendors and.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads. The requirements contained in this presentation applies to ICs, their Subcontractors and any subsequent Vendors and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

2 The requirements contained in this presentation applies to ICs, their Subcontractors and any subsequent Vendors and Suppliers when delivering goods to ECC project locations (including warehouses). Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

3 Responsibilities JV and IC Management are responsible for ensuring that transport activities within their control are managed in accordance with the requirements of this procedure. IC Management are responsible for ensuring that transport activities undertaken by themselves or any of their subcontractors within the scope of their contracts and sub- contracts are managed in accordance with the requirements contained of this procedure. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

4 IC / Subcontractor Management are responsible for: Ensuring that the vehicles that are used to transport cargo and equipment are appropriate and fit for service; Ensuring that drivers are provided with the skills and equipment necessary to secure their loads prior to taking to the road. Drivers are ultimately responsible for ensuring that the loads that they carry are secure prior to arriving at ECC. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

5 Restraining of Loads Every load shall be restrained. The restraint system shall be strong enough to restrain the load without any movement during all expected conditions of operation. NO LASHING shall be removed until final destination is reached and vehicle is stopped. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

6 Tie-Down Lashings Lashings shall be one of two types of material: Steel chain not less than 13 mm (1/2 inch) in thickness with grab, winged or claw hooks, Two 10 mm steel chain may be used in place of one 13mm in thickness steel chain with grab, winged or claw hooks. Webbing straps of 50 mm width or greater. Cargo netting is also acceptable as a secondary restraint when the load is large enough not to pass through the netting. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

7 Ropes shall not be used to lash, tie down or restrain loads except on light vehicles. Steel chain shall not be used to restrain steel pipes or tubular - webbing straps shall be used. Hydraulic lifting arms shall not be used as a means to restrain a load Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Lashings contd

8 Tie-down web lashings shall be sufficiently tensioned to provide adequate downward restraint and prevent sideways / frontal / rearward movement. Pipes and tubulars shall be restrained by webbing- minimum of four web straps of 4-inch/100 mm width, and minimum of four stanchions / side stakes per side (8 in total). Steel chains shall not be used to secure steel pipes or tubulars. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Lashings contd

9 Lashing Material Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Hand Ratchet Winch Steel Chains

10 Webbing with two knots tied to repair breaks used to tie on a tall crate, and a second webbing belt showing severe damage. Both are unfit for use. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

11 Web Lashing Safety Issues: Hand Ratchet (part of web lashing assembly) When using a hand ratchet winch, the operator shall not stand on the vehicle/trailer, or load. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

12 Types of load shifting There are a number of reasons that loads can shift while the vehicle is moving. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

13 Braking The load can slide forward when the vehicle brakes while driving forward, or accelerates in reverse direction. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

14 Accelerating The load can shift backwards when the vehicle accelerates forward or brakes while moving in reverse direction. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

15 Cornering The load can easily shift sideways when cornering. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

16 Road gradients When travelling over or hilly roads / surfaces, or when the road surface is sloped in any direction, the load can shift easily, even if the vehicle is stationary. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

17 Air flow When the vehicle is travelling at high speed or under windy conditions, lightweight loads, loads with large wind facing areas, or loads in the form of sheets can dislodge from the vehicle. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

18 Rough road surface When a vehicle is travelling over rough surfaces such as a graded road, an unsecured load can shift or fall off the vehicle due to vibration. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

19 Correct choice of vehicles Open vehicles designed for carrying loose bulk material (e.g.sand or earth) must be fitted with a cover if there is a possibility of any of the load blowing or falling off. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

20 Positioning the load Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

21 Load spreading Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

22 Container Loads Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Twist Locks can provide all restraints necessary for contained loads

23 Lashing Loads with Dunnage Dunnage is packing material placed between portions of the load and between the load and vehicle. Wooden dunnage is often used to facilitate the loading and unloading of material by a forklift or slings. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Lashing Positions Lashing Positions

24 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads GRP pipe stacked on sculpted dunnage, positioned close to headboard, web lashing correctly placed at dunnage point, tensioned with truck winches, stanchions in place.

25 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads In this accident It is clear that the truck did not have a head board to protect the driver.

26 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Chocks Chocks are blocks or wedges of either solid material, or specially manufactured of steel or composite-material with holes through which securing chains can be passed. Adequate use of chocks

27 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Nested pipes Each layer of pipe must be as close to the headboard as possible. If a space is required to permit hook access keep this gap as narrow as possible. The upper layer of pipes must have a portion of each pipe beneath the top of the headboard.

28 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Pipes and Tubulars Tie-down lashings shall be sufficiently tensioned to provide adequate downward restraint and prevent lateral movement.

29 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Badly loaded pipes, insufficiently restrained and lashed. Stanchions too weak for adequate sideways support. Used pipe slipping off trailer, oil covered load, insufficient tie down. Extra care needs to be taken when transporting and securing used pipe / tubulars that contain oil residues.

30 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Restraint for drums Restraint for drums

31 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Restraint for packs

32 Restraint for Bags (sand / cement) Bags shall be transported in trailers with headboards, secured by tie-down web lashings and cargo-nets. When high-sided cage trailers are used, cargo nets are not required. Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads

33 Effective use of headboard, webbing, stanchions and cargo netting to secure a trailer of general cargo. Note that sacks and drums are all banded to pallets.

34 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads The cylinders must be kept vertical, whether empty or full. Incorrect way of transporting gas cylinders.

35 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Example of poor load securing

36 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Example of poor load securing

37 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads Hydraulic booms shall not be used to restrain loads.

38 Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads QUESTION TIME!


Download ppt "Safe Lashing / Securing of Loads. The requirements contained in this presentation applies to ICs, their Subcontractors and any subsequent Vendors and."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google