Presentation on theme: "BODY IMAGE DISSATISFACTION AND SOCIOCULTURAL INFLUENCES AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN SUBANG JAYA, SELANGOR Shobhna P. & Rosnah S."— Presentation transcript:
1 BODY IMAGE DISSATISFACTION AND SOCIOCULTURAL INFLUENCES AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN SUBANG JAYA, SELANGOR Shobhna P. & Rosnah S.
2 Introduction Body image concerns every stage of life Preoccupation > prevalent in adolescenceConcern over the adverse effect on health is more serious in this stage as adolescents are more vulnerable to influences, more keen to rebel and are in search of their identity (Tger Bogt 2006; Bell et al. 2007).
3 General ObjectiveTo determine socio-cultural factors (peer, parents and media) influences on body image dissatisfaction (AE and BASS) among adolescents.
4 The sociocultural influences that was studied in this research were media, parental and peer influences as these factors have been identified as the most important influencing factors in adolescents’ body image perception.
5 Body Image Dissatisfaction Sociocultural InfluencesMedia InfluencesPeer InfluencesParental InfluencesAgeGenderRaceFather’s EducationMother’s EducationSocio- demographic FactorsBody Image DissatisfactionAppearance Evaluation(AE)Body Area Satisfaction Scale (BASS)
6 Body Image Dissatisfaction Sociocultural InfluencesMedia InfluencesPeer InfluencesParental InfluencesAgeGenderRaceFather’s EducationMother’s EducationHousehold IncomeSocio- demographic FactorsBody Image DissatisfactionAppearance Evaluation(AE)Body Area Satisfaction Scale (BASS)taps satisfaction or dissatisfaction with discrete aspects of one’s appearance such as height, face, weight and hair.Measures the feelings of physical attractiveness or unattractiveness; satisfaction or dissatisfaction with one’s looks or appearance.
8 MethodologyStudy Design - Cross Sectional Design Study Location - 9 national secondary schools in Subang Jaya Sample population – students aged between 15 and 17 years old. Sampling method – Simple random sampling
9 Methodology2 subscales of the MBSRQ-AS was used to indicate body image dissatisfaction among adolescents.Appearance Evaluation (AE) - measures the feelings of physical attractiveness or unattractiveness; satisfaction or dissatisfaction with one’s looks.Body Area Satisfaction Scale (BASS) - taps satisfaction or dissatisfaction with discrete aspects of one’s appearance such as height, face, weight and hair.
10 Sociocultural Influence The main reference - Tripartite Influence Model (Keery et al 2004).This model includes three main subscale that influence body image dissatisfaction; the media, peer and parents influence (Shroff and Thompson, 2004).
12 Mean ± Standard Deviation Distribution for Body Image Dissatisfaction (Appearance Evaluation) by socio demographic and socio economic factors.NMean ± Standard DeviationPSexMaleFemale1802013.56 ± 0.673.31 ± 0.66< 0.001EthnicityMalayIndianChineseOthers1166319843.49 ± 0.633.57 ± 0.723.36 ± 0.683.42 ± 0.620.110Father’s EducationLower than SecondarySecondaryCollege / University112543.08 ± 0.613.38 ± 0.713.47 ± 0.660.102Mother’s Education151652.87 ± 0.923.39 ± 0.633.50 ± 0.670.003*
13 Mean ± Standard Deviation Distribution for Body Image Dissatisfaction (Body Area Satisfaction Scale) by socio demographic and socio economic factors.nMean ± Standard DeviationPSexMaleFemale1802013.39 ± 0.703.17 ± 0.690.002*EthnicityMalayIndianChineseOthers1166319843.35 ± 0.693.28 ± 0.733.22 ± 0.713.39 ± 0.460.432Father’s EducationLower than SecondarySecondaryCollege / University112542.77 ± 0.803.16 ± 0.703.35 ± 0.680.003*Mother’s Education151652.73 ± 0.983.20 ± 0.643.37 ± 0.710.001*
14 95% Confidence Interval for B Multiple Regression Analysis for Body Image Dissatisfaction – AE and Influencing FactorsVariablesStandardized CoefficientsßtP value95% Confidence Interval for BLower BoundUpper BoundMaleMedia Influence-0.242-3.3460.001-0.329-0.085Father's Education-0.034-0.4020.688-0.2540.168Mother's Education-0.047-0.5580.577-0.2660.149Female0.1381.8870.061-0.0060.2540.0390.5070.613-0.1380.233-0.188-2.3940.018-0.381-0.037
15 95% Confidence Interval for B Multiple Regression Analysis for Body Image Dissatisfaction – BASS and Influencing FactorsVariablesStandardized CoefficientsßtP value95% Confidence Interval for BLower BoundUpper BoundMaleMedia Influence-0.093-1.2420.216-0.2150.049Father's Education-0.080-0.9150.361-0.3340.122Mother's Education-0.098-1.1210.264-0.3520.097Female0.2573.684<0.0010.1130.373-0.058-0.7850.433-0.2600.112-0.086-1.1510.251-0.2730.072
16 DiscussionBody image dissatisfaction among adolescents in Subang Jaya was significantly different between male and females with female showing higher dissatisfaction with their body image compared to males as done in other body image studies.
17 No significant difference among ethnicity Media and Parents’ education level significantly predicted body image dissatisfaction
18 Limitations Data from this study were obtained from self- report Validity in terms of Malaysian PopulationThe parental influence was measured and analyzed as one entityExternal factors that would have confounded this current study were not included.Nature of study could not draw a causal relationship between the sociocultural influences and the body image dissatisfaction
19 ConclusionSociocultural influence on body image dissatisfaction generally is becoming a global phenomenon. Thin idealization has created many problems among youths such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia and substance abuse. Model and beauty contestants are becoming thinner over the years. Body dissatisfaction among male is also becoming more and more prevalent.
20 RecommendationSchools and other organization that are associated with adolescents should ensure that healthy and positive body image are promoted to them.
21 Recommendation Role of parents Role of teachers Role of health care provider and societyShould encompass ; Knowledge, attitude, practice, communication skills, ability to detect body image disturbance and promoting healthy body image.Provide adolescents with basic media literacy skills. Empowerment - to take action in addressing media messages that perpetuate poor body image.
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