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29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS.

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Presentation on theme: "29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS."— Presentation transcript:

1 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive

2 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Saying what you do and doing what you say: Arguments and Prospects for an International Privacy Standard Colin J. Bennett Department of Political Science University of Victoria, BC. Robin Bayley Linden Consulting Inc. Victoria, BC.

3 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Why organizations registered to ISO 9001 should have better personal information management Awareness of their operating systems and personal data holdings Staff training Must think through and address regulatory requirements Ability to capitalize on outside expertise, through conformity assessment process

4 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Requirements of a Privacy Management Standard Translation of Fair Information Principles into language and format of standards Provision of guidance for implementing the principles in organizations Appropriate conformity assessment tools for business size and data sensitivity Audit guide Accreditation system for privacy auditors

5 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Overlap between quality management and data protection Transparency of policy and purpose Procedures for interaction with data subjects –Complaints resolution –Access and correction requests –Consent provision and withdrawal Personal data management procedures –Data security –Data quality –Data retention

6 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Motivations for adoption of privacy standards Through Educational and Regulatory Powers of Data Protection Authorities Through Desire for Competitive Advantage Through Referencing the Standard in Contracts

7 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Initiatives for Privacy Management Standardization National Standards Bodies –Canadian Standards Association (CSA) –American National Standards Institute (ANSI) International Standardization Organization (ISO) –Work of JTC-1 of ISO and International Electro-Technical Commission (IEC) European Committee for Standardization/Information Society Standardization System (CEN/ISSS) International Security, Trust, and Privacy Alliance (ISTPA).

8 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Standards Briefing John Hopkinson ISSPCS-Prac CISSP ISP CDRP Security Strategist, EWA /IIT President ISSEA Chair CAC-JTC1/TCIT

9 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISO/IEC JTC 1 JTC 1 is unique –It is a hybrid of both ISO and IEC –30% of customers are other standards developers –It produces Base Standards –It must always assume the worst case Has been developing standards related to Privacy for the last 7 to 10 years

10 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 17 Concerned with privacy related to card technology applications Includes data on smart & optical cards Not currently reviewing standards for privacy The chair authored two Privacy Impact assessments for advanced card technologies

11 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27 Created a new WG for Privacy, projects on –A Privacy Framework –A Privacy Reference Architecture –Privacy infrastructures –Anonymity and credentials –Specific Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PETs) –Privacy Engineering

12 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 Develops standards for RFID Is starting to consider Privacy Added the Kill bit function to the ISO/IEC standard Memory blocks include password protection

13 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 32 Standards for data mgt and interchange including e- commerce Deal with e-Business, Metadata, Database Languages, & SQL Multimedia & Application Packages Recognizes individual as a sub-type of Person, have rights which e-Business standards must support

14 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 36 Standards of Learning, Education & Training Support for legal requirements Surveying members for specifics of National requirements Most important standard –ISO/IEC Individualized Adaptability and Accessibility in e-Learning, Education and Training

15 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 37 Develop standards for Biometrics Has started to consider Privacy Working on –Cross-Jurisdictional and Societal Aspects of Implementation of Biometric Technologies –Guide to the Accessibility, Privacy and Health and Safety Issues in the deployment of Biometric Systems for Commercial Application

16 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Other Standards Development Several Consortia are active, including –ISSEA –ISTPA –OASIS –OMG –W3C Likely several others

17 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Canadian Privacy Standardization Strategy 21 & 22 Feb 2007; OPC, CSA, SCC, CGSB Privacy Standardization Roadmap What is available & What is needed Workshop Report +, Special Needs, Conformance, sharing Best Practices,Timing critical, Engagement

18 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISSUES ISO/IEC JTC 1 and others A lack of coordination of Privacy activities No real focal point for Privacy work Lack harmonized privacy principles Need Privacy community & technical standards cooperation

19 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Making Privacy Operational Updating the ISTPA Privacy Framework John T. Sabo President, International Security Trust and Privacy Alliance (ISTPA) Director Global Government Relations CA, Inc.

20 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE What is the ISTPA? The International Security, Trust, and Privacy Alliance (ISTPA), founded in 1999, is a global alliance of companies, institutions and technology providers working together to clarify and resolve existing and evolving issues related to security, trust, and privacy. ISTPAs focus is on the protection of personal information (PI) See ISTPA

21 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Privacy Reality: Complex, Challenging Industry Global Laws Regulations Evolving nature and concepts of Privacy Technology Standards Information Society National Security Digital Economy Forces Rapid Change

22 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Global Privacy Laws and Policies – Wide Variance OECD Privacy Principles Fair Information Practices CSA Model Code U.S. Privacy Act EU Data Directive HIPAA APEC Privacy Framework

23 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE ISTPAs Perspective on Privacy Operational - Solution Focus – Migrate to privacy engineering discipline – Privacy framework supporting full privacy lifecycle – Not a policy framework – rather this is a technical framework for business processes and supporting IT systems Platform for multidisciplinary collaboration Must address variations in law and policies Industry Specific Use Cases ISTPA

24 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISTPA Framework v 1.1 Concepts An open, policy configurable set of collaborating services and capabilities used to guide the analysis, design and implementation and assessment of privacy solutions and infrastructure An architectural approach that provides a template usable by IT architects and program managers to develop interoperable applications

25 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISTPA Privacy v 1.1 Framework Services Control – policy – data management Certification – credentials, trusted processes Interaction - manages data/preferences/notice Negotiation – of agreements, rules, privileges Agent – software that carries out processes Usage – data use, aggregation, anonymization Audit – independent, verifiable accountability Validation - checks accuracy of PI Enforcement – including redress for violations Access - subject correct/update PI

26 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive ISTPA Framework Submitted as ISO Publicly Available Specification Submitted by ISSEA (International Systems Security Engineering Association) in October Balloting was to close December 11, 2004 Caused significant discussion, including Privacy Technology Study Group under ISO JTC-1 Withdrawal requested November 22, 2004 for additional work

27 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Recent Work: Analysis of Privacy Principles: Making Privacy Operational Select representative global privacy laws & directives Analyze disparate language, definitions and expressed requirements Parse expressed requirements into working set of privacy principles Cross-map and derive common and unique requirements

28 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Selected Laws, Directives, Codes The Privacy Act of 1974 (U.S.) OECD Privacy Guidelines UN Guidelines EU Data Protection Directive Canadian Standards Association Model Code Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) US FTC Fair Information Practice Principles US-EU Safe Harbor Privacy Principles Australian Privacy Act Japan Personal Information Protection Act APEC Privacy Framework California Security Breach Bill

29 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Derived Core Privacy Principles Accountability Notice Consent Collection Limitation Use Limitation Disclosure Access & Correction Security/Safeguards Data Quality Enforcement Openness Additionally: Anonymity Data Flow Sensitivity

30 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Example: Notice Principle Includes: definition of the personal information collected its use (purpose specification) its disclosure to parties within or external to the entity practices associated with the maintenance and protection of the information options available to the data subject regarding the collectors privacy practices changes made to policies or practices information provided to data subject at designated times and under designated circumstances

31 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Next Steps: Path to ISTPA Privacy Framework v 2.0 Use Analysis study to evaluate existing Framework – full document available online Analysis being used by external organizations Complete expansion of Framework functions, including function labeling Continue collaboration with ISSEA on security mapping Continue development of Master Toolset project to make Framework more accessible and usable Expected draft v 2.0: 2008

32 29e CONFÉRENCE INTERNATIONALE DES COMMISSAIRES À LA PROTECTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA VIE PRIVÉE 29 th INTERNATIONAL DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY COMMISSIONERS CONFERENCE 29e Confrence internationale des commissaires à la protection de la vie prive Questions?


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