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The Bridegroom Alexander Pushkin. About the Selection The Bridegroom is a variation on the familiar folk story of a worthy young person standing up to.

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Presentation on theme: "The Bridegroom Alexander Pushkin. About the Selection The Bridegroom is a variation on the familiar folk story of a worthy young person standing up to."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Bridegroom Alexander Pushkin

2 About the Selection The Bridegroom is a variation on the familiar folk story of a worthy young person standing up to declare independence and becoming heroic by doing so. The Bridegroom is a variation on the familiar folk story of a worthy young person standing up to declare independence and becoming heroic by doing so. The poem raises questions about fate, wishes, and particularly about making choices for yourself. The poem raises questions about fate, wishes, and particularly about making choices for yourself.

3 Foreshadowing Foreshadowing is when the author gives hints as to what will happen next in a story. Foreshadowing is when the author gives hints as to what will happen next in a story. You can use writers hints at future events to make predictions. You can use writers hints at future events to make predictions.

4 Words to Know Foreboding – feeling that something bad will happen Foreboding – feeling that something bad will happen Tumult – noisy commotion Tumult – noisy commotion

5 Poetry Terms Narrative Poem A poem that tells a story, contains a conflict, and has a resolution. A poem that tells a story, contains a conflict, and has a resolution.Alliteration Repetition of consonant sounds. Repetition of consonant sounds. (Line 16) She sat with her sisters. (Line 16) She sat with her sisters.

6 Poetry Terms Repetition Repeating words or phrases to add emphasis Repeating words or phrases to add emphasis (Line 29) It was he! It was he! (Line 29) It was he! It was he!

7 Making Predictions What does Natashas strange behavior followed by renewed cheerfulness lead the reader to predict about future events? What does Natashas strange behavior followed by renewed cheerfulness lead the reader to predict about future events? Her strange behavior together with the fact that shes been gone for three days, points to a troubling future. Her strange behavior together with the fact that shes been gone for three days, points to a troubling future.

8 Word Usage Troika – a Russian carriage or sleigh drawn by a team of three horses harnessed side by side Troika – a Russian carriage or sleigh drawn by a team of three horses harnessed side by side

9 Comprehension What is Natashas reaction to the young man in the troika? What is Natashas reaction to the young man in the troika? Natasha is terrified. Natasha is terrified.

10 Culture Historically, marriage was regarded as an alliance between two families, rather than just between two individuals. Wealthy families could add to the their money and power through a childs marriage. Marriage was also a means of bringing peace between former enemies. Historically, marriage was regarded as an alliance between two families, rather than just between two individuals. Wealthy families could add to the their money and power through a childs marriage. Marriage was also a means of bringing peace between former enemies.

11 Matchmaker A matchmaker is an intermediary whose responsibility is to arrange a marriage to the satisfaction of both families involved. A matchmaker is an intermediary whose responsibility is to arrange a marriage to the satisfaction of both families involved. The matchmaker in The Bridegroom looked for a man who was handsome, young, rich, and generous for Natasha to marry. The matchmaker in The Bridegroom looked for a man who was handsome, young, rich, and generous for Natasha to marry.

12 Comprehension Why is Natasha silent when the matchmaker comes to talk to the family about a possible groom? Why is Natasha silent when the matchmaker comes to talk to the family about a possible groom? Her silence suggests that she is strong, independent, and perhaps considerate of her parents feelings, or that there is something she feels she cannot tell them. Her silence suggests that she is strong, independent, and perhaps considerate of her parents feelings, or that there is something she feels she cannot tell them.

13 Foreshadowing What does Natashas sobbing and shuddering when her father agrees to the match foreshadow? What does Natashas sobbing and shuddering when her father agrees to the match foreshadow? It predicts that she will not go happily into the wedding. It predicts that she will not go happily into the wedding. Since Natasha is terrified of the young man on the troika, this foreshadows that something surprising will happen at the wedding. Since Natasha is terrified of the young man on the troika, this foreshadows that something surprising will happen at the wedding.

14 Making Predictions Why does Natasha suddenly become calm after the matchmaker splashes water in her face? Why does Natasha suddenly become calm after the matchmaker splashes water in her face? She realizes she has no choice and will have to go through with the wedding. She realizes she has no choice and will have to go through with the wedding. She may also have already hatched a plan to get out of the marriage. She may also have already hatched a plan to get out of the marriage.

15 Making Predictions Natasha says (line 87-88), …and call the law to the feast. Natasha says (line 87-88), …and call the law to the feast. Why does she invite the law to her wedding? Why does she invite the law to her wedding? This foreshadows the arrest of the bridegroom. This foreshadows the arrest of the bridegroom.

16 Natashas Dream In Natashas dream, she hides behind the stove in a hut in the woods and watches twelve unruly men and a sad, quiet woman. In Natashas dream, she hides behind the stove in a hut in the woods and watches twelve unruly men and a sad, quiet woman. One of the men kills the woman and cuts off her hand. One of the men kills the woman and cuts off her hand.

17 Natasha Why does Natasha refuse to eat or drink at the wedding feast? Why does Natasha refuse to eat or drink at the wedding feast? She does not intend to celebrate the upcoming nuptials. She does not intend to celebrate the upcoming nuptials. She must keep a clear head to allow her plan to work. She must keep a clear head to allow her plan to work.

18 Question #2 Summarize the first eight lines of the poem. Summarize the first eight lines of the poem. After disappearing for three days, Natasha returns home upset. She refuses to answer her parents questions. After disappearing for three days, Natasha returns home upset. She refuses to answer her parents questions. Where was she during the three days she was missing? Where was she during the three days she was missing? She probably witnessed the murder. She probably witnessed the murder.

19 Question #3 Describe Natashas reaction to the wedding. Describe Natashas reaction to the wedding. At first Natasha is upset, but then she appears to accept the marriage. At first Natasha is upset, but then she appears to accept the marriage. What accounts for this switch in attitude? What accounts for this switch in attitude? She probably felt safe in confronting the bridegroom as murderer with her family and friends surrounding her. She probably felt safe in confronting the bridegroom as murderer with her family and friends surrounding her.

20 Question #4 How does Natasha respond to her bridegrooms question about why his bride is so sad? How does Natasha respond to her bridegrooms question about why his bride is so sad? She tells him a dream has been haunting her. She tells him a dream has been haunting her. Did Natasha have the evil dream she describes? Did Natasha have the evil dream she describes? No, she is using the dream to make her case. No, she is using the dream to make her case.

21 Question #5 How does Natashas attitude at the beginning contrast with her behavior at the end? How does Natashas attitude at the beginning contrast with her behavior at the end? At the beginning, she seems fragile and shy. At the end, she is courageous and independent. At the beginning, she seems fragile and shy. At the end, she is courageous and independent. How can we account for the change? How can we account for the change? She has been able to bring the bridegroom to justice and avoid the marriage. She has been able to bring the bridegroom to justice and avoid the marriage.

22 Question #7 Why is the setting of the poem important? Why is the setting of the poem important? The poem could only take place in a culture that practiced matchmaking. The poem could only take place in a culture that practiced matchmaking. Would the setting be realistic today? Would the setting be realistic today? It wouldnt unless it was set in a culture that still practiced arranged marriages. It wouldnt unless it was set in a culture that still practiced arranged marriages.

23 The Weary Blues Langston Hughes

24 About the Selection Hughes captures the lazy repetition and syncopated rhythm of the blues by using long sentences interrupted by shorter ones. Hughes captures the lazy repetition and syncopated rhythm of the blues by using long sentences interrupted by shorter ones. The repeated long o and oo sounds echo like the crooning of a blues singer. The repeated long o and oo sounds echo like the crooning of a blues singer. Like a story within a story, the poem conveys the blues of the life of a blues musician. Like a story within a story, the poem conveys the blues of the life of a blues musician.

25 Vocabulary pallor – lack of color; unnatural paleness pallor – lack of color; unnatural paleness melancholy – sad and depressed melancholy – sad and depressed Syncopated – rhythm shifted to the normally weak beats Syncopated – rhythm shifted to the normally weak beats

26 Terms Tone is the attitude of the poet for the subject/ person addressed in the poem Tone is the attitude of the poet for the subject/ person addressed in the poem Rhythm is the pattern of beat, of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem. Rhythm is the pattern of beat, of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem. Rhyme is the repeating of final sounds in two or more words. Rhyme is the repeating of final sounds in two or more words. Imagery is the word pictures that help readers see, hear, smell, taste, or feel. Imagery is the word pictures that help readers see, hear, smell, taste, or feel.

27 Background The earliest ancestors of the blues are African slave songs, which were musical forms of communication among slaves on plantations. The earliest ancestors of the blues are African slave songs, which were musical forms of communication among slaves on plantations. The blues, which often deal with the hardships of life, have influenced musical styles as varied as jazz, rock-and-roll, rhythm-and- blues, and soul music. The blues, which often deal with the hardships of life, have influenced musical styles as varied as jazz, rock-and-roll, rhythm-and- blues, and soul music.

28 Tone What is the tone of the poem? What is the tone of the poem? The tone of the poem is relaxed but tired and sad. The tone of the poem is relaxed but tired and sad. Words such as poor piano, moan, rickety stool, and sad, raggy tune help to convey this tone. Words such as poor piano, moan, rickety stool, and sad, raggy tune help to convey this tone.

29 Tone Why did the poet choose this tone? Why did the poet choose this tone? The melancholy (sad) tone echoes the sadness of the blues music that is the subject of the poem. The melancholy (sad) tone echoes the sadness of the blues music that is the subject of the poem.

30 Word Root -Chol- refers to bile, a digestive fluid that was once believed to control health and attitude. -Chol- refers to bile, a digestive fluid that was once believed to control health and attitude. Melancholy literally means black bile, which supposedly caused depression. Melancholy literally means black bile, which supposedly caused depression.

31 Alliteration Alliteration is repetition of consonant sounds. Alliteration is repetition of consonant sounds. What examples exist in line 1? What examples exist in line 1? Droning a drowsy syncopated tune… Droning a drowsy syncopated tune…

32 Repetition Repetition is the repeating of words of phrases. Repetition is the repeating of words of phrases. What lines are repeated in the poem? What lines are repeated in the poem? He did a lazy sway… (lines 6-7) He did a lazy sway… (lines 6-7) got the weary blues (lines 25,27) got the weary blues (lines 25,27) cant be satisfied (lines 26, 28) cant be satisfied (lines 26, 28) What is the purpose of the repetition? What is the purpose of the repetition? The sound mimics the rhythm of a drum. The sound mimics the rhythm of a drum.

33 Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like what it means. Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like what it means. What example of onomatopoeia is in line 23? What example of onomatopoeia is in line 23? thump, thump, thump thump, thump, thump The sound mimics the sound of the rhythm. The sound mimics the sound of the rhythm.

34 Rhyme What are examples of words from the poem that rhyme? What are examples of words from the poem that rhyme? Tune/croon Tune/croon Night/light Night/light Key/melody Key/melody Stool/fool Stool/fool Tone/moan Tone/moan Self/shelf Self/shelf Floor/more Floor/more Satisfied/died Satisfied/died Tune/moon Tune/moon Bed/head/dead Bed/head/dead

35 Recall What words does Hughes use to describe the way the man plays the piano? What words does Hughes use to describe the way the man plays the piano? He uses words such as drowsy, syncopated, moan, sad, and raggy. He uses words such as drowsy, syncopated, moan, sad, and raggy. Based on these descriptions, how would you describe the personality of the piano player? Based on these descriptions, how would you describe the personality of the piano player? He is easy-going and sad. He is easy-going and sad.

36 Paraphrase Rewrite lines Rewrite lines I dont have anybody in this world. I dont have anybody but myself. Im going to quit frowning and put my troubles on the shelf. I dont have anybody in this world. I dont have anybody but myself. Im going to quit frowning and put my troubles on the shelf. Based on these lyrics, how would you characterize the blues? Based on these lyrics, how would you characterize the blues? The blues offer people a way to express their pain so they can move on. The blues offer people a way to express their pain so they can move on.

37 Evaluate How well does Hughes capture the music he describes? How well does Hughes capture the music he describes? He captures both the rhythm and the mood. He captures both the rhythm and the mood. The rhythm is captured in the different line lengths and in the repetition. The rhythm is captured in the different line lengths and in the repetition. The mood is captured by words such as weary, melancholy, and died. The mood is captured by words such as weary, melancholy, and died.

38 Application Why do you think people sing and play blues music? Why do you think people sing and play blues music? They sing and play to express their struggles and to create something thats comforting and beautiful. They sing and play to express their struggles and to create something thats comforting and beautiful.

39 The Fish Elizabeth Bishop

40 About the Selection At the opening of this poem, the conflict seems to be resolved --- the fish is caught. At the opening of this poem, the conflict seems to be resolved --- the fish is caught. As the poem continues, the speaker reveals an internal conflict that leads to an outcome most readers may not expect. As the poem continues, the speaker reveals an internal conflict that leads to an outcome most readers may not expect.

41 Vocabulary venerable – worthy of respect or reverence because of age, character, or position venerable – worthy of respect or reverence because of age, character, or position infested – overrun infested – overrun sullen – gloomy; sad sullen – gloomy; sad

42 Poetry Terms Metaphor – a comparison of two unlike things Metaphor – a comparison of two unlike things How is Here and there/ his brown skin hung in strips/ like ancient wallpaper,/ and its pattern of darker brown/ was like wallpaper… a metaphor? How is Here and there/ his brown skin hung in strips/ like ancient wallpaper,/ and its pattern of darker brown/ was like wallpaper… a metaphor? The speaker compares the skin of the fish to wallpaper. The speaker compares the skin of the fish to wallpaper. This also introduces visual imagery. This also introduces visual imagery.

43 Visual Imagery Visual imagery produces something that you can see a picture of in your mind. Visual imagery produces something that you can see a picture of in your mind. Find examples of visual imagery in the poem. Find examples of visual imagery in the poem. like ancient wallpaper like ancient wallpaper like full-blown roses like full-blown roses speckled with barnacles speckled with barnacles the pink swim-bladder like a big peony the pink swim-bladder like a big peony

44 Allusion An allusion is when the poet uses another literary work in his poem. An allusion is when the poet uses another literary work in his poem. What is the allusion in line 75? What is the allusion in line 75? rainbow rainbow What does it mean? What does it mean? It refers to the biblical story of Noah when after the flood God sends a rainbow to promise there would be no more destruction. It refers to the biblical story of Noah when after the flood God sends a rainbow to promise there would be no more destruction.

45 Allusion What does the allusion mean to the fish? What does the allusion mean to the fish? When the speaker releases the fish, it is promised a new day, a chance to fight again another day. When the speaker releases the fish, it is promised a new day, a chance to fight again another day. Why is rainbow repeated three times? Why is rainbow repeated three times? The rainbow mimics the ripples in the water when the speaker returns the fish. The rainbow mimics the ripples in the water when the speaker returns the fish.

46 Comprehension What sort of fight does the fish put up? What sort of fight does the fish put up? No fight at all. No fight at all.

47 Interpretation The speaker says, victory filled up the little boat. Who has achieved victory --- the speaker or the fish? The speaker says, victory filled up the little boat. Who has achieved victory --- the speaker or the fish? Some say the fish achieved the victory because it has so many medals and battle scars. Some say the fish achieved the victory because it has so many medals and battle scars. Others may say that the speaker feels victorious after catching such a great fish. Others may say that the speaker feels victorious after catching such a great fish.

48 Types of Imagery Visual – imagery of sight Visual – imagery of sight Auditory – imagery of sound Auditory – imagery of sound Tactile – imagery of touch Tactile – imagery of touch Olfactory – imagery of smell Olfactory – imagery of smell Gustatory – imagery of taste Gustatory – imagery of taste Kinesthetic – imagery of motion Kinesthetic – imagery of motion

49 Making Predictions How do lines 34 and 45 help the reader predict the outcome of the poem? How do lines 34 and 45 help the reader predict the outcome of the poem? The speaker has begun to view the fish as a conscious being. The speaker has begun to view the fish as a conscious being.

50 Question #2 What does the speaker find in the fishs lower lip? What does the speaker find in the fishs lower lip? She finds four or five pieces of fishing line and five hooks in the fishs jaw. She finds four or five pieces of fishing line and five hooks in the fishs jaw. What does this discovery indicate about the fish? What does this discovery indicate about the fish? This indicates that the fish had already been caught four or five times, but had gotten away. This indicates that the fish had already been caught four or five times, but had gotten away.

51 Question #4 How can compassion be a sign of strength? How can compassion be a sign of strength? A person who shows compassion is strong enough not to have to prove his or her strength. A person who shows compassion is strong enough not to have to prove his or her strength. The speakers compassion motivates her to release the fish. The speakers compassion motivates her to release the fish.


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