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©2014 TEXAS CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY, W.L. ADAMS CENTER FOR WRITING Using A, An, and The in American English.

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Presentation on theme: "©2014 TEXAS CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY, W.L. ADAMS CENTER FOR WRITING Using A, An, and The in American English."— Presentation transcript:

1 ©2014 TEXAS CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY, W.L. ADAMS CENTER FOR WRITING Using A, An, and The in American English

2 What is an article? 2 An article signals the word that follows is a noun. In American English, articles are a, an, and the. The articles a and an signal that the noun following is only one of a general class of items. Examples: The boy looked around for a bathroom. Who would like to eat an apple? Swiss scientists conducted an experiment. A database yields helpful information about accidents.

3 When do I use a? 3 Use a before count nouns that begin with consonants. (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z). Also use a when an adjective begins with a consonant. a flowera pink flower a belief a religious belief a centrifugea solar-powered centrifuge a genea genetic assay a mirrora broken mirror

4 When do I use an? 4 Use an before count nouns beginning with vowels (a, e, i, o, & u). We attended an opera at the Met in New York. He worked as an assistant to the professor. An average of his grades indicated that he passed the course. Use an before adjectives that begin with vowels. She sang in an operatic style. We painted an interior wall blue. We rescued an abandoned kitten.

5 What about adjectives? 5 Use a if an adjective preceding a noun begins with a consonant : a flowera pink flower a beliefa religious belief a centrifugea solar-powered centrifuge a genea genetic assay a mirrora broken mirror

6 Practice: Which words begin with consonants? 6 weddingrivertomato uncleauntdrivers license Chromosomenoseexperiment danceshoefork booke-maileclipse Leyden jarfleaoffice testsheepinterest phone tableumbrella radiodogvisa

7 answers: Which words begin with consonants? 7 weddingrivertomato uncleauntdrivers license Chromosomenoseexperiment danceshoefork booke-maileclipse Leyden jarfleaoffice testsheepinterest phone tableumbrella radiodogvisa

8 Test 8 Which words require the article a? Which require an? weddingrivertomato uncleauntdrivers license Chromosomenoseexperiment danceshoefork booke-maileclipse Leyden jarfleaoffice testsheepinterest phone tableumbrella radiodogvisa

9 Test 9 Which words require the article a? Which require an? a weddinga rivera tomato an unclean aunta drivers license a chromosomea nosean experiment a dancea shoea fork a bookan e-mailan eclipse a Leyden jara fleaan office a testa sheepan interest a phone a tablean umbrella a radioa doga visa

10 Test: Vowels 10 Which of these words begin with vowels? orangecoateye babyinfantovercoat busoperationeagle elevatoruncleapple blanket childphone Petri dishopenincome passportexit alternating weddingcityrace

11 Test: Vowels 11 Which of these words begin with vowels? orangecoateye babyinfantovercoat busoperationeagle elevatoruncleapple blanket childphone Petri dishopenincome passportexit alternating weddingcityrace

12 Practice: adjectives change article requirements 12 A mirroran oval mirror A cakean elegant cake A mistakean obvious mistake A prisoneran escaped prisoner A questionan easy question A visaan exit visa

13 How adjectives change article requirements 13 An egga painted egg An echoa faraway echo An orangea peeled orange An obia red obi An overcoata black overcoat An atlasa world atlas An agenta customs agent An irona hot iron An accenta French accent

14 Practice 1: Using A and An 14 Choose which article is correct to use before each of the following nouns: sensorelectromagnetic sensor automobilecar objectsharp object ioncharged ion variableindependent variable currentalternating current orangutanmature orangutan enginecombustion engine

15 Practice Using A and And (Correct Responses) 15 Choose which article is correct to use before each of the following nouns: a sensoran electromagnetic sensor an automobilea car an objecta sharp object an iona charged ion a variablean independent variable a currentan alternating current an orangutana mature orangutan an enginea combustion engine

16 Practice: Would You Use A or An? 16 bananaoverripe banana enginediesel engine sailboatinflatable sailboat upgradesignificant upgrade replacementinefficient replacement lanyardelastic lanyard sensorphotoelectric sensor representativeelected representative

17 Correct Responses: Using A and An 17 a bananaan overripe banana an enginea diesel engine a sailboatan inflatable sailboat an upgradea significant upgrade a replacementan inefficient replacement a lanyardan elastic lanyard a sensora photoelectric sensor a representativean elected representative

18 Test: Would You Use A or An? 18 colorbright colorawful color markaccent markscratch mark explanationsimple explanationlong explanation examessay exameasy exam testsimple testextensive test panaluminum panlarge pan apartmentavailable apartmentgarden apartment emergencydental emergencyemergency room poemanthology of poemspoem anthology identitymistaken identitystolen identity pipeexhaust pipesteel pipe rampaccess rampclosed ramp cashieravailable cashier agreementterms-of-service agreement

19 Test: A or An? (Correct Responses) 19 a colora bright coloran awful color a markan accent marka scratch mark an explanationa simple explanationa long explanation an examan essay examan easy exam a testa simple testan extensive test a panan aluminum pana large pan an apartmentan available apartmenta garden apartment an emergencya dental emergencyan emergency room a poeman anthology of poemsa published anthology an identitya mistaken identitya stolen identity a pipean exhaust pipea steel pipe a rampan access rampa closed ramp a cashieran available cashier an agreementa terms-of-service agreement

20 No Articles Necessary 20 No articles are necessary for proper nouns that are names of cities, streets, nations, continents, mountains, parks, or lakes: The flight to New York arrived an hour late. A number of restaurants and shops operate on Berry Street in Fort Worth. Sri Lanka is a tropical country of great importance to botanists. Asia is an increasing consideration in global marketing strategies. We took many photos of Mount Fuji on our trip last summer. Niagara Falls is a popular honeymoon destination for Americans. If you go to Austin for the weekend, you must visit Lake Travis, which is a beautiful attraction.

21 Practice Exercise 21 Provide articles a, an or the where appropriate in these sentences: New Guinea was once area of Greater Australia with most advance technology. Photoelectric sensor is requirement of contract. Explanation for increase in sales could be bankruptcy of competing company. Student in class is also laboratory assistant. Study measured positive correlation between sodium intake and elevated blood pressure.

22 Correct Responses 22 Provide articles a, an or the where appropriate in these sentences: New Guinea was once the area of Greater Australia with the most advanced technology. A photoelectric sensor is a requirement of the contract. The photoelectric sensor is a requirement of the contract. The explanation for an increase in sales could be the bankruptcy of the competing company. An explanation for the increase in sales could be the bankruptcy of a competing company. A student in the class is also a laboratory assistant. A student in the class is also the laboratory assistant. A study proved the positive correlation between sodium intake and elevated blood pressure. The study proved a positive correlation between sodium intake and elevated blood pressure.

23 Articles before verbs 23 Some verbs can become nouns if you place an article in front of them: to drivea drivethe drive to studya studythe study to offeran offerthe offer to benefita benefitthe benefit to coordinatea coordinate the coordinate to rescuea rescuethe rescue to releasea releasethe release to snacka snackthe snack to influencean influencethe influence

24 Would You Use A, An, or The? 24 ___story of ___family before ___revolution is always interesting. ___story of ___Mendoza family begins before ___Mexican Revolution. ___respiratory system is ___group of internal organs required for ___process of ___breathing. ___We studied ___respiratory system in the humpback whale. ___mammal has ___mouth, ___nose, and lungs. We dissected ___mouth, ___nose, and ___lungs of ___ specimen. How do you calculate ___hypotenuse of ___right triangle? We miscalculated ___hypotenuse of __right triangle in that problem. I usually miscalculate ___hypotenuse of ___right triangle in geometry problems.

25 Correct Responses: A, An, or The? 25 _The_ story of _a_ family before _a_ revolution is always interesting. __The_story of __the_Mendoza family begins before _The_ Mexican Revolution. _A__respiratory system is _a_ group of internal organs required for _the_ process of breathing. ___We studied _the_respiratory system in the humpback whale. _A__mammal has _a__mouth, __a_nose, and lungs. We dissected __the_mouth, _the__nose, and _the_ lungs of _a__ specimen. How do you calculate _the_hypotenuse of _a_right triangle? We miscalculated _the__hypotenuse of _the_right triangle in that problem. I usually miscalculate _the__hypotenuse of _a__ right triangle in geometry problems.

26 Practice: A, An, & The 26 Provide the missing articles: Popular intelligence test in psychology is Stanford-Binet. Figure 4.25 shows relation between cerebral cortex and lateralization of function in brains of mice. Inherited gene is responsible for producing particular trait. Regular exercise is necessary for health. Regular exercise schedule is necessary for healthy lifestyle. Jonas Salk developed first vaccination for polio.

27 Correct Responses 27 A popular intelligence test in psychology is the Stanford-Binet. Figure 4.25 shows the relation between the cerebral cortex and the lateralization of function in the brains of mice. An inherited gene is responsible for producing a particular trait. Regular exercise is necessary for health. A regular exercise schedule is necessary for a healthy lifestyle. Jonas Salk developed the first vaccination for polio.

28 FINAL TEST: A, An, and The 28 Write ten sentences, using the nouns in the sentences below. If you would like to bring your sentences to the Writing Center in Reed Hall, and go over them with a tutor, make an appointment on our website: http://wrt.tcu.edu. http://wrt.tcu.edu United Statesinformationbread childrenorchidfootball songold songto visit dresscustomerticket acrobatentertainerposter MatterhornFibonacci numberaccelerant engineering majorhourhourly wage


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