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I. Greek Roots of Democracy Unit 2 10.1.1 Ms. Ramos.

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Presentation on theme: "I. Greek Roots of Democracy Unit 2 10.1.1 Ms. Ramos."— Presentation transcript:

1 I. Greek Roots of Democracy Unit 2 10.1.1 Ms. Ramos

2 A. Rise of Greek City- States http://mbscientific.com/mediawiki/mediawiki-1.11.1/images/Greece500BC.gif Ms. Ramos

3 1. Governing City-states City-state: political unit of city & surrounding land http://www.theodora.com/wfb/photos/greece/acropolis_athens_greece_ert.jpg http://www1.curriculum.edu.au/ddunits/units/ls1fq2acts.htm Ms. Ramos

4 Polis –Acropolis- temples to gods –Walled city http://photography.nationalgeographic.com/staticfiles/NGS/Shared/StaticFiles/Photogra phy/Images/POD/a/acropolis-athens-greece-711916-sw.jpg Ms. Ramos

5 750-500 B.C. –Power shift: monarchy to noble landowners http://greece.mrdonn.org/argos.html http://www.europabarbarorum.com/i/units/koinon-hellenon/kh_hippeis_xystophoroi.gif Ms. Ramos

6 2. Changes in Warfare Increase middle class power –Iron weapons http://www.amren.com/ar/2007/07/11a--GreekSoldiers.jpg Ms. Ramos

7 Phalanx Formation Requires practice--- sense of unity Reduce class differences Sparta (discipline) v. Athens (individual & political rights) http://images.absoluteastronomy.com/images/encyclopediaimages/g/gr/greek_phalanx.jpg Ms. Ramos

8 http://ccsdweb.com/jjaconet/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/this-is-sparta-map.JPG http://www.utexas.edu/courses/introtogreece/lect10/emapSparta9907210001.jpg Ms. Ramos

9 3. Sparta: Nation of Soldiers Military state 2 Kings & Council of Elders Assembly approve major decisions Citizen= male, native, over 30 http://cd7.e2bn.net/e2bn/leas/c99/schools/cd7/website/images/greek-spartan-warriors-1.jpg Ms. Ramos

10 http://z.about.com/d/atheism/1/0/w/L/AthensMap-l.jpg Ms. Ramos

11 4. Athens: A Limited Democracy Democracy: Gov by the people Monarcharistocracy--- democracy –Discontent w/ aristocracy spreads----move to democracy Ms. Ramos

12 Solon, 594 B.C. Outlaw slavery Open offices to citizens Gave assembly more say Discontent led to tyranny http://z.about.com/d/ancienthistory/1/0/2/S/2/Solon_th.jpg Ms. Ramos

13 Pisistratus, 546 B.C. Took pwr Gave farmers & poor more pwr Weakened aristocracy http://www.mainlesson.com/books/tappan/greek/zpage070.gif Ms. Ramos

14 Cleisthenes, 507 B.C. Greater citizen role Council of 500: chosen by lot Made the assembly a real legislature (lawmaking body) http://www.eurekastreet.com.au/Uploads/Image/0706/11massola1.jpg Ms. Ramos

15 http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~klio/maps/gr/constitutions/Periclean%20System.jpg Ms. Ramos

16 B. The Persian Wars http://media.moddb.com/images/downloads/1/11/10632/modlogo.jpg Ms. Ramos

17 Persia: Asia Minor-India http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00maplinks/early/darius/dariusmap490.jpg Ms. Ramos

18 Persia threatens Greece http://www.worldhistory.timemaps.com/images/500BC/PersianEmpire.jpg Ms. Ramos

19 490 B.C. Persians land @ Marathon Persia forced to retreat http://members.ozemail.com.au/~ancientpersia/images/perwars.gif Ms. Ramos

20 490 B.C. Persians land @ Marathon http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/Images2/Maps/Greek_domain_during_the_Perian_Wars.png Persia forced to retreat Ms. Ramos

21 500 B.C. Larger Persian army lands Sparta & Athens join to defend & defeat Persia http://www.tqnyc.org/2005/NYC051950//miritgreece_wars_files/persian%20war.jpg Ms. Ramos

22 501 B.C. Greeks defeat Persians on Asia Minor End of Persian threat http://media.photobucket.com/image/persian%20wars/IanTheCool/170492_2.png Ms. Ramos

23 C. Athens in Age of Pericles 460-429 B.C C. Athens in Age of Pericles 460-429 B.C. http://img.villagephotos.com/p/2005-8/1057949/p783.jpg Ms. Ramos

24 http://www.ecusd7.org/ehs/ehsstaff/jparkin/Academics/Ancient_World_History/Flowering_of_Civilizations/4-Rise_of_Ancient_Greece/4-War_Glory_&_Decline/img029.gif Ms. Ramos

25 1. Political Life Direct democracy Believed all males should be involved in govt Pays public office Serve on juries http://static.squidoo.com/resize/squidoo_images/250/draft_le ns1295586module1779875photo_pericles2.jpg Ms. Ramos

26 2. Funeral Oration Athenian pwr rests not of a minority but of the whole people Rights & duties of individual Expression of democratic ideals http://www.life.com/image/50704068 Ms. Ramos

27 3. Economic & Cultural Life Rebuilt Acropolis –Creates jobs –Reminds that gods favored Athenians http://z.about.com/d/atheism/1/0/_/L/AthAcropRestored-l.jpg Ms. Ramos

28 4. Peloponnesian War Athens v. Sparta 27 yr fight 404 B.C. Sparta captures Athens –End of democracy https://clengwell.wikispaces.com/file/view/spartanbottle.jpg Ms. Ramos

29 D. Greek Philosophers http://cd7.e2bn.net/e2bn/leas/c99/schools/cd7/website/images/greek-philosophers-1.jpg Ms. Ramos

30 1. Moral & Ethical Principles Idea of goodness Est standards of human behavior Athens –?? Accepted ideas –Success imp http://www.idivamemphis.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/04/tanorexic2.jpg Ms. Ramos

31 2. Socrates & Citizenship What is the greatest good? Socratic method –?? & challenge, examine ans threatened Athenian tradition http://www.petemandik.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/socrates.jpg Ms. Ramos

32 @ 70 put on trial –Corrupt youth –Fail to respect gods Condemned to death http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/his/CoreArt/art/resourcesb/dav_soc.jpg Ms. Ramos

33 3. Plato & Reason Reason, not the experience of the senses, leads to genuine knowledge By rational thought, people can discover unchanging ethical principles, recognize their perfect beauty & learn how to org society http://madnessofart.com/wp-content/uploads/plato.jpg Distrust democ b/c killed Socrates Ms. Ramos

34 state should regulate all aspect of lives Ideal society divided into 3 classes: workers, soldiers, philosophers Ideal society divided based on a process of examination Ms. Ramos

35 Plato, The Republic At first, in the early days of his power, [the tyrant] is full of smiles... [but later] he is always stirring up some war or other, in order that the people may require a leader.

36 4. Aristotle & Rule of Law Govt by many Suspicious of Democracy Pro- constitutional govt by middle class- polity http://masteroftheuniverse.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/aristotle3.jpg Ms. Ramos

37 City-state: best & natural form Rulers must be subject to the law golden mean: moderate course btwn extremes Reason is guiding force Est Lyceum (study of all knowledge) Ms. Ramos

38 Aristotle, Politics Regarding a tyrant:... is just that arbitrary power of an individual which is responsible to no one, and governs all... with a view to its own advantage, not to that of its subjects, and therefore against their will.

39 E. Alexander & Hellenistic Age http://dor.huji.ac.il/Images/Alexander.jpg Ms. Ramos

40 1. Conquest of Persia Alexander 20yrs w/ throne, sets to conquer Persia 334-327 B.C. Mediterranean Sea- Middle East- Central Asia- India http://teacherportfolio.indstate.edu/jnorris/alexander_the_great_webquest.htm Alexander the Great Ms. Ramos

41 http://www.forumancientcoins.com/Articles/Maps/images/Empires%20Persia%20and%20Alexander.jpg Ms. Ramos

42 2. Legacy of Alexander Alexander dies, empire crumbles Blends eastern & western cultures Citizens rule cities, governors manage, king ultimate control Ms. Ramos

43 Stoicism Avoid desires & disappointment by accept what life brought Preach moral standards (dignity & equality) while unequal in society, morally equal b/c pwr of reason Ms. Ramos

44 Rome emerges –133 B.C. conquests in Asia Minor & replaces Greece in Mediterranean Greek Impact: –Law, freedom, justice, govt Ms. Ramos

45


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