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Presentation on theme: "Qxb_Q Qxb_Q."— Presentation transcript:

1 Qxb_Q Qxb_Q

2 How might the Flamenco be seen to run through Blood Wedding? Blood Wedding is a simple tragic tale as one with the spirit of flamenco; with its pain, with its passions; with its withheld eroticism. Flamenco

3 When asked what he would call the most gratifying part of Blood Wedding, Lorca said, "The one where the Moon and Death intervene as elements and symbols of fate. The realism that predominates the tragedy up to that point is broken and disappears to give way to poetic fantasy where I naturally feel as comfortable as a fish in water." Symbolism and metaphor – Lorca comments on his own work

4 In Act 3 Scene 1, Lorca uses The Beggarwoman to symbolise death; a character to represent a personification of the moon; woodcutters to comment on both sides of the story; stage symbolism (at the end) to represent the deaths; violins to represent the forest, and poetic verse for Bride and Leonardo. How effective are the representations of: The Beggar Woman, The Moon, The Woodcutters Beggar Woman suggests how death is seen by mere mortals as a curse on human wishes and hopes. The Moon enters the final act of the play craving tragedy as if tragedy were needed in order for its own life to be sustained. This suggests how tragedy is an unavoidable part of life. The Moon offers to flood the land brightly with its light so the lovers will have no place to hide. Are the Woodcutters sympathetic to the lovers?..blood that sees the light of day is drunk up by the earth. Contrasted with: There are many clouds and it would be easy for the moon not to come out.

5 Life verses Death Dualism: opposed or contrasted aspects; State of being divided. This is the elemental force that drives all the characters. The images within the play strongly oppose each other, all of which are centred around two forces - life & death. There is an irresolvable tension in these two forces - death is inevitable. All the other images that Lorca uses are tense but resolvable, but always come back to this main theme of life & death. e.g. the knife vs. blood the knife = death, blood = life. The images re-occur within Lorca's plays, to make us constantly emotionally involved; intensifying our emotions so that we feel the push & pull of forces upon the characters. This occurs because Spanish culture had very strong association with the images, such as the horse symbolising male power & sexuality. The audience would, therefore, respond emotionally to the image. All the images within the play are those that were common in Spanish culture. The imagery was the most direct way that Lorca could gain the audiences emotional response. Effects of the poetry & its duel imagery function: To increase the atmosphere; To create empathy between the audience & the characters; To vary the dialogue - heighten moments with a change if pace & form; To create a verbal picture - heighten the senses; As a thematic function to tell the story.

6 1.Death is the end and the enemy of mortal life. Death as a mortal end is developed through the Mother, who laments regularly on the death of loved ones but largely calmly deals with these painful loses nevertheless. 2.Death can also be seen within the play not only as the killing of the physical body but also puts an end to that which makes us human by breaking human bonds which connects us to each other. Lorca plays on this idea of death through the development of actions of his characters. The passionate bonds of lovers also meets with death in this sense. The Mother also exemplifies elements of this kind of death as the killers of her husband and son reside in jail, seemingly contentedly, and have escaped real punishment, while she is punished by having been deprived of loved ones and they have been deprived of life. Death is a punishing curse destroying precious connections. This second representation of death is characterized in the play as a cruel and cold Beggar Woman who acts as the lovers enemy by revealing their whereabouts to the hunters. death

7 The theme of death-in-life is generally most closely associated with the female characters, although it is also closely associated with Leonardo and the Bride, in particular. It is linked to Leonardo and the Bride since, to them, not to be able to love each other is not to live fully. Hence, at the end of the play, both would prefer death than endure the death-in-life of separation. As the First Woodcutter says, Better dead with the blood drained away than alive with it rotting. In terms of the female characters, the theme of death-in-life takes on broader connotations. Women as beings whose lives occur behind thick walls is underscored throughout the play. For example, at one point in the play, the Mother asks the Bride: Do you know what it is to be married, child? The Bride says she does but the Mother emphasizes her point anyway: A man, some children, and a wall two yards thick for everything else. Their lives, in the private realm of the home, is like life within a thick- walled coffin. It is a death-in-life because these exaggerated limits on womens social roles prevents them from pursuing all of the joys and varieties life has to offer. The men come and go; but the women are mostly at home. Death continued…

8 Leonardo and Bride find their social positions intolerable and rebel against their fates. Breaking the bonds of marriage and destroying the equilibrium of the community. The characters lacking proper names (with the exception of Leonardo), Lorca actively designates them to their societal role and position. In other words, characters will follow set expectations: the Bride for example is intended to become a wife and mother. Lorca paints human beings to conform to a limited number of roles and possibilities according to social living and life. Only Leonardo contests these rules, who is individualized by being given a proper name. Could Lorca be trying to challenge Spanish society at the time who were unwilling to encourage change? Perhaps, as the play seems to generate sympathy for the lovers, therefore it may also be seen to generate sympathy for the forces of change. The individual verses society

9 Water Blood Horse Thorns Flowers Bull/ oxen Consider again how symbolic each of the characters are throughout the play Further symbols found throughout the play – what is the collective effect of such symbolism?

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