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Who was to blame for The Cold War ? www.historytl.com.

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Presentation on theme: "Who was to blame for The Cold War ? www.historytl.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 Who was to blame for The Cold War ?

2 Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture Part One – 50 mins Section B – The Cold War Who was to blame for the Cold War? Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis? Why did the USA fail in Vietnam? Part Two 70 mins Depth Study – Causes and Events of the 1 st World War Why was there increasing tension between the Great Powers, 1890– 1914? Why did the First World War break out in 1914? What happened on the Western Front? How important were the other fronts?

3 The Cold War Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948? How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? nvI3CA

4 A cold War is a state of political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war Copy down this definition

5 Lesson Objectives To understand the difference between Communism and Capitalism To apply this to causes of the Cold War Who was to blame for the Cold War? Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945?

6 Communism - A theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property and by the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members. Capitalism - An economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits.

7 Who was to blame for the Cold War? Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Im John the Capitalist Im Alexander the Communist V Your challenge Decide who would have said each statement, John or Alexander. Look at the two sets of statements, what are the advantages and disadvantages of Johns life Look at the two sets of statements, what are the advantages and disadvantages of Alexanders life Whose life is better do you think? Refer to two statements as supporting evidence Why do you think the differences between Capitalism and Communism may have contributed to the start of the Cold War?

8 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Draw this table in your book. Sort the key facts about each country to match each of the 3 sections (Elections, Industry, Individual Rights) Pick out your top 3 reasons why the 2 countries will be suspicious of each other. USSRUSA Elections Industry Individual Rights Using page 69

9 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Write a sentence explaining what the difference is between communism and capitalism Now write another sentence explaining why the USA was worried about communism

10 Lesson Objectives To understand what changed between Britain, the USA and the USSR after the end of the war To find out why they mistrusted each other Who was to blame for the Cold War? Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945?

11 What can I learn from this source? What other questions do I have? What do I know already that helps explain this source? What else do I need to know to explain this source? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

12 Are you surprised by the source? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

13 (A British Cartoon from 1941 with the caption, love conquers all) What is the message of this Source ? So are the 3 nations friends or allies ? MESSAGE Purpose Nature Origin Own Knowledge Who was to blame for the Cold War?

14 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? What is the message of Source 2 ? (A British Cartoon from 1941 with the caption, love conquers all) So are the 3 nations friends or allies ? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

15 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives To understand the reasons for the Yalta Conference To learn about the tensions and suspicions that were surfacing at that Conference and the main concerns of the 3 big powers Who was to blame for the Cold War?

16 What is the purpose of this source? A Publicity photo of the three leaders at the Yalta Conference Feb 1945 Who was to blame for the Cold War?

17 A Publicity photo of the three leaders at the Yalta Conference Feb 1945 What is the message of this Source ? So are the 3 nations friends or allies ? MESSAGE Purpose Nature Origin Own Knowledge

18 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? In February 1945 Germany was losing the war; the 3 leaders of Britain, the USA and the USSR met at Yalta to plan what would happen to Europe after Germany was defeated. Conference Yalta Use page 70 to complete a table about the decisions that were taken at this conference. Then decide if there were any tensions over these decisions. Who was to blame for the Cold War?

19 The Yalta Conference Decisions about Germany Decisions about the USSR Decisions about Poland Decisions about the UNO Other Decisions Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

20 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? After World War 2, America, Britain, France and the Soviet Union could not agree on how to govern Germany. 3 western zones Eastern Soviet zone Berlin, also divided into 4 zones but in the centre of the Soviet zone Who was to blame for the Cold War?

21 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? How far do you think the decision to divide Germany would cause problems in the future? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

22 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Behind the Scenes at Yalta Use the source packs to complete the sheets about each country. What tensions have you found ? Think back to the photo of the 3 leaders – is it a true representation of their relationship? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

23 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives To understand the disagreements at the Potsdam Conference To learn more about the breakdown in relations Who was to blame for the Cold War?

24 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Watch this clip about the background to the Potsdam conference; what does it reveal about the disagreements between the USA and the USSR ? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

25 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Page 74 Before the Potsdam Conference 3 changes had taken place since Yalta that might affect relations between the USA and the USSR. Use page 74 to find and explain these 3 changes Before the Conference Will it make it easier or more difficult to reach decisions? 1. Stalin`s Armies 2. New President 3. New Weapon

26 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? At the Conference there were disagreements. Use page 75 to identify what each country wanted. Why could the 2 countries not agree ? What the USA wants What the USSR wants Germany Reparations Soviet Policy Who was to blame for the Cold War?

27 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? MESSAGE Evidence from source Own Knowledge

28 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? From page 75 list the places in Europe where Communist governments existed. Listen to Churchill`s speech then explain the message of the cartoon. x5VUvjWQ x5VUvjWQ Who was to blame for the Cold War?

29 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? What key events have allowed relations to deteriorate by 1945 ? Look at the list and decide on the order of importance. Difference in ideologies Difference in ideologies Suspicion of Russian intentions Suspicion of Russian intentions Truman replacing Roosevelt Truman replacing Roosevelt Communist governments in eastern Europe Communist governments in eastern Europe The threat of the atomic bomb The threat of the atomic bomb Complete the following paragraph – By the end of the Potsdam Conference relations between the USA and the USSR were not good because- Who was to blame for the Cold War?

30 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? MESSAGE Evidence from source Own Knowledge Who was to blame for the Cold War?

31 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Are you surprised by this source ? Use the source and your own knowledge to explain your answer Who was to blame for the Cold War? A Publicity photo of the three leaders at the Potsdam Conference July 1945 Note the USA has a new leader!

32 How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948? Xec&feature=related What does this tell you about the expansion of the USSR ? Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives To learn about how the USSR had expanded To understand why they had done so To understand why this caused tension with the USA Who was to blame for the Cold War?

33 How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948? Use the map and information on page 76 to help answer questions 1 and 2. What, according to Source A was Stalin`s view of the expansion of the USSR ? Source A What is surprising about the fact that the Soviet Union, worried about its future safety, wants governments friendly to it in Finland, Poland and Romania? Stalin, writing in March Who was to blame for the Cold War?

34 How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948? Coalition government after the war Winning elections Imprison /exile /execute opposition Members of Cominform Put the countries in the correct column; countries can go into more than 1 column. East Germany Poland Czechoslovakia Hungary Romania Bulgaria Albania Yugoslavia Greece Who was to blame for the Cold War?

35 Who was to blame for the Cold War?

36 How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948? Answer the following questions using Source 24 and page Which countries did Stalin not succeed in controlling? Why was this ? 2. How far do you agree with Churchill that Soviet expansion created an Iron Curtain ? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

37 You have 7 minutes remember give three clear reasons Explain why the USA was suspicious of the expansion of the USSR in Eastern Europe in 1948 (6 marks) One reason is Another reason is My final reason is Who was to blame for the Cold War?

38 How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives To understand what The Truman Doctrine was To understand how the Marshall Plan was to work Who was to blame for the Cold War?

39 How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? Use pages 78 and 79 Intervention in Greece Why did the USA and Britain intervene in Greece? How did they intervene in Greece? Was this intervention successful? Intervention in Czechoslovakia Did Britain and USA intervene in Czechoslovakia? What was the result for Czechoslovakia? What has the USA learnt from these two examples Who was to blame for the Cold War?

40 How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? xg The Truman Doctrine What points are being made by Truman in this speech in 1948 ? What is the USA going to do? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

41 Watch this and review what we have learned about the relationship between the USA and the USSR and the Truman Doctrine Explain what the Truman Doctrine was in a maximum of 25 words How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan Who was to blame for the Cold War?

42 How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? Use page 79 to research The Marshall Plan Explain why President Truman wanted this plan. Describe what the plan intended to do Explain what persuaded the American Congress to agree to this plan. Who was to blame for the Cold War?

43 MESSAGE Evidence from source Own Knowledge Who was to blame for the Cold War? How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? The Marshal Plan American cartoon of the Marshall Plan

44 How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? The Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan Who was to blame for the Cold War?

45 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives To understand why the USSR blockaded Berlin To learn about the creation of NATO Who was to blame for the Cold War?

46 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? watch this clip about the Berlin blockade Under the title The Berlin Blockade write your own account of what happened. Max 50 words Who was to blame for the Cold War?

47 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? The Berlin Blockade Find three reasons why the USSR blockaded Berlin Explain the response from the USA Was the response successful? Give two reasons why Page 81 Who was to blame for the Cold War?

48 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? What does NATO stand for? Why was NATO formed? Does this increase tension? Who was to blame for the Cold War?

49 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives To begin to apportion blame for the start of the Cold War To come to a judgement as to who was more responsible Who was to blame for the Cold War?

50 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Sort the statements into three piles. Evidence Russia was to blame Evidence the USA was to blame Other factors Now prioritize the slips Based on this evidence who was most to blame? Copy the top three reasons for each side Write a conclusion based on the evidence Who was to blame for the Cold War?

51 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Watch this clip to revise what we have been learning. Review all your work on this topic Find best evidence that The USA was to blame Find the best evidence that The USSR was to blame and write it down Who was to blame for the Cold War?

52 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives To review the topic To practise use of sources Who was to blame for the Cold War?

53 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Remember : Communism / capitalism Yalta Conference Potsdam Conference Personalities of Truman / Stalin Soviet expansion in eastern Europe Idea of Superpowers Reaction of USA – Truman Doctrine & Marshall Plan Berlin Blockade NATO Who was to blame for the Cold War?

54 Who was to blame for The Cold War ? Add one specific example that helped cause the Cold War for every point in the Flow MAP USA & USSR allies/friends against Germany Yalta Conference USA trial Bomb Truman becomes President Potsdam Conference Intervention in Greece Failure in Czechoslovakia Soviet Expansion in Eastern Europe Churchill refers to an Iron Curtain Truman Doctrine Marshal Plan Berlin Blockade Cold War Mark the Events that can be seen as the USSR causing tension in Red Mark the Events that can be seen as the USA causing tension in Blue Who was to blame for the Cold War?

55 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Add Yalta conference Hitler defeated Atomic Bomb tested Truman becomes President Potsdam Conference Iron Curtain Speech Truman Doctrine Speech Cominform set up Marshall Plan introduced Berlin Blockade NATO set up Berlin Blockade lifted Examples of expansion Examples of Containment Put on the key events between 1945 and 1950 Mark the Events that can be seen as the USSR causing tension in Red Mark the Events that can be seen as the USA causing tension in Blue Who was to blame for the Cold War?

56 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Put on the key events between 1945 and 1950 Mark the Events that can be seen as the USSR causing tension in Red Mark the Events that can be seen as the USA causing tension in Blue Who was to blame for the Cold War?

57 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Examples of Soviet Expansion Examples of Soviet Expansion being contained PolandGreece RomaniaTruman Doctrine and Marshall Plan CzechoslovakiaBerlin Airlift Remember which key term refers to which country USAUSSR AmericaRussia CapitalistCommunist West EuropeEast Europe ContainmentExpansion Who was to blame for the Cold War?

58 The USA was to blame

59 The USSR was to blame

60 Both were to blame

61 The cold war was inevitable – so no-one was to blame

62 Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives To attempt exam questions To peer mark exam questions


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