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World Cultures Unit 4: Families. I. Mate Selection A. Free Marriage 1. Choose a mate independently based on personality or traits that you like.

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Presentation on theme: "World Cultures Unit 4: Families. I. Mate Selection A. Free Marriage 1. Choose a mate independently based on personality or traits that you like."— Presentation transcript:

1 World Cultures Unit 4: Families

2 I. Mate Selection A. Free Marriage 1. Choose a mate independently based on personality or traits that you like

3 B. Arranged Marriage 1. Family members decided who you will marry 2. Often established in early childhood 3. Reasons for arrangement a. Economics: keeping family wealth or expansion of wealth b. Political: keeping or expanding political power c. Race/ethnicity d. Social class: Caste system a. Early identification as a couple helps in the maintenance of the relationship

4 Voices of Modern Culture Essential Question: What are some elements of family conflicts about arranged marriages? I.Review: Bend It Like Beckham II.Quickwrite: Arranged Marriage III.Exploring Knowledge: Arranged Marriage IV.Reflection: Bend It Like Beckham SB V U2 L8 Marriage Is an ArrangementAgenda

5 Review: Bend It Like Beckham Review your notes from the Bend It Like Beckham, particularly notes about wedding customs and marriage. Whats the difference between a love match and an arranged marriage?

6 Quickwrite: Arranged Marriage By yourself, complete the quickwrite on page 82. Would you accept an arranged marriage? Why or why not?

7 Exploring Knowledge: Arranged Marriage ProsCons Before reading the article, what do you think might be the benefits (pros) and drawbacks (cons) of an arranged marriage?

8 Exploring Knowledge: Arranged Marriage ProsCons As you read the article, keep track of the pros and cons as they are presented in the article.

9 Reflection: Bend It Like Beckham By yourself, complete the reflection on page 83. What pressures do you think Jess in Bend It Like Beckham may feel about marriage from her family and culture? How do you expect that she will feel?

10 4. Examples: a. Japan i. A middle man puts together a list of potential mates = chose from a menu b. Egypt i. Secret observations: men go to places women gather and pick one they like to ask their parents about

11 C. Theories 1. Endogamy a. Identifies the specific groups that a mate must be chosen from (most like your own) b. Prohibits marriage outside of your own race, ethnicity, religion, social group c. Intended to reinforce the cohesiveness of a group

12 d. Examples: i. Amish: must marry other Amish ii. Yaruros of Venezuela: must marry a cousin chosen by the uncle of the male

13 2. Exogamy a. Requires mate selection from outside of certain groups b. Widen genetic mixing c. Incest Taboo: no marriage or sexual relations with specified relatives i. Forbidden in 95% of all cultures d.Homosexuality: no marriage or sexual relations with the same gender i. Forbidden in 92% of all cultures

14 3. Love a. Not viewed as needed in some relationships i. Some areas religion & economic needs are more important ii. US & Western Europe place a high degree of importance on Love a. Bonded/friend to create a new life with away from parents

15 II. Marriage vs. Mating A. Marriage 1. Union of 2 or more individuals for sexual & economic aspects that is supported by religious institutions & society a. Exclusive bond

16 B. Mating 1. Sexual relations for various reasons 2. Non-exclusive 3. Controlled by laws & social rules a. Age, race, gender, blood or marriage relation to person

17 Fulani: males paint their faces, dress in bright colors, and dance to attract a wife or wives. Video Clip on Mating Start at 12:30, end at 23 Mate Selection Ritual

18 III. Marriage Types A. Monogamy 1. Marriage between two individuals 2. Most common form of marriage 3. Serial Monogamy a. A person marries, divorces, marries, divorces, etc….. one person at a time b. Reasons: economics, love, companionship, abuse Traditional Jewish Wedding Video Clip

19 B. Polygamy 1. Having multiple spouses 2. Most common in areas that are: a. Torn by war b. Governed by Islam or Mormons c. Agricultural areas, where more kids are an advantage d. More of one gender than the other

20 3. Types of Polygamy a. Polygyny i. One man marries multiple women (most common form) ii. Men can only have as many wives as he can provide for iii. Examples: Muslim Nations Africa Fundamentalist Mormons

21 Inside Polygamy: FundamentalistsInside Polygamy: Fundamentalists: 50 minutes Spotlight on a Young Polygamist Family Video The Story Continued Polygamist Family Video

22 b. Polyandry i. One woman marries multiple men (only practiced in.5% of cultures in the world) ii. Most common form is where a woman marries all of the brothers in a family iii. Practiced where family land is inherited through men, do not want to cut it down iv. Examples: Nepal Indonesia

23 Brothers Share One Wife Part 1 Brothers Share One Wife Part 2 Multiple Husbands: Nat Geo

24 c. Group Marriage i. Many men and many women all married to each other ii. Examples: Communal Marriage: Indonesia Polyamorous Family Video Clip

25 d. Special Case: Non-sexual same-sex marriage i. Nandi in Kenya a.Male dominate society & inheritance goes through male line i. Wife is infertile = no male heir ii.Wife marries a younger woman & becomes the new wifes Husband iii. Male can then try for new children with the new wife iv. Child is their shared offspring

26 Other Marriage Concerns/Forms Too Young to Marry Video Incarceration Generation Video

27 IV. Marriage Customs A. Bride Price 1. Money transferred from groom or his family to Brides family a. Compensation for loss of a daughter from the family B. Bride Service 1. Grooms works for a set period of time for the Brides family a. Compensate for loss of a daughter, prove worthiness as a husband

28 C. Dowry 1. Money given by the Brides family to the Bride and/or Groom a. Financial support for the new family 2. Usually belongs to the wife: goes with her if divorced D. Gift Exchange 1. Families exchange gifts a. Promotes an inner-family bond

29 E. Daughter Exchange 1. Female relative of the Groom marries a male relative of the Wife a. Maintains family size b. Creates additional bonds between the two families

30 V. Divorce: ending a marriage A. Steps/areas of impact in a divorce 1. Emotional detachment 2. Legal process & grounds for it 3. Economic effects 4. Co-parental rights 5. Community divorce a. Changes in friends & institutional ties 6. Psychological a. Gaining autonomy, self-esteem issues, creating a new identity

31 B. Factors for higher divorce probabilities 1. Marriage at a young age: (15-19) 2. Short acquaintance/courtship before (less than 1 year) 3. Short or no engagement period (less than 6 months) 4. Acceptance by family members (parents especially) 5. No/few common interests 6. Belonging to different faiths/religions 7. Failure to attend religious services

32 US Divorce Rates 1920: 13.4 out of : 17 out of : 16.9 out of : 26.6 out of : 25.8 out of : 32.8 out of : 49.7 out of : 51.3 out of : 40 out of : 36 out of Disagreement on authority or child rearing 9. Urban backgrounds 10. Economic hardships or disagreements

33 Voices of Modern Culture Essential Question: What are some ways family that family can be defined? I.Quickwrite: Family and Culture II.Culture and Family: Defining Family SB V U2 L2 Family and Tradition Agenda

34 Quickwrite: Family and Culture By yourself, quickwrite about an experience that you have had with family (your own or another) that connects to the idea of culture.

35 Culture and Family: Defining Family How do family and culture connect? record your ideas in the following Venn diagram: Family Culture Both

36 Culture and Family: Defining Family Our Working Definition of Family:

37 VI. Family A. Social institution that is present in every culture in various forms B. Functions of the Family 1. Reproduction 2. Protection 3. Socialization 4. Regulation of sexual behaviors & relations 5. Affection & companionship 6. Social status 7. Care for elder members

38 C. Forms of the Family 1. Family of Orientation a. Family you are born & raised in 2. Family of Procreation a. Family that you start with your spouse 3. Nuclear Family a. Parents & unmarried children b. Serves as the core of all family groups c. Steadily declining due to divorce & other situations

39 4. Blended Families a. Husband, wife, & unmarried children from other marriages 5. Foster/Adopted Families a. 1 or more adult guardians & children not of their own

40 6. Single Parent Families a. Only 1 parent & their unmarried children i. Most common in industrial nations & war zones ii. Most often the mother & children (60-70% of the cases)

41 7. Extended Families a. Multiple generations of one family living together i. More people to help in the raising of children & providing money

42 8. Alternative Household Arrangements a. Kibbutz/Communes i. Group of individuals & families joined into an economic & social community ii. Marxist theories started the trend in 1910 a. Collective farming b. Share all aspects of the community: limited personal ownership c. All members are involved in governing the group, raising the children, & resolving conflicts


44 D. Family Authority Patterns: Who controls the family 1. Patriarchy a. Males are expected to dominate the family i. Usually the eldest male or the husband b. Women tend to have low status Muslim Nations Rural China & Asia c. Examples:

45 d. Expected Behaviors of Saudi Arabian Women i. Be very modest & respectful to males ii. Faces covered in public (veil), wear long sleeves, long skirt, & head covering iii. Men & women must be segregated in public iv. Women have the same religious duties as men, but they must pray at home v. Women cannot inherit property or own it vi. If they want to travel a. Get written permission from a male family member to board an airplane or stay in a hotel without her husband

46 vii. Only receive a public education with the permission of parents a. Not allowed to have contact with boys at the school or men viii. Women are not allowed to work in a career that brings them into contact with men a. Cant sell mens clothes, work in a doctors office with male patients ix. Illegal to be photographed in public or without their veil on x. Husband can divorce a wife by stating I divorce you! three times in public with witnesses a. Women cannot divorce usually, & if they can the children remain with the father xi. Men: adultery is a minor offense, Women: may be killed for the crime

47 2. Matriarchy a. Women are expected to dominate the family i. Usually the eldest female or wife b. Men have lower status c. Examples: Native American tribes

48 Not Without My Daughter Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Part 7

49 3. Egalitarian a. Spouses are regarded as equals in the family b. Both split the responsibilities & the power c. Example: United States

50 E. Family Residence Patterns 1. Where the new family lives is determined by the culture 2. Neolocal: expected to create a separate household 3. Patrilocal: live near or with the Husbands family 4. Matrilocal: live near or with the Wifes family

51 F. Decent Patterns 1. How a persons linage & kinship is tracked for inheritance, emotional ties, social status 2. Bilateral a.Mothers & fathers is equally important 3. Patrilineal a. Only the Fathers lineage is important 4. Matrilineal a. Only the Mothers lineage is important

52 G. Family & Kinship definitions 3. Sibling: a brother or sister 4. Cousin: children of our parents brothers & sisters a. Cross cousin: child of the fathers sister or Mothers Brother b. Parallel Cousin: child of the Fathers brother or the Mothers sister 1. Descent: the cultural recognition of kinship connections between a child & the parents kin 2. Kindred: a kinship group that consists of the blood relatives of the individual & their spouse

53 Family Tree Symbol Key

54 Im My Own Grandpa Now that we have practiced with decent tracking its time to put those skills to the test by taking the family talked about in the following song and charting it using the symbols discussed and practiced in class. Im My Own Grandpa Video


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