Presentation on theme: "Lessons Learned in Ending Homelessness"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lessons Learned in Ending Homelessness Bridges Out of Poverty2012 Arizona Housing Conference Lloyd S. PendletonTucson, Arizona Special Advisor USICH Executive Director
2 Overview and key points Opening Doors – Federal Plan on Homelessness – June 2010Goals:Finish the job of ending chronic homelessness by 2015Prevent and end homelessness among Veterans by 2015Prevent and end homelessness for families, youth, and children by 2020Set a path to ending all types of homelessnessUtah Committed to homeless plan
3 Utah Committed to Chronically Homeless Individuals Spoken at this conference the last two years about our organizational and housing first approachState Homeless Coordinating Committee chaired by Lt. GovernorOrganized 12 Local Homeless Coordinating Committees chaired by an elected official – each has a ten-year plan aligned with state ten-year planUsed pilots to test new approaches and get buy in – especially housing firstRe-purposed homeless funding towards housing and providing supportive services with the housingReduced chronic homeless population by 72% from 2005 – 542 remainingCommitted to offer housing to all by 2015Today I will share concepts in working with individuals in poverty
4 “Men build too many walls and not enough bridges” Sir Isaac Newton
5 Improving Economic Stability Poverty is a significant contributor to instability and homelessnessEconomic classes -- poverty, middle class, and wealth – each has hidden rules (language)Business and educational systems operate on middle class hidden rulesMiddle Class hidden rules –Understanding this allows a person to increase their economic stability
6 What is poverty and how is it generally defined?
7 US Censes BureauThe Census Bureau defines poverty -- The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate standard of living in a given country.In 2011 the US poverty threshold for a family of four was $22,350 (DHHS)
8 Broader Perspective Make a paradigm shift in our view of poverty We will explore a broader perspective of povertyMake a paradigm shift in our view of poverty
9 Poverty is More than Money A broader definition of poverty is “the extent to which an individual goes without resources” and can include:EmotionalMentalSpiritualFinancialPhysicalSupport SystemsRelationships/Role ModelsKnowledge of Hidden RulesCoping Strategies
10 Leaving PovertyThe ability to leave poverty is more dependent on other resources than it is upon financial resources.
11 General Types of Poverty Generational – Two generations or more in povertySituational – Caused by circumstancesWhat are some circumstances that cause situational poverty?
12 Behaviors & Circumstances That Promote Poverty DependencySingle parenthoodNegative behavior of individuals and groupsValues/work ethicBreakup of families/family structureAddition, mental illnessLanguage experience
19 Businesses Schools Police Social Services Church Pawn shop With this slide we expand our examination of the environment to include businesses and other community organizations. Have the group think about the relationship between people in poverty neighborhoods and the police, schools, etc. Is that the same as it is for middle-class people? Analyze the model for stability, safety, and interactions with the dominant culture.ANCHOR:If you think of a ”pocket of poverty” in your community, you will often see certain organizations, services, and businesses. Are these present in your community?In order to understand poverty, we must also address the larger elements that co-exist with poverty in our communities.BusinessesPawn shopLiquor storeCorner storeRent-to-ownLaundromatFast foodCheck cashingTemp servicesUsed-car lotsDollar store
20 Generational Poverty – Mental Model It is a description of the concrete experience.It is an abstract representation of poverty.It shows part to whole.It depicts the relative importance and interlocking nature of the elements.It is a depiction of the trap: no future story, no choice, no power.
21 Creating a Future Story Poverty -- Living in the moment and largely based on feelings, thus three concepts need to be nurtured:Future Orientation – Tell me how this moment plays out for me in the futureChoice – So busy surviving I do not see choice; help me see where and what are my choicesPower – Often fighting social services, healthcare, & criminal justice system; help me see my power and how to effectively use it.
22 Mental model of what it looks like in middle class
23 What Does Middle Class Look Like? What issues do you face each day?What activities are you involved in?What do you think or worry about?What businesses/stores/facilities do you frequent to support your way of life?What relations do you have with schools, police, church, etc.?
25 Businesses Shopping/strip malls Bookstores Banks Fitness centers SchoolsPoliceSocialServicesChurchThis slide continues the investigation into the middle-class environment.The mental models of class show us where the hidden rules come from.BusinessesShopping/strip mallsBookstoresBanksFitness centersVet clinicsOffice complexesCoffee shopsRestaurants/barsGolf courses
30 Hidden Rules DefinedIn all classes, groups, and cultures, there are hidden rules about food, dress, decorum, etc.Hidden rules are the unspoken cues and habits of a group that an individual does or does not fit.A child will learn the rules of survival in their environment by breathing – no flip chart neededYou know you have broken a hidden rule when there’s an awkward silence, or you get “the look”
31 What are some of the hidden rules in organizations to which you belong, i.e. work, church, volunteer group, etc?
32 Possessions POVERTY MIDDLE CLASS WEALTH People Things One-of-a-kind objects, legacies, pedigrees
33 Time Poverty – Present most important -- Decisions made for the moment based on feelings of survivalMiddle Class – Future most important-- Decisions made against future ramificationsWealth – Traditions & history most important-- Decisions made partially on basis of traditions/decorum
34 Money Poverty - To be used, spent Middle Class - To be managed Wealth - To be conserved, invested
35 Food Poverty - Did you have enough? - quantity important Middle Class - Did you like it?- Quality importantWealth - Was it presented well?- Presentation important
36 ClothingPoverty - Valued for individual style and expression of personalityMiddle Class - Valued for its quality & acceptance into norm of middle classWealth - Valued for its artistic sense & expression
37 Education Poverty - Valued & revered but abstract and not a reality Middle Class - Crucial for climbing success ladder & making moneyWealth Necessary tradition for making money and maintaining connections
38 Language Poverty - Casual register - Language is about survival Middle Class - Formal register- Language is about negotiationWealth Formal register- Language is about networking
39 Registers of Language REGISTER EXPLANATION FROZEN Language that is always the same. For example: Lord’s Prayer, wedding vows, etc.FORMALThe standard sentence syntax and word choice of work and school. Has complete sentences and specific word choices.CONSULTATIVEFormal register when used in conversation. Discourse pattern not quite as direct as formal register.CASUALLanguage between friends and is characterized by a 400- to 800-word vocabulary. Word choice general and not specific. Conversation dependent upon non-verbal assists. Sentence syntax often incomplete.INTIMATELanguage between lovers or twins. Language of sexual harassment.
40 Research – Children 1-3 age by Economic Households Number of words exposed toEconomic groupAffirmations (strokes)Prohibitions (discounts)10 million wordsWelfare1 for every220 million wordsWorking class2 for every130 million wordsProfessional5 for every
42 Economic class is a continuous line, not a clear-cut distinction. Key PointEconomic class is a continuous line, not a clear-cut distinction.
43 Poverty occurs in all races and in all countries. Key PointPoverty occurs in all races and in all countries.
44 Key PointAn individual brings with him/her the hidden rules of the class in which he/she was raised.
45 We cannot blame the victims of poverty for being in poverty. Key PointWe cannot blame the victims of poverty for being in poverty.
46 Key PointWe can neither excuse persons from poverty, nor scold them for not knowing. As professionals we provide support, insistence, and expectations.
47 Key PointSchools and businesses operate from middle-class norms and use the hidden rules of middle class.
48 Key PointFor the poor to be successful, we must understand their hidden rules and teach the rules that will help them to be successful at school, at work, and in the community.
49 Key pointIn order to move from poverty to middle class or from middle class to wealth, an individual must give up relationships (at least for a short time) for achievement.
50 Key PointBy building relationships of mutual respect with those served, we are assisting them in building resources needed to move toward stability or maintain it, AND we can be transformed too.
51 “No problem can be solved from the same consciousness that created it” Albert Einstein
52 Helping, Fixing, Serving “When you help, you see life weak. When you fix, you see life as broken. When you serve, you see life a whole. Fixing and helping may be, the work of the ego, and service the work of the soul.”Naomi Remen
53 What will do differently based on what learned today? Can you make a difference in the lives of those with whom you work?How we “help” is very important!Henry experience
54 No significant learning occurs without a significant relationship. –Dr. James ComerThere are four main reasons one leaves poverty: (1) It’s too painful to stay, (2) a vision or goal, (3) a key relationship, and/or (4) a special talent or skill. Education also can be a bridge out of poverty.No significant learning—and no significant change—occurs without a significant relationship.Talk at your table about the changes your organization expects from customers.Most of our organizations ask people in poverty to change their thinking and their behavior. It all hinges on the quality of our relationships. When we develop community-engagement models, everyone can be transformed by the relationships.SEQUENCE:Bridges Out of Poverty introduces a perspective to help us understand that economic class brings a sense of identity with it. We’ll discuss how we can reframe our own thinking in order to build and maintain relationships with someone who may not come “wired” for middle-class structures and organizations.REINFORCEMENT:By building relationships of mutual respect with our customers and employees, we’re assisting them in building resources needed to move toward stability or maintain it. AND we can be transformed too.