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Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses 03.10.20086th LAC Day1 Modern Greek Non-Restrictive Relative Clauses : an LFG analysis Kakia.

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Presentation on theme: "Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses 03.10.20086th LAC Day1 Modern Greek Non-Restrictive Relative Clauses : an LFG analysis Kakia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day1 Modern Greek Non-Restrictive Relative Clauses : an LFG analysis Kakia Chatsiou Department of Language and Linguistics, University of Essex This research is funded by the ESRC (award number PTA ).

2 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day2 Outline of the talk Introduction Characteristics of NRCs Distribution of resumption in NRCS –Resumptive Pronouns –Local Dependencies –Long Distance Dependencies A first sketch of an LFG Analysis Conclusions and Directions for future work

3 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day3 Introduction (1)Kim saved the man who loves her. (Restrictive) (2)Kim saved Mark, who loves her. (non-Restrictive)

4 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day4 Introduction (1)Kim saved the man who loves her. (Restrictive) (2)Kim saved Mark, who loves her. (non-Restrictive) NRCs: –can be omitted without (major) loss of information –are normally enclosed between commas (in written speech) or pauses (in oral speech)

5 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day5 Introduction (1)Kim saved the man who loves her. (Restrictive) (2)Kim saved Mark, who loves her. (non-Restrictive) (3)I Kiki esose ton andra pu (tin) agapai. (Restrictive) the Kiki saved the man that her loves Kiki saved the man who loves her. (4) I Kiki esose to Marko, pu ton/*Ø agapai i Eleni. the Kiki saved the Mark that him loves the Eleni Kiki saved Mark, whom Eleni love. (non-Restrictive)

6 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day6 I Kiki esose to Marko, pu t0n/*Ø agapai I Eleni. (non-Restrictive) the Kiki saved the Mark that him loves the Eleni Kiki saved Mark, whom Eleni loves. Similarly to RRCs, NRCs can be introduced by either: –pu (που): [=that] indeclinable complementizer, unmarked for case, gender and number Obligatory Characteristics of NRCs

7 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day7 I Kiki esose to Marko, ton opi0 ton/*Ø agapai i Eleni. the Kiki saved the Mark.MSG.NOM the.MSG.ACC who.MSG.ACC him loves the Eleni Kiki saved Mark, whom Eleni loves. (non-Restrictive) Similarly to RRCs, NRCs can be introduced by either: –pu (που): [=that] indeclinable complementizer, unmarked for case, gender and number Obligatory –o opios (ο οποίος): [=who] relative pronoun, declinable for case, gender and number. agrees in gender and number with the modifying head gets its case from the grammatical function it fulfils within the relative clause. Obligatory Characteristics of NRCs

8 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day8 Characteristics of NRCs I Kiki esose to Marko, pu t0n/*Ø agapai I Eleni. (non-Restrictive) the Kiki saved the Mark that him loves the Eleni Kiki saved Mark, whom Eleni loves. The internal NRC internal constituent order is relatively fixed: pu/o opios (Neg.marker) (RP) V S O (VSO is the unmarked constituent order of subordinate clauses)

9 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day9 Characteristics of NRCs I Kiki esose to Marko, pu t0n/*Ø agapai I Eleni. (non-Restrictive) the Kiki saved the Mark that him loves the Eleni Kiki saved Mark, whom Eleni loves. NRCs occur after their antecedent

10 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day10 Characteristics of NRCs I Kiki esose to Marko, ton opi0 ton/*Ø agapai i Eleni. the Kiki saved the Mark.MSG.NOM the.MSG.ACC who.MSG.ACC him loves the Eleni Kiki saved Mark, whom Eleni loves. (non-Restrictive) NRCs occur after their antecedent The antecedent can be –Nominal (pu, o opios). [resumption available]

11 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day11 Characteristics of NRCs I Kiki esose to Marko, (pragma) pu ekane tin Eleni na zilepsi. the Kiki saved the Mark (something) that made the Eleni to be.jealous Kiki saved Mark, which made Eleni jealous. NRCs occur after their antecedent The antecedent can be –Nominal (pu, o opios). [resumption available] –sentential (pu, o opios). [No resumption]

12 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day12 Characteristics of NRCs I Kiki esose to Marko, (pragma) pu ekane tin Eleni na zilepsi. the Kiki saved the Mark (something) that made the Eleni to be.jealous Kiki saved Mark, which made Eleni jealous. NRCs occur after their antecedent The antecedent can be –Nominal (pu, o opios). [resumption available] –sentential (pu, o opios). [No resumption] I Kiki esose to Marko, (pragma) to opio ekane tin Eleni na zilepsi. the Kiki saved the Mark (something) the which made the Eleni to be.jealous Kiki saved Mark, which made Eleni jealous.

13 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day13 Characteristics of NRCs Avrio, pu tha figis, pare ta klidia su. Tomorrow that will go.2sg take.2sg the keys your.sg Tomorrow when you go, take your keys with you. NRCs occur after their antecedent The antecedent can be –Nominal (pu, o opios). [resumption available] –sentential (pu, o opios). [No resumption] –Adverbial (pu). [No resumption]

14 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day14 Outline of the talk Introduction Characteristics of NRCs Distribution of resumption in NRCS –Resumptive Pronouns –Local Dependencies –Long Distance Dependencies A first sketch of an LFG Analysis Conclusions and Directions for future work

15 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day15 Distribution of Resumption in (nominal) NRCs Modern Greek Resumptive pronouns: –Same form as the ordinary weak personal pronouns of the language (form of the unstressed monosyllabic clitic form of the personal pronoun) 1.pers2pers3pers sgnom--(tos)(ti)(to) accmesetonti(n)to genmusututistu placcmassastustista genmassastustista

16 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day16 Distribution of Resumption in (nominal) NRCs Modern Greek Resumptive pronouns: –Same form as the ordinary weak personal pronouns of the language (form of the unstressed monosyllabic clitic form of the personal pronoun) –Fixed position pu/o opios (Neg.marker) (RP) V S O 1.pers2pers3pers sgnom--(tos)(ti)(to) accmesetonti(n)to genmusututistu placcmassastustista genmassastustista

17 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day17 Distribution of Resumption in (nominal) pu-NRCs Local Dependencies ( 0-level of embedding ) Antecedent GF in main GF of clause pronoun in RC SUBJOBJInd OBJ OBJ of PREP SUBJ gap OBJ rp Ind OBJ rp OBJ of PREP rp POSSESSIVES rp

18 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day18 Distribution of Resumption in (nominal) pu-NRCs Long Distance Dependencies ( 1&2-levels of embedding ) Antecedent GF in main GF of clause pronoun in RC SUBJOBJInd OBJ OBJ of PREP SUBJ gap OBJ rp Ind OBJ rp OBJ of PREP rp POSSESSIVES rp

19 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day19 Distribution of Resumption in (nominal) o opios-NRCs Local Dependencies ( 0-level of embedding ) Antecedent GF in main GF of clause pronoun in RC SUBJOBJInd OBJ OBJ of PREP SUBJ gap OBJ rp Ind OBJ gap OBJ of PREP gap POSSESSIVES gap

20 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day20 Distribution of Resumption in (nominal) o opios-NRCs Long Distance Dependencies ( 1&2-levels of embedding ) Antecedent GF in main GF of clause pronoun in RC SUBJOBJInd OBJOBJ of PREP SUBJ gap OBJ rp Ind OBJ 1: rp/gap 2: rp 1: gap/?rp 2: ?gap/rp 1: gap/?rp 2: rp gap/rp OBJ of PREP gap POSSESSIVES rp gap/rpgap

21 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day21 Pu-NRCs Antecedent GF SUBJOBJInd OBJ OBJ ofPREP Position in RC Embed. SUBJ 0 gap 1 2 OBJ 0 rp 1 2 IO 0 rp 1 2 OBJ of PREP 0 rp 1 2 POSSESSIV ES 0 rp 1 2 O opios-NRCs SUBJOBJInd OBJ OBJ ofPREP gap rp Rp gap rp/gapgap/?rp Gap/rp rp?gap/rprp gap Gap rp Rp/gapgap

22 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day22 First sketch of an LFG analysis Work in progress captures the distribution of resumption in NRCs Does not differentiate between RRCs and NRCs (except for the feature RESTRICTIVE[+,-] on the CP rule Have not made my mind on the most suitable place for the CP (NRC) node to attach

23 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day23 First sketch of an LFG analysis – CP Rule CP { ε | { DP | PP } } C { ( TOPIC PRED) = pro ( TOPIC PRED) = pro = ( COMPFORM) = C pu { ( TOPIC) = ( {COMP* SUBJ | ( ADJUNCT ) COMP OBJ2 | GFPOSS}) ( RESTRICTIVE) = - | { ( TOPIC) = ( COMP* SUBJ) ( COMP* {OBJ | OBJ2 | GFPOSS} = %nrc-PATH } | ( RELPRO) = %opios-PATH ( COMP* {OBJ | OBJ2 | {ADJUNCT | OBL} | ( PRONTYPE) = C REL GFPOSS}) = %nrc-RELPATH (%opios-PATH NUM) = ( ( ADJUNCT ) NUM) (%nrc-RELPATH PRONTYPE)= C RP (%opios-PATH GEND) = ( ( ADJUNCT ) GEND) (%nrc-RELPATH PRED) = pro (%opios-PATH PERS) = ( ( ADJUNCT ) PERS) (%nrc-RELPATH GEND) = ( ( ADJUNCT ) GEND) ( RESTRICTIVE) = - (%nrc-RELPATH NUM) = ( ( ADJUNCT ) NUM) (%nrc-RELPATH PERS) = ( ( ADJUNCT ) PERS) } | (COMP ) }

24 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day24 Outline of the talk Introduction Characteristics of NRCs Distribution of resumption in NRCS –Resumptive Pronouns –Local Dependencies –Long Distance Dependencies A first sketch of an LFG Analysis Conclusions and Directions for future work

25 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day25 Presented an overview of the data on Modern Greek Non- restrictive Relative Clauses, and the patterns of occurrence of resumptive pronouns in both local and long distance dependencies A sketch of an LFG analysis that captures the distribution of resumption in MG NRCs Room for a lot of improvement and consideration of further phenomena

26 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day26 Conclusions and Directions for future work NRCs and subjunctive *Vrike to Yianni pu na kseri ti ora ine Found the Johnthat to know what time is *He found the John that knew what the time was.. (restrictive interpretation only) Vrike ena mathiti pu na kseri ti ora ine. Found a student that to know what time is He found a student who knew what the time was.

27 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day27 Conclusions and Directions for future work NRCs and Ellipsis Relationship between Adverbial NRCs and Free RCs Eki pu piga horepsa… There that went.1sg danced.1sg I danced at the place that I went. Opu piga horepsa… Whereever went.1sg danced.1sg Wherever I went, I danced.

28 Kakia Chatsiou Modern Greek Non-restrictive Relative Clauses th LAC Day28 Thank you!


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