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Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 A Royal Wedding? The Marriage Between Open Access and the International Society for Computational Biology Philip E. Bourne.

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Presentation on theme: "Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 A Royal Wedding? The Marriage Between Open Access and the International Society for Computational Biology Philip E. Bourne."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 A Royal Wedding? The Marriage Between Open Access and the International Society for Computational Biology Philip E. Bourne University of California San Diego

2 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Marriage A young Society (the groom) and a new open access publication (the bride) Their happily ever after - broadening the dissemination and impact of their science Ah but.. previous relationships linger And like many marriages the commitment did not come easily

3 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Groom - Life So Far ~2000 member Society founded 1995 Primarily computational molecular biology Previous official journal Bioinformatics (OUP) – royalty arrangement Other journals offered at a discount FASEB Member Executive Officer & Offices at UCSD Main activates: ISMB, journals, education, SIGs, regional meetings, Web portal

4 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Grooms Strategic Priorities Intellectual leadership – to sponsor and promote the highest quality conferences and society journal. Advocacy – to develop, disseminate and promote policies on behalf of our members and scientific discipline. Financial Stability – to improve the long-term financial footing of the society in order to achieve the above goals. Governance – to improve the governing structures of the society in order to improve the responsiveness of the society to members, and to enhance our ability to achieve our strategic priorities.

5 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Grooms Monetary Situation: Preliminary 2004 Year End Financial Projections Total assets, 1 January 2004$ 197,093 Estimated 2004 Income$ 824,635 Estimated 2004 Expenses$ 770,000 Estimated Assets, 1 January 2005$ 251,728

6 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Grooms Previous Lingering Relationship - OUP Bioinformatics Content – primarily methods Impact factor 6+ increased +1 / year After one year – free access to full articles Low cost/free on-line in developing countries On-line access to papers soon after acceptance Recent survey indicated 70% supportive of open access – up from 50% last summer

7 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Courtship OUP contract expiring end 2004 April 2004 RFP issued to publishers June publishers responded with 15 options July 2004 Board of Directors and membership deeply divided over move to open access, loss of revenue also an issue A duel model favored OUP not supportive of a ménage de trois Sept form partnership with PLoS CB Nov former ISCB President and Chair of Publications Committee becomes EIC Jan Launch with very strong EB Now 70 papers processed, 1500 signed up for early alerts June 2005 first issue at ISMB

8 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Brides Unique Scope PLoS Computational Biology is published in partnership with the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB) and features works of exceptional significance that furthers our understanding of living systems, at all scales, through the application of computational methods. Readers include life and computational scientists who can take the findings presented here to the next level of discovery.

9 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Brides Aspirations Quality, quality, quality Papers pre-filtered with response in 2-3 days High quality review in 4-6 weeks – 3+ reviews Papers on-line soon after acceptance Reviews Perspectives Lay summaries Annotated references Society pages

10 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Marriage Thus Far Unresponsive Editors JMS Innovation slowed by conventional requirements What happens when open access is the norm? Ground swell of support for open access PLoS are scientists! Open to innovation Feeling of a new beginning

11 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 When the Honeymoon is Over Marriage Is All About Growing Up Together Using the medium for more than just distribution: –Living tutorials (needed in a fast growing field) –Seminal lectures (video) with DOIs –New presentation methodologies e.g. Usable tables Applets for review of specific types of data –The Knowledge (journal article) and the data (database) become integrated in cyberspace The paper is the interface to the databases The databases are the interfaces to the paper content

12 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Children The Children (membership) are ideally suited for developing open source tools (BioLit) to support their parents – Support searching and literature mining –Authoring tools

13 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 The Wood Anniversary Bring computational biologists working at different scales into contact through shared methodologies Have ISCB as the support organization for this broader membership Take more ownership for the dissemination of our science such that it be available without regard for geographic or economic boundaries Improve the comprehension of our science through the use of appropriate Web technologies

14 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 Thank You Any similarity to persons living or dead (or the Royal Family) is entirely coincidental

15 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 ISCB Membership / ISMB Attendance Shows Significant Growth in 2004

16 Emerging Trends April 13, Total Members US834 UK284 Germany129 Canada86 Japan 53 S. Korea46 Sweden 45 Less US Centric Almost 40% Students ISCB Membership Expands Globally 51 Countries Represented in 2004 vs. 37 Previous Year

17 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 Traditional Subscription Model Journals Offer Discounts to ISCB Members Journal NameMember Savings (USD) Bioinformatics$ 375 Briefings in Bioinformatics 31 Briefings in Functional Genomics & Proteomics 31 Combination BIB and FGP (when ordered together) 94 Comparative & Functional Genomics 11 Computers in Biology and Medicine 143 Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 133 Human Genomics 16 Human Molecular Genetics 94 Journal of Biomedical Informatics 151 Journal of Computational Biology 234 OMICS 141

18 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 PLoS Founding Board of Directors Harold Varmus PLoS Co-founder and Chairman of the Board President and CEO of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Patrick O. Brown PLoS Co-founder and Board Member Howard Hughes Medical Institute & Stanford University School of Medicine Michael B. Eisen PLoS Co-founder and Board Member Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory & University of California at Berkeley

19 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 PLoS – A Brief History Founded in October, 2000 Circulated an open letter urging publishers to increase access to research literature >30,000 signatories Some positive effects, but overall response from publishers fell short of demands In December, 2002, $9million grant from Moore Foundation to launch open access journals.

20 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 PLoS Publishing Strategy Launch two high quality open access journals –PLoS Biology in October, 2003 –PLoS Medicine in 2004 Then launch more specialist open access journals Stimulate and partner with other organizations to do the same

21 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 PLoS Biology - Year One Articles submitted – 757 Articles published – 140 Extensive media coverage PLoS Biology is established as a high quality open access journal

22 Emerging Trends April 13, 2005 Current Editorial Board Sebastian Bonhoeffer Peer Bork Chris Burge Richard Durbin Jonathan Eisen David Eisenberg Mark Gerstein David Haussler Steve Henikoff David Hillis Peter Hunter Simon Levin Wen-Hsiung Li Dianna Murray Janet Thornton Andrej Sali Chris Sander Arend Sidow


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