3 TPO # 7WE WILL APPLY THE MEANINGS OF THE LITERATURE ELEMENTS USING NOTES ,A SHORT STORY AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS.
4 theme - Cultural Definition A central idea in a piece of writing or other work of art: “The theme of desperation is found throughout his novels.”symbolism [sim′bə liz′əm]Symbolism is the practice of giving special meaning to objects, things, relationships or events.Symbols can represent other objects or ideas and often reinforce the theme.
5 figurative languageThe definition of figurative language is language used to describe someone or something by comparing to another, or using words for description that do not have a literal meaning.
6 Figurative Language: Understanding the Concept One of the best ways to really understand the concept of figurative language is to see it in action such as with these examples:Alright, the sky misses the sun at night.The poorest man is the richest, and the rich are poor.Hear the mellow wedding bells. - Edgar Allen PoeOut of reach, I pull out with a screech.I move fast like a cheetah on the Serengeti.Her head was spinning from all the new information.The toast jumped out of the toaster.I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.The Sea lashed out in anger at the ships, unwilling to tolerate another battle.The Redcoats are coming!I’ve told you a million times to clean your room!
7 ImageryImagery is a type of figurative language that appeals to the senses. The language creates a picture in the mind of the reader.A good example is from Wordsworth's "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud":A host of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.He doesn’t say “many” or “a lot of” daffodils, he uses the word “host.” That means a huge number of daffodils. Later, he personifies the daffodils, and personification will be covered later on.Another example is from “The Eagle” by Tennyson,“He clasps the crag with crooked hands."The hard consonant sounds add even more to the imagery here.
8 SimileA simile compares two things using the words “like” and “as.” Examples include:busy as a beeclean as a whistlebrave as a lionstand out like a sore thumbas easy as shooting fish in a barrelas dry as a boneas funny as a barrel of monkeysthey fought like cats and dogslike watching grass growMetaphorA metaphor compares two unlike things using the form of the be verb: Is , are , was were, has , beenExamples include:the world is my oysteryou are a couch potatotime is moneyhe has a heart of stoneAmerica is a melting potyou are my sunshine
9 PersonificationPersonification gives human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, or ideas. This can really affect the way the reader imagines things. This is used in children’s books, poetry, and fictional literature. Examples include:opportunity knocked on the doorthe sun greeted me this morningthe sky was full of dancing starsthe vines wove their fingers together to form a braidthe radio stopped singing and stared at methe sun played hide and seek with the cloudsOnomatopoeiaOnomatopoeia is the use of words that sound like their meaning, or mimic sounds. They add a level of fun and reality to writing. Here are some examples:the burning wood hissed and crackledthe words: beep, whirr, click, whoosh, swish, zap, zing, ping, clang, bong, hum, boom, munch, gobble, crunch, pow, smash, wham, quack, meow, oink, and tweet.
10 HyperboleHyperbole is an outrageous exaggeration that emphasizes a point, and can be ridiculous or funny. Hyperboles can be added to fiction to add color and depth to a character. Examples are:You snore louder than a freight train.It's a slow burg. I spent a couple of weeks there one day.She is so dumb, she thinks Taco Bell is a Mexican phone company.I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill.You could have knocked me over with a feather.
11 irony [ī′rə nē, ī′ər nē]The definition of irony is the use of words where the meaning is the opposite of their usual meaning or what is expected to happen.An example of irony is someone who talks a lot having nothing to say when asked a question.An example of irony is a whaling ship being used to save marine animals after a tsunami.
12 Situational IronyThis type of irony may occur when the outcome of a certain situation is completely different than what was initially expected. It is often referred to as an “irony of events.”Examples of irony in the situational category include a contradiction or sharp contrast. Example: A person who claims to be a vegan and avoids meat but will eat a slice of pepperoni pizza because they are hungry. It may not make sense, but it is an illustration of irony.Example: A man who is a traffic cop gets his license suspended for unpaid parking tickets.Example: An ambulance driver goes to a nightime bike accident scene and runs over the accident victim because the victim has crawled to the center of the road with their bike.
13 Dramatic IronyDramatic irony occurs when there is miscommunication in a book, play or film and the audience is smarter than the characters.Example: As an audience member, you realize that if a character walks into an abandoned warehouse, chances are a killer is waiting... but because you are a member of the audience you cannot disclose the information to the character.Example: In Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare Romeo finds Juliet in a drugged state and he thinks she is dead. He kills himself. When Juliet wakes up she finds Romeo dead and kills herself.Example: In Macbeth by William Shakespeare Macbeth appears to be loyal to Duncan but he is planning Duncan's murder. Duncan doesn't know Macbeth's plans but the audience knows what is going to happen.This is most often seen in horror films. If you are watching a horror movie, you know by the actions of a character that their number is about to be up.
14 SarcasmSarcasm is yet another popular form of irony where the user intends to wittily attack or make a derogatory statement about something or someone. Often, sarcasm is confused with irony instead of being a recognized form of irony. Example: At a party a lady tells Winston Churchhill he is drunk to which Churchhill said "My dear, you are ugly...but tomorrow I shall be sober."Example: In "The Canterbury Tales" Chaucer criticizes the clergy who had become corrupt, by referring to the Friar as a "wanton and merry" person who takes bribes and seduces women.Sarcasm can often be funny, and witty yet simultaneously it can be hurtful and humiliating.
15 The SniperAnnotate the story “ The Sniper” marking all of the figurative language, irony,hyperbole,setting,characters,personification,simile,metaphors, Onomatopoeia,symbols, imagery.On your own sheet of paper, write these questions leaving yourself room to write in complete sentences and provide proof ( quotes) for each.What is the subject of the story? One word.What is the author’s tone toward the subject? Provide proof.What is the setting of the story? Provide proof.List some uses of imagery and describe. Provide proof.List and describe the use of Onomatopoeia.What is one use of hyperbole in the story?List and describe the use of figurative language found. Similes and metaphors.What is the irony found in the story? What type is it? Provide proof.List and describe the personification found in the story? Provide proof.What are some of the symbols found in the story and what do they symbolize? Provide proof.What is the theme of the story?Provide proof.
16 Literary connectionsOn the lined paper provided, compare one of the two major themes found in “The Sniper” to that of your novel. Make sure to have a thematic statement and provide evidence from both text to proof your point. This should be at least a 3-5 paragraph essay using as much space needed on the front and back of the lined paper.
17 Table of Contents: English Folder Section 1: Warm up / TPOWarm up 2 / TPO 2Warm up 3 / TPO 3Warm up 4 / TPO 4Warm up 5/ TPO 5Warm up 6/ TPO 6Warm up 7/TPO 7Section 2: LiteratureTone tune 1Notes:Tone/moodAuthor’s purposeCharacterization,setting,plotFigurative languageElements chart chapters 1-2 of the novel“The Sniper” short storySection 3: WritingSection 4: Grammar / Vocabulary
18 WARM UP 8 Imagine a “perfect” society (government, city, school, etc…) BRIEFLY WRITE ABOUT SOME THINGS THAT WOULD MAKE UP YOUR PERFECT SOCIETY.
19 TPOWe will list and explain the literature term dystopian and the categories and characteristics of dystopian literature.
20 Dystopian TypesWatch each video clip and decided what category of dystopian control each video fits under. Give your reason why with an example for each to back up your response. Write in complete sentences.
21 The CensorsRead the short story “The Censors” and answer the following questions.What type of dystopian control is represented in the short story? Prove your answer with embedded quotes along with your explanation.What is the type of irony used in the story and explain how it is used? Write in complete sentences
22 “The Censors”What type of dystopian control is represented in the short story? Prove your answer with embedded quotes along with your explanationWhat is the type of irony used in the story and explain how it is used? Write in complete sentencesWhat is the mood of the exposition? Explain with proof and complete sentences.
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