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Ch 1 Review.

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1 Ch 1 Review

2 #1 The message of this chapter is to act like a human being.

3 #2 Individuality is difficult because advertisements, peer pressure, and false beliefs tug at us to conform.

4 #3 a.  We can control our own lives and reactions. (Tip: We are responsible for how we feel and what we do) b.  It is the response to error that counts. (Tip: It’s okay to make mistakes) c.  The things that are most worthwhile in life often takes the most effort. (Tip: It is important to try) d.  The approval of others does not make us who we are. (Tip: Everyone doesn’t have to like us) e.  It is worth seeking the advice of others when we’re having difficulty determining how to do something. (Tip: We can be flexible) f.  People do pretty much what they want to do, but they still deserve our respect. (Tip: Other people are okay, so are you.) g.  Our past does not force us to be a certain way today. (Tip: We are capable and can change. The same is true of others.) h.  We all must learn to deal with reality as it is, not as we would like it to be. (Tip: You don’t have to control everything)

5 #4 God created human beings in his own image and likeness and gave them dominion over the creatures of the earth. He created them male and female and directed them to be fertile and multiply.

6 #5 A starting point for morality is to admit that we are creatures and not God.

7 #6 In what ways are human beings unique?
-Humans are the only creatures on earth that God willed for their own sake.

8 #7 What happens when humans fail to be responsible caretakers of God’s good gifts? Give examples. Harm results. Ex: Abusing the environment and over consuming our resources.

9 #8 What godlike qualities do human beings possess?
We are spiritual beings who possess dignity, value, and worth. We were made out of love, for love, and to love.

10 #9  Humans are spiritual beings who possess incomparable dignity, value and worth. We are not just somethings, but someones.

11 #10  True or False? No other creature can respond to God in faith and in love except human beings. True

12 #11  Explain what it means to say that males and females are “complementary.” This means that what one lacks the other makes up for. Therefore, both male and female complete and fulfill each other.

13 #12  Explain how the union of a male and female in marriage is an intrinsic part of God’s creation plan. The sacrament of marriage and natural procreation is part of God’s plan. God made us equal in dignity, regardless of gender. We are sexual beings with a body and a soul.

14 #13  True or False? Although males and females are both beautiful creatures made by God, God made males superior to females. False

15 #14 Being God’s creatures draws attention to the fact that humans are spiritual-material creatures with both a body and a soul. The spiritual nature gives us the ability to think, make choices, and to love.

16 #15 Unlike nihilism which states that there is no meaning to existence, the scriptural account of the human creation story declares that creation and human existence are in harmony with God, each other, and the rest of creation.

17 #16  What is the point of the second creation account in Genesis Chapter Two? To assert the fundamental goodness of humans who were created for friendship with God.

18 #17 What is the proof of our fundamental goodness?
God so loves us that “he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but have eternal life.” (John 3:16)

19 #18  Why is dignity inherent in human beings? Why is it inviolable? Why is it inalienable? Inherent: It is an essential characteristic of being human. Inviolable: No one has the right to violate or profane it. Inalienable: Cannot be taken away by anyone.

20 #19 What value is a cornerstone of Christian ethics?
Respect for human dignity

21 #20 What behaviors are antithetical to respect?
Manipulating, Humiliating, Exploiting, or being violent towards others.

22 #21  The CCC (Catechism of the Catholic Church) teaches that it is in _____ that man has been created in the image and likeness of the Creator. The human ______ includes our _______ nature and gives us incomparable dignity.

23 #22 Our spiritual nature makes us unsatisfied with our physical existence and causes restlessness in the depths of our souls because we thirst for an ultimate happiness that only God can quench.

24 #23 God endowed human beings with some awesome capacities. What are these? Our intellects, free will, ability to love, to be responsible, and to grow.

25 #24  True or False? Because human beings can think, we can also search for, and discover, truth. True

26 #25 Free will means we have the ability to ______ from among alternatives. It enables us to rise above heredity and environment and to exercise some control over our _______.

27 #26 True or False? Personal sacrifice is not a sign of authentic love.

28 #27 Why are we accountable for our choices?
Choices result in actions that express and determine the goodness or the evil of the person performing them.

29 #28, #29, #30  True or False? Humans have a capacity to grow both individually and collectively. True  True or False? Morality is internal and helps us act in conformity with the universal laws and truth God has established. True True or False? True freedom is the ability to do whatever we want whenever we want to do it. False









38 #31 Explain the principle of subsidiarity in your own words.
The principle of Catholic social teaching that holds that a higher unit of society should not do what a lower unit can do as well (or better).

39 #32  According to the CCC, the human person should be the subject and object of every society, with the right and duty to participate in that society, guided by authority which must be devoted to the common good and must exercise power morally.

40 #33 Further; the CCC states that larger societies should support the participation of individuals and lower-level communities without taking over functions they can do for themselves. Societies should promote virtue and challenge individuals to turn from sin, serve others justly, and contribute their gifts and talents to the common good.

41 #34 What are two requirements of the common good?
Respect the rights of every human being Promote social well-being of various social groups.

42 #35 Solidarity is the Christian virtue of social charity or friendship. It gives us the spirit of generosity to share both our material and spiritual gifts with others, especially the forgotten ones.

43 #36 It is part of our social human nature to live in various societies which are bound by a principle of unity. This is a mirror of the perfect community of love: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

44 #37 How are we expected to express and live out the vocation to love in our relationships? To treat each other as sisters and brothers under one heavenly Father and to always do things in the benefit of others.

45 #38 In what ways is humanity like an enormous spider web?
If we are kind, our loving touch affects the whole human web of relationships for good.

46 #39 All humans through history have suffered the consequences of the Original Sin. We have fallen victim to weakness, cowardice, and avarice even though we may have the best of intentions. Sin contaminates our communities, often polluting the way societies work, especially harming the weak and defenseless.

47 #40 The Good News of salvation is the redeeming person and message of Jesus Christ given to us by God, our loving Father. Jesus is God incarnate (made flesh). He is love in its most radical form as evidenced (as Pope Benedict XVI observes) in contemplating the crucified Christ.

48 #41 What did Jesus gain for us through the Paschal Mystery?
Eternal life with God

49 #42  How do we become children of God and brothers and sisters to our Lord Jesus? By virtue of God’s free gift of adoption.

50 #43 What is one special way that Christians are enabled to keep in touch with the God-given power within us? Receiving the Lord through Holy Communion

51 #44  St. Maximilian Kolbe was “a martyr of charity” who witnessed to the fact that God can overcome the greatest hatred, injustice, and even death.

52 #45 True or False? St. Maximilian Kolbe was condemned to death at the Auschwitz death camp after trying to escape from the camp. False

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