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Chinese Food Culture. Dining: Cross-Cultural Differences West: Individualists: Independence West: Individualists: Independence –Rectangular or square.

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Presentation on theme: "Chinese Food Culture. Dining: Cross-Cultural Differences West: Individualists: Independence West: Individualists: Independence –Rectangular or square."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chinese Food Culture

2 Dining: Cross-Cultural Differences West: Individualists: Independence West: Individualists: Independence –Rectangular or square tables: Focus is eating –Fixed helpings, compartmentalized East: Communities: Collective Harmony East: Communities: Collective Harmony –Interdependence: Relationship building –Round tables: Eating is socializing –Table corners are not good: Awkward –Fuzzy personal boundaries Collective Enjoyment

3 The actual Eating Seating position & power: Where do you sit? Seating position & power: Where do you sit? –Generally seat facing the front door is preferred How to determine power? How to determine power? –Its the host who gave the invitation –Its the person who orders and pays Power order: Form older men to younger men Power order: Form older men to younger men When unsure who should sit where, pause When unsure who should sit where, pause –Stand around until the powerful one sits you

4 Concrete Aspects of Food Developmental Perspectives Developmental Perspectives Provide Food & Feeding is Caring: Love Provide Food & Feeding is Caring: Love Food is Relationship Food is Relationship Food is Comfort Food is Comfort Food as Ceremonial Rituals Food as Ceremonial Rituals Food is Conflict Resolution Food is Conflict Resolution Food is Power, Prestige & Status Food is Power, Prestige & Status

5 Developmental Perspectives Babys first instinctive need is feeding Babys first instinctive need is feeding Eating is a basic need next to oxygen & water Eating is a basic need next to oxygen & water Mothers body is programmed to nurse Mothers body is programmed to nurse –Caring of child through breast-feeding –There is bonding with child: Imprinting Deprivation & Fear if neglected Deprivation & Fear if neglected

6 Provide Food & Feeding is Caring: Love A good mother provides Feeding A good mother provides Feeding A good father works hard to Feed the family A good father works hard to Feed the family Timely & sensitive food service is Care Timely & sensitive food service is Care –Serving food on your plate: Love Feeding & Caring of the sick is Love Feeding & Caring of the sick is Love Good Food equals Good Care? Good Food equals Good Care? More Food equals More Love? More Food equals More Love? Expensive Food equals More Love? Expensive Food equals More Love?

7 Food is Relationship More Food equals More Status More Food equals More Status Expensive Food equals Higher Status Expensive Food equals Higher Status Fresh Food equals Better Love Fresh Food equals Better Love

8 Food is Comfort From positive post-natal experience From positive post-natal experience –Baby cries, mother feeds baby giving comfort Timely feeding satisfied hunger Timely feeding satisfied hunger Timely feeding brings comfort Timely feeding brings comfort Food that mimics early nursing experience Food that mimics early nursing experience Soft foods that requires less chewing Soft foods that requires less chewing Milk-shake, ice cream, cream cheese chocolates Milk-shake, ice cream, cream cheese chocolates

9 Food as Ceremonial Rituals Red-eggs & Ginger banquets Red-eggs & Ginger banquets Wedding banquets Wedding banquets Post-Funeral banquets Post-Funeral banquets Success-Celebration banquets Success-Celebration banquets

10 Food is Conflict Resolution Business is conducted over a meal Business is conducted over a meal Negotiation Meals Negotiation Meals Reconciliation Banquets Reconciliation Banquets Food is Power Food is Power Control by Food withdrawal Control by Food withdrawal No one can make me Eat No one can make me Eat Hunger Strike Hunger Strike Eating Disorders : Anorexia Nervosa vs. Bulimia Eating Disorders : Anorexia Nervosa vs. Bulimia

11 Food is Power, Prestige & Status

12 Food & Eating is Life

13 Food is Control When Food is When Food is


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