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Lessons Learned in Ending Homelessness Bridges Out of Poverty 2012 Arizona Housing ConferenceLloyd S. Pendleton Tucson, Arizona Special Advisor USICH Executive.

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Presentation on theme: "Lessons Learned in Ending Homelessness Bridges Out of Poverty 2012 Arizona Housing ConferenceLloyd S. Pendleton Tucson, Arizona Special Advisor USICH Executive."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lessons Learned in Ending Homelessness Bridges Out of Poverty 2012 Arizona Housing ConferenceLloyd S. Pendleton Tucson, Arizona Special Advisor USICH Executive Director

2 2 Overview and key points Opening Doors – Federal Plan on Homelessness – June 2010 Goals: 1.Finish the job of ending chronic homelessness by Prevent and end homelessness among Veterans by Prevent and end homelessness for families, youth, and children by Set a path to ending all types of homelessness Utah Committed to homeless plan

3 3 Utah Committed to Chronically Homeless Individuals Spoken at this conference the last two years about our organizational and housing first approach State Homeless Coordinating Committee chaired by Lt. Governor Organized 12 Local Homeless Coordinating Committees chaired by an elected official – each has a ten-year plan aligned with state ten-year plan Used pilots to test new approaches and get buy in – especially housing first Re-purposed homeless funding towards housing and providing supportive services with the housing Reduced chronic homeless population by 72% from 2005 – 542 remaining Committed to offer housing to all by 2015 Today I will share concepts in working with individuals in poverty

4 4 Men build too many walls and not enough bridges Sir Isaac Newton

5 5 Improving Economic Stability Poverty is a significant contributor to instability and homelessness Economic classes -- poverty, middle class, and wealth – each has hidden rules (language) Business and educational systems operate on middle class hidden rules Middle Class hidden rules –Understanding this allows a person to increase their economic stability

6 6 Poverty What is poverty and how is it generally defined?

7 7 US Censes Bureau The Census Bureau defines poverty -- The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate standard of living in a given country. The Census Bureau defines poverty -- The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate standard of living in a given country. In 2011 the US poverty threshold for a family of four was $22,350 (DHHS) In 2011 the US poverty threshold for a family of four was $22,350 (DHHS)

8 8 Broader Perspective We will explore a broader perspective of poverty Make a paradigm shift in our view of poverty

9 9 Poverty is More than Money A broader definition of poverty is the extent to which an individual goes without resources and can include: Emotional Emotional Mental Mental Spiritual Spiritual Financial Financial Physical Physical Support Systems Support Systems Relationships/Role Models Relationships/Role Models Knowledge of Hidden Rules Knowledge of Hidden Rules Coping Strategies Coping Strategies

10 10 Leaving Poverty The ability to leave poverty is more dependent on other resources than it is upon financial resources.

11 11 General Types of Poverty Generational – Two generations or more in poverty Situational – Caused by circumstances What are some circumstances that cause situational poverty?

12 12 Behaviors & Circumstances That Promote Poverty Dependency Single parenthood Negative behavior of individuals and groups Values/work ethic Breakup of families/family structure Addition, mental illness Language experience

13 13 Mental Models

14 14 Mental Models Are internal pictures of how the world works Exist below awareness Are theories-in-use, often unexamined Determine how we act Can help or interfere with learning

15 15 Dialogue For a dialogue to occur we must suspend our mental model

16 16 Economic Poverty What does it look like?

17 17 Small Group Discussion Think of an adult in generational poverty. Imagine that you followed that person for a year, observing what happened and how he/she spent his/her time. Write your observations.

18 18 Mental Model for Poverty

19 Fast food Check cashing Temp services Used-car lots Dollar store Businesses Pawn shop Liquor store Corner store Rent-to-own Laundromat Church SchoolsPolice Social Services

20 20 Generational Poverty – Mental Model It is a description of the concrete experience. It is an abstract representation of poverty. It shows part to whole. It depicts the relative importance and interlocking nature of the elements. It is a depiction of the trap: no future story, no choice, no power.

21 21 Creating a Future Story Poverty -- Living in the moment and largely based on feelings, thus three concepts need to be nurtured: Future Orientation – Tell me how this moment plays out for me in the future Choice – So busy surviving I do not see choice; help me see where and what are my choices Power – Often fighting social services, healthcare, & criminal justice system; help me see my power and how to effectively use it.

22 22 Middle Class Mental model of what it looks like in middle class

23 23 What Does Middle Class Look Like? What issues do you face each day? What issues do you face each day? What activities are you involved in? What activities are you involved in? What do you think or worry about? What do you think or worry about? What businesses/stores/facilities do you frequent to support your way of life? What businesses/stores/facilities do you frequent to support your way of life? What relations do you have with schools, police, church, etc.? What relations do you have with schools, police, church, etc.?

24 24 Middle class Mental Model

25 Businesses Church SchoolsPolice Social Services Shopping/strip malls Bookstores Banks Fitness centers Vet clinics Office complexes Coffee shops Restaurants/bars Golf courses

26 26 Wealth Mental Model

27 27 Summary The Poor Middle Class Wealth Survival Relationships Entertainment Work Achievement Material security Political, financial, social connections

28 28 Survival Could you survive in poverty? Could you survive in middle class? Could you survive in wealth?

29 29 Hidden Rules

30 30 Hidden Rules Defined In all classes, groups, and cultures, there are hidden rules about food, dress, decorum, etc. In all classes, groups, and cultures, there are hidden rules about food, dress, decorum, etc. Hidden rules are the unspoken cues and habits of a group that an individual does or does not fit. Hidden rules are the unspoken cues and habits of a group that an individual does or does not fit. A child will learn the rules of survival in their environment by breathing – no flip chart needed A child will learn the rules of survival in their environment by breathing – no flip chart needed You know you have broken a hidden rule when theres an awkward silence, or you get the look You know you have broken a hidden rule when theres an awkward silence, or you get the look

31 31 What are some of the hidden rules in organizations to which you belong, i.e. work, church, volunteer group, etc?

32 32 Possessions POVERTY People MIDDLE CLASS Things WEALTH One-of-a-kind objects, legacies, pedigrees

33 33 Time Poverty – Present most important -- Decisions made for the moment based on feelings of survival Middle Class – Future most important -- Decisions made against future ramifications Wealth – Traditions & history most important -- Decisions made partially on basis of traditions/decorum

34 34 Money Poverty - To be used, spent Middle Class - To be managed Wealth- To be conserved, invested

35 35 Food Poverty- Did you have enough? - quantity important Middle Class- Did you like it? - Quality important Wealth- Was it presented well? - Presentation important

36 36 Clothing Poverty - Valued for individual style and expression of personality Middle Class - Valued for its quality & acceptance into norm of middle class Wealth - Valued for its artistic sense & expression

37 37 Education Poverty - Valued & revered but abstract and not a reality Middle Class - Crucial for climbing success ladder & making money Wealth - Necessary tradition for making money and maintaining connections

38 38 Language Poverty - Casual register - Language is about survival Middle Class - Formal register - Language is about negotiation Wealth - Formal register - Language is about networking

39 39 Registers of Language REGISTEREXPLANATION FROZEN Language that is always the same. For example: Lords Prayer, wedding vows, etc. FORMAL The standard sentence syntax and word choice of work and school. Has complete sentences and specific word choices. CONSULTATIVE Formal register when used in conversation. Discourse pattern not quite as direct as formal register. CASUAL Language between friends and is characterized by a 400- to 800-word vocabulary. Word choice general and not specific. Conversation dependent upon non-verbal assists. Sentence syntax often incomplete. INTIMATE Language between lovers or twins. Language of sexual harassment.

40 40 Research – Children 1-3 age by Economic Households Number of words exposed to Economic groupAffirmations (strokes) Prohibitions (discounts) 10 million words Welfare1 for every2 20 million words Working class2 for every1 30 million words Professional5 for every1

41 41 Key Points

42 42 Key Point Economic class is a continuous line, not a clear-cut distinction.

43 43 Key Point Poverty occurs in all races and in all countries.

44 44 Key Point An individual brings with him/her the hidden rules of the class in which he/she was raised.

45 45 Key Point We cannot blame the victims of poverty for being in poverty.

46 46 Key Point We can neither excuse persons from poverty, nor scold them for not knowing. As professionals we provide support, insistence, and expectations.

47 47 Key Point Schools and businesses operate from middle-class norms and use the hidden rules of middle class.

48 48 Key Point For the poor to be successful, we must understand their hidden rules and teach the rules that will help them to be successful at school, at work, and in the community.

49 49 Key point In order to move from poverty to middle class or from middle class to wealth, an individual must give up relationships (at least for a short time) for achievement.

50 50 Key Point By building relationships of mutual respect with those served, we are assisting them in building resources needed to move toward stability or maintain it, AND we can be transformed too.

51 51 No problem can be solved from the same consciousness that created it Albert Einstein

52 52 Helping, Fixing, Serving When you help, you see life weak. When you fix, you see life as broken. When you serve, you see life a whole. Fixing and helping may be, the work of the ego, and service the work of the soul. Naomi Remen

53 53 What will do differently based on what learned today? Can you make a difference in the lives of those with whom you work? How we help is very important! Henry experience

54 No significant learning occurs without a significant relationship. –Dr. James Comer


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