2 Los adjetivos: Adjectives: Words that modify nouns En español, most adjectives have either two or four formsWhen using adjectives in Spanish, one must always consider PLACEMENT and AGREEMENT.
3 placed in front of the noun Descriptive adjectives PLACEMENT OF ADJECTIVESRestrictive adjectivesplaced in front of the nounDescriptive adjectivesplaced after the nounNouns used as adjectivesplaced after the noun and separated by the word “de”
4 Exceptions to the rule…: The adjectives good (bueno) and bad (malo) are descriptive adjectives but are generally placed in front of the nouns they modify.Also adjectives that reflect an inherent quality of the noun(cold ice) are also placed in front of the noun.
5 ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT:If an adjective ends in O, A, OS or AS then it will have four forms and the form that you use in any given sentence must agree with the noun that it modifies.alto (m/s) alta (f/s)altos (m/p) altas (f/p)
6 ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT:If an adjective ends in something other than O, A, OS or AS, then it will have only two forms – singular and plural.grande (s) grandes (p)
7 EXAMPLES:the big backpackla mochila grandea white bookun libro blancothree Spanish notebookstres cuadernos de español
8 PRACTICE:some school backpacksa big deskfive English bookstwo Spanish dictionariesa big notebookfour new pencils
9 PRACTICAunos bolígrafos de colegioun escritorio grandecinco libros de inglésdos diccionarios de españolun cuaderno grandecuatro lápices nuevos