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BJU - Lesson 4 Estar – to be (used with location and temporary conditions) 1.Yo estoy - I am 1. nosotrosestamos - we are nosotras 2.tú estás - you are(fam.)

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Presentation on theme: "BJU - Lesson 4 Estar – to be (used with location and temporary conditions) 1.Yo estoy - I am 1. nosotrosestamos - we are nosotras 2.tú estás - you are(fam.)"— Presentation transcript:

1 BJU - Lesson 4 Estar – to be (used with location and temporary conditions) 1.Yo estoy - I am 1. nosotrosestamos - we are nosotras 2.tú estás - you are(fam.) 2. vosotros estáis - yall are vosotras 2.Usted(Ud.) está 2. ustedes(Uds.) están - you(all) are you are(formal) 3. él está - he is 3. ellos están ella está - she/it is ellas están - they are

2 Prepositions (used with the verb estar) ¿Dónde está el libro?Where is the book? En(in, at, on) al lado de (to the side of) Encima de (on top of) detrás de(behind) Junto a(next to) debajo de (under/below) delante de(in front of) Entre (between)

3 Adjectives (conditions used with the verb forms/conjugations of estar) ¿Cómo está el niño?(How is the boy (feeling)?) contento/a(content)triste(sad) nervioso/a(nervous) tranquilo/a(calm) feliz(happy)alegre(happy) de mal humor(bad mood/humor) de buen humor (good mood) sano/a(healthy)enfermo/a(sick) sucio/a(dirty)limpio/a(clean) cerrado/a(closed) abierto/a(open) cansado/a(tired)hablador/a(talkative) presente(present) ausente(absent) perezoso/a(lazy) flojo/a(lazy) A + el = alde + el = del en casa(at home)

4 Lesson 5 Ser – to be (used with personal characteristics, profession, origin/nationality, religion) 1. yo soy – I am 1. nosotros(as) somos - we are 2. tú eres- you are (fam.)2. vosotros(as) sois - yall are 2.usted(Ud.) es – you are (form.)2. ustedes(Uds.) son – you(all) are 3. él es – he is3. ellos son - they are ella es – she is ellas - it is

5 p. 44 Adjectives used with ser – adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun Adjectives are usually placed AFTER the noun (ie. feminine noun=feminine adjective)(plural noun=plural adjective) ¿Cómo es la clase de biología? (How is biology class?)(What is biology class like?) generoso/a(generous) tacaño/a(stingy) bueno/a(good)malo/a(bad) interesante(interesting) aburrido/a(boring) simpático/a(nice)maleducado/a (mean) tonto/a(dumb)inteligente(intelligent) alto/a(tall/high) bajo/a(short/low) joven(young) viejo/a(old) feo/a(ugly)bonito/a(pretty) guapo/a (handsome/good looking) amable (kind) delgado/a(thin)gordo/a(fat) corto/a(short-length)largo/a(long) grande(big/large) pequeño/a(small) chico/a(small)

6 p. 46 Adverbs – these dont change gender or number muy(very)bastante(quite) algo(somewhat)poco(little/not very) nada(nothing)no….nada(not at all) barato (inexpensive/cheap)caro (expensive) Grammar point – p. 47 adjectives are usually placed after the noun that they modify/describe. Tu casa es bonita. Tienes una casa bonita. (Your house is pretty. You have a pretty house.)

7 ¿De dónde es Marcos? (Where is Marcos from?) Marcos es de Argentina. Es argentino. (Marcos is from Argentina. Hes Argentine.) Nationality – p. 49 Do not capitalize - languages, religions, days, months, nationalities estadounidense (United Statesian) argentino/a, (Argentine) español/a, (Spanish) cubano/a, (Cuban) dominicano/a, (Dominican) puertorriqueño/a (Puerto Rican) mexicano/a (Mexican)


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