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All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Unit Two Friendship A friend is, as it were, a second self.

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Presentation on theme: "All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Unit Two Friendship A friend is, as it were, a second self."— Presentation transcript:

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2 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Unit Two Friendship A friend is, as it were, a second self.

3 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Text A All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Foster Furcolo

4 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Part One (paras.1-20) From a conversation with the cab driver the author learned how much he regretted failing to keep up correspondence with his old friend Ed.

5 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship be lost in/lose oneself in (L.1) be absorbed in, be fully occupied with e.g. Einstein was often lost in thought. Soon, he became lost in the music.

6 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Is your cab available? (L.3) Is your cab ready to go? available: adj. able to be used, had, or reached

7 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship We have already used up all the available space. There is no money available for this project. My professor is always available to talk to her students I'm sorry, those shoes are not available in your size. *available

8 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship *available: Im available next Tuesday if you want to meet Every available student will be assigned to the research. [antonym] unavailable: adj.

9 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship settle (L.4) 1) v. go and live permanently in a particular place; establish residence in e.g. They went to American and settled in New York. Are you ever going to settle down and get married?

10 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship settle: 2) vt. make (yourself or someone else) comfortable and relaxed in a particular place or position settle back: I settled back into a comfortable chair and waited. settle someone into/in/on something: She settled the little boy on the next stool to her.

11 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship settle: 3) vt. decide definitely; finish dealing with e.g. It was settled that they would leave before dark. You need a lawyer to help you settle your affairs.

12 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship estimate (L.10) vt. form a judgment about (a quantity or value) n. a judgment of the nature, value or amount, etc. of sth. e.g.It is difficult to estimate the possible results in advance. My estimate of his abilities was wrong.

13 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship estimate: Bills personal riches were estimated at $368 million. ---overestimate / underestimate

14 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship might/may (just) as well (L.13) If you say that you might/may (just) as well do something, you mean that you will do it although you do not have a strong desire to do it and may even feel slightly reluctant about it. ……

15 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship might/may (just) as well e.g. Anyway, youre here; you might as well stay. The traffic is so bad, we might just as well walk. We may as well go home. Theres nothing more to do.

16 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Im not much of a hand at writing. (L.15) Im not good at writing. not much of a: not a good e.g. Some people may think that doing housework for others is not much of a career. Im not much of a detective, am I? We havent had much of a summer this year.

17 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship correspondence (L.16): n. 1) the act of writing, receiving or sending letters ( s a often followed by with + n. ) correspondence course e.g. She kept up a fifty-year correspondence with Mary.

18 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship correspondence: 2) the letters that sb. receives or sends (used as an uncountable noun) e.g. Mary really never mentions her step- mother in her correspondence. He kept his personal correspondence in a file.

19 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship But I take it hes someone …… (L.17) The sentence pattern I take it (that) is used to say you expect someone will do something, know something etc.. e.g. I take it youve heard about Beckham and Victoria splitting up.

20 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship practically (L.18) adv. almost, but not completely or exactly e.g. Hed known the old man for practically a life time. It's practically impossible for me to get home in less than an hour.

21 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship kind of/sort of (L.26) (infml; kind of is esp. AmE, sort of esp. BrE) a little bit, in some way or degree (used before v. or after a link-v.) e.g. She wasnt beautiful. But she was kind of cute. She kind of hoped to be invited. I sort of like him, but I don't know why.

22 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Its no fun to lose any friend…… (L.30) Its not enjoyable to lose a friend. be no fun/not be any fun: not be enjoyable e.g. Its no fun living by yourself. It's no fun/not much fun having to work on Saturdays.

23 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship on ones mind (L.33) in ones thoughts; of concern to one (if something is on your mind, you are worried or concerned about it and think about it a lot) e.g. Work is very much on her mind at the moment. You seem quiet today. Do you have something on your mind?

24 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship come up (L.37) 1) happen, occur, esp. unexpectedly e.g. Sorry, I am late something came up at home. A busy period will come up in a couple of weeks.

25 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship come up: 2) be mentioned or discussed e.g. The issue of safety came up twice during the meeting. A number of interesting points came up at todays meeting.

26 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship urge (L.43) vt. try very hard to persuade (often used in the pattern urge sb. to do sth. or followed by a that-clause. In the that- clause, should or the base form of verb is used.) n. the act of urging

27 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship urge*: e.g. I urged my cousin to take a year off to study drawing. The IOC officials urged that safety procedures in Athens should be improved. We urged her to reconsider the offer, but she refused.

28 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Vocabulary Exercises

29 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Part Two (paras.21-35) Reading the letter by himself, the author learned more about the lifelong friendship between the driver and Old Ed.

30 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship remind (L.45) vt. cause to remember (usu. used in the pattern of remind sb. of / sb. to do / that- clause) e.g. Remind me to write to Tom. She reminded me that we had in fact met before. That song always reminds me of our trip to Casablanca.

31 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship postpone (L.46) vt. delay (usu. followed by n. / gerund) e.g. The couple had postponed having children to establish their careers. Our test has been postponed until next Monday. Bad weather forced us to postpone Fridays game.

32 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship reference (L.48) : n. 1) the act of talking about sb./sth., or mentioning them (usu. followed by prep. to) e.g. His recent book makes references to the political events of those days. The title is apparently a reference to the singers brother.

33 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship reference: 2) sth. that shows you where else to look for information, for example the page number of another place in a book 3) the act of looking at sth. for information e.g. Use the dictionary for easy reference.

34 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Culture Background

35 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship

36 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship An annual festival celebrated on the night of October 31, Halloween is one of the happiest days for British and American children. The first Halloween celebration can be dated back to the 5th century B.C., when the Celts believed that ghosts would go out that night.

37 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Decorate Houses

38 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Wear Masks ( )usu. pretend to be witches, ghosts, skeletons, vampires, etc.

39 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Create Images of witches, brooms and Bats

40 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Jack-o-lantern ( )

41 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Trick or Treat

42 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship In general, Halloween, or All Souls Day, is a fun, exciting, disgusting, and terrifying holiday all at the same time!

43 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship absolutely (L.59) adv. totally and completely e.g. There is absolutely no difference between the two oil-paintings. I believed/trusted him absolutely.

44 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship absolutely: She really is a beautiful woman. Oh, absolutely. Do you think I should forgive him? Absolutely not. ---absolute: adj. e.g. Theres no absolute standard for beauty.

45 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship reunion (L.59) n. a party attended by members of the same family, school, or other group who have not seen each other for a long time a family/high school reunion He remembered his happy reunion with his son the year before.

46 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship go by (L.61) (of time) pass ---as time goes by e.g. Last month went by so fast. The house was a railway station in days gone by.

47 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship hang out (L. 63) 1) (infml; used mainly in AmE) stay in or near a place, for no particular reason, not doing much( hang about) e.g. I often hung out in coffee bars while I was unemployed. She knew all the clubs where her husband usually hung out.

48 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship hang out: 2) hang clothes on a piece of string outside in order to dry them e.g. I was worried that I had no time to hang out my washing. ---hangout: n.

49 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship mostly (L.65) adv. almost all; generally e.g. The guests at the wedding party are mostly friends of the bride. The blue-collar people said they work mostly because they need the money. The fans of Jay Zhou are mostly young people.

50 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship awful (L.71) adj. (infml; used to add force) very great; very bad or unpleasant e.g. We had awful weather. The smell was absolutely awful.

51 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship *an awful lot: a very large amount e.g. There were an awful lot of people just standing around. ---awfully: adv.

52 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship destination (L.77) n. the place to which sb. is going or being sent e.g. Singapore is still our most popular holiday/tourist destination. We arrived at our destination tired and hungry. It took us all day to reach our destination.

53 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship skip (L.77) v. pass from (one point, etc.) to another, disregarding or failing to act on what comes between e.g. The teacher skipped lesson 3 and said it wouldnt be on the test. A newspaper reader can select what he is interested in and skip what he thinks is boring.

54 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship skip: (minor detail) We might as well skip the minor details of the story. --- skip school

55 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Part Three (para. 36) The drivers experience urged the author to reach for his pen.

56 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Vocabulary Exercises

57 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Text Analysis

58 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship The use of spoken English in written text Some sentences are incomplete Some words or phrases do not usually find their way into written English

59 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship The narrator is good at keeping the conversation going He expresses his agreement to show the cabbie what a sympathetic listener he is. He asks questions directly to get more information out of the cabbie. He asks an indirect question by making guesses.

60 All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Unit Two Friendship Assignment Review Unit 2 finish all the exercises recite paras. 21 – 36 Preview Unit 3


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