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Taking it forward: Summary of implications for donors raised to date Kate Tench, MG Chair Joint evaluation of GBS: Policymakers Forum, May 10 2006, OECD,

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Presentation on theme: "Taking it forward: Summary of implications for donors raised to date Kate Tench, MG Chair Joint evaluation of GBS: Policymakers Forum, May 10 2006, OECD,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Taking it forward: Summary of implications for donors raised to date Kate Tench, MG Chair Joint evaluation of GBS: Policymakers Forum, May , OECD, Paris

2 Structure 1. Need to take forward… 2. Grouping the issues… What does PGBS achieve?What does PGBS achieve? Entry conditions / thresholdsEntry conditions / thresholds PAF / IndicatorsPAF / Indicators Civil societyCivil society ComplementaritiesComplementarities Other issuesOther issues 3. Outstanding questions 4. Wedding and family

3 Need to take forward… All agree: valuable report and joint nature valuable All agree: valuable report and joint nature valuable Value of PGBS – as an important instrument – need to increase share (<100%) Value of PGBS – as an important instrument – need to increase share (<100%) Lessons and good practices for both partners and donors at national and international levels Lessons and good practices for both partners and donors at national and international levels Recommendations to be acted Recommendations to be acted on because of depth/breadth

4 What does PGBS achieve? PFM improvements central – capitalise? PFM improvements central – capitalise? Basic services direct poverty effect (+proxy) Basic services direct poverty effect (+proxy) PRS to reach growth and poverty PRS to reach growth and poverty – PRS2 expansion – PRS2 expansion PRS quality and prioritisation central PRS quality and prioritisation central Engage all donors in prioritisation Engage all donors in prioritisation Need to show results domestically for sustainability (Rwanda) Need to show results domestically for sustainability (Rwanda)

5 Entry conditions/thresholds No standard minimum thresholds No standard minimum thresholds Macro and fiscal stability importantMacro and fiscal stability important Political commitment to poverty importantPolitical commitment to poverty important Direction of change in PFMDirection of change in PFM So, broad relevance including to fragile states (?fiscal/macro?) So, broad relevance including to fragile states (?fiscal/macro?) Incremental, learning approach Incremental, learning approach Joint diagnostics (pol, econ, capacity) Joint diagnostics (pol, econ, capacity) Transparency of rationale Transparency of rationale Care and analysis in decision to enter, need to remain L-T: Exit costs Care and analysis in decision to enter, need to remain L-T: Exit costs

6 PAF / Indicators PAF as operational plan for PRS (all donors, diverse indicators)PAF as operational plan for PRS (all donors, diverse indicators) Transparent governance/political conditionality indicatorsTransparent governance/political conditionality indicators Currently no agreed definitions / levels Currently no agreed definitions / levels Ranking or prioritising indicatorsRanking or prioritising indicators Indicators at all levels – tracking spendIndicators at all levels – tracking spend Outcome indicators/virtual earmarking useful to focus on resultsOutcome indicators/virtual earmarking useful to focus on results but all indicators as management tools not triggers but all indicators as management tools not triggers

7 Good practice in design Context of local needs / flexibility Context of local needs / flexibility Good practice in management of M/L-T predictability (?) Good practice in management of M/L-T predictability (?) Decentralisation a gap Decentralisation a gap Long term approach: EC proposal for predictability in MDG financing / managing risks Long term approach: EC proposal for predictability in MDG financing / managing risks Graduated responses – diversity of: indicators / instruments / variable tranches (earmarking?) Graduated responses – diversity of: indicators / instruments / variable tranches (earmarking?) Avoid polarisation of partners - inclusive Avoid polarisation of partners - inclusive Permit use of forex reserves for management of predictability Permit use of forex reserves for management of predictability Risk appraisal and management : shared+diverse Risk appraisal and management : shared+diverse

8 Civil Society Targeting basic services and empowerment require CS voice Targeting basic services and empowerment require CS voice Opening space for CS – including donors with aid dependent partners Opening space for CS – including donors with aid dependent partners But neutrality? Closing off other voices?But neutrality? Closing off other voices? Accountability not just S: CS (+Parlia) promotion of D to be part of PGBS package Accountability not just S: CS (+Parlia) promotion of D to be part of PGBS package Engagement through PRS? Engagement through PRS?

9 Complementarities Aid instrument mix is key – what is the optimal mix/how decide? No proportions Aid instrument mix is key – what is the optimal mix/how decide? No proportions Country determined mix Country determined mix complement not compete [PGBS is an] indispensable but not exclusive instrument (Switzerland) [PGBS is an] indispensable but not exclusive instrument (Switzerland) TA to be linked more strategically (levels) TA to be linked more strategically (levels) Growth – not necessarily programmatic aid Growth – not necessarily programmatic aid But, dont focus on complementarities to ignore PGBS recommendations But, dont focus on complementarities to ignore PGBS recommendations

10 Other… Staffing: deconcentration and longer postings / skills in political analysis of commitment to poverty reduction / policy analysis / PGBS skills Staffing: deconcentration and longer postings / skills in political analysis of commitment to poverty reduction / policy analysis / PGBS skills P = mutual/joint accountability P = mutual/joint accountability Evaluation framework – evidence (NOAM) Evaluation framework – evidence (NOAM)

11 By whom… Evaluation role concludes Evaluation role concludes dissemination incl summaries/in country/NOAMdissemination incl summaries/in country/NOAM SPA – corruption SPA – corruption DAC (beyond guidelines?) DAC (beyond guidelines?) Mgt for Dev ResultsMgt for Dev Results Govnet – shared pol econ analysisGovnet – shared pol econ analysis WP EFFWP EFF

12 Outstanding questions Confusion on indicators? Not no. but disbursement link and ownership Confusion on indicators? Not no. but disbursement link and ownership Poverty impact: services proxy enough? Poverty impact: services proxy enough? Scaling up and critical values for rev effect GP on within year + M/L-T predictability (incl. mgt of trust breakdown) Scaling up and critical values for rev effect GP on within year + M/L-T predictability (incl. mgt of trust breakdown) Relevance to other country categories Relevance to other country categories Regional BS for infrastructure (to whom?) Regional BS for infrastructure (to whom?) How achieve accountability/reporting to domestic constituents - honesty How achieve accountability/reporting to domestic constituents - honesty What role safeguards? What role safeguards?

13 PGBS Marriage…and family Courtship Wedding Family Courtship Wedding Family Trust of PGBS Trust of PGBS instruments instruments Clear Prenup


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