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I. Greek Roots of Democracy Unit 2 10.1.1 Ms. Ramos.

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Presentation on theme: "I. Greek Roots of Democracy Unit 2 10.1.1 Ms. Ramos."— Presentation transcript:

1 I. Greek Roots of Democracy Unit 2 10.1.1 Ms. Ramos

2 A. Rise of Greek City- States Ms. Ramos

3 1. Governing City-states City-state: political unit of city & surrounding land Ms. Ramos

4 Polis –Acropolis- temples to gods –Walled city phy/Images/POD/a/acropolis-athens-greece-711916-sw.jpg Ms. Ramos

5 750-500 B.C. –Power shift: monarchy to noble landowners Ms. Ramos

6 2. Changes in Warfare Increase middle class power –Iron weapons Ms. Ramos

7 Phalanx Formation Requires practice--- sense of unity Reduce class differences Sparta (discipline) v. Athens (individual & political rights) Ms. Ramos

8 Ms. Ramos

9 3. Sparta: Nation of Soldiers Military state 2 Kings & Council of Elders Assembly approve major decisions Citizen= male, native, over 30 Ms. Ramos

10 Ms. Ramos

11 4. Athens: A Limited Democracy Democracy: Gov by the people Monarcharistocracy--- democracy –Discontent w/ aristocracy spreads----move to democracy Ms. Ramos

12 Solon, 594 B.C. Outlaw slavery Open offices to citizens Gave assembly more say Discontent led to tyranny Ms. Ramos

13 Pisistratus, 546 B.C. Took pwr Gave farmers & poor more pwr Weakened aristocracy Ms. Ramos

14 Cleisthenes, 507 B.C. Greater citizen role Council of 500: chosen by lot Made the assembly a real legislature (lawmaking body) Ms. Ramos

15 Ms. Ramos

16 B. The Persian Wars Ms. Ramos

17 Persia: Asia Minor-India Ms. Ramos

18 Persia threatens Greece Ms. Ramos

19 490 B.C. Persians land @ Marathon Persia forced to retreat Ms. Ramos

20 490 B.C. Persians land @ Marathon Persia forced to retreat Ms. Ramos

21 500 B.C. Larger Persian army lands Sparta & Athens join to defend & defeat Persia Ms. Ramos

22 501 B.C. Greeks defeat Persians on Asia Minor End of Persian threat Ms. Ramos

23 C. Athens in Age of Pericles 460-429 B.C C. Athens in Age of Pericles 460-429 B.C. Ms. Ramos

24 Ms. Ramos

25 1. Political Life Direct democracy Believed all males should be involved in govt Pays public office Serve on juries ns1295586module1779875photo_pericles2.jpg Ms. Ramos

26 2. Funeral Oration Athenian pwr rests not of a minority but of the whole people Rights & duties of individual Expression of democratic ideals Ms. Ramos

27 3. Economic & Cultural Life Rebuilt Acropolis –Creates jobs –Reminds that gods favored Athenians Ms. Ramos

28 4. Peloponnesian War Athens v. Sparta 27 yr fight 404 B.C. Sparta captures Athens –End of democracy Ms. Ramos

29 D. Greek Philosophers Ms. Ramos

30 1. Moral & Ethical Principles Idea of goodness Est standards of human behavior Athens –?? Accepted ideas –Success imp Ms. Ramos

31 2. Socrates & Citizenship What is the greatest good? Socratic method –?? & challenge, examine ans threatened Athenian tradition Ms. Ramos

32 @ 70 put on trial –Corrupt youth –Fail to respect gods Condemned to death Ms. Ramos

33 3. Plato & Reason Reason, not the experience of the senses, leads to genuine knowledge By rational thought, people can discover unchanging ethical principles, recognize their perfect beauty & learn how to org society Distrust democ b/c killed Socrates Ms. Ramos

34 state should regulate all aspect of lives Ideal society divided into 3 classes: workers, soldiers, philosophers Ideal society divided based on a process of examination Ms. Ramos

35 Plato, The Republic At first, in the early days of his power, [the tyrant] is full of smiles... [but later] he is always stirring up some war or other, in order that the people may require a leader.

36 4. Aristotle & Rule of Law Govt by many Suspicious of Democracy Pro- constitutional govt by middle class- polity Ms. Ramos

37 City-state: best & natural form Rulers must be subject to the law golden mean: moderate course btwn extremes Reason is guiding force Est Lyceum (study of all knowledge) Ms. Ramos

38 Aristotle, Politics Regarding a tyrant:... is just that arbitrary power of an individual which is responsible to no one, and governs all... with a view to its own advantage, not to that of its subjects, and therefore against their will.

39 E. Alexander & Hellenistic Age Ms. Ramos

40 1. Conquest of Persia Alexander 20yrs w/ throne, sets to conquer Persia 334-327 B.C. Mediterranean Sea- Middle East- Central Asia- India Alexander the Great Ms. Ramos

41 Ms. Ramos

42 2. Legacy of Alexander Alexander dies, empire crumbles Blends eastern & western cultures Citizens rule cities, governors manage, king ultimate control Ms. Ramos

43 Stoicism Avoid desires & disappointment by accept what life brought Preach moral standards (dignity & equality) while unequal in society, morally equal b/c pwr of reason Ms. Ramos

44 Rome emerges –133 B.C. conquests in Asia Minor & replaces Greece in Mediterranean Greek Impact: –Law, freedom, justice, govt Ms. Ramos


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