9 Edgar Allan PoePoe was born in Boston on Jan. 19, 1809, the son of professional actors. By the time he was 3, Edgar, his older brother, and younger sister had lost their mother and their father deserted them. The children were split up, going to various families to live. Edgar went to the charitable Richmond, Virginia, home of John and Frances Allan, whose name Poe was to take later as his own middle name.Poe attended the University of Virginia ( ), but was expelled for not paying his gambling debts. This led to quarrel with Allan, who refused to pay the debts.Allan later disowned him. In 1826 Poe became engaged to Elmira Royster, but her parents broke off the engagement. During his stay at the university, Poe composed some tales, but little is known of his apprentice works. In 1827 Poe joined the U.S. Army as a common soldier under assumed name, Edgar A. Perry.
10 He was dishonorably discharged next year, for intentional neglect of his duties – apparently as a result of his own determination to be released.In 1836 Poe married his 13-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm. She bust a blood vessel in 1842, and remained a virtual invalid until her death from tuberculosis five years later.After the death of his wife, Poe began to lose his struggle with drinking and drugs.To Virginia he addressed the famous poem 'Annabel Lee' (1849) – its subject, Poe's favorite, is the death of a beautiful woman.
11 The death of Edgar Allan Poe on October 7, 1849, has remained mysterious: the circumstances leading up to it are uncertain and the cause of death is disputed. On October 3, Poe was found delirious on the streets of Baltimore, Maryland, "in great distress, and ... in need of immediate assistance“He was taken to the Washington College Hospital, where he died at 5 a.m. on Sunday, October 7. Poe was never coherent enough to explain how he came to be in this condition.All medical records and documents, including Poe's death certificate, have been lost, if they ever existed. The precise cause of Poe's death is disputed, but many theories exist.
12 Analyzing "Annabel Lee" by Poe Analyzing "Annabel Lee" by Poe requires a look into the life andother works of Poe.All the women in Poe's life died young, including his mother, sister, and wife.Poe married his 13-year old cousin in She burst a blood vessel nine years later and remained an invalid until her death in Virginia's death devastated Poe, who continued to abuse alcohol and drugs until his death in 1849."Annabel Lee," written in 1849, was addressed to Virginia and tells of the death of a young woman.Many of Poe's works demonstrate a fascination with death. - MACABRE
13 The poem tells of the death of a young woman and was originally addressed to his wife Virginia, who died, not coincidentally, as a young woman.Annabel Lee is a more fitting name for his idealized woman, Virginia Clemm not being an easy name to rhyme with (phlegm, hem, them, gem not really doing it for me).The poem ‘Annabel Lee’ is one based on the theme of eternal love. In this poem, the narrator portrays his love toward Annabel by means of a dramatic use of nostalgia.
14 1. What is the theme of “Annabel Lee” 1. What is the theme of “Annabel Lee”? Explain how the following line is an example of the theme of the poem.“For we loved with a love that was more than love…”2. What words does Poe use to indicate that he and Annabel Lee lived in a separate world? Explain how these words create a fantasy world.3. On the creative level (not literal), what did Annabel Lee die of?4. Why is the following ironic?“With a love that even the winged seraphs in heaven coveted her and me”b. “The angels, not so happy in heaven, went envying her and me”5. What is the mood of the poem? Why do you think so?
15 Setting The narrator (persona) writes about a fictional kingdom along the ocean shore. It is an idyllic, beautiful, land of enchantment–a paradise on earth–where he and Annabel Lee fell in love as adolescents.Characters Narrator (persona): A man of deep sensibility who extolls a young maiden with whom he fell deeply in love. Annabel Lee: Beautiful young maiden loved by the poet.Theme Eternal love. The love between the narrator and Annabel Lee is so strong and beautiful and pure that even the seraphs, the highest order of angels in heaven, envy it. They attempt to kill this love by sending a chilling wind that kills Annabel Lee. However, the love remains alive–eternal–because the souls of the lovers remain united. The death of a beautiful woman is a common theme in Poe’s writing.Familiar Motif: Romeo and Juliet Like Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, the narrator and Annabel Lee are both very young when they fall deeply in love. In addition, like Shakespeare’s “star-crossed” lovers, Poe’s lovers become victims of forces beyond their control. Finally, the narrator and Annabel Lee–like Romeo and Juliet–experience a love beyond the understanding of older personsThe Real Annabel Lee The model for Annabel Lee was probably Poe’s wife, Virginia Clemm, whom he married when she was only 13. Their marriage was a very happy one. Unfortunately, she died of tuberculosis in January 1847 when she was still in her twenties. Poe died two years and nine months later–on October 7, “Annabel Lee” was his last poem.
16 Rhyme, Rhythm, Repetition: Poe uses three R’s–rhyme, rhythm, and repetition–in “Annabel Lee” to create a harmony of sounds that underscore the exquisite harmony of the narrator’s relationship with his beloved. Rhyme and Repetition Throughout the poem, Poe repeats the sound of long "e.Rhythm and Repetition The lines of the poem alternate in length between a long line (usually with 9 to 11 syllables) and a short line (usually with 6 to 8 syllables), as in the first stanza:Word Choice: Poe carefully chose the words of the poem to evoke a dreamland or fairytale atmosphere.Use of Alliteration: Poe relies heavily on alliteration in "Annabel Lee" to create pleasing sound patterns. Following are examples of alliteration in the poem:
17 THE POEM It was many and many a year ago In a kingdom by the sea, That a maiden there lived whom you may know By the name of Annabel Lee; And this maiden she lived with no other thought Than to love and be loved by me. I was a child and she was a child, In this kingdom by the sea; But we loved with a love that was more than love- I and my Annabel Lee; With a love that the winged seraphs of heaven Coveted her and me.
18 And this was the reason that, long ago, In this kingdom by the sea, A wind blew out of a cloud, chilling My beautiful Annabel Lee; So that her high-born kinsman came And bore her away from me, To shut her up in a sepluchre In this kingdom by the sea. The angels, not half so happy in heaven, Went envying her and me- Yes!- that was the reason (as all men know, In this kingdom by the sea) That the wind came out of the cloud by night, Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee.
19 But our love it was stronger by far than the love Of those who were older than we- Of many far wiser than we- And neither the angels in heaven above, Not the demons down under the sea, Can ever dissever my soul from the soul Of the beautiful Annabel lee. For the moon never beams, without bringing me dreams Of the beautiful Annabel Lee; And the stars never rise, but I feel the bright eyes Of the beautiful Annabel Lee; And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side Of my darling- my darling- my life and my bride, In the sepulchre there by the sea, In her tomb by the sounding sea.