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In Physics (study of matter & motion through space time with energy & force) - a Wormhole is: A Topological – (Type of Continual twisted (knotlike) preserved.

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Presentation on theme: "In Physics (study of matter & motion through space time with energy & force) - a Wormhole is: A Topological – (Type of Continual twisted (knotlike) preserved."— Presentation transcript:

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2 In Physics (study of matter & motion through space time with energy & force) - a Wormhole is: A Topological – (Type of Continual twisted (knotlike) preserved configuration without a tear ) feature of spacetime that would be, fundamentally, a "shortcut" through spacetime! Schwarzschild Wormhole (Black hole)

3 The first microscopic knots have been created inside a liquid crystal. This miniature "knot laboratory" could help mathematicians study the intricacies of knot theory and even help us understand how DNA is unraveled. miniature-knot-lab-could-help-untangle-dna- mystery.html 505/sumners.pdf Deoxyribonucleic acid

4 Wormhole DNA

5 Black Holes Suck In White Holes Push Out

6 Have Mass Have Gravity Gravity Force overpowers a stars gas pressure into black hole BH (black holes)-They trap light (General Theory of Relativity- The speed of light in a vacuum is constant) Special relativity is the theory of what happens at very fast speeds, while general relativity is the theory of what happens with very dense masses. Special Relativity is an extremely elegant construct that deals with things moving near or at the speed of light. Surprisingly, the new concept of space and time that arises from Relativity is based only on two simple postulates: 1. The laws of physics are the same in all inertial (=non-accelerating) reference frames, and 2. The speed of light in free space is constant. BH-region of space with so much gravitational mass nothing can escape Escape velocity from earth (throw a rock up to space & escape gravitys about 25K MPH) Event Horizon (inside)traps into BP 'black hole' was invented by John Archibald Wheeler Forces inside could rip apart matter

7 Only in a vacuum is the speed of light a constant independent of the motions of the source and the observer. Dr. Hau's feat is achieved by passing light through an unusual system -- an ultracold gas of sodium atoms bathed in laser light. (SLOWED DOWN SPEED OF LIGHT) Negative anti-gravity to enlarge worm hole (& not collapse) Create neg energy=empty vacuum (create E Vac with closed area? & mirrors (2 mirrors creates neg energy) to push out photons) Negative energy can be created by a single moving reflecting surface (a moving mirror), see Figure 1. A mirror moving with increasing acceleration generates a flux of negative energy that emanates from its surface and flows out into the space ahead of the mirror (Birrell and Davies, 1984; Walker, 1985). Einstein's general theory of relativity allows for the existence of wormholes since it states that any mass curves space-time(two people holding a bedsheet up and stretching it tight. If one person were to place a baseball on the bedsheet, the weight of the baseball would roll to the middle of the sheet and cause the sheet to curve at that point.)relativity

8 Physicist J. Richard Gott, who introduced the idea of cosmic string back in As the name suggests, these are stringlike objects that some scientists believe were formed in the early universe. These strings may weave throughout the entire universe, thinner than an atom and under immense pressure. Naturally, this means they'd pack quite a gravitational pull on anything that passes near them, enabling objects attached to a cosmic string to travel at incredible speeds and benefit from time dilation. By pulling two cosmic strings close together or stretching one string close to a black hole, it might be possible to warp space-time enough to create what's called a closed timelike curve.strings gravitational pull

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10 Wormhole

11 Wormhole MASS 1 ON UNIVERSE 1 MASS 2 ON UNIVERSE 2 * Two (2) Masses Apply Force (1) To each End * Gravity and Mass Force Compresses * Wormhole Opening Forms * Negative Energy Increases Wormhole Size For Entry

12 Hubble Sphere Going Back Faster then light Cosmology is the discipline that deals with the origin, structure, and space-time relationships of the universe or a theory or doctrine describing the natural order of the universe. [1] Cosmologists study the universe as a whole: its birth, growth, shape, size and eventual fate. [2] Modern cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which brings together observational astronomy and particle physics. [space-timethe universe [1] [2]Big Bangobservational astronomyparticle physics [ Physical cosmology, a branch of astronomy, is the study of the holistic structures and composites of the universe and questions formation and evolutionastronomy universe In cosmology, the Hubble volume, or Hubble sphere, is the region of the Universe surrounding an observer beyond which objects recede from the observer at a rate greater than the speed of light, due to the expansion of the Universe. [1]cosmologyUniversespeed of light [1] The comoving radius of the Hubble sphere is c / H 0, where c is the speed of light and H 0 is the Hubble constant. More generally, the term "Hubble volume" can be applied to any region of space with a volume of order (c / H 0 ) 3.comovingspeed of lightHubble constant As universe expands

13 For a cosmic string would be so energetic that it would warp spacetime around it, with the effect that a string lying between Earth and a distant object would create two different routes for light to reach us. What we would see would be identical images of the same object, separated by a tiny distance. Hubble's law is the name for the astronomical observation in physical cosmology first made by American astronomer Edwin Hubble, that: (1) all objects observed in deep space (interstellar space) are found to have a doppler shift observable relative velocity to Earth, and to each other; and (2) that this doppler-shift-measured velocity, of various galaxies receding from the Earth, is proportional to their distance from the Earth and all other interstellar bodies. In effect, the space-time volume of the observable universe is expanding and Hubble's law is the direct physical observation of this processphysical cosmologyEdwin Hubbledoppler shiftgalaxiesproportional Gravitational Lensing

14 The Doppler effect (or Doppler shift), named after Austrian physicist Christian Doppler who proposed it in 1842 in Prague, is the change in frequency of a wave for an observer moving relative to the source of the wave. It is commonly heard when a vehicle sounding a siren or horn approaches, passes, and recedes from an observer. The received frequency is higher (compared to the emitted frequency) during the approach, it is identical at the instant of passing by, and it is lower during the recession.AustrianChristian DopplerPrague frequencywaveobserver siren The motion of the source causes a real shift in frequency of the wave, while the motion of the observer produces only an apparent shift in frequency. Also called Doppler shift.

15 "cosmic string" - a gigantic counterpart of the entities that string theory proposes give rise to the fundamental particles of matter cosmic-strings.html Finding such a string would strengthen string theory and provide supporting evidence for the existence of the extra dimensions embodied in it. If one of these cosmic strings were to pass between Earth and a distant galaxy, the warping of space-time by the string would create a gravitational lens and form two identical images Just as crystal defects occur when water freezes, some cosmologists believe that defects in the fabric of the universe in the form of cosmic strings emerged during this phase transition. These extremely massive 1D objects could endure to this day and studying them could provide important information about the early universe and how stars and galaxies evolved from the primordial fireball.

16 So far, this has been done by looking for their effects on the cosmic microwave background (CMB); searching for gravitational waves created when a cosmic string cracks like a whip; and looking for evidence of gravitational lensing, whereby light from a distant galaxy is bent by the strong gravitational field of a cosmic string, making a single galaxy appear as a pair of galaxies to an observer on Earth. In general relativity, the presence of matter (energy density) can curve spacetime, and the path of a light ray will be deflected as a result. This process is called gravitational lensing and in many cases can be described in analogy to the deflection of light by (e.g. glass) lenses in optics. Many useful results for cosmology have come out of using this property of matter and light.

17 In Einstein's Studies he found space-time is curved Earth Earth has mass (like weight) Curvatures- Space But objects of Mass Attract Each other too--- The moon travels around the earth once every 27 1/3 days

18 Hubble telescope shows Universe expansion is speeding up and proves Einstein's theory The expansion of the Universe is speeding up – proving once again that Einstein's theory of relativity is correct - according to astronomers who studied hundreds of thousands of galaxies. telescope-shows-Universe-expansion-is-speeding-up-and-proves- Einsteins-theory.html Theory of General Rel-universe contracts/expands Or new theory Cosmological Constant, Λ the static which stops (this counteracts gravity so no universe collapse) But then Hubble- RED SHIFT All galaxies move away from us

19 It doesn't emit or reflect enough light to detect, so it's not bright, like a star. Atoms, molecules and subatomic particles are dark matter. You and I are dark matter. Everything on Earth is dark matterEarth Roughly 74 percent of the universe In modern terms the cosmological constant is viewed as a quantum mechanical phenomenon called the 'energy of the vacuum'. In other words, the energy of empty space With 2 mirrors/plates, (vacuum)negative energy is created (antigravity) This force stronger then gravity prevents the universe from collapse l

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29 om/watch?v=l0q57CN eh_4 They might combine- collapse, canceling each other out To observe, create photon electron coupling

30 With 2 mirrors/plates, negative energy is created (antigravity) Space time breaks Photons escape Photon Electron (-energy)Coupling New Quantum Particle Created!

31 The atom is a basic unit of matter that consists of a dense central nucleus surrounded by a cloud of negatively charged electrons. The atomic nucleus contains a mix of positively charged protons and electrically neutral neutrons (except in the case of hydrogen-1, which is the only stable nuclide with no neutrons).matternucleus cloudnegatively chargedelectrons atomic nucleusprotons neutronshydrogen-1nuclide In physics, a quantum (plural: quanta) is the minimum amount of any physical entity involved in an interactionphysics Socrates Sea of Beauty=nirvana Time is moving at speed of light Energy and mass slow the time

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38 Silicon ( /ˈsɪlɨkən/ SIL -ə-kən or /ˈsɪlɨkɒn/ SIL -ə-kon) is a chemical element with the symbol Si and atomic number 14. A tetravalent metalloid, it is less reactive than its chemical analog carbon, the nonmetal directly above it in the periodic table, but more reactive than germanium, the metalloid directly below it in the table./ˈsɪlɨkən/ SIL -ə-kən/ˈsɪlɨkɒn/ SIL -ə-kon chemical elementatomic numbertetravalentmetalloidcarbonnonmetalperiodic tablegermanium

39 How does our brains, somatic composite respond to electronic communication: Extra-Low Frequency (ELF) Electromagnetic (EM) fields

40 The measurement problem - An atom only appears in a particular place when you measure it. An atom is spread out all over the place until some observes it, so the act of observation creates the entire universe. problem

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45 Are we just holographic images of our own self? Sounds bizzare, crazy-but possible?

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55 Want To Make A Time Machine ? WARNING! Quantum strings are highly speculative, however. Gott himself said that in order to travel back in time even one year, it would take a loop of string that contained half the mass-energy of an entire galaxy.

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