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Romeo and Juliet Act 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Romeo and Juliet Act 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Romeo and Juliet Act 2

2 Prologue The Chorus delivers another short sonnet It describes:
The new love between Romeo and Juliet The enmity between the families which makes it difficult for them to meet But their love gives them the power and determination to overcome these obstacles

3 Act II, Scene i - Summary Having left the feast, Romeo feels he can’t go home, but longs to be with Juliet He leaps the Capulet orchard wall, and hears Benvolio and Mercutio making rude remarks about his obsession with Rosaline He is in terrible danger if he is found there – he knows this, but does not care due to his need to see Juliet again

4 Romeo and Isolation In this scene, Romeo begins a separation from his friends that continues throughout the play His inability to reveal his love of a Capulet heightens his isolation By leaping the wall surrounding the Capulet orchard, Romeo physically separates himself from Mercutio and Benvolio—a separation that reflects the distance he feels from society, his friends, and his family

5 Mercutio and Love Mercutio calls to Romeo using physical and sexual innuendo To Mercutio, love is a conquest, a physical endeavour He reveals a crude understanding of love—“quivering thigh, / And the demesnes that there adjacent lie” His view of love contrasts sharply to Romeo’s- this elevates the love of Romeo and Juliet Romeo’s leap over the Capulet wall is symbolic of his flight to a spiritual love as he moves away from Mercutio’s crude understanding of love

6 Act II, Scene ii - Summary
Romeo stands beneath Juliet’s bedroom window Juliet appears on the balcony and thinking she’s alone, reveals her love for Romeo She despairs over the feud and the problems it creates Romeo listens and when Juliet calls on him to “doff” his name, he reveals himself They exchange expressions of love and devotion Nurse calls Juliet away, but she returns They agree to marry Juliet promises to send a messenger the next day so that Romeo can explain the wedding arrangements The scene concludes as day breaks and Romeo leaves to seek the advice of Friar Lawrence

7 Light Imagery Shakespeare uses light and dark imagery in this scene to describe the blossoming of Romeo and Juliet’s romance Juliet is compared to the sun and stars, and as a ‘bright angel’ As Romeo stands in the shadows, he looks to the balcony and compares Juliet to the sun Romeo implies that her very appearance is enough to banish night-time Thus, as Romeo steps from the moonlit darkness into the light from Juliet’s balcony, he has left behind his melodramatic woes and moved toward a more genuine, mature understanding of love

8 Pure Love Shakespeare describes the pure and innocent quality of their love by juxtaposing the balcony scene with Mercutio’s lewd sexual jokes in the previous scene Romeo returns to the religious imagery when he describes Juliet as, “a bright angel” and “dear saint” The recurring use of religious imagery emphasises the purity of Romeo and Juliet’s love

9 Darkness The scene takes place at nighttime, illustrating the way Romeo and Juliet’s love exists in a world separate from others Throughout the play, their love flourishes at night - an allusion to the forbidden nature of their relationship As night ends and dawn breaks, the two are forced to part to avoid being discovered by the Capulets

10 Romeo and Development Romeo begins to display signs of increasing maturity His speeches are now natural rather than the rehearsed rhymed couplets Romeo is no longer the melancholy lover of Act I He is no longer concerned with himself, but thinks of Juliet He is willing to sacrifice his family, society and his life for her Although Romeo has matured to an extent, he remains somewhat immature when compared with Juliet She considers practical and logical ideas He is impetuous, headstrong breaking into his enemy’s garden and risking his life He continues speaking in romantic exaggerated images

11 Juliet Juliet reveals intelligence through complex philosophical thought concerning the nature of identity Compares Romeo to a rose and reasons that if a rose were given another name, it would still be a rose Shows increasing self-possession and confidence - introduces the idea of marriage Practical, concerned with Romeo’s safety Realist: stops Romeo from swearing his love on the moon as it is too “inconstant” and “variable” - encourages him to express his love genuinely Mature in understanding they are moving too quickly and that their love may not last: “It is too rash, too unadvised, too sudden”

12 Marriage ‘I have no joy of this contract tonight’ - She is aware that they are both in the grip of a passion and possession that they cannot fight – and that it may not necessarily end well for them (foreshadowing) Very quickly, she demands that if Romeo’s ‘love be honourable’, then they should marry immediately, and she will give up everything for him (including her name) At Juliet’s suggestion, they plan to marry

13 Tension Fear Romeo will be discovered by the Capulets
Feel anxious for Juliet who is unaware that she is exposing her innermost feelings to Romeo Interruptions from the Nurse add to the atmosphere of intense urgency as the lovers frantically say good-bye It also reveals the way in which others intrude upon and destroy their love The anticipation of their forthcoming marriage continues to build further tension and increase the pace of the play However, this is the most positive, joyful, problem free scene in the play It is the only scene where their love is developed and explored, with the possibility of a happy conclusion

14 Fate Juliet seeks her own fate rather than a destiny imposed upon her by her parents as she introduces the idea of marriage to Romeo Juliet’s promise to Romeo to “follow thee my lord throughout the world” foreshadows the final scene of the play, when Juliet follows Romeo into death

15 Society Juliet refuses to accept that Romeo must be her enemy, but she cannot make him NOT be a Montague, and all that that name stands for In the garden, they are able to pretend that names (or language) does not matter, and that only the language of love holds sway But the language of society will prevail in the end – Romeo IS a Montague and will only ever be seen as such by his enemies

16 Task: Trace the development of:
Romeo’s character – how does he change during the scene? Juliet’s character – what kind of person does she appear to be during the exchanges with Romeo? Use quotes to support your analysis

17 Act II, Scene iii - Summary
Friar Laurence speaks a lengthy meditation on the duality of good and evil that exists in nature This alerts us to the fact that he has a deep knowledge of the properties of plants and herbs Romeo arrives, tells him of his love for Juliet and asks the Friar to marry them later that day The Friar is amazed and concerned at the speed with which Romeo has transferred his love from Rosaline to Juliet But he agrees to marry the couple hoping it will ease the feud between the families

18 Conflict between Good and Evil
The dual nature within the Friar’s plants suggests a coexistence of good and evil: “Virtue itself turns vice, being misapplied; / And vice sometimes by action dignified.” The tension between good and evil is a constant force in this play The Friar is a good example as his intentions are good, in that he wishes to end the feud, but his plan precipitates the tragic end to the play He is naive in his underestimation of the feud and the workings of fate

19 Friar and Romeo The Friar acts as a father figure to Romeo
He is the only person to whom Romeo can confide the secret of his love for Juliet and his plans to marry He also knew about his love for Roseline, and yet Romeo’s parents did not Equally he cares about Romeo offering him advice

20 Love The Friar’s disbelief at the speed of Romeo’s love for Rosaline turning to love of Juliet causes us to question if his love is genuine He describes Romeo as a ‘young waverer’ This suggests Romeo’s emotions fluctuate Although Romeo may appear superficial at this stage he will prove his love for Juliet throughout the action of the play

21 Romeo’s Flaw Romeo is typically impulsive and wants to be married that day The Friar advises caution, reminding Romeo of the love he recently had for Rosaline and the speed with which he has abandoned that love Romeo’s flaw is that he acts without thought and impulsively follows his emotions

22 Act II, Scene iv - Summary
It is the morning after the Capulet feast Benvolio explains that Tybalt has sent Romeo a challenge to fight Mercutio suggests Tybalt is a good fighter Romeo arrives and we see a change in him – he is lively, funny and quick-witted The marriage plans proceed as Nurse arrives to find out information for Juliet Mercutio exasperates her with his sharp mocking words Romeo tells the Nurse that Juliet should meet him at Friar Laurence’s cell at 2 p.m. that afternoon to be married The Nurse is to collect a rope ladder from Romeo so that he can climb to Juliet’s window to celebrate their wedding night

23 Romeo Development We see a change in Romeo
He is now rejuvenated, buoyed by romantic energy Thoughts of his marriage have enlivened him and his mind enabling him to meet all of Mercutio’s verbal challenges with equally intelligent, rapid retorts – he outwits Mercutio An air of excited anticipation energizes the atmosphere Mercutio notices this change: ‘is this not better than groaning for love? Now art thou Romeo.’ This ‘sociable’ Romeo is the ‘real’ Romeo

24 Tybalt’s Threat Mercutio doubts Romeo’s ability to fight with Tybalt: ‘Alas, poor Romeo, he is already dead!’ Dramatic irony, as Romeo will kill Tybalt Tybalt’s challenge embroils Romeo in the feud even though he has a peaceable nature Tybalt’s anger is caused by a trivial incident - he is determined to confront Romeo despite Capulet’s opposition The mischievous repartee contrasts with the darkly ominous threats of Tybalt’s challenge As in other parts of the play, vastly contrasting ideas coexist – love/hate; euphoria/despair

25 The Nurse Brings news of Juliet to Romeo, and warns that ‘the gentlewoman is very young’ and that if he should ‘deal double’ with her, it would be an ‘ill thing to be offered to any gentlewoman, and very weak dealing’ She is concerned for Juliet and acts as a mother Romeo reassures her that he is serious in his intent

26 Tension The sense of anticipation increases in this scene through repeated references to time The Nurse’s delay in finding Romeo amplifies an already intense sense of urgency News that the wedding ceremony will take place at 2 p.m. illustrates the speed with which Romeo and Juliet meet and are to be married - in less than 24 hours!

27 Act II, Scene v - Summary Juliet waits impatiently for the nurse to return (she has been gone three hours) Whether deliberately or not – the Nurse delays telling her Romeo’s news, thus building up dramatic tension for Juliet (and the audience..) Instead, she complains about her aches and pains Nurse relents when Juliet becomes forceful The Nurse then leaves to collect the rope ladder Again, Juliet reveals the practical, no-nonsense, and direct aspects of her character and personality

28 Time and Tension The dizzying speed with which the lovers fell in love is contrasted with the long hours Juliet waits for news It emphasises the nature of time dragging when parted from a loved one The Nurse’s comic role increases the tension in this scene as she deliberately refuses to be hurried by Juliet Juliet is forced to wait and coax the news from the Nurse, stifling her impatience when the Nurse continually changes the subject

29 Juliet’s Development The scene echoes Romeo’s discussions with the Friar because both Romeo and Juliet are desperately impatient to wed Juliet’s soliloquy and her subsequent exchanges with the Nurse show her desire to be with Romeo and her growing impetuous nature Unlike her demeanor in other scenes, Juliet reveals little patience for deferred gratification However, marriage suggests Juliet’s necessary maturity with ominous, fateful overtones - can she be mature at 13?

30 The plan Juliet has to pretend to be going to confession, and in Friar Laurence’s cell, she and Romeo will be secretly married by the Friar A servant of Romeo’s will bring a rope ladder to the Nurse, who will so arrange this as to allow Romeo access to Juliet’s room (wherein the marriage can be consummated) Consummation was an important legal, moral, emotional and religious concept

31 Act II, Scene vi - Summary
Romeo and Friar Laurence wait for Juliet The Friar has misgivings about the hastiness of the decision to marry He hopes that fate will favour their actions: ‘so smile the heavens upon this holy act..’ Romeo – reckless as ever – does not care about the consequences, but believes wholeheartedly in the power of love Juliet arrives and the Friar takes them into the church to be married

32 Power of Love Romeo believes in the strength of love to overcome all difficulties He believes that not even death can counteract the pleasure he feels in marrying Juliet He boldly believes love has the power to defeat death: “love-devouring death” He asserts that no matter what miseries await love overrides them all: ‘But come what sorrow can, It cannot countervail the exchange of joy That one short minute gives me in her sight’

33 Foreshadowing and Fate
The Friar counsels moderation, warning that ‘these violent delights have violent ends’ However, he is becoming embroiled in the rash actions of Romeo and Juliet The wedding scene is notable for its brevity and pervasive atmosphere of impending doom Images of happiness and marriage are repeatedly paired with images of violence and death Although he is unhesitating in his desire to be married to Juliet, Romeo’s challenge to fate is prophetic and full of dramatic irony because it foreshadows the final outcome; that death triumphs over both protagonists

34 At the end of Act 2 These are the final ‘happy’ scenes
Shakespeare emphasises the thrilling and ecstatic joy of young, romantic love The mood and tone are euphoric, with only a few small notes of foreshadowing included to remind the audience that this is a tragedy, and there will be no ‘happy ending’ for Romeo and Juliet

35 Writing task Read Act II Scene iii closely once more, then write brief answers to the following: What does Friar Laurence’s opening speech tell us about him, and his views on nature..? What does this scene tell us about Romeo’s character (and Friar Laurence’s opinion of him..)

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