Presentation on theme: "Jesus: Human & Divine The Two Natures of Jesus. Human Mind, Human Heart Joys and trials of human nature: – Close friends and family – Shared meals and."— Presentation transcript:
Jesus: Human & Divine The Two Natures of Jesus
Human Mind, Human Heart Joys and trials of human nature: – Close friends and family – Shared meals and celebrations Wedding Dinner with Martha, Mary and Lazarus Visited the homes of others Experienced hunger, frustration, pain, fatigue, suffering and sorrow Cries Psychological fear, genuine pain, and emotional anxiety Dies We join our everyday experiences to those of Jesus and are able to grow in holiness
A Faithful Jew Raised in a Jewish home – Mary and Joseph are devout Jews who bring Jesus up in the Jewish faith Circumcised Presented at the Temple – Sacrifice of lamb and turtledove Practiced his faith – Celebrates the Jewish holidays Passover, Tabernacles, Dedication Travels to Jerusalem for feasts Studied the Torah and teaches with it Goes to synagogue on the Sabbath
Anti- Semitism Prejudice against the Jewish people – Canaanites – Book of Esther – Charged with deicide – Called Christ killers – Holocaust
Life in the 1 st century Historical background – Under Roman control since 63 AD – Local kings ruled but must remain faithful to the emperor – Three territories of Palestine ruled by the three sons of King Herod Eventually Judea was given over to the control of a Roman procurator, Pontius Pilate Realities of Roman occupation – Roman money – Roman presence – Roman taxes, in addition to local taxes – Opposition met with violence and cruelty crucifixion Roman religion – Emperor worship – Mystery religions Greek influences Egyptian influences
Historical Context Jesus is at odds with the society of the day – Cruelty and oppression from leaders Jesus just barely escapes death as a baby – Tax collections Jews employed by Rome to collect taxes were despised by the people – Political and economic oppression Threats of violence and cruelty were a constant presence in their lives – Marginalized people Poor, sinners, women, sick, tax collectors
Union of Human and Divine Early Church Councils – Response to the heresies circulating regarding Jesus nature Chalcedon – Proclaimed the hypostatic union of Jesus human and divine natures Constantinople (2 nd ) – Everything that human Jesus did, God did, including suffering and dying Hypostatic Union – The union of Jesus Christs divine and human natures in one divine person, joined completely as one We experience Jesus divinity through his humanity Jesus never stops being God – Everything Jesus did, God did
Lord and Redeemer Lord – OT name for God is YHWH – Substitute- adonai or Lord An indication of Jesus divinity In Greek Kyrios Redeemer – Ancient practice of paying a ransom for a slave by someone known as a redeemer. – Jesus paid the price to free us from our sins
1.Name some examples from the Scriptures that illustrate Jesus experiencing both the blessings and frustrations of normal life. The Gospels tell us that Jesus experienced the ups and downs of any human life. He attended weddings such as the one at Cana (see John 2:1–11). He enjoyed visiting friends, such as his visit to Martha, Mary, and Lazarus (see Luke 10:38–42). He also visited those who were misunderstood or outcast, such as Pharisees and tax collectors (see Luke 7:36–50, 19:1–10). When hungry and thirsty during his fast in the desert, Jesus faced temptations from the Devil (see Matthew 4:1–11). He grieved when his friend Lazarus And most obviously, Jesus experienced fear, anxiety, and physical pain in his Passion and death.
2. How do the Gospels help us to understand Jesus religious life as a faithful Jew? The Gospels give us many examples of Jesus as a faithful and observant Jew. They tell us that Jesus was brought up in a Jewish family in accordance with Jewish laws and traditions. For example, Jesus was circumcised eight days after his birth, a physical sign of Gods Covenant with Israel that identified him as one of the descendants of Abraham, Gods Chosen People. Mary and Joseph presented Jesus at the Temple in Jerusalem and sacrificed two turtledoves, following laws given in Exodus and Leviticus. The Gospels show us how Jesus celebrated Jewish holidays, such as Passover. Finally, in the Gospels we often find Jesus clearly demonstrating his deep knowledge of the Hebrew Scriptures, or Old Testament. In one case he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath, read a passage from the Book of Isaiah, and taught the assembly about the passage.
3. How did the Roman rule in Palestine affect Jesus and the Jewish community? The Roman Empire was a constant reality in the lives of Jesus and his companions. They used Roman money, encountered Roman soldiers patrolling the streets, and paid Roman taxes and tolls. The Romans allowed local kings to rule regions. At Jesus birth, the Palestinian king was Herod, who had all baby boys executed when he heard rumors of the birth of a new king of the Jews, Jesus. By the time of Jesus death, the Romans had set up Pontius Pilate as a procurator to rule in place of Herods son. The Romans were officially tolerant of the many cultures under their rule, but as a militant society, they put down rebellions quickly and violently to discourage opposition. Their methods included crucifying rebels and other lawbreakers. Citizens were expected to follow the official religion of emperor worship. Many other traditions were also practiced, but Judaism was still a religious minority.
4. What is the hypostatic union? The hypostatic union refers to the union of Jesus Christs divine and human natures in one Divine Person. The two natures do not simply exist separately and side by side. Rather, they are united so completely that both are fully present. 5. Why is the hypostatic union important to us today? Jesus is one Divine Person, fully united in his human and divine natures. Thus, we can know and experience the divinity of Jesus through his humanity. Furthermore, because of the hypostatic union, we become part of Christs Body, the Church, when we are baptized into Christ. This allows us to experience God not only through Jesus humanity but also through our own.
6. What does it mean to call Jesus Lord and Redeemer? When we call Jesus Lord, we recognize his divinity. Recognizing Jesus as our Lord demonstrates reverence and trust, recognizes the mystery of Jesus divinity, and acknowledges that the honor we show God the Father is due to the Son as well. We call Jesus Redeemer because he ransomed us from our enslavement by sin. In the Roman Empire, someone who paid the ransom to free a slave was called a redeemer, and the early Christians adopted this terminology to reflect our salvation in Christ. Jesus could only redeem or save humanity through his suffering and death because (1)he is fully human and could fully experience that suffering and death, (2)he is also fully divine, with the power to save us. As our Redeemer, therefore, Jesus united humanity with God and made salvation possible.