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FIGURING IT OUT!!! Figurative Language Part 1 Grade 6 1.

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Presentation on theme: "FIGURING IT OUT!!! Figurative Language Part 1 Grade 6 1."— Presentation transcript:

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2 FIGURING IT OUT!!! Figurative Language Part 1 Grade 6 1

3 Difference between Literal and Figurative Language Literal: Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." Words function exactly as defined in the sentences. Examples: The car is blue. He caught the football. These sentences mean exactly what they say without exaggeration. You dont have to figure anything out. 2

4 Difference between Literal and Figurative Language Figurative: Figurative Language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. You must figure out what it means. Examples: Janet is a soaring eagle. Toms mouth is a vacuum cleaner. In these sentences, you have to figure out what the writer is trying to say… 3

5 Recognizing Figurative Language Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. It usually gives us a feeling about its subject. It helps the reader to visualize (see) what the writer is thinking. It puts a picture in the readers mind. Poets use figurative language often. 4

6 Recognizing Figurative Language Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. 5

7 Types of Figurative Language Part 1 Simile Metaphor Personification Alliteration Hyperbole Onomatopoeia Lets begin our journey into the world of figurative language. You will learn about the following types of figurative language… 6

8 Simile - is a comparison of two unlike things using like or as. Examples of Similes: The metal twisted like a ribbon. She is as sweet as candy. Tom is as busy as a bee. 7

9 Important! Using like or as doesnt make a simile. A comparison must be made. Not a Simile: I like pizza. Simile: The moon is like a pizza. 8

10 Simile Song Watch the Simile Movie: 9

11 Metaphor - is a comparison of two different things without using signal words such as like or as. Examples of metaphors: Metaphor 1: She is a graceful swan. She is compared to a swan. Metaphor 2: Johns mind is a computer. Johns mind is compared to a computer. Metaphor 3: Stars are flowers in the meadow of the sky. Stars are compared to flowers. 10

12 What is a Metaphor? Watch the Metaphor Movie for review : 11

13 Similes and Metaphors Lets practice… Is the sentence a simile or a metaphor? Click to see the answer after you read the sentence. 12

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23 Its time to take a quiz! Click the link below to take the quiz. 22

24 More Figurative Language It is time to continue with more figurative language techniques… 23

25 Personification - is giving human traits to objects or ideas. Examples: The wind yells while blowing. (The wind cant yell.) The sunlight danced. (The sunlight cant dance.) The stars smiled down on us. (Stars cannot smile.) The streets are calling me. (Streets cannot call you.) 24

26 What is Personification? Watch the Personification Movie for review: 25

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28 Personification Questions In each sentence below, an object or idea is personified. Identify the object or idea that is being personified and tell which human trait is given to the object or idea. 1. The wind whispered through the dark and gloomy forest. What is being personified? _____________ Which human trait or quality is given? ________________ 2. The lumberjack leveled the many trees into a clearing and his chainsaw sang its deadly song. What is being personified? ________________________ Which human trait or quality is given? _______________ 3. When Monica walked through the shoe store, each shiny pair of high heels called out to her. What is being personified? ________________________ Which human trait or quality is given? _______________ 27

29 Alliteration - the repetition of the initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words... kind of like tongue twisters. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken. 28

30 More Alliteration Examples Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. She sells sea shells by the sea shore. 29

31 Alliteration Exercise Directions: Select words from the columns below and make an alliteration phrase! Write the phrase on your worksheet. 30

32 Hyperbole - Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. Examples: I ate a thousand pounds of pasta. The project took me a million hours to complete. 31

33 Onomatopoeia - Use of words such as ka-boom, buzz, bang, or boo that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. Examples: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom! Buzz, went the bee! Swoosh went the basketball through the loop. 32

34 It times to take a quiz! Click the link below to take the quiz. 33

35 Ready to win a million dollars with your knowledge of figurative language? Click the link below to play the millionaire game. Make sure you sign in so you will get credit. Show the teacher when you win! 34


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