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Mrs. Janet Shaw Swimming Pen Creek Elementary School.

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Presentation on theme: "Mrs. Janet Shaw Swimming Pen Creek Elementary School."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mrs. Janet Shaw Swimming Pen Creek Elementary School

2 These are the types of writing students have studied by fourth grade: Types of Writing Expository Narrative Descriptive In Florida, fourth graders will have to write either a narrative or expository for the state test.

3 Expository Writing

4 Expository writing explains or informs. Expository Writing Prompts for expository writing use words such as: explain, clarify, inform, describe. Expository writing has three main parts or sections. Sometimes your teacher calls expository writing an essay. In grades three and four, an expository paper usually four or five paragraphs.

5 The three body parts of an expository paper include Expository Writing The Introduction The Body The Conclusion In fourth grade, the body usually has two or three sections or paragraphs.

6 We color code our writing. Green stands for the topic, yellow for star idea sentences, and red represents examples and details. Expository Writing The Introduction The Body The Conclusion The Body

7 Expository Writing The Introduction The Body The Conclusion The introduction should state the topic of the paper The body provides support, details, and examples. The conclusion wraps up thoughts and ideas about the topic.

8 Brainstorming After reading a prompt, writers brainstorm ideas for their paper. Example: The writer is asked to write about pets. The writer makes a list of Ideas for a paper about pets. There are no right or wrong answers in brainstorming. Write down all of your ideas!

9 Sample Brainstorming List Brainstorming Dogs Sam cats Merlin parrots Popeye love me help me play with me guard the house make me happy best friend funny messy pets After brainstorming, choose your best or their favorite idea.

10 After the topic is chosen, the writer makes an outline Making An Outline My pet is my best friend Loves me Protects me Plays With Me My pet is my best friend The outline may also be called an organizer or planner.

11 The three body parts should contain support for the topic of the paper. Making An Outline Introduces the topic support & detail support & detail support & detail Concluding statements about the topic Each box on the organizer represents a paragraph on the completed paper.

12 Take a closer look at one of the three body parts on the organizer Making An Outline star or key idea detail/example

13 Here is an example of the first body part of the organizer filled with ideas for writing. Making An Outline My pet loves me He licks me When I was sick, he stayed on my bed all day. He cuddles me

14 Here is the final outline for the pet paper. Making An Outline My pet cat Merlin is my best friend. He Loves me He protects me He plays with me Pets like Merlin are good friends He licks me he hisses at he chases string He cuddles me strangers he bats a ball When I was sick chases dogs to me laid on my sick he bit a dog We like to run bed. that chased me around the house Write your topic sentence here: Do not write complete sentences here. Just jot down your ideas. You do not have to write anything on the outline here:

15 Once the student creates an outline, he or she puts the essay together paragraph by paragraph Writing the Paper Everyone has a best friend, but not everyones best friend says, meow, and is covered with white fur. My cat Merlin is the best friend any girl could wish for: he loves, me, protects me, and plays with me. The introductory paragraph should contain only two or three sentences. The first sentence or two contain a grabber hat hooks the readers interest. The last sentence should be the TOPIC SENTENCE. Introductory Paragraph

16 Writing the Paper Happily, I know Merlin loves me because he licks me which is a cats way of kissing. Also, he cuddles up next to me and purrs. Last week, I had the flu, and Merlin curled up on my bed and stayed next to me the whole time until I was better. Purring like the rumbling of a dryer, he was more comforting than hot chocolate and a soft quilt. As lucky as I am because Merlin adores me, he is fortunate because I adore him, too. INDENT at the beginning of each paragraph! First Body Part.Each body paragraph should begin with a star or key idea transition sentence. Next are sentences with details and examples about the star idea sentence. The paragraph should end by referring back to the star idea.

17 Writing the Paper Even though Merlin looks like a fluffy pushover, he is my fierce protector when he thinks I am in danger. Growling like a wild animal, he lunges at dogs that come around our yard. Once my brave cat even bit a massive Rottweiler that tried to come too close to me! Merlin even hisses at strangers so they will not come near. Last week, he leaped onto the screen door hanging on with all four sets of razor sharp claws when a salesman came to call. The poor man didnt even bother to ring the doorbell, but ran off with Merlins yowls and hisses ringing in his ears! I never have to be afraid when Merlin is nearby to protect me. Second Body Part

18 Writing the Paper Hanging out and having a great time is the greatest part of having a best friend. Merlin is hilarious. My funny little kitty slides all over the place when he chases the strings that I dangle for him. With reflexes better than a major league batter, Merlin butts the balls I throw at him right back to me. Flying down the halls and bumping off the walls, Merlin and I love chasing each other, too. Life would be pretty boring and dull if I had to give up playing games with my cat. Third Body Part

19 Writing the Paper Each body part should contain at least five sentences. All of the sentences should be in logical or sequential order. Avoid repeating ideas or words. Make sure you have plenty of support for your star idea.

20 The final paragraph should restate the topic Writing the Paper In conclusion, my cat Merlin and I will always be best friends. Pets can be wonderful pals, but I am especially lucky to have a buddy like Merlin. Conclusion The conclusion paragraph should have two or three sentences. The first sentence should be a summation of your topic sentence or a conclusion related to your topic sentence. End your last paragraph with a take-away ending.

21 Happily, I know Merlin loves me because he licks me which is a cats way of kissing. Also, he cuddles up next to me and purrs. Last week, I had the flu, and Merlin curled up on my bed and stayed next to me the whole time until I was better. Purring like the rumbling of a dryer, he was more comforting than hot chocolate and a soft quilt. As lucky as I am because Merlin adores me, he is fortunate because I adore him, too. Even though Merlin looks like a fluffy pushover, he is my fierce protector when he thinks I am in danger. Growling like a wild animal, he lunges at dogs that come around our yard. Once my brave cat even bit a massive Rottweiler that tried to come too close to me! Merlin even hisses at strangers so they will not come near. Last week, he leaped onto the screen door hanging on with all four sets of razor sharp claws when a salesman came to call. The poor man didnt even bother to ring the doorbell, but ran off with Merlins yowls and hisses ringing in his ears! I never have to be afraid when Merlin is nearby to protect me. Hanging out and having a great time is the greatest part of having a best friend. Merlin is hilarious. My funny little kitty slides all over the place when he chases the strings that I dangle for him. With reflexes better than a major league batter, Merlin butts the balls I throw at him right back to me. Flying down the halls and bumping off the walls, Merlin and I love chasing each other, too. Life would be pretty boring and dull if I had to give up playing games with my cat. Your writing should contain transition phrases. Some of the transition phrases/words are highlighted here:

22 Everyone has a best friend, but not everyones best friend says, meow, and is covered with white fur. My cat Merlin is the best friend any girl could wish for: he loves, me, protects me, and plays with me. Happily, I know Merlin loves me because he licks me which is a cats way of kissing. Also, he cuddles up next to me and purrs. Last week, I had the flu, and Merlin curled up on my bed and stayed next to me the whole time until I was better. Purring like the rumbling of a dryer, he was more comforting than hot chocolate and a soft quilt. As lucky as I am because Merlin adores me, he is fortunate because I adore him, too. Even though Merlin looks like a fluffy pushover, he is my fierce protector when he thinks I am in danger. Growling like a wild animal, he lunges at dogs that come around our yard. Once my brave cat even bit a massive Rottweiler that tried to come too close to me! Merlin even hisses at strangers so they will not come near. Last week, he leaped onto the screen door hanging on with all four sets of razor sharp claws when a salesman came to call. The poor man didnt even bother to ring the doorbell, but ran off with Merlins yowls and hisses ringing in his ears! I never have to be afraid when Merlin is nearby to protect me. Hanging out and having a great time is the greatest part of having a best friend. Merlin is hilarious. My funny little kitty slides all over the place when he chases the strings that I dangle for him. With reflexes better than a major league batter, Merlin butts the balls I throw at him right back to me. Flying down the halls and bumping off the walls, Merlin and I love chasing each other, too. Life would be pretty boring and dull if I had to give up playing games with my cat. In conclusion, my cat Merlin and I will always be best friends. Pets can be wonderful pals, but I am especially lucky to have a buddy like Merlin. Here is the completed essay:

23 Look at the highlighted areas. Can you identify: Topic paragraphs? Star Idea transition sentences? Support and examples for the star ideas? This is the organizational pattern your expository essay should follow.

24 In writing an expository paper, the student should: Read the prompt carefully Brainstorm a list of ideas Make an outline Write an introductory paragraph Write at least two or three body paragraphs Write a concluding paragraph Completing the First Draft

25 When you have written the first draft of your paper, edit by: Checking to make sure you have indented each paragraph Checking for good grammar & spelling Checking for complete sentences Checking for capitals and periods Checking for good descriptions Checking for clear explanations Editing the Paper

26 When you have edited your paper, revise your paper by Changing words or phrases that sound repetitious Adding SPECIFIC details to your writing Making sure you did not use a pronoun without an antecedent Making sure you have transition phrases throughout your paper Making sure you have used different sentence beginnings Adding better descriptions or figurative language that make your writing more interesting Removing overused and tired words Making sure you did not begin sentences with conjunctions (and, or, so, because) Revising the Paper

27 Expository Writing Review Brainstorm Make an Outline Write the Paper Edit and Revise the Paper Make a final draft of your paper


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