We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byJamil Robert
Modified over 2 years ago
Behavioral Addictions: Are they Really Addictions? Thomas E. Legere, Ph.D.
How do we Decide?
Old School: DSM
We Need a NEW Model! From THREE Sources…
Source #1: The DSM
Source #2: What Those Who Suffer From the Disease Say
Source #3: Neurobiology
Three TYPES of Addictions
I. HARD Addictions: Alcohol & Drugs
II. SOFT Addictions: Nicotine & Caffeine
III. BEHAVIORAL Addictions
Three Levels of Addiction: Mild Mild Moderate Moderate Severe Severe
Soft Addictions: Soft for a Reason
Proposed Behavioral Addictions: Sex Sex Love Love Gambling Gambling Exercise Exercise Eating Eating
What Makes them Real Addictions (or not)?
Need Common Criteria for Hard Addictions & Behavioral Addictions
Honestly: The DSM is Not Buying Behavioral Addictions
DSM: Compulsive Disorders Compulsive Disorders Pathological Behavior Pathological Behavior Eating Disorders Eating Disorders
Twelve Integrated Criteria (DSM, Experience, Neurobiology)
1. Pleasure Pathway In the Brain
2. Same Brain Chemicals Involved Dopamine Gaba Dopamine Gaba Serotonin Glutamate Serotonin Glutamate Endorphins Cortisone Endorphins Cortisone Norepinephrine Corticotrophin Norepinephrine Corticotrophin Epinephrine Histamine Epinephrine Histamine Enkephalins Anandamide Enkephalins Anandamide Acetylcholine Acetylcholine
4. Use to Intoxication: I Cant Stop!
5. Obsessive Dimension
7. Continued Use Despite Adverse Consequences
8. Progressive Escalation of Intake and Problems
9. Repeated Attempts To Control Use
11. Incurable (Only Remission)
12. Effectiveness of 12 Step Program
Addiction. Addiction is a state characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences.
Addiction is a disease of the brain Characterized by: Compulsive Behavior Continued abuse of drugs despite negative consequences Persistent changes in.
Alcohol and Other Drugs Definition Definition How Do Drugs Work? How Do Drugs Work?
Unit 3 – Neurobiology and Communication Neurotransmitters, Mood and Behaviour.
How the Brain Works 1. Background: The Synapse 2.
Upload “Neurotransmitters and Drugs” To eBackpack.
An electorneuro diagnostic technician uses an electroencephalogram (EEG) to check for abnormalities in the brain Usually takes two years to earn an.
Addiction Interaction Disorder: New Concepts in Understanding Addiction and The Dance of the Addictions Alan M. Yorker, LMFT August 26, 2014 GSAS Conference.
Substance-Related and Impulse-Control Disorders Chapter 11 Abnormal Psychology.
Neurotransmitters, Mood and Behaviour. What You Should Know Endorphins are neurotransmitters that stimulate neurones involved in reducing the intensity.
Addictions: objectives Define addiction Distinguish between addictions and habits Identify signs of addiction Be able to describe the addictive process.
Stimulants: An Overview Nature of Stimulants Most widely consumed drug in the United States Such drugs increase alertness and increase energy Examples.
ADDICTION ADDICTION IS HARMFUL TO YOUR BRAIN. BY JORDAN BURNINGHAM ADDICTION 1.DEFINE ADDICTION 2.BRAIN CHEMISTRY BASICS IN ADDICTION 3.PREDISPOSED FOR.
Widely Found and Studied Neurotransmitters Glutamate – has excitatory functions 4 Ascending activating systems are very important Cholinergic System.
Substance Abuse James May PH.D. Director SAS Richmond Behavioral Health Authority 2011.
What are converging neural pathways and their involvement in light sensitivity? What are diverging neural pathways and their involvement in fine motor.
Neurotransmitters Are Your Friends. Some Basics on Neurotransmission Neurotransmitters either excite or inhibit other neurons – Agonists bind to receptor.
“Give One, Get One.” 1. Neurotransmitters 2. Endorphins 3. Hormones.
The Nervous System-Part II Neurotransmitters, Drugs and Disease of the Brain.
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY, SIXTEENTH EDITION James N. Butcher/ Jill M. Hooley/ Susan Mineka Chapter 11 Substance-Related Disorders © 2014, 2013, 2010 by Pearson.
Drugs and Consciousness Module 25. Tolerance & Addiction Substance use disorder – Psychoactive drugs – Tolerance (neuroadaptation- brain chemistry.
NANCY LONG SIEBER, PH.D. SEPT. 13, 2010 A bit about lupus and then Neuropathophysiology I.
1 Kim Edward Light, Ph.D. Professor, College of Pharmacy University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences The Neurobiology of Addiction.
© Cengage Learning 2016 Psychopharmacology Chapter Four.
Lesson 2-3. TSW differentiate between drug misuse and abuse TSW identify factors that can contribute to addiction TSW describe the stages of addiction.
HEA 113 Casey Fay, MS. Understand the Addictive Process Discuss reasons why people choose to use or not to use drugs. Identify the types of drug dependence,
Legal and Illegal Drugs Section 2. Drug Abuse and the Brain A mood altering drug, also called a psychoactive drug, is a chemical that affects brain activity.
Absent Wed. or Fri. last week? You do NOT have a zero for these assignments Optional: Can make up Wed. after school: Taste Lab Smell Lab.
Addiction and the Teenage Brain Learning Target: I can explain how addictive substances work in the brain, creating tolerance, dependency and addiction.
Copyright © 2013, 2010 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. Chapter 37 Drug Abuse I: Basic Considerations.
The Importance of Knowing Addiction as a Brain Disease The Importance of Knowing Addiction as a Brain Disease Carlton Erickson, Ph.D. Director, Addiction.
Substance-Related Disorders Chapter 10. Perspectives on Substance-Related Disorders The Nature of Substance-Related Disorders –Kills Americans.
Drugs & Consciousness Fig Neuroadaptation is not the same as drug tolerance; in the former, brain chemistry is adapting to offset the drug, while.
Chapter Four Psychopharmacology Version Dated 21 Sep 2009.
How do Drugs and addictions affect a person?? Aaron Strobehn Per. 8.
Reward. Reward Psychopharmacology Rewards can be chemical or natural –food, exercise, sex, drugs Transiently or permanently alter neurochemical pathways.
NEUROTRANSMITTERS THE MESSENGERS OF NERVE CELLS.
Hallucinogenic Plants Professor Suleiman Olimat. What is addiction? (Latin) addictus---attached to something, positive. Today alcoholism called a “brain.
Neuron Anatomy. Neurons Neuron is a nerve cell that communicates with the entire body (glands, muscles…). Cell Body produces energy for the cell to.
Drugs. Influences on Drug Use Biological – heredity – Identical twins – Adoption studies – Boys at age 6 excitable, fearless, impulsive (genetic traits)
Case Study#2: Effect of Alcohol/Drugs on Teen Brain Yehuda Ben-Shahar, PhD Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis.
GABA and Glycine: recap Inhibitory neurotransmitters Synthesis and packaging into vesicles. Removal from synapse Date-rape drug: gamma-hydroxybutyrate.
Neural Disorders Advances and Challenges. Why Study Neural Diseases? Application of neuroscience Coming together of research and medical applications.
Wise: Drug dependence-- cluster of cognitive, behavioral and physiologic symptoms indicating the person has impaired control of drug use, and continues.
“continued involvement with a substance or activity despite its ongoing negative consequences”Donatelle, pg 192 Classified by APA as a mental.
1 Drugs and Consciousness Module States of Consciousness Overview Drugs and Consciousness Dependence and Addiction Psychoactive Drugs Influences.
AP Psychology Unit 5 Overview on Psychoactive Drugs.
Understanding Substance Use Disorders Igor Koutsenok, MD University of California San Diego School of Medicine Center for Addiction Research, Training.
The Reward Pathway. Brain Structures Involved Ventral tegmental area Nucleus accumbens Prefrontal cortex.
Substance-Use Disorders Lori Ridgeway PSYC What is abuse? Criteria Failure to meet responsibilities Use despite potential dangers Legal problems.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.