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BODY IMAGE DISSATISFACTION AND SOCIOCULTURAL INFLUENCES AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN SUBANG JAYA, SELANGOR Shobhna P. & Rosnah S.

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Presentation on theme: "BODY IMAGE DISSATISFACTION AND SOCIOCULTURAL INFLUENCES AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN SUBANG JAYA, SELANGOR Shobhna P. & Rosnah S."— Presentation transcript:

1 BODY IMAGE DISSATISFACTION AND SOCIOCULTURAL INFLUENCES AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN SUBANG JAYA, SELANGOR Shobhna P. & Rosnah S.

2 Body image concerns every stage of life Preoccupation > prevalent in adolescence Concern over the adverse effect on health is more serious in this stage as adolescents are more vulnerable to influences, more keen to rebel and are in search of their identity (Tger Bogt 2006; Bell et al. 2007).

3 General Objective To determine socio-cultural factors (peer, parents and media) influences on body image dissatisfaction (AE and BASS) among adolescents.

4 The sociocultural influences that was studied in this research were media, parental and peer influences as these factors have been identified as the most important influencing factors in adolescents body image perception.

5 Sociocultural Influences Media Influences Peer Influences Parental Influences Age Gender Race Fathers Education Mothers Education Socio- demographic Factors Body Image Dissatisfaction Appearance Evaluation (AE) Body Area Satisfaction Scale (BASS)

6 Sociocultural Influences Media Influences Peer Influences Parental Influences Age Gender Race Fathers Education Mothers Education Household Income Socio- demographic Factors Body Image Dissatisfaction Appearance Evaluation (AE) Body Area Satisfaction Scale (BASS) Measures the feelings of physical attractiveness or unattractiveness; satisfaction or dissatisfaction with ones looks or appearance. taps satisfaction or dissatisfaction with discrete aspects of ones appearance such as height, face, weight and hair.

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8 Study Design - Cross Sectional Design Study Location - 9 national secondary schools in Subang Jaya Sample population – students aged between 15 and 17 years old. Sampling method – Simple random sampling

9 2 subscales of the MBSRQ-AS was used to indicate body image dissatisfaction among adolescents. Appearance Evaluation (AE) - measures the feelings of physical attractiveness or unattractiveness; satisfaction or dissatisfaction with ones looks. Body Area Satisfaction Scale (BASS) - taps satisfaction or dissatisfaction with discrete aspects of ones appearance such as height, face, weight and hair.

10 The main reference - Tripartite Influence Model (Keery et al 2004). This model includes three main subscale that influence body image dissatisfaction; the media, peer and parents influence (Shroff and Thompson, 2004).

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12 NMean ± Standard Deviation P Sex Male Female ± ± 0.66 < Ethnicity Malay Indian Chinese Others ± ± ± ± Fathers Education Lower than Secondary Secondary College / University ± ± ± Mothers Education Lower than Secondary Secondary College / University ± ± ± *

13 nMean ± Standard Deviation P Sex Male Female ± ± * Ethnicity Malay Indian Chinese Others ± ± ± ± Fathers Education Lower than Secondary Secondary College / University ± ± ± * Mothers Education Lower than Secondary Secondary College / University ± ± ± *

14 VariablesStandardized Coefficients ß tP value 95% Confidence Interval for B Lower Bound Upper Bound MaleMedia Influence Father's Education Mother's Education FemaleMedia Influence Father's Education Mother's Education

15 VariablesStandardized Coefficients ß tP value 95% Confidence Interval for B Lower Bound Upper Bound MaleMedia Influence Father's Education Mother's Education FemaleMedia Influence < Father's Education Mother's Education

16 Body image dissatisfaction among adolescents in Subang Jaya was significantly different between male and females with female showing higher dissatisfaction with their body image compared to males as done in other body image studies.

17 No significant difference among ethnicity Media and Parents education level significantly predicted body image dissatisfaction

18 Data from this study were obtained from self- report Validity in terms of Malaysian Population The parental influence was measured and analyzed as one entity External factors that would have confounded this current study were not included. Nature of study could not draw a causal relationship between the sociocultural influences and the body image dissatisfaction

19 Sociocultural influence on body image dissatisfaction generally is becoming a global phenomenon. Thin idealization has created many problems among youths such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia and substance abuse. Model and beauty contestants are becoming thinner over the years. Body dissatisfaction among male is also becoming more and more prevalent.

20 Schools and other organization that are associated with adolescents should ensure that healthy and positive body image are promoted to them.

21 Role of parents Role of teachers Role of health care provider and society Should encompass ; Knowledge, attitude, practice, communication skills, ability to detect body image disturbance and promoting healthy body image. Provide adolescents with basic media literacy skills. Empowerment - to take action in addressing media messages that perpetuate poor body image.

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