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Medieval Romance Excerpt from Le Morte dArthur And Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.

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1 Medieval Romance Excerpt from Le Morte dArthur And Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

2 Chivalry and Courtly Love Medieval literature, including the famous stories of King Arthur, was influenced by the ideals of chivalry and courtly love made popular during Henry IIs reign. Henrys wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, brought from French court circles the concept of chivalry, a code of honor intended to govern knightly behavior. The code encouraged knights to be generous, brave, honest, pious, and honorable, to defend the weak and to battle evil and uphold good. It also encouraged knights to go on holy quests such as the Crusades, the military expeditions in which European Christians attempted to wrest the holy city of Jerusalem from Muslim control. p. 30

3 Chivalry and Courtly Love Eleanor and her daughter Marie applied chivalric ideals to the relationships between men and women as well. They presided over a court of love, where lords and ladies would come to be entertained by music and tales of King Arthur and other romantic heroes and argue about the proper conduct of a love affair. Courtly love and the concept of chivalry represented ideals rarely met in real life. Yet they served as inspiration for some of the finest literature of the time.

4 Medieval Romance Code of Chivalry: Christian and military ideals (trawthe), including faith, modesty, loyalty, courtesy, bravery and honor. Characteristics of romance: idealized or larger- than-life characters, a hero who faces a challenge or test, exotic settings and supernatural or magical settings, hidden or mistaken identity. Style: Descriptive, imagery, symbol, alliteration

5 rules from the 12 th century book The Art of Courtly Love Marriage is no real excuse for not loving. He who is jealous cannot love. When made public, love rarely endures. A new love puts an old one to flight. Every lover regularly turns pale in the presence of his beloved.

6 Medieval Romance Medieval romances, stories of adventure, gallant love, chivalry, and heroism, represent, for many readers the social order and ideas of the Middle Ages. Yet tales such as the good King Arthur and his sword Excalibur, Merlin the magician, Queen Guinevere, and Sir Lancelot and the Knights of the Round Table were set in an idealized world quite unlike the real medieval England, with its plagues, political battles, and civil unrest. In fact, while it is true that chivalry and courtly love were ideals make popular during the medieval period, the real Arthur was not of this age. p. 32

7 Arthur and Gawain: Read The Legendary Hero and Two Favorites p Romances are stories of adventure, love, heroism and chivalry. They are set in an idealized world unlike Medieval England. The real Arthur was a 6 th century Celtic warrior.

8 Tales of Arthur Books Sir Thomas Mallorys Le Morte DArthur Sir James Knowles The Legends of King Arthur Terence Hanbury Whites The Once and Future King Sir Alfred, Lord Tennyson Idylls of the King Film Merlin The Sword in the Stone Arthur Excalibur Camelot Mists of Avalon

9 Sir Thomas Malory and Le Morte dArthur (p. 246) Interwoven tales that chronicle the rise and fall of King Arthur Sir Thomas Malory-saw battle in 100 Years War, knighted in 1442, elected to Parliament, passionately involved in political conflicts preceding the War of the Roses (Lancaster) Imprisoned by Yorkist government, Mallory wrote Le Morte dArthur while serving a prison term ( ). Published after his death, Le Morte DArthur remains the most complete English version of the Arthurian legends.

10 Reading Assignment Read the excerpt in our text from Sir Thomas Malorys Le Morte dArthur p While reading, note the different conflicts taking place (internal and external) in your Writers Notebook. WNB#1: The Death of Arthur Conflicts

11 Participial Phrases Homework Edmodo: Post a sentence (share it with the class) containing a participle or gerund (entire sentence, underline the verbal and label it P or G) from each of the Medieval Romance excerpts in our book-- one from Gawain and one from Arthur (make sure to note page number). Rule of no repeats applies (two total). OR Find five examples from Gawain and/or Arthur. Write them down on paper (entire sentence written, participle or gerund underlined and labeled). Assigned: Monday, March 31 Due: Friday, April 4

12 Examples While rescuing the imprisoned Gwnyvere, Launcelot slays two knights who, unknown to him at the time, are the brothers of Sir Gawain, a favorite nephew of Arthurs. Participles P. 248 As the poem begins, Arthur and his knights are gathered to celebrate Christmas and the new year with feasting and revelry. Gerund P. 230

13 Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Author know as the Gawain Poet Written during the second half of the 14 th century, the Gawain poet would have been a contemporary of Chaucer. Trawthe, a Middle English word translated variously as truth, devotion, and fidelity. Trawthe meant not only keeping ones word but also ramining faithful to the vows taken a the ceremony of knighthood, which included both secular and religious chivalric responsibilities.

14 Small Group Reading of Gawain Note the following as you and your group read: Idealized larger-than-life characters A hero who faces a challenge or test Exotic settings and supernatural or magic elements Hidden or mistaken identity Style: imagery, symbolism, alliteration Day 2: Complete OERs as a group and be ready to share.

15 The Power of Punctuation WNB #2: How can punctuation change the meaning of the following vow the Green Knight makes to Gawain? As for my wife Shell be your friend no more A threat against your life. Explain how changing the punctuation changes the meaning of this sentence.

16 Media Literacy: Legends over Time Watch both clips: King Arthur (2004) and Camelot (1960) Compare Performances (WS) Be ready for Medieval Literature Quiz On Monday-may use Writers Notebook only.

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