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Fun Facts and Information By: K. Wilson 8/2010

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1 Fun Facts and Information By: K. Wilson 8/2010
U.S. Presidents Fun Facts and Information By: K. Wilson 8/2010

2 George Washington 1789-1797 Federalist
Born a British subject Never attended college Only president elected unanimously. Never served in Congress Only one tooth at inauguration Nickname: The Father of his country

3 John Adams 1797-1801 Federalist
Wrote a majority of the Mass. State constitution. Nominated Washington as commander-in-chief and John Marshall as Chief Justice Bitter enemy with Alexander Hamilton, attacked by his own party because of ideals Graduated Harvard in 1755 One of 2 presidents to sign Declaration Nickname: Atlas of Independence

4 Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 Democratic-Republican
First president to shake hands with his guests Had a library of 6,000 books, this was the basis for the Library of Congress Designed his own tombstone Omitted he was president when writing his epitaph Never vetoed a bill from Congress while president Nickname: Man of the People

5 James Madison 1809-1817 Democratic-Republican
First president with prior congress experience First president to wear trousers instead of knee breeches Wrote over 1/3 of the Federalist Papers Worked with Jefferson to create the Dem-Rep Party Wife was expelled from the Society of Friends by marrying Madison, a non- Quaker. Nickname: Father of the Constitution

6 James Monroe 1817-1825 Democratic-Republican
First president to ride a steamboat Had the first outdoor inauguration Daughter was the first to hold a White House wedding. Started the tradition for the Marine Band to play at inaugurations (Began with his 2nd) First senator to become president. Nickname: The Last Cocked Hat

7 John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 Democratic-Republican
Swam nude in the Potomac River every morning (weather permitting). First president elected to the House after serving his term Achieved more success in the 17 years after his presidency than the 4 years served Only president to have a foreign born First Lady Collapsed during discussion on the House floor, 2 days later he died (cerebral hemorrhage) Nickname: Old Man Eloquent

8 Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 Democrat
Received no formal education First man elected from TN to the House of Rep. Only president to have a debt free United States. First president nominated by a political party First president to ride a railroad train. Died with a bullet near his heart that he received at age 39 while in battle Nickname: Old Hickory

9 Martin Van Buren 1837-1841 Democrat
First president to be born in the United States of America. Dutch was his 1st language Took his 4 year presidential salary at the end of his term- $100,000 Took he and his friends a decade and a half to form the Democratic Party Etymologists regard his 1840 election as the foundation of the term ÖK”- he was referred to as Old Kinderhook- OK Nickname: The Little Magician

10 William Henry Harrison March 4- April 4, 1841 Whig
Longest inaugural address (1:45), this was after Daniel Webster edited it for length Only president who studied to become a doctor First president to die in office, after 32 days, shortest term in history Only official act of consequence was calling Congress into special session Because of his death 3 presidents served in a single year First president to have his photograph taken Nickname: Old Tippecanoe

11 John Tyler Whig After vetoing a tariff bill Congress introduced impeachment measures, but the resolutions were defeated First vice-president to assume office after death of president. Was disowned by his party because he vetoed Whig supported bills, thus serving under no party After his presidency he removed himself from electoral politics, although Democrats sought out his advice Because of his allegiance to the Confederacy his death was the only one not mourned in Washington D.C. Nickname: His Accidency

12 James K. Polk Democrat Survived gallstone operation at 17 before anesthetics or antiseptic Was so satisfied with his accomplishments as president he chose not to run again Is called the “Least known consequential president” Considered the strongest president between Jackson and Lincoln, making the US a coast-to-coast nation Only Speaker of the House to become President Nickname: Young Hickory

13 Zachary Taylor 1849-1850 Whig Served in the army for 40 years.
Never voted and never belonged to political party until he ran for election. Elected in the first national election held on the same day, Nov. 7, 1848 Pastured his army horse on White House grounds and allowed visitors to take horse hair as souveniers Last president to hold slaves while in office Nickname: Old Rough and Ready

14 Millard Fillmore 1850-1853 Whig
Vice President under Taylor, never met him until they were elected He and wife, Abigail, installed the first White House library He also installed bathtub, and kitchen stove Refused an honorary degree from Oxford University, stating that he shouldn’t accept a degree he couldn’t read (the degree was in Latin) After the Whig party ceased he refused to join the Republican Party, joining the American Party Nickname: The American Louis Philippe

15 Franklin Pierce 1853-1857 Democrat
Because of religious considerations he affirmed rather than swore the Presidential Oath of Office. Gave inaugural address from memory. Installed the first central heating system in the White House Had an inoffensive personality and because of this was dubbed the worst president in U.S. history While in college he met and became lasting friends with Nathaniel Hawthorne and Henry W. Longfellow Nickname: Young Hickory of the Granite Hills

16 James Buchanan 1857-1861 Democrat
By age 30 he amassed a fortune of $300,000 Never having married his niece, Harriet Lane, preformed the duties of White House hostess One eye was nearsighted, the other farsighted, as a result he cocked his head to the left He claimed being tired of the presidency therefore refused to run for another term Vetoed a bill to create more colleges stating that “there were already too many educated people” Nickname: Old Buck

17 Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865 Republican
First president to receive a patent for a device that lifted boats over shoals. Had 18 months of formal education, was an avid reader, writer, poet, and skilled wrestler Served as a postmaster early in his political career Was largely responsible for the institution of Thanksgiving, officially declared the last Thursday in Nov. be set aside for this holiday Was the first president to lie in state Nickname: Honest Abe

18 Andrew Johnson 1865-1869 Democrat
Hosted Queen Emma from Hawaii at the White House, making him first to host a queen First president to be impeached by the House but was acquitted by the Senate by one vote Was 17 years old before his wife taught him to read Only president to not have any type of schooling Only former president to be elected to the U.S. Senate Nickname: The Tennessee Tailor

19 Ulysses S. Grant 1869-1877 Republican
While president, arrested for driving horse too fast and fined $20. Term “lobbyist” comes from his distaste for the presidency. Smoked 20 cigars a day, possibly leading to his death of throat cancer Could not stand the sight of animal blood, rare steak made him nauseous. He and his wife took a 2 year world trip after his term, which bankrupt him Nickname: Hero of Appomattox

20 Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881 Republican
Not the first lawyer to be president, but was the first to graduate law school Wife was dubbed “Lemonade Lucy," because she refused to serve alcohol at the White House Had Alexander Graham Bell install the first telephone in the White House. Hosted the first Easter egg roll on the White House lawn. Took his oath of office inside the White House, which was done in secret due to the previous election being bitterly divisive. Nickname: Dark-Horse President

21 James A. Garfield March 4- September 19, 1881 Republican
Nickname: Boatman Jim First left-handed president On election day, Nov. 2, 1880, he was a member of the House, Senator- elect, and President-elect Was shot after only 131 days in office. After his shooting, repeated attempts to remove the bullet with non-sterile equipment resulted in blood poisoning, which lead to his death Was a classical languages teacher at the Eclectic Institute, later became the principal Only executive order was to give government workers the day off for Memorial Day, May 30, 1881 A.G. Bell invented a metal detector to find the bullet lodged in his body

22 Chester Alan Arthur 1881-1885 Republican
Enjoyed walking about at night and seldom went to bed before 2am. Destroyed all his personal papers before his death. Enjoyed a lavish, partying lifestyle Civil rights champion, aiding in the desegregation of the NYC public transportation Had the founder of Tiffany and Company redecorate the White House after he removed 24 wagonloads of the older furniture Nickname: The Gentleman Boss/ Elegant Arthur

23 Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 Democrat
Was a sheriff at 33 and personally hanged two murderers Being the sole supporter for his family he hired a substitute to fight his place in the Civil War His daughter, Esther, was the only president’s child to be born in the White House Only president to be married in the White House, June 2, 1886 in the Blue Room Nickname: Veto President

24 Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893 Republican
Was an excellent speaker, once made 140 different speeches in 30 days First president to have his voice preserved on a wax phonograph cylinder (click picture for excerpt) Installed electricity in the White House, but was afraid to touch the switches for fear of electrocution Was hired by the Venezuelan government to represent them in a boundary dispute case, he wrote an 800 page brief and argued for more than 25 court hours for their case Nickname: Kid Gloves Harrison

25 Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 Democrat
Was the only Democrat elected to presidency in the era of Republican domination from Had a secret surgery to remove a tumor in his palate while on a yacht. Had one surgery to remove the tumor, through his mouth. Another was performed to reconstruct his face so they public would have no knowledge of the surgery. Nickname: Veto President

26 William McKinley 1897-1901 Republican
First president to use the telephone while campaigning Thought to hold the record for presidential handshaking- 2,500 per hour Last Civil War veteran to be elected president First president to appear on film extensively, his Presidential inauguration is the first to be filmed Nickname: Idol of Ohio

27 Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909 Republican
First president to receive Nobel Peace Prize. Lost sight in one eye while boxing in the White House Had photographic memory and could read a page faster than most could write a sentence Was saved by his speech and eyeglass case during an assassination attempt (click picture for link) Best friends with Henry Ford, they often went camping together. Nickname: Teddy

28 William H. Taft 1909-1913 Republican
Only president to serve as president and Chief Justice. Started the tradition of the president throwing out the beginning pitch of the baseball season Wife is responsible for the Japanese cherry trees in Washington Weighed in at 332 lbs and got stuck in the White House bathtub the first time he used it, a larger was ordered Owned the last presidential cow and the first White House automobile Last president to have facial hair, Mr. Wilson will be the next!  Nickname: Big Chief

29 Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 Democrat
Only president to earn a Ph. D In 1913 held the first regularly presidential press conference, afterwards met with the press 2x a week. Avid golfer, had the Secret Service paint golf balls black so he could play in the snow Only president buried in Washington D. C. First sitting president to attend a World Series game First president to leave the country while serving as president, he attended meetings on the Treaty of Versailles Nickname: Schoolmaster in Politics

30 Warren G. Harding 1921-1923 Republican
First president to own a radio Only newspaper publisher to become president His wife played a larger role in his campaign than any other president’s wife prior, she called him her “hobby.” First president to ride to his inauguration in an automobile First president to visit Alaska and Canada. Nickname: Wobbly Warren

31 Calvin Coolidge 1923-1929 Republican
Only president sworn in by his father, who was a Justice of the Peace and a Notary Public Averaged 9 hours of sleep each night, and took afternoon naps lasting 2-4 hours Only president born on July 4th A woman once said she could get a more than 3 word conversation out of the quiet president, his response was “You Lose.” Nickname: Silent Cal

32 Herbert Hoover 1929-1933 Republican
For the first 3 years he and his wife dined three times, each for their anniversary First president to donate his entire salary to charity Wrote more than 16 books While living in China he and his wife learned Mandarin, they spoke this at the White House when they didn’t want to be overheard School of Engineering and Applied Science of Columbia University in 1964 said he and Thomas Edison were two of the greatest engineers in U.S. History Nickname: The Great Humanitarian

33 Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1933-1945 Democrat
First defeated Vice President to become President Related by blood or marriage to 11 former presidents Stamp collector, personally responsible for approving ne U.S. stamp designs while president In 1939 he became the first president on television Only president to be elected 4 times Nickname: FDR

34 Harry S. Truman 1945-1953 Democrat
His middle initial “S” stands for nothing, his mother gave it to him to appease his grandfathers, both whom had a name beginning with S In recognition of his role in medical insurance President Johnson presented Truman and his wife with the first two Medicare cards Has no college degree Popularized the phrases “The Buck stops here” and “If you can’t take the heat, get out of the kitchen.” Nickname: Give ‘em hell Harry

35 Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1961 Republican
Held no other political office Only president to serve in both World Wars Skilled chef, was famous for his vegetable soup, steaks, and cornmeal pancakes First president licensed to fly an airplane Born David Dwight First president to appear color television Instrumental in adding “under God” to the Pledge and “In God we Trust” as the U.S. motto and on currency Nickname: Ike

36 John F. Kennedy 1961-1963 Democrat
Youngest man elected president and the youngest to die Only president to win a Pulitzer Prize for biography, “Profiles in Courage” First president to have served in the Navy Only president to appoint his brother to a cabinet post Underwent spinal surgery for back pain and nearly died, he received his last rites 4 times Nickname: JFK

37 Lyndon B. Johnson 1963-1969 Democrat
He and his wife were married with a $2.50 ring from Sears & Roebuck Only president to take oath from a female official, Judge Sarah T. Hughes, while aboard Air Force One Rejected his official White House painting saying it was the ugliest thing he ever saw First incumbent president to meet with a pope Was a teacher in rural Texas before becoming a politician Nickname: LBJ

38 Richard M. Nixon 1969-1974 Republican
First to voluntarily leave office Named after Richard the Lionheart Received a full ride to Duke Law Chief builder of Modern Republican Party Issued 926 pardons or commutations during his term as president Nickname: The Mad Monk

39 Gerald Ford 1974-1977 Republican
Born Leslie Lynch King, Jr., mother later gave him the name of her second husband, first husband was abusive. Both he and his wife were models before they married First president to release his medical report to the public First president not elected by the people, became VP when Agnew resigned, became President when Nixon resigned Only president who was an Eagle Scout Longest living president Nickname: Jerry

40 James E. Carter 1977-1981 Democrat
First president sworn in under his nickname Was a peanut farmer and a naval officer Cousin to Motown founder, Berry Gordy Jr. and June Carter Cash Founder of Habitat for Humanity Received Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1999 and Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 Nickname: Jimmy

41 Ronald Reagan 1981-1989 Republican
First president to have been divorced Was an actor prior to politics, immortalizing the line “Win one for the Gipper.” Received posthumously the Congressional Medal of Honor Frist actor to become Governor of California Loved jelly beans Nickname: The Great Communicator

42 George H. W. Bush 1989-1993 Republican
When he got his military commission in 1943 he became the youngest pilot in the Navy at 19 Related to Benedict Arnold, Marilyn Monroe, Winston Churchill, Presidents F. Pierce, A. Lincoln, T. Roosevelt, G. Ford, and Mr. Wilson! Founded his own oil company Played in 1st two College World Series, met Babe Ruth before a game First CIA spy to become president Nickname: Poppy

43 William Jefferson Clinton 1993-2001 Democrat
Played jazz in a trio called Three Blind Mice, they wore dark glasses while playing Birth name is William Jefferson Blythe, Jr. , mother remarried Roger Clinton after his father’s death Met JFK at the White House while on a Boys Nation visit Rhodes Scholar Nickname: Bubba

44 George W. Bush 2001-2009 Republican
Only president to earn his MBA Part owner of Texas Rangers before becoming president Is writing a book about his presidency, due out in 2010 Served as F-102 fighter pilot for the Air National Guard Mother tried to talk him out of running for president Nickname: W

45 Barak Obama 2010- Democrat Father is Kenyan
First African American president of the Harvard Law Review Collects Spiderman and Conan the Barbarian comics First Hawaiian born president Speaks Indonesian Known as Barry in his youth Nickname: Barry (childhood nickname)

46 Wikipedia:
Resources Wikipedia: Presidential Fun Facts: American Presidents:

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