Presentation on theme: "Unit 10 Man and Animals Teaching Objectives: In this unit students are required to: 1. Practice listening skills; 2. Get to know some useful information."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 10 Man and Animals Teaching Objectives: In this unit students are required to: 1. Practice listening skills; 2. Get to know some useful information concerning the topic of this unit; 3. Do some preparation activities such as discussion, group work to enhance their spoken English and communicative skills; 4. Learn new words and phrases to further broaden students scope of vocabulary; 5. Read the in-class reading passage within limited time for a general idea of the passage and then do detailed reading for a command of useful expressions; 6. Do post-reading exercises and some after-class reading to test how far they have gone in grasping reading skills and language points; 7. Translate some key sentences in the unit to upgrade students translation abilities;
Teaching Methodology Communicative approach; Multi-media teaching; Teaching process: Pre-task------Task cycle------Post-task Time Distribution Listening & Speaking: 2 periods; In-class Reading :2 periods; Exercise & After-class Reading :2 periods; Further Development &Writing :2 periods.
I Teaching Focus 1 Background information introduction 2 Preparation 3 Listening to tapes II Teaching steps 1. Background Information: Mans relationship with animals has always been ambivalent. On the one hand, animals have been worshipped and attributed with all kinds of mysterious and superior powers. On the other hand, they have been hunted domesticated, exterminated, and even exploited as a source of entertainment. In many countries, man has also created imaginary creatures that play a major role in popular cultures. The Chinese dragon is perhaps one of the most famous examples. Comparisons between animals and man have been made through out the countries. In some cultures, the sinister and aggressive aspect of man is regarded as the animal side of human nature. Recent research on human behavior, for example, draws parallels between aggressiveness of modern man and the abnormal behavior of a caged animal. Some scientists believe that on natural conditions, such as overcrowding and alienating routine jobs, cause people to perform acts of violence. Other scientists feel that aggression is a natural instinct that should be directed towards positive and creative activities. Period 1 &2 Listening and Speaking
The idea of a negative animalistic side of human nature is foreign to the North American Indians who regard animals as equals of man. They are not only equal to man, but they are considered to be the founders and guardians of their tribes. The raven, the eagle, the bear and other animals always appear in stylized forms on their totem poles. Ever since the dawn of civilization, animals have been used to help and to serve man in many ways. Sheep and goats were bred to provide wool, meat, and fat. Larger animals like oxen, water buffalo and horses were used to pull ploughs and carry heavy loads. Capable of sensing water from a great distance and going days without water, camels proved to be the ideal animal for the nomadic people of the desert. The dog, known in English-speaking countries as mans best friend, is one of the most versatile animals. Dogs have been bred to hunt, to guard, to herd sheep and cattle, to find people in the snow or in the rubble of earthquakes, to lead the blind and to sniff for illegal drugs. For many countries in the West, it was thought that animals did not feel pain and that there was no such thing as cruelty to animals. It was in England in the eighteenth century that advocacy of animal rights began. It should be said, however, that respectful treatment of animals had existed in the East for thousands of years as a
result of the influence oh Hinduism and Buddhism. The first national animal welfare organization was created in England in 1824 under the name of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. The SPCA, as it is commonly known, now exists throughout the world. The animal rights movement has grown considerably in recent decades. As a result of protest by animal rights groups, hunting of endangered species has been banned in most countries. Many efforts have been made, for example, to stop the killing of elephants by hunters participating in the ivory trade. Some animal rights groups have focused their attention on the treatment of animals in scientific research and on the use of animals in the testing of beauty products such as perfumes, creams and makeup. Zoos and pet stores are now constantly inspected and criticized by animal rights groups. Many people regard zoos as cruel environments and favor safari parks where animals are free to roam in a more natural setting. The destruction of forests and other natural habitats has resulted in the disappearance of many species of animals throughout the world. Wild life protection organizations have conducted educational campaigns drawing public attention to the serious decline in the biological diversity of the planet as more and more species disappear because of pollution and industrial development.
2. Preparation 1. Word Association Ant, antelope, bat, bear, bee, bird, bull, butterfly, camel, cat, chicken, cow, crab, crocodile, cuttlefish( ) deer, dog, dolphin, donkey, dragonfly, duck, horse, koala, leopard, lion, lizard, mandarin duck, monkey, mosquito, mouse, mule, ox, panda, parrot, peacock, penguin, pig, pony, rabbit, rat, rhino( ), scorpion( ), sea lion, shark, sheep, shrimp, skunk, snail, snake, spider, squirrel, swallow, tiger, tortoise, turtle, weasel( ), whale, worm, zebra, etc. 2. Discussion of Noahs Ark 3. The Pet Show May, dog, speak, third Beth, bird, jump, first Kim, snake, roll over and play dead, second Since the snake rolls over (clue#3) and the bird does not speak (clue#2), the bird must jump. The pet that jumps took first place (clue#4), and the bird is owned by Beth (clue#5), so Beth owns the first-place pet. Since Beth owns the first-place pet and May owns the third-place pet (clue#1), then Kim must own the second-place pet. Since the snake took second (clue#6), it must belong to Kim. If Beth owns the bird, and Kim owns the snake, then May must own the dog. Since the bird jumps and the snake rolls over, the dog must speak. Since May owns the dog, and Mays pet took third, the dog must be the third-place pet. 4. Listening to tapes
Period 3&4 Reading I Teaching focus Practice students reading skills and help them learn new words and phrases II Teaching steps 1. Pre-Reading 2. Words, phrases and grammatical points 1.some zoologists and psychologists compare modern man to a caged lion (l.17) compare…to… …… …… …… ……compare...with… 2 In fact, it is almost impossible for them to behave otherwise.(l24~25). The word otherwise means in a way that is different from what has been mentioned.
3. in itself (l.27), by itself, to itself, of itself by itself 1) alone 2)without help to itself not shared with others of itself 4 The word constructive(l.28)derives from construction,aggressive(l.1)from aggression and destructive(l.29)from destruction, Similar word formation can be found in: appreciation-appreciative 5.Unable in these conditions to channel their aggression into creative work, people will probably express it through resentment and danger.(l.38~39) The word channelmeansto direct something into a particular place or situation( …… )
Period 5&6 Post-reading and Exercise I Teaching focus Test students reading skills the their command of new words and phrases II Teaching steps 1 Fast reading for exercises 2 Questions for discussions
Period 7&8 Further Development and Writing I. Teaching Content Further enhance students communicative abilities and writing abilities II. Teaching Steps 1 Do Animals Love Each Other? This activity can also be conducted as a debate.Put the students with the same opinion into the same group. Opinion A:I think its love, because love is the most common feeling in human beings as well as in animals.To love her calf is the mothers instinct.Both geese and swans are symbols of marital fidelity or love because they stay together all their lives and form lasting pairs. Opinion B:Animals cannot fall in love.It is thebondrather than the love between the mother elephant and her calf.The mother is not displaying true love,but simply following the dictates of her genes.Animals dont experience joy, love and heartbreak like our own.
Opinion C:The elephant is driven by natural instinct.All animals protect their young and the bond between any mother animal and her babies is very strong.The maternal instinct exists in animals and people alike.Perhaps part of the love between a mother and her child is nastural instinct.If this is the case, then the elephant and her calf are also linked by a form of love. 2. Interesting Stories about Animals 3. How Can Man Use Animals? STEP ONE 1).for sports and entertainment:bull fighting horse-racing, fishing, cock fighting, cricket fighting, greyhound racing, dog sledge, monkey show, equestrian; 2).for food:meat, milk, eggs, blood, bones,. honey, edible birds nest, bears paw; 3).for pets:dog, snakess, turtles, cats, gold fish, fish, rabbits, parrots, guinea pigs; 4).for various products:ivory,fur, leather, silk, oil, bones, feathers, horns; 5).for work:horses,dogs, camels, oxen, elephants, monkeys, pigeon, donkeys, buffalo. STEP TWO
Group Disccussion: Should Animals Be Trained to Help Humans? 5.Writing 1).Animals Should Be Trained 2).Give Animals Their Freedom