Presentation on theme: "Indonesia 96440861 Janet 96300105 Momo. The flag."— Presentation transcript:
Indonesia Janet Momo
Motto: Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Old Javanese) -Unity in Diversity
Geography Capital: Jakarta Official languages: Indonesian Area: 1,919,440 sq km Independence: Declared 17 August 1945 Currency: Rupiah (IDR) GDP: $843.7 billion Population: 237,512,352
People Ethnic groups: Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% Religions: Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch,local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)
History 1.Kingdom of Muslim religion(13 th century) 2.Slavery system in 2 nd century B.C 3.Be colonized by Portuguese(1955), Dutchman (340 years), Japanese(World War II). 4.Declared in 17 August, Be a member state in Dec. 27, 1950
Culture Food 1. Chinese culture and Indian culture 2. Rice 3. Meat and vegetables, Spices (notably chili), coconut milk, fish and chicken are fundamental ingredients. 4. Spicy 5. Halal (legal food in Islam), conforming to Islamic food laws. 6. Haraam (an Arabic term meaning forbidden" ), the opposite of halal, includes pork and alcoholic drinks.
Wedding custom 1.Woman marry man 2.Earlier marriage (Java island) 3.Many wives (Mohammedanism culture) 4.Wedding treatment in girl from mother side. 5.Confinement in childbirth
sepak takraw Sepak takraw kick volleyball is a sport native to Southeast Asia, resembling volleyball, except that it uses a rattan ball and only allows players to use their feet, knee, chest and head to touch the ball. It is a popular sport in Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Laos, Australia, Philippines and Indonesia.
Politics -The politics of Indonesia takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic -the President of Indonesia is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. -Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two People's Representative Councils. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. -The President of Indonesia is directly-elected for five-year terms, and is the head of state, commander-in-chief of Indonesian armed forces and responsible for domestic governance and policy-making and foreign affairs. The president appoints a cabinet, who don't have to be elected members of the legislature.
Economy Indonesia has a market-based economy in which the government plays a significant role. It owns more than 164 state-owned enterprises and administers prices on several basic goods, including fuel, rice, and electricity. In the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis that began in mid-1997, the government took custody of a significant portion of private sector assets through acquisition of nonperforming bank loans and corporate assets through the debt restructuring process. the presence of US banks, manufacturers, and service providers expanded, especially after the industrial and financial sector reforms of the 1980s. The economic crisis made continued private financing imperative but problematic. New foreign investment approvals fell by almost two-thirds between 1997 and 1999.
Foreign relations During the regime of president Suharto, Indonesia built strong relations with the United States and had difficult relations with the People's Republic of China owing to Indonesia's anti-communist policies and domestic tensions with the Chinese community. Indonesia is a founding member of the Association of South East Asian Nations. Since the 1980s, Indonesia has worked to develop close political and economic ties between South East Asian nations, and is also influential in the Organization of the Islamic Conference.
Reference https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/id.htmlhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/id.html CP6ykzsK0M&feature=relatedhttp://tw.youtube.com/watch?v=- CP6ykzsK0M&feature=related Special thanks to Yasmin Purnomo from Indonesia our interviewee.