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Apostrophe – when one speaks to something or someone that cannot reply back couplet (R25) iambic pentameter (R27 under meter) rhyme scheme (R31) types.

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Presentation on theme: "Apostrophe – when one speaks to something or someone that cannot reply back couplet (R25) iambic pentameter (R27 under meter) rhyme scheme (R31) types."— Presentation transcript:

1 apostrophe – when one speaks to something or someone that cannot reply back couplet (R25) iambic pentameter (R27 under meter) rhyme scheme (R31) types of sonnets (R32) octave (R32 under stanza) quatrain (R32 under stanza) sestet (R32 under stanza)

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3 William Shakespeares Sonnet 116 Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments. Love is not love Which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O, no! it is an ever-fixed mark, That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken. Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle's compass come; Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom. If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved. A B A B C D C D E F E F G G

4 Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments. Love is not love Which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O, no! it is an ever-fixed mark, That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken. Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle's compass come; Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom. If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved. quatrains couplet

5 Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments. Love is not love Which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O, no! it is an ever-fixed mark, That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken. Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle's compass come; Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom. If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved.

6 / X / X X / X / X / Let me not to the marriage of true minds X / X / X / / X X / Admit impediments. Love is not love X / X / X / X / X / Which alters when it alteration finds, X / X / X / X / X / Or bends with the remover to remove: Predominantly iambic pentameter (with a few trochees here and there at times!)

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8 John Donnes Holy Sonnet 1 Thou hast made me, and shall thy work decay? Repair me now, for now mine end doth haste, I run to death, and death meets me as fast, And all my pleasures are like yesterday; I dare not move my dim eyes any way, Despair behind, and death before doth cast Such terror, and my feeble flesh doth waste By sin in it, which it t'wards hell doth weigh; Only thou art above, and when towards thee By thy leave I can look, I rise again; But our old subtle foe so tempteth me, That not one hour my self I can sustain; Thy Grace may wing me to prevent his art, And thou like Adamant draw mine iron heart. A B B A A B B A C D C D E E

9 Thou hast made me, and shall thy work decay? Repair me now, for now mine end doth haste, I run to death, and death meets me as fast, And all my pleasures are like yesterday; I dare not move my dim eyes any way, Despair behind, and death before doth cast Such terror, and my feeble flesh doth waste By sin in it, which it t'wards hell doth weigh; Only thou art above, and when towards thee By thy leave I can look, I rise again; But our old subtle foe so tempteth me, That not one hour my self I can sustain; Thy Grace may wing me to prevent his art, And thou like Adamant draw mine iron heart. octave sestet Can be divided into two quatrains Can be divided into a quatrain and a couplet

10 Thou hast made me, and shall thy work decay? Repair me now, for now mine end doth haste, I run to death, and death meets me as fast, And all my pleasures are like yesterday; I dare not move my dim eyes any way, Despair behind, and death before doth cast Such terror, and my feeble flesh doth waste By sin in it, which it t'wards hell doth weigh; Only thou art above, and when towards thee By thy leave I can look, I rise again; But our old subtle foe so tempteth me, That not one hour my self I can sustain; Thy Grace may wing me to prevent his art, And thou like Adamant draw mine iron heart.

11 / X / X X / X / X / Thou hast made me, and shall thy work decay? X / X / X / X / X / Repair me now, for now mine end doth haste, X / X / X / / X X / I run to death, and death meets me as fast, X / X / X / X / X / And all my pleasures are like yesterday; Predominantly iambic pentameter (again, a few trochees here and there!)

12 ALL sonnets are predominantly in iambic pentameter and are fourteen lines in length. Shakespearean (English) rhyme scheme: ABABCDCDEFEFGG Petrarchan (Italian) rhyme scheme: ABBAABBACDCDEE or ABBAABBACDECDE


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