2 Overview Background Information Word Study Visualization Derivation ExpansionDifferentiation
3 About the AuthorKirk Douglas, the Jewish American actor and film producer, is known for his gravel voice and an acting career with he-man roles as soldiers, cowboys and assorted tough guys in over 80 films.粗重而沙哑的各种各样的
4 Snapshot of Kirk Douglas BirthdayDecember 9, 1916UniversityBA, St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY (1939)OccupationActor, director, producer, writerClaim to FameSpartacus (1960)BibliographyMy Stroke of Luck (2002), Climbing the Mountain: My Search for Meaning (1997), Last Tango in Brooklyn (1994), Dance with the Devil (1990), etc.FilmographyDiamonds (1999), Tough Guys (1986), Spartacus (1960), I Walk Alone (1947), etcMilestonesReceived first Oscar nomination for Best Actor (1949), Received honorary lifetime achievement Oscar (1996), etc成名作影片集锦
7 Hollywood FamilyCatherine Czeta JonesMichael Douglas
8 The happy Douglas family during the wedding ceremony between Michael Douglas and Catherine and their third generation in 2000.
9 Hollywood FamilyKirk Douglas has now become one of the oldest and most famous and popular Bloggers in the world.
10 A LegendIf you thought Hollywood marriages didn't last, this couple will demonstrate that not all star relationships are doomed to fail.
11 A Legend People witnessed their love and commitment. In 2004, Kirk Douglas and his wife Anne Douglas had a second wedding ceremony in Los Angeles to celebrate their 50th anniversary.People witnessed their love and commitment.
12 It Runs in the Family (2003)This is a comedy drama movie starring three generations of the Douglas family: Kirk Douglas, his son Michael Douglas, and Michael's son Cameron Douglas, who play three generations of a family.
13 Word Study Concept Visualized Word Derivation Word Expansion Word Differentiation
18 Spine & Spinal An icy chill slid up my spine. He had a spinal injury in the car crash.
19 Miffed 愠怒 →annoyed She was slightly ~ at not being invited. Cf: sullen →bad-tempered
20 Poignant I found his speech deeply ~. ~ agonies 切肤之痛 ~ memories 辛酸的回忆 ~ sight 悲惨的景象~ beauty 绝顶的美丽~ satire 尖刻的讽刺
21 How is “ego” used?That man has such an enormous ~ — I’ve never known anyone so full of themselves!He has the biggest ~ of anyone I’ve ever met.I’m glad she got the job — she needed something to bolster her ego.Winning the prize really boosted her ego.
22 Related TermsAlter ego: a side of one’s character which is different from one’s usual characterClark Kent is Superman’s alter ego.
23 Related TermsSplit personality: a condition in which a person has two very different ways of behavingProfessor Smith has a split personality. The respectable teacher turned out to be a murderer.
24 <BrE> estate car Station wagon 旅行轿车<BrE> estate car
25 Beneficiary 受益人；受惠者 <ant.> benefactor The receiver of a benefit or advantage, especially of money or propertyHer husband was the chief ~ of her will.<ant.> benefactor
26 Manicure 美甲 manicure set I am not going to ~ my nails. Just save it as it is.manicure set
27 Epiphany 顿悟Epiphany（主显节）is a Christian festival on the 6th of January which celebrates the arrival of the wise men who came to see Jesus Christ soon after he was born.I experienced an ~, a spiritual flash that would change the way I viewed myself.(=a moment of sudden insight or understanding)
28 Derivation A. instant spinal depressed N. fatal suicidal poignant fluentdiagnosticintuitiondeplorablesurgeryepiphanyspinedepressioninstancefatalitysuicidepoignancyintuitivefluencydiagnosisepiphanicsurgicaldeplorableness
29 Derivation V. collide stare slip N. console slur authorize endure inspirehandleassistantmanicurediagnosiscollisionstareslipconsolationslurauthorizationinspirationendurancehandlediagnoseassistmanicure
32 Reading WorksheetFind out how the following pairs / groups of words are different:stare vs gazeinstantly vs constantlypsychiatrist vs therapistfatal vs vitalbenefactor vs beneficiaryinsist on vs persist in
33 Differentiation Stare vs. Gaze He sat for hours just _______ into space.He ______ at the bill in disbelief.They gaped at me when I told them about the gold I had found.gazingstared
34 Differentiation Instantly vs. Constantly The driver was killed _______ in the car crash.The new foreign minister has been attacked ________ in the newspaper.He often has some _______ noodles as lunch when he is busy working.instantlyconstantlyinstant
35 Differentiation Psychiatrist vs. Therapist A dancing _________ teaches people dancing in order to help them get rid of stress in life.A __________ is a doctor who is trained in the study and treatment of mental disease.He’s like a ___________, for he’s good at persuading others.therapistpsychiatristpsychologist
36 Differentiation Fatal vs. Vital Your support is _______ to/for the success of my plan.Marriage at this stage could be ________ to your career.He was lucky that the bullet hadn’t entered a ______ organ.The fatality rate on our roads has been increasing. (伤亡事故)vitalfatalvital
37 Differentiation Slip vs. Slide She _________ out of the room when no one was looking.Will the government take action to support the ________ pound?As the years ________ by/past, I thought less about her._________ the drawer out carefully.slidslidingslippedSlide
38 Differentiation Keep apart vs. Set apart I have a little money ______ apart for our holidays.He’s a strange boy, he ______ apart from all the activities in the school.I like to ______ my work apart from my family.Two rooms were ______ apart for use as libraries.setkeepskeepset
39 ThemeMy wife Anne’s unyielding character and willing-ness to help not only makes herself live a meaning-ful life but also light up the lives of people around her, especially mine.
40 Structure of the Text Part 1 (paragraph 1-2) Part 2 (paragraph 3-13)
41 Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts. Thank you!To be continued.
43 Contents Word Revision Spelling Gap filling Analysis of the Text Language points & paraphrasesRhetorical devicesMemorable quotesSnacks
44 Spelling 1. _________: v. to give permission to 2. _________: n. the remains of sth. that is destroyed3. _________: n. a comprehension or perception of reality by means of a sudden intuitive realization4. _______: a. very dangerous; causing deathauthorizewreckageepiphanyfatal
45 Spelling5. ________: v. to give comfort to (someone) in times of sadness6. ________: n. the power of knowing sth. without reasoning7. ___________: a. very regrettable8. ________: v. to hit each other accidentallyconsoleintuitiondeplorablecollide
46 Gap filling1. If someone or something i________ you to do something new or unusual, they make you want to do it.2. Someone who is f________ in a particular language, can speak the language easily and correctly.3. A s__________ is a surgical operation in which a diseased organ or tissue is removed or replaced.inspiresfluentsurgery
47 Gap filling4. Like the winter months, the current slowdown is only t___________. It won’t last very long.5. E__________, your child will leave home to lead his / her won life as a fully independent adult.6. The copy I have is dubbed rather badly into French with English s____________.temporaryEventuallysubtitles
48 Gap fillingYour support is _____ (fatal; vital) to/for the success of my plan.She ____ (slip; slide) out of the room when no one was looking.I like to ______ (keep; set) my work apart from my family.vitalslidkeep
49 Useful Word Partspsyche: [C technical] In psychology, your psyche is your mind and your deepest feelings and attitudes.psycho-: connected with your mindExamples:psychic a. 精神的，心灵的psychiatric a. 精神病学的psychiatrist n. 精神科医生，精神病学家psychiatry n. 精神病学psychoanalysis n. 精神分析psychology / psychologistpsychological a.心理(学)的psychosis n. 精神病，精神错乱
50 Useful Word Parts ego: [C] one’s sense of their own worth Examples: egocentric: a. 自我中心的,egodefense: n. 自我防御egodystonic: a. 自我失调的egomaniac: n. 极端利己主义者
51 Analysis of the Text Language points & paraphrases Rhetorical devices Memorable quotes
52 Part I (para. 1—2)Introduction to the whole story, with an account of the air crash the author experienced and how his wife reacted to the accident.
53 Language Points Stroke (title): He had a minor ~ in 1987, which left him partly paralysed.It was a ~ of luck that I found you here. 我在这里碰见你真是运气。By a ~ of (good) fortune, he won the competition. 他靠(好)运气在竞赛中获胜.
54 Language Points Better still (Italics) Only the possessor of a good linguistic memory, or better still, a thick notebook, can fully realize the truth of this statement.只有对语言记忆力强的人或者最好有一本厚厚的记录本的人,方能体会到这番话的正确含义。Better still if the nation‘s leaders echo that idea as well.
55 Language Points Give sb. a ride (para.1): Chris gave him a ~ home on his private jet.We picked her up and gave her a ~ over to Scott's Valley.Expansion:to go for a ride; to hitch a rideto offer sb. a ride; to take/have a ride (in/on sth.)a pleasant/smooth/bumpy/hair-raising/rough ride
56 ParaphraseWe were 50 feet in the air when we collided with a small plane flown by a flight instructor and his young student. (para. 1)…a small plane piloted by a youngster who was then learning to fly a plane under a flight instructor’s guidance
57 Language Points In the air (para.1) Cf: On/off the air There was a smell of burning leaves in the air.The story about the accident was in the air.We may be going swimming in the summer vacation, but it’s still all up in the air.Cf: On/off the airWe shall be on the air in five minutes.As soon as the war started, any broadcasts with a military theme were taken off the air.
58 Language Points Wreckage [U] Emergency crews are searching for people trapped alive in the ~ of the train after the collision.A wreck [C] is something that has been badly damaged, especially a car, plane, or train that has been in an accident.A wreck can also refer to a ship thathas sunk.
59 the burning wreckageof a planean ambulance trip to hospital
60 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center MostPreferredHospitalfor AllHealthNeeds
61 Language Points Another helicopter ride. Just what I need! (para. 2) Note:The two sentences are fragments used in exclamation.Please give the complete sentences and explain what the writer means.
62 Part II (para. 3—13)Flashbacks of earlier events, and then back to the narration of the air crash and subsequent events.
63 Language Points Survivor’s guilt (para.3): The author felt guilty because he survived while the others on the plane did not.Guilt [U]:She often felt swamped by ~ at having left her children.feelings /sense of ~
64 Background: Survivor’s Guilt Survivor’s guilt is a type of remorse felt by people who manage to survive a tragic event involving much loss of life, especially the lives of friends and loved ones or other people commonly associated with the survivor.Sufferers often feel guilty that they and their family get to move on with their lives, whereas other people and their families were not as lucky. It is commonly summed up by the phrase "I should have died with them", "I could've done something" or even"I should have died instead of them".
65 Michael Todd (1909–1958)An American theatre and film producer, best known for his 1956 production of Around the World in 80 Days, which won an Academy Award for Best Picture. He is also well-known as one of Elizabeth Taylor’s husbands.On 22 March 1958, Todd's private plane crashed near Grants, New Mexico, killing all four on board.
66 ParaphraseShe save me again after my stroke in 1995, when I became depressed and suicidal. (para. 3)After I suffered a stroke in 1995, she pulled me through when I was overwhelmed by low spirits and even the thought of killing myself.
67 ParaphraseAnne’s secret is that she learns from life, then moves on. (para.4)Anne’s winning tip lies in that she can draw lessons from what she has experienced, and then continues with her journey of life.
69 Language PointsSurvive (para.4): v. to continue to exist, especially in difficult circumstancesThe programme aims to help those who are struggling to ~ without jobs.Expansion:If you are survived by someone, they are still alive after you have died.If you survive on sth. (e.g. money, food,water etc), you manage to live with only asmall amount of it.
70 Release of “Spartacus” 1st Anniversary of theRelease of “Spartacus”
71 Language Points Show up (para.5): I’ll be very surprised if they ~ up on time.We waited until 10 o’clock, but he did not ~ up.dressing room: a room used by a performer or sports players for preparing for a performance or game
72 Sentence & ParaphraseI was miffed. Here I was, an American movie star. I expected her to be eager for the job. (para. 5)I felt annoyed and angry. I had thought the girl should be excited about the chance of working for a famous American movie star just like me.
73 Language PointsBasis (para.6): n. (pl bases) a particular method/system used for doing or organizing sth.Working on a temporary basis for the company, I was responsible for taking phone calls. (=temporarily)More expressions of the same structure:on a seasonal / daily / monthly / annual / regular / long-term / short-term etc basis
74 Language PointsTake some doing (para.6): used for saying that sth. will be very difficult to doIt will take some doing to finish the report before four o’clock.It took some doing, but we were eventually able to get in touch with them.
75 Paraphrase But that took some doing on my part too. (para.6) But I took great pains to persuade Anne into accepting my job offer.
76 Language Points On one’s part (para.6) At a time (para.7) It was a mistake on Jones’ part.It was on the part of Jones to sign the contract.At a time (para.7)I’m sorry, but I’m too busy to help you now --- I can only do one thing at a time.The lift can take 8 people at a time.
77 Tour d'ArgentLa Tour d'Argent (The Silver Tower) is a restaurant in Paris France that dates from 1582, and said to have been frequented by Henri IV.
79 Language PointsMeet up (with) (para.7): to come together with someone, either unexpectedly or as planned (close to “meet”)We usually ~ up for a quick cup of coffee in the morning.I ~ up with a former classmate as I left the office building this evening.
80 ParaphraseIn 1954, when our next jobs threatened to keep us apart for months at a time, I realized I didn’t want to lose her and asked her to marry me. (para. 7)In 1954, when the jobs we were to do would separate us for months on end, I realized that I couldn’t live a life without Anne. Therefore, I proposed to her.
81 Language Points Tie the knot (para.7): (infml) get married After dating for five years, we finally decided to tie the knot.At the group wedding, 28 couples tie the knot together.Compare:If you tie yourself in knots, you get very anxious and confused.
82 Las VegasThe most populous city in Nevada and an internationally renowned major resort city for gambling, shopping and fine dining.Las Vegas also has the highest number of churches per capita of any major U.S. city.
83 Origin of “Tie the Knot” There is a suggestion that this expression derives from the nets of knotted string which supported beds prior to the introduction of metal-sprung bed frames. The theory goes that, in order to make a marriage bed, you need to 'tie the knot'. Bed frames used to be sprung with rope.
84 Language Points Given (para.8): prep. Considering Given good weather, our flight will reach Shanghai tomorrow evening.Given that conflict is inevitable, we need to learn how to manage it.Given the condition of the engine, it is a wonder that it even starts.倘若这发动机能发动的话，可真是不可思议。
85 Language Pointsbe wrapped up in sth.: (infml) very interested in sth. or someone and ignore other people or things--She’s so wrapped up in herself that she seldom visits us.--Brian is usually more wrapped up in his work than his family.
86 ParaphraseAnne has kept me going through…, given that I’m sometimes an actor wrapped up in his ego. (para. 8)Anne has helped me go through those hardest moments in my life, which hasn’t always been easy for her, because I’m sometimes too proud of myself as an actor.
87 Language Points Lie on the couch (para.8) A couch is a long, comfortable seat for two or three peopleIt is also a narrow bed which patients lie on while they are being examined or treated by a doctor.
88 Language PointsAnguish (para.8): [U fml] a feeling of great physical or mental painThe rejection filled him with anguish.survivor’s anguish: the regret and mental pain the person who survives an accident or difficulty experiences
89 Word DifferentiationAnguish suggests a torturing often persistent grief or dread.Sorrow implies sadness caused by misfortune, affliction, or loss.Agony suggests pain too intense to be borne by body or mind.
90 ParaphraseShe consoled me during my survivor’s anguish, but what she wouldn’t tolerate—and here’s the important thing—was me feeling sorry for myself. (para. 8)She was by my side and gave me comfort when I felt great pain as a survivor in the air crash, but she would never allow me to feel self-pity, to which Anne attached great importance.
91 Language Points Authorize (para.9) Then and there (para.9): He confidentially ~d me to act for him while he was abroad. 他信任地委托我在他出国期间代行他的职务。Then and there (para.9):He turned down their proposal then and there.We wanted the director to make a decision then and there.
92 ParaphraseHe encouraged me to authorize him to remove Anne’s breast then and there. (para. 9)The doctor suggested me to give him permission to operate on Anne and remove her breast without delay.
93 Language Points Finance (para.10): vt. The scheme is being ~d by the local Library Association.The fund has been used largely to ~ the construction of museums.facility (para.10): [C mainly Am E] an area or building used for a particular purposeHe works at the company’s manufacturing ~ in Los Angeles.
94 Language Points Deplorable (para.10) Lie around (para.12) The condition of this school is deplorable.He condemned the deplorable waste of the tax-payers’ money.Lie around (para.12)I spent a week in Spain, lying around on the beach.It’s so nice to have the time to lie around in the sun.
95 ParaphraseOne day, feeling proud of my progress, I said, ‘I think as a treat, tomorrow I’d like to have breakfast in bed.’ (para. 12)One day, very satisfied with my fast progress, I said to Anne that I would treat myself to a breakfast in bed the next day.
96 Language Points Treat (para.12): As a special ~, the children were allowed to stay up until midnight.A day in the country is a real ~ for a city person.Mood (para.13): [C] a feeling of being unhappy or angryShe is in a good / bad mood.She refused to put up with her husband’s moods.He‘s in one of his moods. 他心情不好。
97 Word DifferentiationRescuer (para.12): a person who saves someone from a dangerous or difficult situation<syn.> saviourSaver: a person who regularly saves money through a bank or recognized scheme(oft in compound) fuel-saver
98 Part III (para. 14)The conclusion, with the author’s general comments on Anne’s character, giving the ending of the narration a philosophical touch.
99 ParaphraseWhat sets the survivors apart from the others is the willingness to move on, and to help others move on too. (para. 14)What makes the winner of life different from the ordinary people is that they are willing to go forward, and to help others move on.
100 Language Points In the midst of (para.14) Handle (para.14) She discovered it in the midst of sorting out her father’s things.The country is in the midst of an economic crisis.Handle (para.14)To tell the truth, I don't know if I can handle the job.
101 Snacks: About puns 双关 A pun is a figure of speech. A pun consists of a deliberate confusion of similar words or phrases.A pun rely on the assumed equivalency:of multiple similar words (homonymy),of different shades of meaning of one word (polysemy),of a literal meaning with a metaphor.A pun is employed to achieve rhetorical effect, either humorous or serious.
102 Examples Seven days without water make one weak. pun on homophony of “weak" and “week"Now is the winter of our discontent made glorious summer by this son of York.pun on homophony of “son" and “sun"My Stroke of Luckpun on polysemy of “stroke"Mr. Rochester continued blind the first two years of our union; …Literally, I was (what he often called me) the apple of his eye.pun on polysemy of “the apple of someone’s eye"
103 Rhetorical Devices Oxymoron: 矛盾修饰法 tough love A wise fool; a successful failure; living death; true liesLove-hate relationship; bitter-sweet memories;The mother is undergoing the joyful pain and painful joy of childbirth.No light, only darkness visible.--- Paradise Lost by John Milton
104 Rhetorical Devices Hyperbole: 夸张 During my recovery, she kicked me out of bed each…He almost died laughing.For she was beautiful — her beauty madeThe bright world dim, and everything besideSeemed like the fleeting image of a shade.~ Percy Shelley
105 Snacks: About autobiography An autobiography is a biography written by the subject about him/herself.The memoir lays the emphasis more on the people and events that the author has known or witnessed than on the author’s developing self.The private diary or journal is a day-to-day record of the events in one’s life, written for personal use and satisfaction, with little or no thought of publication.
106 Memorable QuotesWhat seems to us as bitter trials are often blessings in disguise.~Oscar WildeAttitude is a little thing that makes a big difference.~Winston ChurchillPessimism leads to weakness, optimism to power.~ William James
107 For life or for death, however separated, To our wives we pledged our word. We held their hands; We are to grow old together with them.Thank you!(To be continued.)
111 Complete the sentences Driving at such a high speed is really s________.His eldest son was named in his will as the thief b___________.The song brought back the p______ memories of his unhappy childhood.My i________ told me he wasn’t to be trusted.suicidalbeneficiarypoignantintuition
112 Complete the sentences. We watched a French film with English s_______ in Paris.The picture of the girl i________ his best music.The w_______ of the plane was spread over a five-mile area after the air crash.I’ve been a_________ by the court to repossess this property.subtitlesinspiredwreckageauthorized
113 Complete the sentences. The two planes c______ with each other in midair.He’s been feeling d__________ for several days after the holiday.We tried to c_______ her when her pet dog died.Students often find t_________ jobs during their summer holidays.collideddepressedconsoletemporary
114 1. My aunt _______ that we stay at her house instead of a motel. insist1. My aunt _______ that we stay at her house instead of a motel.2. She ______________telephoning her lawyer first.3. We applaud the government’s ______________ tougher environmental laws.4. ____ their mother’s_____________, the children wrote thank-you notes to their aunts and uncles.5. Harry was __________that we shouldn’t tell anyone else about our plan.insistedinsisted on/uponinsistence onAtinsistenceinsistent
115 inspire 1. Mrs. Clinton’s confident leadership _______her followers. 2. Dreams are a rich source of __________for many writers and poets.3. Many women think that Mrs. Clinton is an ___________female leader.4. In his latest book, Mr. Douglas told an __________story of love and determination.inspiredinspirationinspirationalinspiring
116 authorize1. She __________her business partner to negotiate on her behalf.2. All overtime payments must ___________ by a senior member of staff.3. This is a restricted area, open to ____________ personnel only.4. The action was taken without the ___________ of the minister.authorizedbe authorizedauthorizedauthorization
117 linguistic1. I'm particularly interested in the _________ development of young children.2. _________ is the systematic study of the structure and development of language in general or of particular languages.3. A _________ is a person who speaks several languages fluently or a person who studies linguistics.linguisticLinguisticslinguist
118 Review of the Text What type of writing is the text? Does the author follow exactly the chronological order?Can you identify the flashbacks in the text?Why do you think flashback is often adopted by writers?
119 Snacks: About autobiography An autobiography is a biography written by the subject about him/herself.The memoir lays the emphasis more on the people and events that the author has known or witnessed than on the author’s developing self.The private diary or journal is a day-to-day record of the events in one’s life, written for personal use and satisfaction, with little or no thought of publication.
120 Comprehension check How many times did Anne save Kirk’s life? How did Anne save Kirk each time?What can you infer about Anne’s personality from Kirk’s description?What made Kirk fall in love with Anne?
121 Possible AnswersAnne is an independent and honest lady. She can endure any hardships, but she can’t tolerate those who are wrapped up in sorrow for their misfortunes.Similar characters:Jane Eyre in Jane EyreScarlett in Gone with the Wind
122 Comprehension check Where did Kirk Douglas and Anne first meet? When and where did they get married?How do you understand “an actor wrapped up in his ego”?How did Anne help Kirk through the hardest times?
123 Comprehension checkWhy did the author say “I’ve never seen her feel sorry for herself either”?What kind of love does Anne believe in?What is Anne’s philosophy in life?What epiphany did Kirk have while writing his book My Stroke of Luck?
124 Explain the sentenceAnne’s secret is that she learns from life, then moves on. (para.4)Anne’s winning tip lies in that she can draw lessons from what she has experienced, and then continues with her journey of life.
125 Explain the sentence.But that took some doing on my part too. (para. 6)But I took great pains to persuade Anne into accepting my job offer.I also made some efforts to adjust myself.
126 Explain the sentence.We slipped away to Las Vegas to tie the knot. (para.7)We traveled secretly to Las Vegas to get married.
127 Explain the sentence.Anne has kept me going through some of the hardest times, which hasn’t always been easy, given that I’m sometimes an actor wrapped up in his ego. (para.8)Anne kept staying together with me during some of my most difficult times, which hasn’t always been easy, because I am sometimes too proud of myself as an actor.
128 Explain the sentence.He encouraged me to authorize him to remove Anne’s breast then and there. (para.9)He (the doctor) encouraged me to give him the permission of removing Anne’s breast at that time and place, especially without any delay.
129 Explain the sentence.One day, feeling proud of my progress, I said, ‘I think as a treat, tomorrow I’d like to have breakfast in bed.’ (para. 12)One day, very satisfied with my fast progress, I said to Anne that I would treat myself to a breakfast in bed the next day.
130 Explain the sentence.In the midst of writing my latest book, My Stroke of Luck, I had an epiphany, inspired by my wife. (para.14)When I was writing my new book, My Stroke of Luck, I had an inspiration/enlightenment which was due to the influence of my wife.
131 Explain the sentence.What sets the survivors apart from the others is the willingness to move on, and help others move on too. (para.14)What distinguishes the survivors (makes the survivors different) from the others is that they are willing to move on, and help others move on too.
132 Rhetorical Device My Stroke of Luck tough love pun Did you notice any rhetorical devices used in the text?My Stroke of Lucktough loveDuring my recovery, she kicked me out of bed each…punoxymoronhyperbole
138 Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) an Austrian physician and neurologistthe “father” of psychoanalysis, a new school of psychology embodying revolutionary and controversial view of human behaviour
139 Important Freudian Conception The UnconsciousFreud divided human personality into three functional parts — Id, Ego and Superego.
140 The UnconsciousAccording to Freud, many slips that people make in their daily life, the things they mishear and the strange misunderstandings are not mistakes at all; they are the workings of the unconscious mind.Many of our experiences, especially our childhood experiences, are unforgotten and buried in the unconscious. They continue to influence our behaviour.
141 In Freudian Psychology Id: the one of the three parts of the mind that is completely unconscious, but has needs and desiresEgo: the one of the three parts of the mind that connects a person to the outside world, because it can think and act; conscious selfSuperego: the moral self or conscience; the one of the three parts of the mind that is partly conscious and that rewards and punishes us by our feelings of guilt or rightness, according to our respect for the rules of society
142 Oedipus ComplexThis is a Freudian term originating from a Greek tragedy, in which King Oedipus killed his father and married his mother.According to Freud’s psychosexual development theory, children are born with powerful sexual urges. From 3 to 5, they become especially aware of the differences between themselves and members of the opposite sex.
143 Oedipus ComplexIn this period, a child becomes a rival for the affection of the parent of the opposite sex. The boy wants to win his mother for himself, so he tends to be hostile to his father. The girl does exactly the opposite. However, neither the parent nor their children are aware of this. It is an unconscious process.
144 James Joyce ( )An Irish writer, perhaps the most important fiction writer in the 20th centuryHis works are character ized by experiment with language, symbolism and such narrative techniques as interior monologue and stream of consciousness.
145 James Joyce’s Works 1. Dubliners (1914) a collection of 15 short stories2. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916)3. Ulysses (1922)his masterpiece, a modern man’s voyage and adventures in life4. Finnegans Wake (1939)an autographical novel
146 Ulysses vs. Odyssey James Joyce Homer Ulysses Odyssey allusion Trojan war
147 Translation Practice Stare The children ~d like fish. The error ~d from the page.He ~d the boy into silence/out of countenance.The answer has been ~ing us in the face all along!眼睛瞪得像鱼儿似的书页上这个错误很扎眼盯得不敢吭声了/局促不安答案其实一目了然！
148 Translation Practice Intuition By ~ he sensed what was wrong. Men are often regarded as less intuitive than women.Those ~s are quite correct. Trust your ~.女性的直觉告诉她他并不快乐。Her feminine ~ told her that he was not happy.
149 Translation Practice Authorize I ~d my bank to pay her $3000. 老师同意那个女孩休息一天。The teacher ~d the girl to take a day off.The spokesman has been ~d to issue the following statement.The dictionary ~s two spellings for this word.这部词典认可/认为这个单词有两种拼写。The city council has ~d a housing project recently.发言人被授权发表以下声明。最近市政府批准了一项住房项目。
150 Translation Practice Beneficiary This suburb has been the accidental ~ of a large restoration program.农民将成为这项税费改革最大的受益者。Farmers will be the biggest ~ies of the tax reform.长三角地区的企业将成为世博会的受益者。The enterprises in the Yangtze Delta will be the ~ies of the Expo.意外受益者
151 Translation Practice Finance The campaign was ~d mainly through voluntary contribution.Though he had inherited some money, he found it hard to ~ himself for three years.但仍然感到要靠这些钱维持三年的生活是困难的The central government has ~d the automobile industry to help it through difficult times.学校的修缮将由教育部出资。这项活动的经费主要是通过自愿捐助筹集的。The repairs to the school…
152 Translation Practice Believe in Do you ~ in the natural goodness of man?你相信人性本善吗？My father firmly ~s in doing morning exercises every day.He ~d in the policy of an eye for an eye in his life.Gradually, since her divorce, she’s beginning to ~ in herself again.坚信每天锻炼对身体有益生活中他信奉以眼还眼的政策。
153 Translation Practice Go through Has the nail gone through (the board)? The piano won’t ~ through the narrow entrance.The telephone call quickly went through.You will have ~ through a severe test.你得经受一次严峻的考验We went through the scene three times during the rehearsals.That book has gone through three printings this year alone.穿透这场戏我们反复练习了三次仅仅今年就重印了三次
154 Translation Practice Go through The thief went through all the drawers.小偷翻遍了所有的抽屉。The amendment has gone through Parliament.修正案得到了议会的通过。She went through the degree ceremony without getting too nervous.He went through all the money his father gave him.参加学位授予仪式他把父亲留给他的钱都花光了。
155 Differentiation bump vs collide Bump is used primarily of physical matters and then implies a forceful knocking or running against sth. / sb., typically with thudding impact.--He bumped his foot on the stove.Bump may also suggest encountering an obstacle or difficulty.--The builder bumped up against the problem of shoring up the wall.
156 Differentiation bump vs collide Collide denotes a more or less direct running together or against with a definite and often destructive force or shockCollide may indicate a forceful direct disagreement or opposition as well.--The tanker sank after it collided with the freighter
157 Differentiation bear vs endure Both terms can denote “to put up with sth. trying or painful”.Bear usually suggests more the power to sustain what is distressing or hurtful without flinching or breaking.--The writer was forced to bear one personal tragedy after another.--He couldn’t bear to see the cat in pain.
158 Differentiation bear vs endure Endure basically implies meeting trials and difficulties, especially prolonged ones, with patience and continued firm resolution.--to endure years of rejection and neglect--His father, who suffered a stroke in 1961 which rendered him speechless, endured the agony in silence.
159 Differentiation comfort vs console Both terms can mean to give or offer help in relieving suffering or sorrowComfort suggests the lessening of misery or grief by cheer, strength, encouragement or inspiration with hope.--a message intended to comfort the grieving family--to comfort him for his misfortunes
160 Differentiation comfort vs console Console emphasizes the alleviating of grief or the mitigating of the sense of loss.Console suggests less positive relief but implies a moderation of the sense of loss or disappointment.--to console someone on the death of a parent--to console herself by remembering the good times
161 Insert an appropriate word a _______ of smokea _______ of soapa _______ of snowa _______ of chocolatea _______ of painta _______ of porka _______ of watercloudcakeblanketbarcoatcutdrop
162 Insert an appropriate word a _______ of skina _______ of coala(n) _______ of wheata _______ of sworda _______ of cabbagea _______ of wita _______ of electric fana _______ of mosquito bitesheetlumpearflashheadflashbladelump
163 C-E Translation 1. 作为一名外交官，他应该能巧妙地处理各种意外情况。(handle) As a diplomat, he should handle all unexpected situations skillfully.2. 我觉得那一点我们已经谈得够多了，谈点别的吧。 (move on)I think we’ve talked enough about that. Let’s move on.
164 C-E Translation 3. 人喝醉了说话就含糊不清。(slur) When a man is drunk, his speech is slurred.4. 我一刻也忍受不了她那没完没了的抱怨了。(endure)I can’t endure her endless complaint a moment longer.
165 C-E Translation 5. 他聊以自慰的是幸亏事情没有变得更糟。（console) He consoled himself with the thought that it might have been worse.6. 她悄悄溜走未被人看见。(slip)She slipped away without being seen.
166 Topic for DiscussionIf love is a cake, what do you think it is made up of? What, in your opinion, would be its ingredients? What would be its “flour”, “sugar”, “egg”, or “cream”? Why?
167 DictationLove means that I know the person I love. / I'm aware of / the many sides of the other person / not just the beautiful side / but also the limitations. / I have an awareness / of the other's feelings and thoughts. / I can see the other person / on a deeper level.Love means / that I care about the welfare / of the person I love. / If I care about you, /I'm concerned about your growth, / and I hope you will become / all that you can become. /Love means trusting the person I love. / If I love you, / I trust that you will accept my caring and my love / and that you won't deliberately hurt me. / I trust that you will find me lovable / and that you won't abandon me. / If we trust each other, / we are willing to be open to each other / and reveal our true selves.
168 Structure of the textRe-read the text for a couple of minutes and work outa map for the order of narration.For your reference:chronological account (description of the air crash)flashback (his wife's intuition judgment on previous occasions)flashback (their romance and marriage)chronological account (the author's recovery from the air crash)flashback (his wife's surgery)flashback (his wife's method to make people move on)chronological account (the author's concluding comments).
169 Few things in the world are more powerful than a positive push. A smile. A word of optimism and hope. And you can do it when things are tough.Thank you!
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