Presentation on theme: "By Leanne Niven The term photoshopping has been appropriated from Adobes image editing software Photoshop, and has come to mean any digital altering."— Presentation transcript:
By Leanne Niven
The term photoshopping has been appropriated from Adobes image editing software Photoshop, and has come to mean any digital altering of a photograph or image
When most people think of photoshopping they think of images being retouched to make people in magazines look better – like these pictures of Minnie Driver.
It all started way before digital cameras around 1860 with a portrait of US President Abraham Lincoln. In a lithograph his head was combined with the body of John Calhoun, a Southern politician.
Stalin often air-brushed his enemies out of photographs. In this photo a commissar had fallen out of favour and been removed.
Mussolini thought he looked more heroic without the horse handler in the photograph
Then the internet came along and things started to get interesting. This photo was sent out as an hoax purporting to be National Geographics Photo of the Year. It was a combination of a photo of a helicopter taken in front of the Golden Gate bridge and a photo of a shark taken in South Africa.
Photoshopping has morphed into a culture of the absurd, with the goal of entertainment. Photoshopping is an extremely effective way of making an astute observation, or just making people laugh for the sheer hell of it.(Manic, 2009) In this culture, photo manipulation is widely seen as an art form. People who cant paint or draw can create by remixing. A meme is an infectious and contagious idea that tickles the funny bone and takes off. Most, but not all, photoshopping images employ humour.
Bert is Evil is a photoshopping meme that involves superimposing the Sesame Street character Bert into photos in an attempt to prove him evil. Bert is Evil originally began as a website founded by Dino Ignacio in 1998 As it gained in popularity he could no longer maintain it and offered it to anyone who could. Lots of sites jumped on the bandwagon, further boosting the memes popularity. Following are some examples of the Bert is Evil meme.
Bert with Osama bin Laden
The Bert is Evil phenomenon reached its height in 2001 when a news photograph of a Bangladeshi protester holding a poster of Bert and Osama bin Laden began appearing on the Internet
This photo started off as a hoax. The hoax was seen to be in such poor taste that it started a subversive form of humour.
The Tourist of Death began to be seen at the scene of many and varied disasters
The destruction of the White House by aliens
Disaster girl started in October 2004 when Dave Roth took a photo of a fire training session with his daughter smiling devilishly in the foreground. It took off in 2007 when it was published in a magazine competition.
She was seen at the scene of the Titanic.
The US Air disaster
And with the Tourist of Death
The following slides show some memes from The original photo is shown and then an example of a popular take on the original.
This little flower girl was so obviously NOT impressed with being on the balcony at William and Kate's wedding
After getting briefed on the raid that killed Bin Laden in May, the upper crust of the American government then got the royal treatment from Internet photoshoppers.
This popular photo gave some inspiration
Photoshopping competitions are regularly held on sites such as Worth1000.com and Fark.com like this Celebrity Caricatures
Rupert Murdoch isn't a politician. He just owns most of them. Saddam Hussein is was a politician: He is was our friend.
To conclude, photoshopping allows people to create art forms, enter competitions, become part of an online meme, and comment on social and political phenomena. Whenever the world is getting too grim or serious, or an organisation tries to get away with something, a photoshopper will take the micky out of the situation.