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Oklahoma Christian University San Antonio College Life of Christ: Matthew 5 Apr 2010 Bill Brewer.

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1 Oklahoma Christian University San Antonio College Life of Christ: Matthew 5 Apr 2010 Bill Brewer

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3 Schedule - Bill Brewer 3 5 Apr 2010 DateTopicAssignments Due 11-Jan-10Introduction 18-Jan-10Lineage, Birth of Jesussyllabus 25-Jan-10Timing, Preparation for Jesus' Advent1-2, Gal. 3:23-4:7 1-Feb-10Jesus' Baptism, Temptations; Test 1 (10%)3, 4, 11, 14: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living5; 6; 19: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living7; paper 22-Feb-10Limited Commission; the Eternal Kingdom10, 23 1-Mar-10Parables of the Kingdom13, 15, 25 8-Mar-10By the Power of God; Test 2 (20%)8, 9, Mar-10Spring Break 22-Mar-10Power over Demons; Foundation of Jesus' Kingdom12, Mar-10The Transfiguration; Instructions to the Church17, 18, 19 5-Apr-10Conflict with Opponents; Mount of Olives Sermon20-22, Apr-10The Last Supper, Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion Apr-10The Resurrection of Christ; Test 3 (20%)28 26-Apr-10Post-Resurrection; Doctrine of Atonement1 Cor 15; Heb 7, 9, 10 3-May-10FINAL EXAM (20%)

4 Lesson 12 Objectives 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … Caesar Augustus Apocalyptic 2.What inversions take place in chapter 20? 3.What marks of the Messiah does Jesus achieve in chapter 21? 4.In relation to his cursing of the fig tree, what does Jesus statement about faith likely do relative to Matthews community? 5.What is the point of the parable of the landowner in chapter 21? 6.What are the four questions of chapter 22 and who asked each one? 7.Describe two contrasting understanding of Jesus Return in chapter Bill Brewer 4 5 Apr 2010

5 Lesson 12 Objectives 1.Rank each of the following views of history in terms of its optimism toward the material world. Use 1 (least) to 3 (greatest). ___ Gnostic ___ Deuteronomistic ___ Apocalyptic 2.Name four ways the reign of Caesar Augustus benefited early Christianity A.Peace B.Prosperity C.Stable government D.Improved communications E.Sense of renewal - Bill Brewer 5 5 Apr

6 Questions 3.What inversions take place in chapter 20? A.Workers in the vineyard B.Leadership in the kingdom 4.What marks of the Messiah does Jesus achieve in chapter 21? A.Triumphal entry B.Cleansing of the Temple 5.In relation to His cursing of the fig tree, what does Jesus statement about faith likely do relative to Matthews community? Stigmatizes empty praying 6.What is the point of the parable of the landowner in chapter 21? The church supersedes fleshly Israel as the People of God - Bill Brewer 6 5 Apr 2010

7 Questions 7.What are the four questions of chapter 22 and who asked each one? A.Pharisees: Lawful to pay taxes to Caesar? B.Sadducees: Whose wife in the resurrection? C.Pharisees: Greatest commandment? D.Jesus: Whose son is the Messiah? 8.What do the four questions of chapter 22 accomplish for Matthew? Jesus is the expert interpreter of Torah 9.Describe two contrasting understandings of chapter 24. A.Futurist: everything in chapter 24 is yet future B.Preterist: everything in chapter 24 refers to the Roman-Jewish War of AD and is entirely in the past - Bill Brewer 7 5 Apr 2010

8 Views of History Captivity of the Southern Kingdom Return from Captivity Divided Kingdom Faithfulness brings blessings and unfaithfulness brings curses Demonic rule over the material world is headed for a decisive end through Gods intervention Deuteronomistic View (Deut-2 d Kings) Apocalyptic View (Dan, Eze, Zech, Rev) Captivity of the Northern Kingdom Gnostic View* (e.g., Gospel of Thomas) Material world itself is evil and history is the record of that evil Exodus Early Date Late Date Gospel of Matthew Late Date Early Date Destruction of Jerusalem KEY EVENTS *The Gnostic view is crucial to the Gospel of John but it irrelevant to the Gospel of Matthew Inter- Testamental Period Abraham 2000 BC David 1000 BC Jeconiah 598 BC Jesus 4 BC Josiah 640 BC David 960 BC - Bill Brewer 8 18 Jan generations

9 Apocalyptic Literature Proto-apocalyptic literature paved the way for full-blown apocalyptic Biblical examples of proto-apocalyptic include Zech 1-8, Isa 24-27; (Little Apocalypse), Ezek Apocalyptic literature developed out of a conviction that... History itself was under the domination of evil forces Gods promise to David could not therefore be fulfilled within that history God would fulfill His promise in the eschaton by dramatically bringing history itself to end - Bill Brewer 9 5 Apr 2010

10 Apocalyptic Literature Visionary literature Not spoken written only Not exactly prophecy not included among the prophets, but rather the successor to prophecy Typically pseudonymous as with most other literature of the period Apocalyptic is the literature of crisis - Bill Brewer 10 5 Apr 2010

11 Apocalyptic Literature Major Themes: Visions of the present in terms of the past not a fraud, but a literary device End-time is close Cataclysmic struggle is ahead History is divided into periods Use of symbolic language (with the effect being much like a political cartoon) Fascination with numbers (gematria) Bizarre imagery Dualism: black/white, good/evil Conflict on earth is mirrored in heaven God is in control thus apocalyptic is a book of comfort Usually self-interpreting; e.g., Daniel chapter 11 - Bill Brewer 11 5 Apr 2010

12 *Examples of Extra-Biblical Christian Apocalyptic Literature 1. The Shepherd of Hermas 1 st or 2 nd century 2. The Book of Elchasai 2 nd century 3. The Ascension of Isaiah st or 2 nd century 4. The Apocalypse of Peter 2 nd century 5. 5 Ezra 2: nd century 6. Jacob's Ladder 2 nd century? 1. The Testament of the Lord 1: rd century? 2. The Questions of Bartholomew 3 rd century? 3. The Apocalypse of Sedrach 2 nd -4 th century? 4. The Apocalypse of Paul 4 th century 5. The Testament of Isaac 2-3a-1 st -5 th century? 6. The Testament of Isaac st -5 th century? - Bill Brewer 12 5 Apr 2010 *From Apocalyptic Literature: a Reader, edited by Mitchell G. Reddish, Hendrickson Publishers, 1995

13 *Examples of Extra-Biblical Christian Apocalyptic Literature 1. The Testament ofJacob 1-3a-2 nd -5 th century? 2. The Testament ofJacob nd -5 th century? 3. The Story of Zosimus 3 rd -5 th century 4. The Apocalypse of St. John the Theologian 2 nd -9th century? 5. The Book of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ by Bartholomew the Apostle 8b-14a-3 rd -6 th century? 17b-19b-3 rd -6 th century? 6. The Apocalypse of the Virgin Mary 4 th -9 th century? 7. The Apocalypse of Esdras 5 th -9 th century? 8. The Apocalypse of the Holy Mother of God Concerning the Punishments 4 th -11 th century? 9. The Apocalypse ofJames, the Brother of the Lord pre-11th century 10. The Mysteries of St. John the Apostle and Holy Virgin pre-11 th century - Bill Brewer 13 5 Apr 2010 *From Apocalyptic Literature: a Reader, edited by Mitchell G. Reddish, Hendrickson Publishers, 1995

14 Pax Romana 27 BC – AD 180 The Reign of Caesar Augustus - Bill Brewer Jan 2010 Julius Caesar Assassinated 44 BC 31 BC Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra and becomes emperor – Rome becomes an empire AD 14 Tiberius becomes Emperor 37 BC Herod the Great becomes ruler of Palestine 4 BC Death of Herod 63 BC Rome conquers Palestine AD 66–70 Roman-Jewish War 134 BC Hasmonean rule of Palestine begins 6 BC Jesus birth AD 27 Jesus death Reign of Caesar Augustus

15 The Roman Empire in the Age of Augustus - Bill Brewer Jan 2010 Brisco, T. V. (1998). Holman Bible atlas. Holman Reference. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers.

16 20:1 For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. 2 And when he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius for the day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3 And he went out about the third hour and saw others standing idle in the market place; Jan Luyken Matthew 20:1-3 - Bill Brewer 16 5 Apr 2010

17 Matthew 20: They *said to him, Because no one hired us. He *said to them, You too go into the vineyard. 8 And when evening had come, the owner of the vineyard *said to his foreman, Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last group to the first. 4 and to those he said, You too go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you. And so they went. 5 Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did the same thing. 6 And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing; - Bill Brewer 17 and he *said to them, Why have you been standing here idle all day long? 9 And when those hired about the eleventh hour came, each one received a denarius. 10 And when those hired first came, they thought that they would receive more; and they also received each one a denarius. 11 And when they received it, they grumbled at the landowner, 12 saying, These last men have worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the scorching heat of the day. 5 Apr 2010

18 13 But he answered and said to one of them, Friend, I am doing you no wrong; did you not agree with me for a denarius? 14 Take what is yours and go your way, but I wish to give to this last man the same as to you. 15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I wish with what is my own? Or is your eye envious because I am generous? 16 Thus the last shall be first, and the first last. Matthew 20: Bill Brewer 18 5 Apr 2010 Jan Luyken

19 Matthew 20: And as Jesus was about to go up to Jerusalem, He took the twelve disciples aside by themselves, and on the way He said to them, 18 Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem; and the Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn Him to death, 19 and will deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock and scourge and crucify Him, and on the third day He will be raised up. - Bill Brewer 19 5 Apr 2010 Jean-Jacques Henner

20 Matthew 20: Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to Him with her sons, bowing down, and making a request of Him. 21 And He said to her, What do you wish? She *said to Him, Command that in Your kingdom these two sons of mine may sit, one on Your right and one on Your left. 22 But Jesus answered and said, You do not know what you are asking for. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink? They *said to Him, We are able. - Bill Brewer 20 5 Apr 2010

21 Matthew 20: He *said to them, My cup you shall drink; but to sit on My right and on My left, this is not Mine to give, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared by My Father. 24 And hearing this, the ten became indignant with the two brothers. 25 But Jesus called them to Himself, and said, You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them. 26 It is not so among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant, 27 and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave; - Bill Brewer just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many. 5 Apr 2010

22 29 And as they were going out from Jericho, a great multitude followed Him. 30 And behold, two blind men sitting by the road, hearing that Jesus was passing by, cried out, saying, Lord, have mercy on us, Son of David! Matthew 20: Bill Brewer 22 5 Apr 2010

23 Matthew 20: And the multitude sternly told them to be quiet; but they cried out all the more, saying, Lord, have mercy on us, Son of David! 32 And Jesus stopped and called them, and said, What do you want Me to do for you? - Bill Brewer 23 5 Apr 2010

24 Matthew 20: They *said to Him, Lord, we want our eyes to be opened. 34 And moved with compassion, Jesus touched their eyes; and immediately they regained their sight and followed Him. - Bill Brewer 24 5 Apr 2010

25 Matthew 21:1-3 21:1 And when they had approached Jerusalem and had come to Bethphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied there and a colt with her; untie them, and bring them to Me. 3 And if anyone says something to you, you shall say, The Lord has need of them, and immediately he will send them. - Bill Brewer 25 5 Apr 2010

26 Matthew 21:4-7 4 Now this took place that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, 5 Say to the daughter of Zion, Behold your King is coming to you, Gentle, and mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden. 6 And the disciples went and did just as Jesus had directed them, 7 and brought the donkey and the colt, and laid on them their garments, on which He sat. - Bill Brewer 26 5 Apr 2010

27 Matthew 21: And most of the multitude spread their garments in the road, and others were cutting branches from the trees, and spreading them in the road. 9 And the multitudes going before Him, and those who followed after were crying out, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest! 10 And when He had entered Jerusalem, all the city was stirred, saying, Who is this? 11 And the multitudes were saying, This is the prophet Jesus, from Nazareth in Galilee. - Bill Brewer 27 5 Apr 2010

28 Matthew 21: And Jesus entered the temple and cast out all those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the moneychangers and the seats of those who were selling doves. 13 And He *said to them, It is written, My house shall be called a house of prayer; but you are making it a robbers den. - Bill Brewer 28 5 Apr 2010

29 Matthew 21: And the blind and the lame came to Him in the temple, and He healed them. 15 But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that He had done, and the children who were crying out in the temple and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David, they became indignant, 16 and said to Him, Do You hear what these are saying? And Jesus *said to them, Yes; have you never read, Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babes Thou hast prepared praise for Thyself? - Bill Brewer 29 5 Apr 2010

30 Matthew 21: And He left them and went out of the city to Bethany, and lodged there. 18 Now in the morning, when He returned to the city, He became hungry. 19 And seeing a lone fig tree by the road, He came to it, and found nothing on it except leaves only; and He *said to it, No longer shall there ever be any fruit from you. And at once the fig tree withered. - Bill Brewer 30 5 Apr 2010

31 Matthew 21: And seeing this, the disciples marveled, saying, How did the fig tree wither at once? 21 And Jesus answered and said to them, Truly I say to you, if you have faith, and do not doubt, you shall not only do what was done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, Be taken up and cast into the sea, it shall happen. 22 And all things you ask in prayer, believing, you shall receive. 23 And when He had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to Him as He was teaching, and said, By what authority are You doing these things, and who gave You this authority? - Bill Brewer 31 5 Apr 2010

32 Matthew 21: And Jesus answered and said to them, I will ask you one thing too, which if you tell Me, I will also tell you by what authority I do these things. 25 The baptism of John was from what source, from heaven or from men? And they began reasoning among themselves, saying, If we say, From heaven, He will say to us, Then why did you not believe him? 26 But if we say, From men, we fear the multitude; for they all hold John to be a prophet. 27 And answering Jesus, they said, We do not know. He also said to them, Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things. - Bill Brewer 32 5 Apr 2010

33 Matthew 21: But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, Son, go work today in the vineyard. 29 And he answered and said, I will, sir; and he did not go. 30 And he came to the second and said the same thing. But he answered and said, I will not; yet he afterward regretted it and went. 31 Which of the two did the will of his father? They *said, The latter. Jesus *said to them, Truly I say to you that the tax-gatherers and harlots will get into the kingdom of God before you. - Bill Brewer 33 5 Apr 2010

34 Matthew 21: For John came to you in the way of righteousness and you did not believe him; but the tax-gatherers and harlots did believe him; and you, seeing this, did not even feel remorse afterward so as to believe him. 33 Listen to another parable. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard and put a wall around it and dug a wine press in it, and built a tower, and rented it out to vine-growers, and went on a journey. 34 And when the harvest time approached, he sent his slaves to the vine- growers to receive his produce. - Bill Brewer 34 5 Apr 2010

35 Matthew 21: And the vine- growers took his slaves and beat one, and killed another, and stoned a third. 36 Again he sent another group of slaves larger than the first; and they did the same thing to them. 37 But afterward he sent his son to them, saying, They will respect my son. - Bill Brewer 35 5 Apr 2010

36 Matthew 21: But when the vine-growers saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and seize his inheritance. 39 And they took him, and threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. 40 Therefore when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vine-growers? 41 They *said to Him, He will bring those wretches to a wretched end, and will rent out the vineyard to other vine- growers, who will pay him the proceeds at the proper seasons. - Bill Brewer 36 5 Apr 2010

37 Matthew 21: Jesus *said to them, Did you never read in the Scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, This became the chief corner stone; This came about from the Lord, And it is marvelous in our eyes? 43 Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you, and be given to a nation producing the fruit of it. 44 And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust. - Bill Brewer 37 5 Apr 2010

38 Matthew 21: And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables, they understood that He was speaking about them. 46 And when they sought to seize Him, they feared the multitudes, because they held Him to be a prophet. - Bill Brewer 38 5 Apr 2010

39 Matthew 22:1-4 22:1 And Jesus answered and spoke to them again in parables, saying, 2 The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king, who gave a wedding feast for his son. 3 And he sent out his slaves to call those who had been invited to the wedding feast, and they were unwilling to come. 4 Again he sent out other slaves saying, Tell those who have been invited, Behold, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and my fattened livestock are all butchered and everything is ready; come to the wedding feast. - Bill Brewer 39 5 Apr 2010

40 Matthew 22:5-7 5 But they paid no attention and went their way, one to his own farm, another to his business, 6 and the rest seized his slaves and mistreated them and killed them. 7 But the king was enraged and sent his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and set their city on fire. - Bill Brewer 40 5 Apr 2010

41 Matthew 22: Then he *said to his slaves, The wedding is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy. 9 Go therefore to the main highways, and as many as you find there, invite to the wedding feast. 10 And those slaves went out into the streets, and gathered together all they found, both evil and good; and the wedding hall was filled with dinner guests. - Bill Brewer 41 5 Apr 2010

42 Matthew 22: But when the king came in to look over the dinner guests, he saw there a man not dressed in wedding clothes, 12 and he *said to him, Friend, how did you come in here without wedding clothes? And he was speechless. 13 Then the king said to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and cast him into the outer darkness; in that place there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 14 For many are called, but few are chosen. - Bill Brewer 42 5 Apr 2010

43 Matthew 22:15 15 Then the Pharisees went and counseled together how they might trap Him in what He said. - Bill Brewer 43 5 Apr 2010

44 Matthew 22: And they *sent their disciples to Him, along with the Herodians, saying, Teacher, we know that You are truthful and teach the way of God in truth, and defer to no one; for You are not partial to any. 17 Tell us therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to give a poll-tax to Caesar, or not? 18 But Jesus perceived their malice, and said, Why are you testing Me, you hypocrites? 19 Show Me the coin used for the poll-tax. And they brought Him a denarius. 20 And He *said to them, Whose likeness and inscription is this? - Bill Brewer 44 5 Apr 2010

45 Matthew 22: They *said to Him, Caesars. Then He *said to them, Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesars; and to God the things that are Gods. 22 And hearing this, they marveled, and leaving Him, they went away. - Bill Brewer 45 5 Apr 2010

46 Matthew 22: On that day some Sadducees (who say there is no resurrection) came to Him and questioned Him, 24 saying, Teacher, Moses said, If a man dies, having no children, his brother as next of kin shall marry his wife, and raise up an offspring to his brother. 25 Now there were seven brothers with us; and the first married and died, and having no offspring left his wife to his brother; 26 so also the second, and the third, down to the seventh. 27 And last of all, the woman died. - Bill Brewer 46 5 Apr 2010

47 Matthew 22: In the resurrection therefore whose wife of the seven shall she be? For they all had her. 29 But Jesus answered and said to them, You are mistaken, not understanding the Scriptures, or the power of God. 30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. - Bill Brewer 47 5 Apr 2010

48 Matthew 22: But regarding the resurrection of the dead, have you not read that which was spoken to you by God, saying, 32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? He is not the God of the dead but of the living. - Bill Brewer 48 5 Apr 2010

49 Matthew 22: And when the multitudes heard this, they were astonished at His teaching. 34 But when the Pharisees heard that He had put the Sadducees to silence, they gathered themselves together. 35 And one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, 36 Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law? - Bill Brewer 49 5 Apr 2010

50 Matthew 22: And He said to him, You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. 38 This is the great and foremost commandment. 39 The second is like it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself. 40 On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets. 41 Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, - Bill Brewer 50 5 Apr 2010

51 Matthew 22: saying, What do you think about the Christ, whose son is He? They *said to Him, The son of David. 43 He *said to them, Then how does David in the Spirit call Him Lord, saying, 44 The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand, Until I put Thine enemies beneath Thy feet ? 45 If David then calls Him Lord, how is He his son? 46 And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor did anyone dare from that day on to ask Him another question. - Bill Brewer 51 5 Apr 2010

52 Matthew 24:1-2 24:1 And Jesus came out from the temple and was going away when His disciples came up to point out the temple buildings to Him. 2 And He answered and said to them, Do you not see all these things? Truly I say to you, not one stone here shall be left upon another, which will not be torn down. - Bill Brewer 52 5 Apr 2010

53 Matthew 24:3-5 3 And as He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, Tell us, when will these things be, and [even] what will be the sign of Your coming, and [even] of the end of the age? 4 And Jesus answered and said to them, See to it that no one misleads you. 5 For many will come in My name, saying, I am the Christ, and will mislead many. - Bill Brewer 53 5 Apr 2010

54 Use of Greek kai in the NT CoordinateHendiadyticPleonasticEpexegetic (Self-Explanation) Ascensive plus many words (when one would do) in other words or even Mt 10:4Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot to the point of A + B = BA Noun A and Noun B Adjective B Noun A Mt 3:11 (?) Holy Spirit and fire or holy wind of fire Mt 5:12 Rejoice and be glad…. Mt 24:3... these things and [even]... sign... and [even]... end.... Mt 28:20... I am with you always, even to the end of the age A A = A + A - Bill Brewer Jan 2010 A = BA + B

55 Hagners Outline for Chapter 24 The Fifth Discourse: the Destruction of the Temple and the End of the World (24:1–25:46) 1.The Prophecy of the Destruction of the Temple and the Disciples Question (24:1–3) 2.The Beginning of Birth Pangs (24:4–8) 3.Persecution and Proclamation before the End (24:9–14) 4.Instructions to Flee from Jerusalem (24:15–22) 5.The Claims of Pseudo-Christs and False Prophets (24:23–28) 6.The Return of the Son of Man (24:29–36) 7.Uncertainty concerning the Time of the Return of the Son of Man (24:37–44) 8.The Faithful and Wicked Servants (24:45–51) 1 Feb Bill Brewer 55

56 Differing Views on Matthew 24 Preterist (P): Chapter 24 refers to the Roman-Jewish War of AD Futurist (F): Chapter 24 refers to the second, literal return of Christ Preterist-Futurist (P-F): Chapter 24 often has a double meaning mixed with P and F meanings Revised Preterist-Futurist (RP-F): Substitutes continuing meaning for double meaning and assigns P and F meanings somewhat differently Main point here is to understand that interpretation of Matthew 24 is complicated!! - Bill Brewer 56 1 Feb 2010

57 Matthew 24:6-9 6 And you will be hearing of wars and rumors of wars; see that you are not frightened, for those things must take place, but that is not yet the end. 7 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and in various places there will be famines and earthquakes. 8 But all these things are merely the beginning of birth pangs. 9 Then they will deliver you to tribulation, and will kill you, and you will be hated by all nations on account of My name. - Bill Brewer 57 5 Apr 2010

58 Matthew 24: And at that time many will fall away and will deliver up one another and hate one another. 11 And many false prophets will arise, and will mislead many. 12 And because lawlessness is increased, most peoples love will grow cold. 13 But the one who endures to the end, he shall be saved. 14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world for a witness to all the nations, and then the end shall come. - Bill Brewer 58 5 Apr 2010

59 Matthew 24: Therefore when you see the abomination of desolation which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), 16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; 17 let him who is on the housetop not go down to get the things out that are in his house; - Bill Brewer 59 5 Apr 2010

60 Matthew 24: and let him who is in the field not turn back to get his cloak. 19 But woe to those who are with child and to those who nurse babes in those days! - Bill Brewer 60 5 Apr 2010

61 Matthew 24: But pray that your flight may not be in the winter, or on a Sabbath; 21 for then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall. 22 And unless those days had been cut short, no life would have been saved; but for the sake of the elect those days shall be cut short. 23 Then if anyone says to you, Behold, here is the Christ, or There He is, do not believe him. - Bill Brewer 61 5 Apr 2010

62 Matthew 24: For false Christs and false prophets will arise and will show great signs and wonders, so as to mislead, if possible, even the elect. 25 Behold, I have told you in advance. 26 If therefore they say to you, Behold, He is in the wilderness, do not go forth, or, Behold, He is in the inner rooms, do not believe them. 27 For just as the lightning comes from the east, and flashes even to the west, so shall the coming of the Son of Man be. 28 Wherever the corpse is, there the vultures will gather. - Bill Brewer 62 5 Apr 2010

63 The Roman-Jewish War of AD Bill Brewer 1 Feb 2010 Wherever the corpse is, there the vultures will gather Mt 24:28

64 - Bill Brewer 64 1 Feb 2010

65 - Bill Brewer 65 5 Apr 2010 BiblePlaces.com. (2009; 2009). BiblePlaces.com Image Library. Logos Research System, Inc.; Bellingham, WA.

66 Matthew 24: But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken, 30 and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. 31 And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other. - Bill Brewer 66 5 Apr 2010

67 Note on Apocalyptic Imagery Isaiah 14:4– take up this taunt against the king of Babylon, and say How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the earth, You who have weakened the nations! 13 But you said in your heart, I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God, And I will sit on the mount of assembly In the recesses of the north. 14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High. 22 I will..., declares the LORD,... cut off from Babylon name and survivors Bill Brewer 67 5 Apr 2010

68 Matthew 24: Now learn the parable from the fig tree: when its branch has already become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near; 33 even so you too, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near, right at the door. 34 Truly I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. 35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words shall not pass away. 36 But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone. - Bill Brewer 68 5 Apr 2010

69 Matthew 24: For the coming of the Son of Man will be just like the days of Noah. 38 For as in those days which were before the flood they were eating and drinking, they were marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39 and they did not understand until the flood came and took them all away; so shall the coming of the Son of Man be. - Bill Brewer 69 5 Apr 2010

70 Matthew 24: Then there shall be two men in the field; one will be taken, and one will be left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken, and one will be left. - Bill Brewer 70 5 Apr 2010

71 Matthew 24: Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming. 43 But be sure of this, that if the head of the house had known at what time of the night the thief was coming, he would have been on the alert and would not have allowed his house to be broken into. 44 For this reason you be ready too; for the Son of Man is coming at an hour when you do not think He will. - Bill Brewer 71 5 Apr 2010

72 Matthew 24: Who then is the faithful and sensible slave whom his master put in charge of his household to give them their food at the proper time? 46 Blessed is that slave whom his master finds so doing when he comes. 47 Truly I say to you, that he will put him in charge of all his possessions. - Bill Brewer 72 5 Apr 2010

73 Matthew 24: But if that evil slave says in his heart, My master is not coming for a long time, 49 and shall begin to beat his fellow slaves and eat and drink with drunkards; 50 the master of that slave will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour which he does not know, 51 and shall cut him in pieces and assign him a place with the hypocrites; weeping shall be there and the gnashing of teeth. - Bill Brewer 73 5 Apr 2010

74 Schedule - Bill Brewer 74 5 Apr 2010 DateTopicAssignments Due 11-Jan-10Introduction 18-Jan-10Lineage, Birth of Jesussyllabus 25-Jan-10Timing, Preparation for Jesus' Advent1-2, Gal. 3:23-4:7 1-Feb-10Jesus' Baptism, Temptations; Test 1 (10%)3, 4, 11, 14: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living5; 6; 19: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living7; paper 22-Feb-10Limited Commission; the Eternal Kingdom10, 23 1-Mar-10Parables of the Kingdom13, 15, 25 8-Mar-10By the Power of God; Test 2 (20%)8, 9, Mar-10Spring Break 22-Mar-10Power over Demons; Foundation of Jesus' Kingdom12, Mar-10The Transfiguration; Instructions to the Church17, 18, 19 5-Apr-10Conflict with Opponents; Mount of Olives Sermon20-22, Apr-10The Last Supper, Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion Apr-10The Resurrection of Christ; Test 3 (20%)28 26-Apr-10Post-Resurrection; Doctrine of Atonement1 Cor 15; Heb 7, 9, 10 3-May-10FINAL EXAM (20%)

75 Lesson 12 Objectives 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … Caesar Augustus Apocalyptic 2.What inversions take place in chapter 20? 3.What marks of the Messiah does Jesus achieve in chapter 21? 4.In relation to his cursing of the fig tree, what does Jesus statement about faith likely do relative to Matthews community? 5.What is the point of the parable of the landowner in chapter 21? 6.What are the four questions of chapter 22 and who asked each one? 7.Describe two contrasting understanding of Jesus Return in chapter Bill Brewer 75 5 Apr 2010

76 Lesson 13 Objectives 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … Death of Christ 2.In what ways does the Lords Supper connect to other religious banquets? 3.Give two reasons why the crowds preferred the release of Barabbas over Jesus. 4.What apology does Matthew make in chapter 27? - Bill Brewer 76 5 Apr 2010

77 Schedule - Bill Brewer 77 5 Apr 2010 DateTopicAssignments Due 11-Jan-10Introduction 18-Jan-10Lineage, Birth of Jesussyllabus 25-Jan-10Timing, Preparation for Jesus' Advent1-2, Gal. 3:23-4:7 1-Feb-10Jesus' Baptism, Temptations; Test 1 (10%)3, 4, 11, 14: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living5; 6; 19: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living7; paper 22-Feb-10Limited Commission; the Eternal Kingdom10, 23 1-Mar-10Parables of the Kingdom13, 15, 25 8-Mar-10By the Power of God; Test 2 (20%)8, 9, Mar-10Spring Break 22-Mar-10Power over Demons; Foundation of Jesus' Kingdom12, Mar-10The Transfiguration; Instructions to the Church17, 18, 19 5-Apr-10Conflict with Opponents; Mount of Olives Sermon20-22, Apr-10The Last Supper, Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion Apr-10The Resurrection of Christ; Test 3 (20%)28 26-Apr-10Post-Resurrection; Doctrine of Atonement1 Cor 15; Heb 7, 9, 10 3-May-10FINAL EXAM (20%)


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