Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

FIRST STEPS INTO THE DEEP SNOW

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "FIRST STEPS INTO THE DEEP SNOW"— Presentation transcript:

1 FIRST STEPS INTO THE DEEP SNOW
Fighting against discrimination - Maria Sklodowska Curie ( ) Story by Mimoza Ristova Physics Department University in Skopje Republic of Macedonia Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

2 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Once upon a time, the world of science and art was inaccessible for women as nowadays the Vatican Conclave and the Athos of Greece remain closed for female human beings. Athos Vatican Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

3 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Let us not ever forget who made the first footsteps in to the deep masculine chauvinistic snow of science? Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

4 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
What the scientific conferences looked like before the phenomenon Marie Sklodowska Curie appeared? Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

5 Scientific conference in 1900
Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

6 Solvay–scientific council 1911
Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

7 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Sоlvаy Conference -1913 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

8 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Solvay Conference 1921 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

9 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Sоlvаy Conference Marie Irene Lise Meitner Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

10 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Solvay Conference -1947 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

11 Institute of Physics – Skopje -gender statistics
Временска база мажи жени In memoriam 95% 5% Retired professors 65 % 35 % Full Professors 60 % 40 % Associated Professors 50 % Assistant Professors Manager positions at the institute in last 10 years Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

12 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
HISTORICAL, POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

13 Life in Poland _______________________________
Russian occupation of Prussia Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

14 Life in Poland _____________________________
1900 2000 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

15 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Russian occupation ____________________________________________________ From capital city 1815 Warsaw became a Russian provincial city under the rule of the Russian Tsar. Polish language was forbidden for public use. Sklodowski family was devoted to open patriotism and cultural preservation. Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

16 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Mania was born on November 7th 1967 in Warsaw ____________________________________ Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

17 Zosia, Maria (V child), Hela, Joseph, Bronia
The Sklodowski’s children _______________________________ Zosia, Maria (V child), Hela, Joseph, Bronia Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

18 Kosak’s parade after 1863 after defeating the revolution
Education under nationalistic discrimination ______________________________________ Higher education in sciences forbidden for polish students in the Russian Empire!!!!! Russian Tsar Alexander II was killed 1881 by polish revolutionary students Kosak’s parade after 1863 after defeating the revolution Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

19 Depression (mental depleation) ____________________________________
Education was the driver in her life Life in the country – years of happiness recovering after 1 year Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

20 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Governance, tutor in the sugar factory and illegal student of practical chemistry _____________________________________________________________________ Mania & Bronia Kazimir Zorawski Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

21 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Illegal “flying” universities in Poland or evening schools with variable address ____________________________________ Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

22 1891 -1894 Marie at Sorbonne ____________________________
Master degree in physics as a top student in the class and 1894 – master in maths Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

23 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
To look for a job in Paris or to return back to Poland? ____________________________ Facing difficulties in magnetic measurements, she was introduced to Pierre Curie Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012 Wedding 1895

24 Honey moon– tour de France ____________________________
Wedding gift from Pierre Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

25 1897 – continuation of Becquerel's findings
Key to the success: Pierre and Jacque Curie’s upgraded electrometer Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

26 Experiments with U-salts _______________________________
Becquerels hypotesis confirmed U-salts with a greater U-content show greater activity Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

27 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Is it only property of U? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ She tested all the known elements. It was found that Th revealed the property. Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

28 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Doctoral degree for Pierre and Marie _________________________________________________________________ First lady PhD in France Gabriel Lippmann Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

29 Radioactivity is a property of atoms _____________________
Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

30 The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903 was divided, one half awarded to Antoine Henri Becquerel "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity",the other half jointly to Pierre Curie and Marie Curie, née Sklodowska "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel". Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

31 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Nobel Prize in Physics 1903 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

32 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Curies in wellbeing 1904 -Irene (8) и Eve (1) Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

33 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Isolation of Ra and Po Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

34 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Ores containing Ra and Po Charcoalit U- blend Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

35 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Ores containing U-salts 1,4 g (Ra) t1/2(Ra-226)=138,4 d 1 mg (Po) t1/2(Po-210)=1620 y 1 t (U-ore) Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

36 Laboratory work for Po -separation ___________________________________
U-blend + HCl(aq) Clhorides in-sollution: U, Th, Pb, Cu, As, Sb, Bi, X + H2S(aq) Sulphides : Pb, Cu, As, Sb, Bi, X + (NH4)2S As & Sb in Sol, while the deposit contains Pb, Cu, Bi, X+ NH3(aq)+ HCl(aq) Cu in sol, in deposit remain hydroxides Pb, Bi, X + HCl(aq) + H2S(aq) Deposit of sulfides : Pb, Bi, X (sublimation at700oC) Sulfide XS = PoS Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

37 Two new elements - Po84 and Ra88 _________________________
Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

38 Short term happiness followed by trauma ____________________________
Pierre Curi ( ) Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

39 The years of loneliness ____________________________
…“Broken in pain, I wasn’t feeling ready to face the future. However, I could never forget what my husband said, that even if one day HE IS GONE, I should continue with our work…” Picture she inserted in to Pierre’s coffin Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

40 1906 –First woman to establish a laboratory at Sorbonne ____________________________
Andre Debierne the assistant who help the prove that Ra is an element. Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

41 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
New deep snow French Academy of Science Curie vs. Brannlie ____________________________ Weather one female should enter the Academy? Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

42 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Victim of a French Xenophobia of ultranationalist press _______________________________ Marie is Jewish??!!! Racist analysis of her facial features and the handwriting Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

43 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Stigmatization in the media _______________________________________________________________ Time adjusted eruption of the scandal related to her love affaire with Paul Langevain, former Pierre’s bright student. Paul Langevain Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

44 Victim of sexism (gender discrimination in the FAS)
YES! For Mr. Brannlie NO! For M-me Curie Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

45 Criteria for election (MORE .....). ____________________________
Is it that Branlie was appointed to FAS because he was MORE FRANCH MORE CHATOLIC MORE MAN than Marie Sklodowska Curie???? Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

46 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
1911 – Exile before the ruthless “crucifixion” of the public opinion ______________________________________ Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

47 Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911 ____________________________
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911 was awarded to Marie Curie "in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element". Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

48 New depression ____________________________
Was that a to big snow caused by the the gender chauvinism, anti-Semitism (?), nationalism ??? All of those discriminations at a same time!!?? Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

49 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
..Than she was married to the Radium laboratory.. ____________________________ Irene and Marie Curie Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

50 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Illness –victim of professional exposure and painful death (1934) _______________________________________________________________________________ Pantheon - Paris Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

51 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
PANTHEON AUX GRANDS HOMMES LA PATRIE RECONNAISSANTE  "To the great men, the grateful homeland" The first woman to be buried in Pantheon by her own merit Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

52 The Curie Unit (1Ci) _________________________
Activity 1 Ci = 3.7 x decays in one second Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

53 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
The name Curie Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

54 Google – login page from 07.11.2011
Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

55 Who was the first female PhD in France?
The champion in many disciplines __________________ Who was the first female Nobel Prize winner? Who was the first female PhD in France? Who was the first female to establish a lab in Sorbonne? Who was the first woman professor in France? Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

56 Who was the first to win 2 Nobel prizes in different fields?
Who was a female Nobel Prize Winner be a mother of another female Nobel PW? Who was so unique to infect the close family to win 6 Nobel Prizes? Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

57 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Who won the so many battles against so many different types of discrimination? __________________________________ Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

58 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Top 10 most influential scientists of all times (pole 2000) __________________________________________________________ Isaac Newton Luis Pasteur Albert Einstein Galileo Nikola Tesla Marie Curie Aristotle Enrrico Fermi Paul Dirac Charles Darwin Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

59 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
Instead of conclusion Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

60 It is not really easy to step first ....
Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

61 Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012
... but, than again, it is easier to know that you have followers _________________________________ Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

62 However, this is simply easiest way... ______________________
Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012 The end


Download ppt "FIRST STEPS INTO THE DEEP SNOW"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google