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AFRICAN ART. AFRICANS AND THEIR ART INTRODUCTIONDEFINITION ROLE OF THE ARTIST TRADITIONAL ART AFRICAN SCULPTURE AND MASKS ARTISTIC DRESSING & BODY ART.

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Presentation on theme: "AFRICAN ART. AFRICANS AND THEIR ART INTRODUCTIONDEFINITION ROLE OF THE ARTIST TRADITIONAL ART AFRICAN SCULPTURE AND MASKS ARTISTIC DRESSING & BODY ART."— Presentation transcript:

1 AFRICAN ART

2 AFRICANS AND THEIR ART INTRODUCTIONDEFINITION ROLE OF THE ARTIST TRADITIONAL ART AFRICAN SCULPTURE AND MASKS ARTISTIC DRESSING & BODY ART CONTEMPORARY ART

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29 INTRODUCTION African art was misunderstood by the Western world until 1900s Famous Western artists were influenced by African art Picasso and Matisse Mask of the Fang of Gabon influenced their styles Ignored because of ethnocentrism Viewed as inferior Realism was view until modern art became popular Pablo Picasso – Three figures under a tree 1907 Mask – Fang of Gabon

30 DEFINITION Art is a means of communicating ones experiences Visual expression or account of the culture and history of a people as seen by an individual Through engraving, painting and sculpture, societies relate their ideas, beliefs, values, norms, attitudes, traditions and feelings Family of Three Shona Sculpture (Zimbabwe)

31 THE AFRICAN ARTIST THE AFRICAN ARTIST Work of the artist can be Functional (cups, bowls, pipes) Traditional (sculptures, masks) Contemporary (paintings, drawings, ceramics)

32 DEFINITION DEFINITION People have different attitudes on art Art in traditional Africa was mainly functional Fulfills requirements of everyday life Clothing, housing, rituals, economic and political, war and entertainment Secondary for aesthetics Sculpture has symbolic value Glyptic art of the ancient Egyptians

33 TRADITIONAL ART TRADITIONAL ART Art found in Africa before the Europeans Original art of the continent Rock drawings Roughly carved human heads Sculpture Wood, terra cotta BasketryMasks Musical instruments Printed textiles Bronze head from Benin

34 AFRICAN SCULPTURES AND MASKS Sculpture Can be carved engraved or molded and is three dimensional Can be carved engraved or molded and is three dimensional Generally symmetrical but can be naturalistic or conventional

35 AFRICAN SCULPTURES AND MASKS Masks Very important part of African culture Closely related to life events Secret societies, funerals, royal celebrations Can take the form of spirits, humans or animals

36 ARTISTIC DRESSING Dress varies by geographic regions, lifestyle and culture Communicates a message and identifies the social status of the person Dress for special occasions Adulthood

37 AFRICAN DRESS

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39 JEWELRY JEWELRY Jewelry Metal jewelry worn on the arms and legs is thought to be good for the bones Amulets worn in the hair or on the body is thought to bring good luck

40 JEWELRY JEWELRY Jewelry Beads are used to enhance romantic feelings

41 JEWELRY JEWELRY

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44 BODY ART African body art uses the human body as a way to express an individual's status, spiritual beliefs, or ethnic affiliation. It can be created on the body itself in the form of tattoos, scarification, body painting,

45 BODY PAINTING

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47 BODY SCARIFICATION Body Scarification Used to demonstrate family group and as decoration Sign of beauty Used in rituals and ceremonies to mark rank and social status

48 BODY SCARIFICATION Body scarification is an artistic expression and made in 4 common ways Skin can be punctured with needles ritually purified in fire and rubbed with acidic substance like a nut to raise scars Scar can be made by a knife rubbed in ashes to create a relief pattern Irritating materials are inserted under the skin by needles dusted in ashes Razor Blades

49 BODY SCARIFICATION

50 ARCHITECTURE Architecture is also a form of artistic expression Egyptian pyramids Traditional stone houses of Zimbabwe European and American architecture is also an influencing factor

51 CONTEMPORARY ART CONTEMPORARY ART African art today includes painting that can be hung on the wall Recent development in contemporary art is beadwork and bracelets and glasswork Evolution of African art a result of social and physical mobility Artistic styles are being diffused Zulu telephone wire basket


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