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The Criminal Justice System Goals Federalism System perspective Characteristics Operations Flow of decision making Crime and Justice in a Multicultural.

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Presentation on theme: "The Criminal Justice System Goals Federalism System perspective Characteristics Operations Flow of decision making Crime and Justice in a Multicultural."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Criminal Justice System Goals Federalism System perspective Characteristics Operations Flow of decision making Crime and Justice in a Multicultural Society

2 DoingJusticeControllingCrime PreventingCrime Goals of the Criminal Justice System

3 Doing Justice Accountability for offenses Protect rights Equality under the law Discretion

4 Controlling Crime Apprehension Prosecution Punishment Within the bounds of the law

5 Preventing Crime Police presence Punishment as deterrent Problems with citizen invoked crime prevention

6 A system of government in which power is divided between a central (national) government and regional (state) governments. Federalism

7 State systems handle alleged violations of state law. The federal system handles alleged violations of federal law. Dual Justice Systems

8 Federal State and Local Comparisons I

9 Federal State and Local Comparisons II

10 Criminal Justice as a System

11 System Perspective Interdependent subsystems Exchange relationships Example: plea bargains

12 Characteristics of the Criminal Justice System Discretion Resource Dependence Sequential Tasks Filtering

13 Discretion Arrest or let go? Long or short sentence? Prosecute or dismiss?

14 Resource Dependence Politicians Public Media

15 Sequential Tasks

16 Criminal Justice Funnel Of 1,000 crimes that are committed Only 5 juveniles and 18 adults are incarcerated

17

18 Operations of Criminal Justice Agencies

19 POLICE Keep the peace Combat crime Prevent crime Provide social services

20 COURTS Dual Court System US and State Variance among states Adjudication Sentencing

21 CORRECTIONS Only about 1/3 incarcerated Community supervision Federal, State, and local Privatization trend

22 Flow of Decision Making in the Criminal Justice System Steps in the Decision Making Process The Criminal Justice Wedding Cake Crime Control versus Due Process

23

24 Criminal Justice Wedding Cake: Layer 1 Celebrated perpetrators Celebrated victims Type the media loves Cases that make Supreme Court precedents 1

25 Serious felonies by experienced offenders Violent crimes Property crimes with high $ value Get full attention of the CJ system 2 Criminal Justice Wedding Cake: Layer 2

26 First time offender less serious offenses which may be felonies Less serious personal injury or low $ value Dealt with less seriously, maybe probation 3 Criminal Justice Wedding Cake: Layer 3

27 Most misdemeanors Handled in assembly-line fashion Typical penalty is a small fine Having to go to court may be the real punishment 4 Criminal Justice Wedding Cake: Layer 4

28 Competing Models

29 Racial Disparities in CJ System Potential Explanations

30 Explanations for Incarceration Rates for Blacks and Whites Black Incarceration (DV) Arrest rates Poverty Unemployment Executive Party (R) Legislature (%R) Black Politicians % State Courts (Liberal) Citizen opinion Sentencing Guidelines Prison Capacity Litigation White Incarceration (DV) Arrest rates Poverty Unemployment Executive Party (R) Legislature (%R) Black Politicians % State Courts (Liberal) Citizen opinion Sentencing Guidelines Prison Capacity Litigation

31 Incarceration Rates By Race

32 Effect of Partisanship on Black Incarceration Conditioned on Black State Population

33 Quick Quiz to Test Attention 1) ___ is the authority to make decisions by using ones own judgment and conscience which provides the basis for individualization and informality in the administration of justice. Discretion 2) ___ is a document charging an individual with a specific crime prepared by a prosecuting attorney and presented to a court at a preliminary hearing. Information 3) ___ is a characteristic of the criminal justice system that leads criminal justice officials to be responsive to elected officials and legislative bodies. Resource dependence 4) ___ consists of separate judicial structures for states and for the national government. Dual court system 5) ___ is a characteristic of the organization of law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies in the United States. Decentralization


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