Presentation on theme: "Communism on Tomorrow Street: The Soviet Union’s Revolution in Mass Housing after Stalin Steven E. Harris George Mason University February 19, 2014."— Presentation transcript:
1Communism on Tomorrow Street: The Soviet Union’s Revolution in Mass Housing after Stalin Steven E. Harris George Mason University February 19, 2014Yurii Pimenov, “Wedding on Tomorrow Street” (1962)
2Example of elite, pre-revolutionary housing in St Example of elite, pre-revolutionary housing in St. Petersburg: the Moruzi House, 24/27 Liteinyi prospekt.Source:
3THE “KOMMUNALKA” – THE COMMUNAL APARTMENT Floor plan of a contemporary St. Petersburg kommunalka. Each room is accessible off the common central hallway; measurements in feet. Source:
4THE “KOMMUNALKA” – THE COMMUNAL APARTMENT The kitchen of a kommunalka.The long corridor of a kommunalka.A family drinking tea at the dining room table in their own room. A family’s room served several functions.Source:
5“A SEPARATE APARTMENT FOR EVERY FAMILY” Nikita S. Khrushchev* Leader of the Soviet Union,A Khrushchev-era apartment building in St. Petersburg, October Photographed by the author.
6Leningrad Brasilía Chicago Paris Source: Dmitrii Gubin et al., Real’nyi Peterburg (St. Petersburg, 1999),Source: Norma Evenson, Paris: A Century of Change, (New Haven, 1979), 262.BrasilíaChicagoSource: James Holston, The Modernist City (Chicago, 1989), 176Source: Arnold Hirsch, Making the Second Ghetto (Chicago, 1998), 244.
7Floor plans for a four-apartment section in mass housing built under Khrushchev. K. Metel’skii, “Predlozheniia proektirovshchikov MITEPa,” Arkhitektura SSSR, no. 6 (1962); 13.
8Ilya Ehrenberg ( )author of The Thaw (1954)Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn ( )* author of One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962)
9Sectional furniture in a living/dining room Sectional furniture in a living/dining room. This room was part of a 1959 furniture exhibition in Moscow. Source: N. Luppov, “O vsesoiuznom konkurse na luchshuiu mebel’,” Dekorativnoe iskusstvo SSSR, no. 5 (1959): 9.
10MOVING TO THE SEPARATE APARTMENT Yuri Pimenov, “Wedding on Tomorrow Street” (1962)The State Tretyakov Gallery, MoscowYuri Pimenov, “A Lyrical House-Warming”Source: Rabotnitsa, no. 5 (1967), 10.
11MASS HOUSING AND THE COLD WAR: THE “KITCHEN DEBATE” Khrushchev and Nixon at the American Exhibition in Moscow, 1959