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21st Century College English: Book 3

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1 21st Century College English: Book 3
Unit 6: Part A Every 23 Minutes

2 Text A: Language Points Exercises Assignment
Unit 6 Part A Pre-Reading Activities Text A: Language Points Exercises Assignment Every 23 Minutes

3 Pre-Reading Activities
You’re going to hear a radio news report about the death of a student. As you listen to it, you’ll be expected to fill in the missing information from the chart below. Who was involved? Yohashi Yatsumoto, a student, aged _________ Hiro Takeda, ____________, aged ___________ B) What happened? _______________ was killed when ______ _____________. C) Where and when? _______________________. D) Additional details: _______________________________. Check-up

4 Pre-Reading Activities
Who was involved? Yohashi Yatsumoto, a student, aged _________ Hiro Takeda, ____________, aged ___________ B) What happened? _______________ was killed when ______________________________________________________________________. C)Where and when?_______________________. 18 also a student also aged 18 Yatsumoto Takeda landed on him after leaping from a department store roof in a suicide attempt. Yesterday, in Tokyo.

5 Pre-Reading Activities
D) Additional details:_______________________________. Yatsumoto has just passed his university entrance exams, and Takeda had failed. Yatsumoto was just leaving the department store after buying a gift for his mother. Takeda suffered only a broken arm. Police have not yet decided whether or not to charge Takeda with murder. Script

6 Pre-Reading Activities
Announcer: A Japanese student who had just passed his university entrance exams was killed yesterday when another student, who had failed his exams, landed on him after leaping from the roof of a 14-storey department store in downtown Tokyo. Yohashi Yatsumoto, aged 18, was exiting the department store where he’d just bought a gift for his mother, when Hiro Takeda, also 18, made the suicide leap that ended in Yatsumoto’s death. Takeda’s arm was broken in the fall but he was otherwise unhurt. Takeda told reporters that he had decided to commit suicide when he learned he had failed his university entrance exams. Tokyo police have not yet decided whether to charge him with the murder of Yatsumoto.

7 Language Points Text A: Every 23 minutes By Linda Weltner

8 Every 23 Minutes Linda Welter Language Points
1 My husband and I went to a funeral a few weeks ago. The man we honored had not been ill and will never grow old. He was killed in his car on a Sunday night, driving home along a divided highway. 2 It was an ordinary evening, no blacker than any other, when a car coming in the other direction went out of control, broke through the guard rail, and hit two other cars before smashing head on into his. According to the newspaper, the driver, who was returning from a wedding, seemed puzzled. “I only had two bottles of beer and a cocktail.” she is reported to have said.

9 Language Points 3 A wedding. 4 Followed by a funeral. 5 I wish she could have been there to see all the lives her act has changed forever, the wife, and four children, the extended family, the hundreds and hundreds of friends who sat in painful silence, listening to words which barely touched the depths of their grief. 6 Strange to think that, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, this happens in America every 23 minutes.

10 Language Points 7 Somebody drinks. 8 Somebody drives. 9 Somebody dies. 10 And other lives are altered forever, though sometimes the changes may be invisible to a casual observer. By chance, the day before the funeral I ran into a longtime acquaintance while shopping. He commented on my crutches. I asked if he had ever broken his leg. “Uh, I have a long rod in this thigh,” he said, “from a car accident two weeks after I came back from Vietnam.” 11 “That’s ironic. To leave a war zone and then get injured,” I teased him. “You’re lucky it wasn’t worse.”

11 Language Points 12 “Well, my wife was killed in the crash and so was the wife of the driver,” he said uncomfortably. “We were hit by a drunk.” 13 I’ve known this man for years, yet suddenly realized there was a whole chapter of his life he’d never mentioned. I asked and discovered he’d remained in the hospital seven weeks, and that all that time he’d known his wife was dead. It was hard to know where to go from there, for there arequestions you can’t put to someone in a casual conversation — questions like, “How could you bear it?” or “What did you do about wanting revenge?”

12 Language Points 14 I wish I knew the answers to those questions. I wish I could offer those answers to the woman who, overwhelmed by grief, could barely walk as she followed her husband’s coffin from the church.  15 Every 23 minutes, who dies? 16 A mother who will never comfort the child who needs her. A woman who will never know how very much her friends depended on her. A man whose contributions to his community would have made a difference. A wife whose husband cannot picture the future without her. 17 Every 23 minutes, who dies?

13 Language Points 18 A son who involuntarily abandons abandons his parents in their old age. A father who can never acknowledge his children’s accomplishments. A daughter who can never take back her angry words. A sister who will never be her sister’s maid of honor. 19 Every 23 minutes, who dies? 20 A brother who will not be there to hold his newborn niece. A friend whose encouragement is gone forever. A bride-to- be who will never say her vows. An aunt whose family will fragment and fall apart.

14 Language Points 21 Every 23 minutes, who dies? 22 A child who will never fulfill his early promise. An uncle who leaves his children without guidance and support. A grandmother whose husband must now grow old alone. A lover who never had a chance to say how much he cared. Every 23 minutes. 23 A void opens. 24 Someone looks across the table at a vacant chair; climbs into an empty bed, feels the pain of no voice, no touch, no love. Where there was once intimacy and contact, now there is only absence and despair.

15 Language Points 25 Every 23 minutes 26 A heart breaks. 27 Someone’s pain shatters the confines of her body, leaking out in tears, exploding in cries, defying all efforts to soothe the despair. Sleep offers no escape from the nightmare of awakening. And morning brings only the irreversibility of loss. 28 Every 23 minutes. 29 A dream ends.

16 Language Points 30 Someone’s future blurs and goes blank as anticipation fades into nothingness. The phone will not ring, the car will not pull up to the house. The weight of tomorrow becomes unbearable in a world in which all promises have been broken by force. 31 Every 23 minutes. 32 Somebody wants to run. Somebody wants to hide. 33 Somebody is left with hate. Somebody wants to die. 34 And we permit this to go on. 35 Every 23 minutes.

17 The man we honored had not been ill and will never grow old.
— the man to whose funeral we went; the dead Paraphrase ? The man had died of neither illness nor old age.

18 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Text-related information National Highway Traffic Safety Administration The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is responsible for reducing deaths, injuries and economic losses resulting form motor vehicle crashes. NHTSA investigates safety defects in motor vehicles, sets and enforces fuel economy standards, helps states and local communities reduce the threat of drunk drivers, etc. NHTSA also conducts research on driver behavior and traffic safety, to develop the most efficient and effective means of bringing about safety improvements.

19 No is used in front of a comparative adjective to indicate the level, standard, or size of something, and sometimes to express surprise, scorn, or admiration. Example: Winners of the prize will be notified by post no later than 31st August. He made no fewer than 50 mistakes. The job was no better than a common laborer’s.

20 Cocktail Text-related information
A cocktail is an iced alcoholic drink which contains several ingredients including one or more spirits. There are well over fifty different guesses as to the origin of the word. Some plausible ones include: a deviation from the French coquetier, “an egg cup”, in which the drink was supposedly first served; from coquetel, “a mixed drink of the French Revolution period,” and from a toast to that cock which after a cockfight had the most feathers left in its tail.

21 Example: smash head on into his
— hit violently against his car front to front head on — with the head or front parts meeting violently Example: The two cars crashed head on. The bicycle ran head on into the lorry.

22 Vietnam War Text-related information
The Vietnam War was a military struggle fought in Vietnam from 1959 to 1975, involving the North Vietnamese and the National Liberation Front (NLF) in conflict with the United States forces and the South Vietnamese army. During the conflict, approximately 3 to 4 million Vietnamese on both sides were killed, in addition to another 1.5 to 2 million Laotians and Cambodians who were drawn into the war. More than 58,000 Americans lost their lives.

23 Assignment Exercise IX, p. 174 Exercise IX, p. 174 Exercise IX, p. 174
The verb wish followed by a that-clause The verb wish can be followed by a that-clause to express a DESIRE for some situation that is different from the one that existed or exists in reality. Assignment Exercise IX, p. 174 3. It’s too bad Peter has to leave so early. Key I wish Peter didn’t have to leave so early. Key George wished that he’d been able to attend the meeting./ George wished that he could have attended the meeting. Exercise IX, p. 174 5. George regretted that he couldn’t attend the meeting. Key Julie wished she’d given Roger the message. □ wish+that-clause in the past perfect tense→a particular action in the past. — I wish (that) I hadn’t eaten so much. — She wishes (that) she’d never got involved in the whole affair. □ wish+that-clause in the past simple tense→ expressing regret about a state or situation that exists at this moment. — I wish ( that ) I didn’t have to go to work today. — I wish (that ) I was / were a bit taller. Exercise IX, p. 174 1. I’m sorry you told Anne what I said about her. Exercise IX, p. 174 2. Julie was sorry she didn’t give Roger the message. Key I wish you hadn’t told Anne what I said about her. Exercise IX, , p.175

24 Example: comment on — remark on
The fans commented fervently on the last match. The minister refused to comment on the rumors about his resignation.

25 Paraphrase: ? … words which barely touched the depths of their grief.
… words that were hardly enough to express their deep grief.

26 Make a sentence with the word “chapter”. Example:
chapter n. — a period of time in a person’s life or in history Practice: Make a sentence with the word “chapter”. Example: A new and more responsible chapter or my career as a journalist has begun. That opened a new chapter in the history of international relations.

27 Translate into Chinese:
It was hard to know where to go from there, for there are questions you can’t put to someone in a casual conversation … Translate into Chinese: 话说到这儿我就不知道该怎么说下去了,因为有些问题你是没法在一次随意的交谈中向一个人提出的…

28 Example: do about (doing) sth. — take action about (doing) sth.
What can the public do about improving the environment? We shall have to do something about our methods if we are to get any results.

29 Example: Example: make a /no/much, etc. difference (to sb./sth.)
— be important/unimportant/very important, etc. (to sb./sth.) — have an /no/much, etc. effect (on sb./sth.) Key His speech makes much difference to our students future career. Translate: 他的演讲对我们学生未来的前途很重要。 Example: Your support can make a difference to our project. Example: Whether he comes or not makes no difference.

30 picture vt. — form a mental picture; imagine Example:
I can’t picture the village without the old church. He pictured to himself what it might be like to live on the moon.

31 A son who involuntarily abandons his parents in their old age.
Paraphrase: ? A son who, in spite of himself, will not be supporting his parents when they get old.

32 Translate into Chinese:
A daughter who can never take back her angry words. take back one’s words — admit that something one said was wrong or should not have said it Example: Well, I take back my words about your being selfish. Although he knew he had been wrong, he refused to take back his words. Translate into Chinese: 一个永远也不收回气话的女儿。

33 Example: void n. — a feeling of loss
His death left a great void in her life. She sensed the black void of despair inside him. Translate: A void opens. Key: 展开了一片空白。

34 Translate into Chinese:
Someone’s pain shatters the confines of her body, leaking out in tears, exploding in cries, defying all efforts to soothe the despair. Translate into Chinese: 某个人的苦痛冲破她躯体的束缚,伴着眼泪流出,随着哭声迸发,反抗着一切抚慰其绝望心情的努力.

35 Sleep offers no escape from the nightmare of awakening
Sleep offers no escape from the nightmare of awakening. And morning brings only the irreversibility of loss. Paraphrase ? Day and night, awake or asleep, they are obsessed with the painful loss of their loved ones, a loss that will never be made up any day.

36 Note: Example: go blank — become blank
Go can be followed by an adjective that describes the state or conditions of a person or thing, or changes in that state or condition. Example: Her hair was going gray. The company went bankrupt during the crisis.

37 Example: fade into — gradually disappear into or become
As evening came, the coastline faded into darkness. Day slowly faded into night.

38 Translate into Chinese:
The weight of tomorrow become unbearable in a world in which all promises have been broken by force. Translate into Chinese: 在一个所有的诺言都被暴力打破的世界里,明天的重负变得使人无法承受.

39 Exercises Comprehension Vocabulary Listening

40 Comprehension 《读写教程 III》: Ex. II, p. 170

41 Answer the following questions:
Comprehension Answer the following questions: 1. Whose funeral did the author go to? How did he die? 2. What was the cause of the accident? The funeral of a friend, who died when a car coming in the other direction broke through the guard rail and smashed head on into his. The driver of the other car was under the influence of alcohol.

42 Answer the following questions:
Comprehension Answer the following questions: 3. Who does the author wish had attended the funeral? Why? 4. What is it that (according to National Highway Traffic Administration) happen in America every 23 minutes? The driver who killed her friend. The author would like the woman to see for herself how many people’s lives she affected, and how. Someone is killed in a highway accident in which one of the drivers is under the influence of alcohol.

43 Answer the following questions:
Comprehension Answer the following questions: 5. What is the author’s point in relating the story of the Vietnam veteran? 6. What is the author’s intention in her series of answers to the question “who dies”? Why does she keep referring to family relationships – mother, son, wife, etc.? That death is not the only thing these accidents cause: The lives of survivors are altered forever. She wants the reader to feel that the deaths are not just statistics, but real people. The use of family terms emphasizes the effects of the deaths on survivors.

44 Answer the following questions:
Comprehension Answer the following questions: 7. Who is the author referring to as someone and somebody in the last twelve paragraphs? 8. What does the second-to-last sentence mean? What does it imply? A person who is struggling with grief over the death of a loved one. It means:” Society tolerates this very high frequency of death caused by drunk driving.” It implies that we can and should take stronger measures to stop drunk driving.

45 Vocabulary Power Games
Ex. III Ex. IV Vocabulary Power Games Ex. VIII

46 Vocabulary 《读写教程 III》: Ex. III, p. 170

47 Vocabulary III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. injure revenge nightmare soothe despair shatter leak fade defy fragment 1. When he failed the entrance exam, his ______ drove him to consider suicide. ☆ despair 2. Their van ran into a taxi but fortunately no one was ______ . ☆ injured

48 Vocabulary III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. injure revenge nightmare soothe despair shatter leak fade defy fragment 3. It would take years for the pain over her divorce to ______ away. ☆ fade 4. The soldiers vowed to get ______ for their captain’s death. ☆ revenge

49 Vocabulary III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. injure revenge nightmare soothe despair shatter leak fade defy fragment 5. Milk baths are a very expensive way to ______ the pain of minor burns or insect bites. ☆ soothe 6. When his health failed and he had to close his business, it ______ all his hopes for his family’s future. ☆ shattered

50 Vocabulary III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. injure revenge nightmare soothe despair shatter leak fade defy fragment 7. The poor man lost his mind after the tragic accident and his behavior ______ comprehension. ☆ defied 8. We need to have the roof repaired — it ______ every time it rains. ☆ leaks

51 Vocabulary III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. injure revenge nightmare soothe despair shatter leak fade defy fragment 9. The whole trip was a ______ — the motel had lost our reservation, then our car was stolen, and besides that, the weather was terrible. ☆ nightmare 10. I had a very strange dream last night, but only remember a few ______ of it. ☆ fragments

52 Vocabulary 《读写教程 III》: Ex. IV, p. 171

53 Vocabulary IV. Rescue these sentences! Our underachieving student tried to use an expression from the text in each of the sentences below, but he got all the prepositions or adverbs mixed up — and he’s made other mistakes as well. Correct all the sentences, using expressions from the text, then put definitions of the corrected expressions in the space provided.

54 Vocabulary 1. The actress refused commenting to the story that she was planning to marry. correct form: _______ definitions: _______  to comment on;  to express her feelings about; to make a statement about

55 Vocabulary 2. The car went beyond the controls and splashed head onto a tree. correct form: ______ definitions: _______  went out of control;  became impossible to restrain  smashed head on into;  collided with, front-end first

56 Vocabulary 3. Have you done something strange again? A police car has just pulled in the front by our house. correct form: _______ definitions: _______  pulled up in front of;  came to a stop ( in a car ) just outside

57 Vocabulary 4. I’m sorry your aunt was offended, but I’m not going to take over that I said. correct form: _______ definitions: _______  take back what I said;  change or deny my earlier statement

58 Vocabulary 5. I got this job completely as a chance — I was in the right place at the right time. correct form: _______ definitions: _______  by chance;  unexpectedly, without planning or preparing

59 Vocabulary Power Games
《读写教程 III》: Ex.V, p. 172

60 Vocabulary Power Games
V. Use the words and phrases in the box — and your imaginational! — to brief complete the thoughts below. You don’t have to use all the words, and your answer can be more than one sentence, but make sure you include at least one of them in each sentence you produce. make a/any difference go blank beer drunk funeral guidance rod maid intimate soothe thigh zone nightmare revenge fade shatter 1. One way to stop people from driving after drinking would be …

61 Vocabulary Power Games
V. Use the words and phrases in the box — and your imaginational! — to brief complete the thoughts below. You don’t have to use all the words, and your answer can be more than one sentence, but make sure you include at least one of them in each sentence you produce. make a/any difference go blank beer drunk funeral guidance rod maid intimate soothe thigh zone nightmare revenge fade shatter 2. Someone who causes an accident in which someone else dies …

62 Vocabulary Power Games
V. Use the words and phrases in the box — and your imaginational! — to brief complete the thoughts below. You don’t have to use all the words, and your answer can be more than one sentence, but make sure you include at least one of them in each sentence you produce. make a/any difference go blank beer drunk funeral guidance rod maid intimate soothe thigh zone nightmare revenge fade shatter 3. When a life ends suddenly …

63 Listening 《听说教程 III》 Part 2.2, p. 72

64 Listening Pre-listening Activity: You may want to know the following words before listening. deprive fatal a bunch of devastate 剥夺 致命的 一串 破坏

65 Listening Directions: Listen to the following conversation twice and then answer some questions. What did the flight attendant ask the passenger to do? Why? How did the passenger respond to the flight attendant’s advice? Did the flight attendant do as the passenger asked? Why or why not? What did the passenger complain about? What did the flight attendant say about smoking to the passenger? What did the passenger think of drinking and smoking? Script

66 A = a flight attendant B = a male passenger
Listening A = a flight attendant B = a male passenger A: Excuse me, sir, but I have to ask you to put out your cigarette. This is a non-smoking flight. B: Okay, sure! But in that case I’ll have to ask you to move me to a seat in the non-drinking section of the plane. A: The non-drinking section? Sorry, sir, but we don’t have any non-drinking section. B: Oh? Well, that isn’t very logical, is it? You expect me to deprive myself of the simple pleasure of a cigarette, but at the same time you force me to sit amid a bunch of drunks?! A: But sir, the smoke from your cigarette might bother other passengers. Besides, it’s bad for everyone’s health. B: I see. You think drinking alcohol is good for people’s health? A: Well, no, but … B: Do you know how many deaths, how much disease and how much human misery is caused by the abuse of alcohol? A: But … B: How many times have you heard about a person going out for a few cigarettes, then going home, losing control and beating his wife and children, hm? How many fatal auto accidents do you think are caused by someone driving after smoking a cigarette or two? A: But I … B: Alcohol is much more devastating social problem than tobacco! A: But sir, I don’t make the airline policies, I just enforce them. And I do have to ask you to put out your cigarette. B: Okay, fine. I’m done with anyway.

67 1. Review Text A 2. Do exercises: • Cloze (Ex. X, p. 175) • Translation (Ex. XI & XII, p. 176) 3. Structured Writing (p. 180) Assignment


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