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Beyond Barriers: intercultural learning and inclusion in globalized paradigms Dr Alan Bruce Universal Learning Systems - Dublin EDEN - Lisbon 12 June 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Beyond Barriers: intercultural learning and inclusion in globalized paradigms Dr Alan Bruce Universal Learning Systems - Dublin EDEN - Lisbon 12 June 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Beyond Barriers: intercultural learning and inclusion in globalized paradigms Dr Alan Bruce Universal Learning Systems - Dublin EDEN - Lisbon 12 June 2008

2 Overview Conceptual backgrounds Conceptual backgrounds Contours of change Contours of change European dimensions European dimensions Interculturalism and the Other Interculturalism and the Other Learning in a dangerous planet Learning in a dangerous planet Engaging with rights Engaging with rights

3 Impact of change Globalization Globalization process and impact Labour market and work Labour market and work innovation, competitiveness, adaptability Paradigms of inclusion Paradigms of inclusion equality and diversity European standards European standards learning and transnationality

4 Globalization Seismic shift in human relationships Seismic shift in human relationships Competitive pressures Competitive pressures New forms of work organization New forms of work organization New diversities New diversities Instant, multidimensional communications Instant, multidimensional communications Quality standards Quality standards

5 Impact on work Patterns of constant change Patterns of constant change Permanent migration mobility Permanent migration mobility Outsourcing Outsourcing Flexible structures and modalities Flexible structures and modalities End of job norms End of job norms Knowledge economy Knowledge economy Structural inequalities Structural inequalities

6 Impact on culture End of old certainties End of old certainties No return to normal No return to normal Polymorphic media Polymorphic media Fuzzy logic and postmodernism Fuzzy logic and postmodernism

7 Impact on education Professional training Professional training Best practice Best practice Standards and ethics Standards and ethics Learner centred Learner centred Innovation imperatives Innovation imperatives

8 Hegelian interlude Jena 1806: Phenomenology of Spirit Jena 1806: Phenomenology of Spirit Philosophy meets History Philosophy meets History Theory of the gaze - master-slave dialectic Theory of the gaze - master-slave dialectic Desire, struggle and recognition Desire, struggle and recognition The visibility of the Other The visibility of the Other

9 European trajectories Rights of Man: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity Rights of Man: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity Thematic mythologies - social inclusion Thematic mythologies - social inclusion Legacies of struggle Legacies of struggle Hidden pasts: Hidden pasts: colonialism, fascism, exterminism

10 American trajectories Constitutional rights: Constitutional rights: Life, Liberty,the Pursuit of Happiness All men are created equal… but… All men are created equal… but… Final frontiers: immigration, assimilation, success, opportunity Final frontiers: immigration, assimilation, success, opportunity Hidden poisons - slavery, race, eugenics Hidden poisons - slavery, race, eugenics Back to the future - Back to the future - Abu Ghraib to Guantanamo

11 Irish themes Unexamined histories Unexamined histories Sectarian realities Sectarian realities Identity and modernity Identity and modernity Joycean deconstructions Joycean deconstructions The terrible beauty The terrible beauty Intercultural dialectics Intercultural dialectics

12 2008: EU Year of Intercultural Dialogue Permit exchange Permit exchange Greater knowledge Greater knowledge Presumed growth in tolerance, acceptance, non-discrimination Presumed growth in tolerance, acceptance, non-discrimination Enhanced learning Enhanced learning

13 Cross cultural competence Educational basis in B.S. Bloom Educational basis in B.S. Bloom Blooms Taxonomy (1956) Blooms Taxonomy (1956) Holistic learning in three domains Holistic learning in three domains (affective, psychomotor, cognitive) (affective, psychomotor, cognitive)

14 Intercultural agendas Interaction Interaction Empathy Empathy Communication Communication Knowledge Knowledge Removal of prejudice Removal of prejudice

15 Nagging issues Gender Gender Power Power Subsumed violence Subsumed violence Values Values

16 Interculturalism - in other words… We know what it is We know what it is We know when it happens We know when it happens We know who is involved We know who is involved But why should we bother?

17 The Commissioner speaks Vladimir Spidla (9.6.08) Promoting tolerance not enough Promoting tolerance not enough Racism requires policies on diversity, laws, anti-discrimination measures Racism requires policies on diversity, laws, anti-discrimination measures Ongoing issues around cost implications, ambiguities, resistance, rights Ongoing issues around cost implications, ambiguities, resistance, rights

18 Global imperatives Radical re-structuring of world economy Radical re-structuring of world economy Interconnected information/communication Interconnected information/communication Differential access to resources Differential access to resources Ecological degradation Ecological degradation Decline of rural life Decline of rural life

19 Conclusions…. An assumption of stable work patterns and linear economic development is no longer possible An assumption of stable work patterns and linear economic development is no longer possible Learning systems must innovate and respond accordingly

20 Spectres at the gates Persistence and increase in inequality Persistence and increase in inequality Permanent hopelessness of excluded Permanent hopelessness of excluded Embedded violence Embedded violence Internal underclass Internal underclass Invisibility and ethnic difference Invisibility and ethnic difference

21 Urbanized futures Planet of Slums (Mike Davis) Planet of Slums (Mike Davis) Informal economies Informal economies Hypercities Hypercities

22 Learning contexts Traditional schooling Traditional schooling Learning systems both reflect and lead society Learning systems both reflect and lead society Information…wisdom…understanding Information…wisdom…understanding Critical enquiry back to Illich Critical enquiry back to Illich Reflection and inquisitiveness Reflection and inquisitiveness Engaging with difference Engaging with difference

23 The Balkan Ghost Boundaries drawn to defend Europe against the Other (Slavoj Zizek) Boundaries drawn to defend Europe against the Other (Slavoj Zizek) Decalogue and Human Rights Decalogue and Human Rights Love your neighbour not as mirror image… but as Real Love your neighbour not as mirror image… but as Real (The Fragile Absolute)

24 Pressing concerns Agreed definition of multicultural Agreed definition of multicultural Adjustment and accommodation Adjustment and accommodation Melting pot or mosaic Melting pot or mosaic Separate development Separate development Beliefs, values and practices Beliefs, values and practices Symbols, language and behaviour Symbols, language and behaviour

25 Challenges Mutual interaction or structured exclusion? Mutual interaction or structured exclusion? Community values or communal rituals? Community values or communal rituals? Linkage to realities or past models? Linkage to realities or past models? Shared memories or shared hatreds? Shared memories or shared hatreds?

26 Eastern tales… Orhan Pamuk and the re-telling of Hüstev and Sirin Orhan Pamuk and the re-telling of Hüstev and Sirin Recognizing the Other Recognizing the Other Does truth lie in reality or image of reality?

27 Turkish perspectives I am a copy of something, but I have forgotten what that something is. Oguz Atay

28 Policy opportunities Valued diversity Valued diversity Democratic engagement Democratic engagement Community empowerment Community empowerment Mutual benefit Mutual benefit Legislative underpinning Legislative underpinning Tolerance to recognition Tolerance to recognition Acknowledged pasts - shared futures Acknowledged pasts - shared futures

29 Work based learning Learning from intercultural strategies Learning from intercultural strategies Demonstrated leadership Demonstrated leadership Responding to diverse markets Responding to diverse markets Linkage and added value Linkage and added value Re-appropriating competitiveness Re-appropriating competitiveness Meeting needs and profitability Meeting needs and profitability

30 Towards best practice Training of trainers Training of trainers Ongoing equality and diversity training Ongoing equality and diversity training Commitment to diversity management Commitment to diversity management Diverse structures for diverse communities Diverse structures for diverse communities Link inclusion to engaged learning Link inclusion to engaged learning

31 Multicultural learning Innovative communication skills Innovative communication skills Challenging stereotypes and bias Challenging stereotypes and bias Learning across spectrum - gender, disability, age, ethnic origin Learning across spectrum - gender, disability, age, ethnic origin Collaborative learning - global virtual teams (University of Waikatu). Collaborative learning - global virtual teams (University of Waikatu).

32 Rights and intercultural learning No optional extras No optional extras Assuming our responsibilities as educators Assuming our responsibilities as educators Radio Rwanda to the An Yue Jiang Radio Rwanda to the An Yue Jiang US army blogs US army blogs E-learning as engine of survival E-learning as engine of survival

33 Transformative learning Planning for globalized realities Planning for globalized realities Learning from difference Learning from difference Learning to learn and un-learn (Toffler) Learning to learn and un-learn (Toffler) Creative dynamism Creative dynamism Anticipating new learning needs Anticipating new learning needs Accepting global responsibility Accepting global responsibility Asserting vision Asserting vision

34 Back to Hegel… Challenging norms - what is indigenous culture? Challenging norms - what is indigenous culture? Challenging stereotypes Challenging stereotypes Talent, competence and communicative empathy Talent, competence and communicative empathy Engagement with difference Engagement with difference Embedded vision Embedded vision Recognition - seeing the Other Recognition - seeing the Other seeing ourselves seeing ourselves

35 Thank you Dr Alan Bruce


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